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From: Jan Kara <>
To: Zhang Yi <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/3] jbd2: protect buffers release with j_checkpoint_mutex
Date: Thu, 8 Apr 2021 15:45:51 +0200
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Thu 08-04-21 19:36:16, Zhang Yi wrote:
> There is a race between jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers() and
> jbd2_journal_destroy(), so the jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() may still
> missing to detect the buffer write io error flag and lead to filesystem
> inconsistency.
> jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers()     ext4_put_super()
>                                         jbd2_journal_destroy()
>   __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint()
>   detect buffer write error              jbd2_log_do_checkpoint()
>                                          jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail()
>                                            <--- lead to inconsistency
>   jbd2_journal_abort()
> Fix this issue by add j_checkpoint_mutex to protect journal buffer
> release on jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers().
> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <>

Thanks for the patch Zhang. I agree with your problem analysis but I don't
think the solution is correct:

>  	J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
> +	mutex_lock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex);

We cannot grab j_checkpoint_mutex inside jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers()
(or even ext4_releasepage()) because that function is called withe a page
lock which ranks below the checkpoint mutex - generally page locks are
acquired within a transaction and thus all locks required to start a
transaction (and j_checkpoint_mutex is one of them) rank above the page

Also even if the lock ordering was OK, grabbing j_checkpoint_mutex for
every page from memory reclaim just to close this rare race seems like a
performance overkill.

What we seem to need is a quick way of marking the journal as "IO error
occured" in __journal_try_to_free_buffer() before actually removing the
buffer from the checkpoint list. Perhaps this marking could even happen
already in __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint() and we can reuse it in
jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() for IO error handling as well... And then once we
are in a safer context, we can do:

	if (!is_journal_aborted(journal) && journal_io_error_happened(journal))


>  	head = page_buffers(page);
>  	bh = head;
>  	do {
> @@ -2163,6 +2164,7 @@ int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page)
>  	if (has_write_io_error)
>  		jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO);
> +	mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex);
>  	return ret;
>  }
> -- 
> 2.25.4
Jan Kara <>

  reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-08 11:36 [PATCH 0/3] ext4: fix two issue about bdev_try_to_free_page() Zhang Yi
2021-04-08 11:36 ` [PATCH 1/3] jbd2: protect buffers release with j_checkpoint_mutex Zhang Yi
2021-04-08 13:45   ` Jan Kara [this message]
2021-04-08 11:36 ` [PATCH 2/3] jbd2: do not free buffers in jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers() Zhang Yi
2021-04-08 11:36 ` [PATCH 3/3] ext4: add rcu to prevent use after free when umount filesystem Zhang Yi
2021-04-08 13:51   ` kernel test robot
2021-04-08 13:56   ` Jan Kara
2021-04-08 14:38     ` Zhang Yi
2021-04-08 14:53       ` Jan Kara

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