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From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
To: linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	linux-edac@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org, hch@lst.de,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, jack@suse.cz
Subject: [PATCH v3 08/12] x86/memory_failure: Introduce {set, clear}_mce_nospec()
Date: Mon, 04 Jun 2018 16:12:22 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <152815394224.39010.16927947197432406234.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <152815389835.39010.13253559944508110923.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com>

Currently memory_failure() returns zero if the error was handled. On
that result mce_unmap_kpfn() is called to zap the page out of the kernel
linear mapping to prevent speculative fetches of potentially poisoned
memory. However, in the case of dax mapped devmap pages the page may be
in active permanent use by the device driver, so it cannot be unmapped
from the kernel.

Instead of marking the page not present, marking the page UC should
be sufficient for preventing poison from being pre-fetched into the
cache. Convert mce_unmap_pfn() to set_mce_nospec() remapping the page as
UC, to hide it from speculative accesses.

Given that that persistent memory errors can be cleared by the driver,
include a facility to restore the page to cacheable operation,
clear_mce_nospec().

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: <linux-edac@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: <x86@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/set_memory.h         |   42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-internal.h |   15 ----------
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c          |   38 ++------------------------
 include/linux/set_memory.h                |   14 ++++++++++
 4 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/set_memory.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/set_memory.h
index bd090367236c..cf5e9124b45e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/set_memory.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/set_memory.h
@@ -88,4 +88,46 @@ extern int kernel_set_to_readonly;
 void set_kernel_text_rw(void);
 void set_kernel_text_ro(void);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static inline int set_mce_nospec(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	unsigned long decoy_addr;
+	int rc;
+
+	/*
+	 * Mark the linear address as UC to make sure we don't log more
+	 * errors because of speculative access to the page.
+	 * We would like to just call:
+	 *      set_memory_uc((unsigned long)pfn_to_kaddr(pfn), 1);
+	 * but doing that would radically increase the odds of a
+	 * speculative access to the poison page because we'd have
+	 * the virtual address of the kernel 1:1 mapping sitting
+	 * around in registers.
+	 * Instead we get tricky.  We create a non-canonical address
+	 * that looks just like the one we want, but has bit 63 flipped.
+	 * This relies on set_memory_uc() properly sanitizing any __pa()
+	 * results with __PHYSICAL_MASK or PTE_PFN_MASK.
+	 */
+	decoy_addr = (pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) + (PAGE_OFFSET ^ BIT(63));
+
+	rc = set_memory_uc(decoy_addr, 1);
+	if (rc)
+		pr_warn("Could not invalidate pfn=0x%lx from 1:1 map\n", pfn);
+	return rc;
+}
+#define set_mce_nospec set_mce_nospec
+
+/* Restore full speculative operation to the pfn. */
+static inline int clear_mce_nospec(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return set_memory_wb((unsigned long) pfn_to_kaddr(pfn), 1);
+}
+#define clear_mce_nospec clear_mce_nospec
+#else
+/*
+ * Few people would run a 32-bit kernel on a machine that supports
+ * recoverable errors because they have too much memory to boot 32-bit.
+ */
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_SET_MEMORY_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-internal.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-internal.h
index 374d1aa66952..ceb67cd5918f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-internal.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce-internal.h
@@ -113,21 +113,6 @@ static inline void mce_register_injector_chain(struct notifier_block *nb)	{ }
 static inline void mce_unregister_injector_chain(struct notifier_block *nb)	{ }
 #endif
 
-#ifndef CONFIG_X86_64
-/*
- * On 32-bit systems it would be difficult to safely unmap a poison page
- * from the kernel 1:1 map because there are no non-canonical addresses that
- * we can use to refer to the address without risking a speculative access.
- * However, this isn't much of an issue because:
- * 1) Few unmappable pages are in the 1:1 map. Most are in HIGHMEM which
- *    are only mapped into the kernel as needed
- * 2) Few people would run a 32-bit kernel on a machine that supports
- *    recoverable errors because they have too much memory to boot 32-bit.
- */
-static inline void mce_unmap_kpfn(unsigned long pfn) {}
-#define mce_unmap_kpfn mce_unmap_kpfn
-#endif
-
 struct mca_config {
 	bool dont_log_ce;
 	bool cmci_disabled;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
index 42cf2880d0ed..a0fbf0a8b7e6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
 #include <linux/irq_work.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/set_memory.h>
 
 #include <asm/intel-family.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
@@ -50,7 +51,6 @@
 #include <asm/mce.h>
 #include <asm/msr.h>
 #include <asm/reboot.h>
-#include <asm/set_memory.h>
 
 #include "mce-internal.h"
 
