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* [PATCH v7 0/1] ns: introduce binfmt_misc namespace
@ 2019-11-07 14:03 Laurent Vivier
  2019-11-07 14:03 ` [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace Laurent Vivier
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Laurent Vivier @ 2019-11-07 14:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Dmitry Safonov, Henning Schild, linux-fsdevel, James Bottomley,
	Eric Biederman, linux-api, Andrei Vagin, Cédric Le Goater,
	Greg Kurz, Jann Horn, containers, Alexander Viro, Jan Kiszka,
	Laurent Vivier

v7: Use the new mount API

    Replace

      static struct dentry *bm_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
                            int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data)
      {
               struct user_namespace *ns = current_user_ns();

               return mount_ns(fs_type, flags, data, ns, ns,
                               bm_fill_super);
      }

    by

      static void bm_free(struct fs_context *fc)
      {
             if (fc->s_fs_info)
                     put_user_ns(fc->s_fs_info);
      }

      static int bm_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc)
      {
              return get_tree_keyed(fc, bm_fill_super, get_user_ns(fc->user_ns));
      }

      static const struct fs_context_operations bm_context_ops = {
              .free           = bm_free,
              .get_tree       = bm_get_tree,
      };

      static int bm_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
      {
              fc->ops = &bm_context_ops;
              return 0;
      }

v6: Return &init_binfmt_ns instead of NULL in binfmt_ns()
    This should never happen, but to stay safe return a
    value we can use.
    change subject from "RFC" to "PATCH"

v5: Use READ_ONCE()/WRITE_ONCE()
    move mount pointer struct init to bm_fill_super() and add smp_wmb()
    remove useless NULL value init
    add WARN_ON_ONCE()

v4: first user namespace is initialized with &init_binfmt_ns,
    all new user namespaces are initialized with a NULL and use
    the one of the first parent that is not NULL. The pointer
    is initialized to a valid value the first time the binfmt_misc
    fs is mounted in the current user namespace.
    This allows to not change the way it was working before:
    new ns inherits values from its parent, and if parent value is modified
    (or parent creates its own binfmt entry by mounting the fs) child
    inherits it (unless it has itself mounted the fs).

v3: create a structure to store binfmt_misc data,
    add a pointer to this structure in the user_namespace structure,
    in init_user_ns structure this pointer points to an init_binfmt_ns
    structure. And all new user namespaces point to this init structure.
    A new binfmt namespace structure is allocated if the binfmt_misc
    filesystem is mounted in a user namespace that is not the initial
    one but its binfmt namespace pointer points to the initial one.
    add override_creds()/revert_creds() around open_exec() in
    bm_register_write()

v2: no new namespace, binfmt_misc data are now part of
    the mount namespace
    I put this in mount namespace instead of user namespace
    because the mount namespace is already needed and
    I don't want to force to have the user namespace for that.
    As this is a filesystem, it seems logic to have it here.

This allows to define a new interpreter for each new container.

But the main goal is to be able to chroot to a directory
using a binfmt_misc interpreter without being root.

I have a modified version of unshare at:

  https://github.com/vivier/util-linux.git branch unshare-chroot

with some new options to unshare binfmt_misc namespace and to chroot
to a directory.

If you have a directory /chroot/powerpc/jessie containing debian for powerpc
binaries and a qemu-ppc interpreter, you can do for instance:

 $ uname -a
 Linux fedora28-wor-2 4.19.0-rc5+ #18 SMP Mon Oct 1 00:32:34 CEST 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
 $ ./unshare --map-root-user --fork --pid \
   --load-interp ":qemu-ppc:M::\x7fELF\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x14:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff:/qemu-ppc:OC" \
   --root=/chroot/powerpc/jessie /bin/bash -l
 # uname -a
 Linux fedora28-wor-2 4.19.0-rc5+ #18 SMP Mon Oct 1 00:32:34 CEST 2018 ppc GNU/Linux
 # id
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root),65534(nogroup)
 # ls -l
total 5940
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:58 bin
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Jun 17 20:26 boot
drwxr-xr-x.   4 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 dev
drwxr-xr-x.  42 nobody nogroup    4096 Sep 28 07:25 etc
drwxr-xr-x.   3 nobody nogroup    4096 Sep 28 07:25 home
drwxr-xr-x.   9 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:58 lib
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 media
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 mnt
drwxr-xr-x.   3 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 13:09 opt
dr-xr-xr-x. 143 nobody nogroup       0 Sep 30 23:02 proc
-rwxr-xr-x.   1 nobody nogroup 6009712 Sep 28 07:22 qemu-ppc
drwx------.   3 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 12:54 root
drwxr-xr-x.   3 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 run
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:58 sbin
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 srv
drwxr-xr-x.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Apr  6  2015 sys
drwxrwxrwt.   2 nobody nogroup    4096 Sep 28 10:31 tmp
drwxr-xr-x.  10 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 usr
drwxr-xr-x.  11 nobody nogroup    4096 Aug 12 00:08 var

