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From: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
To: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org>,
	"open list:KERNEL SELFTEST FRAMEWORK" 
	<linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org, "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>,
	adilger.kernel@dilger.ca, kunit-dev@googlegroups.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH linux-kselftest/test v2] ext4: add kunit test for decoding extended timestamps
Date: Fri, 11 Oct 2019 03:05:43 -0700
Message-ID: <CAFd5g46RcFV0FACuoF=jCSLzf7UFmEYn4gddaijUZ+zR_CFZBQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAAXuY3qtSHENgy3S168_03ju_JwAucOAt5WEJGQ+pi5PfurP6g@mail.gmail.com>

Sorry for the late reply. I am on vacation until Wednesday, October 16th.

On Thu, Oct 10, 2019 at 3:14 PM Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, Oct 10, 2019 at 10:11 AM Shuah Khan <skhan@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
> >
> > On 10/9/19 8:39 PM, Iurii Zaikin wrote:
> > > KUnit tests for decoding extended 64 bit timestamps.
> > >
> > "Added the link to the ext4 docs from which the tests were derived."
> >
> > Document reference is great. I would still like to see summary
> > in the commit log.
> >
> > As you said below:
> >
> > "This builds the ext4 inode sysctl unit test, which runs on boot."
> >
> > Also include what should user expect to see when one of these fails.
> Will do.
> >
> > > Signed-off-by: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
> > > ---
> > >   fs/ext4/Kconfig      |  12 +++
> > >   fs/ext4/Makefile     |   1 +
> > >   fs/ext4/inode-test.c | 221 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >   3 files changed, 234 insertions(+)
> > >   create mode 100644 fs/ext4/inode-test.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/fs/ext4/Kconfig b/fs/ext4/Kconfig
> > > index cbb5ca830e57..cb0b52753674 100644
> > > --- a/fs/ext4/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/fs/ext4/Kconfig
> > > @@ -106,3 +106,15 @@ config EXT4_DEBUG
> > >         If you select Y here, then you will be able to turn on debugging
> > >         with a command such as:
> > >               echo 1 > /sys/module/ext4/parameters/mballoc_debug
> > > +
> > > +config EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS
> > > +     bool "KUnit test for ext4 inode"
> > > +     depends on EXT4_FS
> > > +     depends on KUNIT
> > > +     help
> > > +       This builds the ext4 inode sysctl unit test, which runs on boot.
> > > +       Tests the encoding correctness of ext4 inode.
> > > +       For more information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer
> > > +       to the KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.
> >
> > Please add Documentation/filesystems/ext4/inodes.rst Inode Timestamps
> > here as well.
> > Yeah. Especially after looking at the document, summary of what these
> > test(s) is definitely helpful. You can't expect users to read the
> > document before enabling it. Please write a summary of tests and what
> > they do and add it here and then in the commit log. Also include what
> > user should expect when they pass and when one of them fails.
> >
> I'm not sure this is compatible with Theodore's preference for having a single
> config option for all ext4 tests. If anything, I should be removing

That's an interesting point. Should we try to establish a pattern for
how tests should be configured? My *very long term* goal is to
eventually have tests able to be built and run without any kind of
kernel of any kind, but I don't think that having a single config for
all tests in a subsystem gets in the way of that, so I don't think I
have a strong preference in terms of what I want to do.

Nevertheless, I think establishing patterns is good. Do we want to try
to follow Ted's preference as a general rule from now on?

