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From: Eric Biggers <>
Subject: [PATCH] ext4: allow ZERO_RANGE on encrypted files
Date: Thu, 26 Dec 2019 09:42:16 -0600
Message-ID: <> (raw)

From: Eric Biggers <>

When ext4 encryption support was first added, ZERO_RANGE was disallowed,
supposedly because test failures (e.g. ext4/001) were seen when enabling
it, and at the time there wasn't enough time/interest to debug it.

However, there's actually no reason why ZERO_RANGE can't work on
encrypted files.  And it fact it *does* work now.  Whole blocks in the
zeroed range are converted to unwritten extents, as usual; encryption
makes no difference for that part.  Partial blocks are zeroed in the
pagecache and then ->writepages() encrypts those blocks as usual.
ext4_block_zero_page_range() handles reading and decrypting the block if
needed before actually doing the pagecache write.

Also, f2fs has always supported ZERO_RANGE on encrypted files.

As far as I can tell, the reason that ext4/001 was failing in v4.1 was
actually because of one of the bugs fixed by commit 36086d43f657 ("ext4
crypto: fix bugs in ext4_encrypted_zeroout()").  The bug made
ext4_encrypted_zeroout() always return a positive value, which caused
unwritten extents in encrypted files to sometimes not be marked as
initialized after being written to.  This bug was not actually in
ZERO_RANGE; it just happened to trigger during the extents manipulation
done in ext4/001 (and probably other tests too).

So, let's enable ZERO_RANGE on encrypted files on ext4.

Tested with:
	gce-xfstests -c ext4/encrypt -g auto
	gce-xfstests -c ext4/encrypt_1k -g auto

Got the same set of test failures both with and without this patch.
But with this patch 6 fewer tests are skipped: ext4/001, generic/008,
generic/009, generic/033, generic/096, and generic/511.

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <>
 Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst | 6 +++---
 fs/ext4/extents.c                     | 7 +------
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
index 68c2bc8275cf..07f1f15276bf 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst
@@ -975,9 +975,9 @@ astute users may notice some differences in behavior:
 - Direct I/O is not supported on encrypted files.  Attempts to use
   direct I/O on such files will fall back to buffered I/O.
-- The fallocate operations FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE,
-  on encrypted files and will fail with EOPNOTSUPP.
+- The fallocate operations FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE and
+  FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE are not supported on encrypted files and will
+  fail with EOPNOTSUPP.
 - Online defragmentation of encrypted files is not supported.  The
   EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT and F2FS_IOC_MOVE_RANGE ioctls will fail with
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 0e8708b77da6..dae66e8f0c3a 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -4890,14 +4890,9 @@ long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
 	 * range since we would need to re-encrypt blocks with a
 	 * different IV or XTS tweak (which are based on the logical
 	 * block number).
-	 *
-	 * XXX It's not clear why zero range isn't working, but we'll
-	 * leave it disabled for encrypted inodes for now.  This is a
-	 * bug we should fix....
 	if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) &&
 		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 	/* Return error if mode is not supported */

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Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-26 15:42 Eric Biggers [this message]
2020-01-13 19:29 ` Theodore Y. Ts'o

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