If you want to use the qemu binary provided by your distro, you can use

    --load-interp ":qemu-ppc:M::\x7fELF\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x14:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff:/bin/qemu-ppc-static:OCF"

With the 'F' flag, qemu-ppc-static will be then loaded from the main root
filesystem before switching to the chroot.

Another example is to use the 'P' flag in one chroot and not in another one (useful in a test
environment to test different configurations of the same interpreter):

./unshare --fork --pid --mount-proc --map-root-user --load-interp ":qemu-ppc:M::\x7fELF\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x14:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff://usr/bin/qemu-ppc-noargv0:OCF" --root=/chroot/powerpc/jessie /bin/bash -l
root@localhost:/# sh -c 'echo $0'
/bin/sh

./unshare --fork --pid --mount-proc --map-root-user --load-interp ":qemu-ppc:M::\x7fELF\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x14:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff://usr/bin/qemu-ppc-argv0:OCFP" --root=/chroot/powerpc/jessie /bin/bash -l
root@localhost:/# sh -c 'echo $0'
sh

Laurent Vivier (1):
  ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace

 fs/binfmt_misc.c               | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  15 +++++
 kernel/user.c                  |  14 ++++
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |   3 +
 4 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace
  2019-11-07 14:03 [PATCH v7 0/1] ns: introduce binfmt_misc namespace Laurent Vivier
@ 2019-11-07 14:03 ` Laurent Vivier
  2019-12-03  9:44   ` Laurent Vivier
  2019-12-03 15:40   ` Christian Brauner
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Laurent Vivier @ 2019-11-07 14:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Dmitry Safonov, Henning Schild, linux-fsdevel, James Bottomley,
	Eric Biederman, linux-api, Andrei Vagin, Cédric Le Goater,
	Greg Kurz, Jann Horn, containers, Alexander Viro, Jan Kiszka,
	Laurent Vivier

This patch allows to have a different binfmt_misc configuration
for each new user namespace. By default, the binfmt_misc configuration
is the one of the previous level, but if the binfmt_misc filesystem is
mounted in the new namespace a new empty binfmt instance is created and
used in this namespace.

For instance, using "unshare" we can start a chroot of another
architecture and configure the binfmt_misc interpreter without being root
to run the binaries in this chroot.

Signed-off-by: Laurent Vivier <laurent@vivier.eu>
Acked-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
---
 fs/binfmt_misc.c               | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  15 +++++
 kernel/user.c                  |  14 ++++
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |   3 +
 4 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_misc.c b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
index cdb45829354d..ba5f0d2ade96 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_misc.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
@@ -40,9 +40,6 @@ enum {
 	VERBOSE_STATUS = 1 /* make it zero to save 400 bytes kernel memory */
 };
 
-static LIST_HEAD(entries);
-static int enabled = 1;
-
 enum {Enabled, Magic};
 #define MISC_FMT_PRESERVE_ARGV0 (1 << 31)
 #define MISC_FMT_OPEN_BINARY (1 << 30)
@@ -62,10 +59,7 @@ typedef struct {
 	struct file *interp_file;
 } Node;
 
-static DEFINE_RWLOCK(entries_lock);
 static struct file_system_type bm_fs_type;
-static struct vfsmount *bm_mnt;
-static int entry_count;
 
 /*
  * Max length of the register string.  Determined by:
@@ -82,18 +76,37 @@ static int entry_count;
  */
 #define MAX_REGISTER_LENGTH 1920
 
