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From: Eric Wong <>
To: Heiher <>
Subject: Re: Why the edge-triggered mode doesn't work for epoll file descriptor?
Date: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 06:22:29 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20190826062229.pjvumg4ag3qwhji6@whir> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Heiher <> wrote:
> Hello,
> I've added a pipe file descriptor (fd1) to an epoll (fd3) with
> EPOLLOUT in edge-triggered mode, and then added the fd3 to another
> epoll (fd4) with EPOLLIN in edge-triggered too.
> Next, waiting for fd4 without timeout. When fd1 to be writable, i
> think epoll_wait(fd4, ...)  only return once, because all file
> descriptors are added in edge-triggered mode.
> But, the actual result is returns many and many times until do once
> eopll_wait(fd3, ...).

It looks like you can trigger a wakeup loop with printf writing
to the terminal (not a pipe), and that write to the terminal
triggering the EPOLLOUT wakeup over and over again.

I don't know TTY stuff at all, but I assume it's intended
for terminals.

You refer to "pipe file descriptor (fd1)", but I can't reproduce
the error when running your code piped to "tee" and using
strace to check epoll_wait returns.

"strace ./foo | tee /dev/null" only shows one epoll_wait returning.

> = 1;
>     if (epoll_ctl (efd[0], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, efd[1], &e) < 0)
>         return -3;
> = 2;
>     if (epoll_ctl (efd[1], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, 1, &e) < 0)
>         return -4;

Since epfd[1] is waiting for stdout...

>     for (;;) {
>         struct epoll_event events[16];
>         int nfds;
>         nfds = epoll_wait (efd[0], events, 16, -1);
>         printf ("nfds: %d\n", nfds);

Try outputting your message to stderr instead of stdout:

        fprintf(stderr, "nfds: %d\n", nfds);

And then run your program so stdout and stderr point to
different files:

	./foo | tee /dev/null

(so stdout becomes a pipe, and stderr remains your terminal)

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-08-26  6:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-17 16:36 Heiher
2019-08-19  0:58 ` Heiher
2019-08-26  6:22 ` Eric Wong [this message]
2019-08-28 15:33   ` Heiher

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