@@ -108,10 +108,6 @@ static struct irq_work mce_irq_work;
 
 static void (*quirk_no_way_out)(int bank, struct mce *m, struct pt_regs *regs);
 
-#ifndef mce_unmap_kpfn
-static void mce_unmap_kpfn(unsigned long pfn);
-#endif
-
 /*
  * CPU/chipset specific EDAC code can register a notifier call here to print
  * MCE errors in a human-readable form.
@@ -602,7 +598,7 @@ static int srao_decode_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
 	if (mce_usable_address(mce) && (mce->severity == MCE_AO_SEVERITY)) {
 		pfn = mce->addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 		if (!memory_failure(pfn, 0))
-			mce_unmap_kpfn(pfn);
+			set_mce_nospec(pfn);
 	}
 
 	return NOTIFY_OK;
@@ -1070,38 +1066,10 @@ static int do_memory_failure(struct mce *m)
 	if (ret)
 		pr_err("Memory error not recovered");
 	else
-		mce_unmap_kpfn(m->addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+		set_mce_nospec(m->addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-#ifndef mce_unmap_kpfn
-static void mce_unmap_kpfn(unsigned long pfn)
-{
-	unsigned long decoy_addr;
-
-	/*
-	 * Unmap this page from the kernel 1:1 mappings to make sure
-	 * we don't log more errors because of speculative access to
-	 * the page.
-	 * We would like to just call:
-	 *	set_memory_np((unsigned long)pfn_to_kaddr(pfn), 1);
-	 * but doing that would radically increase the odds of a
-	 * speculative access to the poison page because we'd have
-	 * the virtual address of the kernel 1:1 mapping sitting
-	 * around in registers.
-	 * Instead we get tricky.  We create a non-canonical address
-	 * that looks just like the one we want, but has bit 63 flipped.
-	 * This relies on set_memory_np() not checking whether we passed
-	 * a legal address.
-	 */
-
-	decoy_addr = (pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) + (PAGE_OFFSET ^ BIT(63));
-
-	if (set_memory_np(decoy_addr, 1))
-		pr_warn("Could not invalidate pfn=0x%lx from 1:1 map\n", pfn);
-}
-#endif
-
 /*
  * The actual machine check handler. This only handles real
  * exceptions when something got corrupted coming in through int 18.
diff --git a/include/linux/set_memory.h b/include/linux/set_memory.h
index da5178216da5..2a986d282a97 100644
--- a/include/linux/set_memory.h
+++ b/include/linux/set_memory.h
@@ -17,6 +17,20 @@ static inline int set_memory_x(unsigned long addr,  int numpages) { return 0; }
 static inline int set_memory_nx(unsigned long addr, int numpages) { return 0; }
 #endif
 
+#ifndef set_mce_nospec
+static inline int set_mce_nospec(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef clear_mce_nospec
+static inline int clear_mce_nospec(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
 #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEM_ENCRYPT
 static inline int set_memory_encrypted(unsigned long addr, int numpages)
 {

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-06-04 23:12 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 21+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-06-04 23:11 [PATCH v3 00/12] mm: Teach memory_failure() about ZONE_DEVICE pages Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:11 ` [PATCH v3 01/12] device-dax: Convert to vmf_insert_mixed and vm_fault_t Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:11 ` [PATCH v3 02/12] device-dax: Cleanup vm_fault de-reference chains Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:11 ` [PATCH v3 03/12] device-dax: Enable page_mapping() Dan Williams
2018-06-07 15:39   ` Jan Kara
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 04/12] device-dax: Set page->index Dan Williams
2018-06-07 15:50   ` Jan Kara
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 05/12] filesystem-dax: " Dan Williams
2018-06-07 16:02   ` Jan Kara
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 06/12] mm, madvise_inject_error: Let memory_failure() optionally take a page reference Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 07/12] x86/mm/pat: Prepare {reserve, free}_memtype() for "decoy" addresses Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:12 ` Dan Williams [this message]
2018-06-07  4:42   ` [PATCH v3 08/12] x86/memory_failure: Introduce {set, clear}_mce_nospec() Dan Williams
2018-06-07 17:02     ` Luck, Tony
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 09/12] mm, memory_failure: Pass page size to kill_proc() Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 10/12] mm, memory_failure: Fix page->mapping assumptions relative to the page lock Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 11/12] mm, memory_failure: Teach memory_failure() about dev_pagemap pages Dan Williams
2018-06-07  4:22   ` Dan Williams
2018-06-07 16:30   ` Jan Kara
2018-06-07 16:45     ` Dan Williams
2018-06-04 23:12 ` [PATCH v3 12/12] libnvdimm, pmem: Restore page attributes when clearing errors Dan Williams

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