+static struct binfmt_namespace *binfmt_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
+{
+	struct binfmt_namespace *b_ns;
+
+	while (ns) {
+		b_ns = READ_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns);
+		if (b_ns)
+			return b_ns;
+		ns = ns->parent;
+	}
+	/* as the first user namespace is initialized with
+	 * &init_binfmt_ns we should never come here
+	 * but we try to stay safe by logging a warning
+	 * and returning a sane value
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	return &init_binfmt_ns;
+}
+
 /*
  * Check if we support the binfmt
  * if we do, return the node, else NULL
  * locking is done in load_misc_binary
  */
-static Node *check_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
+static Node *check_file(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 {
 	char *p = strrchr(bprm->interp, '.');
 	struct list_head *l;
 
 	/* Walk all the registered handlers. */
-	list_for_each(l, &entries) {
+	list_for_each(l, &ns->entries) {
 		Node *e = list_entry(l, Node, list);
 		char *s;
 		int j;
@@ -135,17 +148,18 @@ static int load_misc_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	struct file *interp_file = NULL;
 	int retval;
 	int fd_binary = -1;
+	struct binfmt_namespace *ns = binfmt_ns(current_user_ns());
 
 	retval = -ENOEXEC;
-	if (!enabled)
+	if (!ns->enabled)
 		return retval;
 
 	/* to keep locking time low, we copy the interpreter string */
-	read_lock(&entries_lock);
-	fmt = check_file(bprm);
+	read_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
+	fmt = check_file(ns, bprm);
 	if (fmt)
 		dget(fmt->dentry);
-	read_unlock(&entries_lock);
+	read_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
 	if (!fmt)
 		return retval;
 
@@ -611,19 +625,19 @@ static void bm_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	kfree(e);
 }
 
-static void kill_node(Node *e)
+static void kill_node(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, Node *e)
 {
 	struct dentry *dentry;
 
-	write_lock(&entries_lock);
+	write_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
 	list_del_init(&e->list);
-	write_unlock(&entries_lock);
+	write_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
 
 	dentry = e->dentry;
 	drop_nlink(d_inode(dentry));
 	d_drop(dentry);
 	dput(dentry);
-	simple_release_fs(&bm_mnt, &entry_count);
+	simple_release_fs(&ns->bm_mnt, &ns->entry_count);
 }
 
 /* /<entry> */
@@ -653,6 +667,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_entry_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 	struct dentry *root;
 	Node *e = file_inode(file)->i_private;
 	int res = parse_command(buffer, count);
+	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
+
+	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
 
 	switch (res) {
 	case 1:
@@ -669,7 +686,7 @@ static ssize_t bm_entry_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 		inode_lock(d_inode(root));
 
 		if (!list_empty(&e->list))
-			kill_node(e);
+			kill_node(ns, e);
 
 		inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
 		break;
@@ -695,6 +712,7 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 	struct inode *inode;
 	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(file)->i_sb;
 	struct dentry *root = sb->s_root, *dentry;
+	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
 	int err = 0;
 
 	e = create_entry(buffer, count);
@@ -718,7 +736,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 	if (!inode)
 		goto out2;
 
-	err = simple_pin_fs(&bm_fs_type, &bm_mnt, &entry_count);
+	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
+	err = simple_pin_fs(&bm_fs_type, &ns->bm_mnt,
+			    &ns->entry_count);
 	if (err) {
 		iput(inode);
 		inode = NULL;
@@ -727,12 +747,16 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 
 	if (e->flags & MISC_FMT_OPEN_FILE) {
 		struct file *f;
+		const struct cred *old_cred;
 
+		old_cred = override_creds(file->f_cred);
 		f = open_exec(e->interpreter);
+		revert_creds(old_cred);
 		if (IS_ERR(f)) {
 			err = PTR_ERR(f);
 			pr_notice("register: failed to install interpreter file %s\n", e->interpreter);
-			simple_release_fs(&bm_mnt, &entry_count);
+			simple_release_fs(&ns->bm_mnt,
+					  &ns->entry_count);
 			iput(inode);
 			inode = NULL;
 			goto out2;
@@ -745,9 +769,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 	inode->i_fop = &bm_entry_operations;
 