> all inode-specific
> stuff from the description.
> I think it makes sense to add wording that this option is only useful
> for devs running
> a kernel test harness and should not be enabled in production.
> > > +
> > > +       If unsure, say N.
> > > diff --git a/fs/ext4/Makefile b/fs/ext4/Makefile
> > > index b17ddc229ac5..a0588fd2eea6 100644
> > > --- a/fs/ext4/Makefile
> > > +++ b/fs/ext4/Makefile
> > > @@ -13,4 +13,5 @@ ext4-y      := balloc.o bitmap.o block_validity.o dir.o ext4_jbd2.o extents.o \
> > >
> > >   ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL)    += acl.o
> > >   ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY)             += xattr_security.o
> > > +ext4-$(CONFIG_EXT4_KUNIT_TESTS)      += inode-test.o
> > >   ext4-$(CONFIG_FS_VERITY)            += verity.o
> > > diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode-test.c b/fs/ext4/inode-test.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..43bc6cb547cd
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/fs/ext4/inode-test.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,221 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +/*
> > > + * KUnit test of ext4 inode that verify the seconds part of [a/c/m]
> > > + * timestamps in ext4 inode structs are decoded correctly.
> > > + * These tests are derived from the table under
> > > + * Documentation/filesystems/ext4/inodes.rst Inode Timestamps
> >
> > Yeah. Especially after looking at the document, summary of what these
> > test(s) is definitely helpful. You can't expect users to read the
> > document before enabling the tests.
> >
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +#include <kunit/test.h>
> > > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > > +#include <linux/time64.h>
> > > +
> > > +#include "ext4.h"
> > > +
> > > +/* binary: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 */
> > > +#define LOWER_MSB_0 0L
> > > +/* binary: 01111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 */
> > > +#define UPPER_MSB_0 0x7fffffffL
> > > +/* binary: 10000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 */
> > > +#define LOWER_MSB_1 (-0x80000000L)
> > > +/* binary: 11111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 */
> > > +#define UPPER_MSB_1 (-1L)
> > > +/* binary: 00111111   11111111 11111111 11111111 */
> > > +#define MAX_NANOSECONDS ((1L << 30) - 1)
> > > +
> > > +#define CASE_NAME_FORMAT "%s: msb:%x lower_bound:%x extra_bits: %x"
> > > +
> > > +struct timestamp_expectation {
> > > +     const char *test_case_name;
> > > +     struct timespec64 expected;
> > > +     u32 extra_bits;
> > > +     bool msb_set;
> > > +     bool lower_bound;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static time64_t get_32bit_time(const struct timestamp_expectation * const test)
> > > +{
> > > +     if (test->msb_set) {
> > > +             if (test->lower_bound)
> > > +                     return LOWER_MSB_1;
> > > +
> > > +             return UPPER_MSB_1;
> > > +     }
> > > +
> > > +     if (test->lower_bound)
> > > +             return LOWER_MSB_0;
> > > +     return UPPER_MSB_0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +static void inode_test_xtimestamp_decoding(struct kunit *test)
> > > +{
> > > +     const struct timestamp_expectation test_data[] = {
> > > +             {
> > > +                     .test_case_name = "1901-12-13",
> > > +                     .msb_set = true,
> > > +                     .lower_bound = true,
> > > +                     .extra_bits = 0,
> > > +                     .expected = {.tv_sec = -0x80000000LL, .tv_nsec = 0L},
> > > +             },
> > > +
[...]
> > > +             {
> > > +                     .test_case_name = "2446-05-10",
> > > +                     .msb_set = false,
> > > +                     .lower_bound = false,
> > > +                     .extra_bits = 3,
> > > +                     .expected = {.tv_sec = 0x37fffffffLL, .tv_nsec = 0L},
> > > +             }
> > > +     };
> > > +
> >
> > Is there a way to make the test data dynamic. Can you read from a data
> > file? It will be easier to if the data
> >
> > Maybe this is question to Brendan?
> >
> From the general unit test philosophy, unit tests must be 100% deterministic,
> repeatable and simple enough to be correct by visual inspection, dynamically
> generated test data runs contrary to these goals IMHO.

I 100% agree with this position on unit tests, Iurii.

> As for reading from a data file, not sure what exactly you mean here:
>  - Having a running kernel read a file in the filesystem, especially as early in
> the initialization process as KUnit currently runs is something I'm not sure
> how to implement reliably. Also, doing I/O in the tests will make them slower
> and require more setup from test running environment.
> - Having reading a file in the build stage and linking it as a data
> blob into the
> kernel image. This approach looks better to me since it avoids the I/O and has
> no noticeable speed penalty or test harness requirements. It would be up to
> Brendan whether he wants such capability in KUnit and based on the user-space
> test code I've seen so far, the number of test data points in this
> test doesn't warrant
> reading from files even in userspace which has far fewer constraints.

I agree with Iurii. I don't think that this example alone warrants
adding support for being able to read test data in from a separate
file (I would also like some clarification here on what is meant by
reading in from a separate file). I can imagine some scenarios where
that might make sense, but I think it would be better to get more
examples before trying to support that use case.

Thanks!

  reply index

Thread overview: 33+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-10  2:39 Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-10  3:46 ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-10 16:45   ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-10 20:29     ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-10 23:49       ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-10 17:11 ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-10 22:13   ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-11 10:05     ` Brendan Higgins [this message]
2019-10-11 13:19       ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-10-12  2:38         ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-16 22:18         ` Brendan Higgins
2019-10-16 23:26           ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-17  0:07             ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-17 12:08             ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-10-17 22:25               ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-17 22:56                 ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-10-17 23:40                   ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-18  1:40                     ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-10-18  2:40                       ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-18 15:27                         ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-10-18 20:24                           ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-18  1:12                 ` Brendan Higgins
2019-10-18  1:30                   ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-17 22:49               ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-17 23:07                 ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-17 23:12                   ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-17 23:27                     ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-17 23:42                       ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-17 23:54                       ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-17 23:59                         ` Shuah Khan
2019-10-18  0:11                         ` Iurii Zaikin
2019-10-18  0:38                           ` Tim.Bird
2019-10-18  1:06                             ` Iurii Zaikin

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