 	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
-	write_lock(&entries_lock);
-	list_add(&e->list, &entries);
-	write_unlock(&entries_lock);
+	write_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
+	list_add(&e->list, &ns->entries);
+	write_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
 
 	err = 0;
 out2:
@@ -772,7 +796,9 @@ static const struct file_operations bm_register_operations = {
 static ssize_t
 bm_status_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
 {
-	char *s = enabled ? "enabled\n" : "disabled\n";
+	struct binfmt_namespace *ns =
+				binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
+	char *s = ns->enabled ? "enabled\n" : "disabled\n";
 
 	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, nbytes, ppos, s, strlen(s));
 }
@@ -780,25 +806,28 @@ bm_status_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
 static ssize_t bm_status_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
 		size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
 {
+	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
 	int res = parse_command(buffer, count);
 	struct dentry *root;
 
+	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
 	switch (res) {
 	case 1:
 		/* Disable all handlers. */
-		enabled = 0;
+		ns->enabled = 0;
 		break;
 	case 2:
 		/* Enable all handlers. */
-		enabled = 1;
+		ns->enabled = 1;
 		break;
 	case 3:
 		/* Delete all handlers. */
 		root = file_inode(file)->i_sb->s_root;
 		inode_lock(d_inode(root));
 
-		while (!list_empty(&entries))
-			kill_node(list_first_entry(&entries, Node, list));
+		while (!list_empty(&ns->entries))
+			kill_node(ns, list_first_entry(&ns->entries,
+						       Node, list));
 
 		inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
 		break;
@@ -825,24 +854,53 @@ static const struct super_operations s_ops = {
 static int bm_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)
 {
 	int err;
+	struct user_namespace *ns = sb->s_user_ns;
 	static const struct tree_descr bm_files[] = {
 		[2] = {"status", &bm_status_operations, S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO},
 		[3] = {"register", &bm_register_operations, S_IWUSR},
 		/* last one */ {""}
 	};
 
+	/* create a new binfmt namespace
+	 * if we are not in the first user namespace
+	 * but the binfmt namespace is the first one
+	 */
+	if (READ_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns) == NULL) {
+		struct binfmt_namespace *new_ns;
+
+		new_ns = kmalloc(sizeof(struct binfmt_namespace),
+				 GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (new_ns == NULL)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->entries);
+		new_ns->enabled = 1;
+		rwlock_init(&new_ns->entries_lock);
+		new_ns->bm_mnt = NULL;
+		new_ns->entry_count = 0;
+		/* ensure new_ns is completely initialized before sharing it */
+		smp_wmb();
+		WRITE_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns, new_ns);
+	}
+
 	err = simple_fill_super(sb, BINFMTFS_MAGIC, bm_files);
 	if (!err)
 		sb->s_op = &s_ops;
 	return err;
 }
 
+static void bm_free(struct fs_context *fc)
+{
+	if (fc->s_fs_info)
+		put_user_ns(fc->s_fs_info);
+}
+
 static int bm_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc)
 {
-	return get_tree_single(fc, bm_fill_super);
+	return get_tree_keyed(fc, bm_fill_super, get_user_ns(fc->user_ns));
 }
 
 static const struct fs_context_operations bm_context_ops = {
+	.free		= bm_free,
 	.get_tree	= bm_get_tree,
 };
 
@@ -861,6 +919,7 @@ static struct file_system_type bm_fs_type = {
 	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
 	.name		= "binfmt_misc",
 	.init_fs_context = bm_init_fs_context,
+	.fs_flags	= FS_USERNS_MOUNT,
 	.kill_sb	= kill_litter_super,
 };
 MODULE_ALIAS_FS("binfmt_misc");
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index fb9f4f799554..16e6f3a97a01 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -52,6 +52,18 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
+struct binfmt_namespace {
+	struct list_head entries;
+	rwlock_t entries_lock;
+	int enabled;
+	struct vfsmount *bm_mnt;
+	int entry_count;
+} __randomize_layout;
+
+extern struct binfmt_namespace init_binfmt_ns;
+#endif
+
 struct user_namespace {
 	struct uid_gid_map	uid_map;
 	struct uid_gid_map	gid_map;
@@ -86,6 +98,9 @@ struct user_namespace {
 #endif
 	struct ucounts		*ucounts;
 	int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
+	struct binfmt_namespace *binfmt_ns;
+#endif
 } __randomize_layout;
 
 struct ucounts {
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 5235d7f49982..092b2b4d47a6 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -20,6 +20,17 @@
 #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
 #include <linux/proc_ns.h>
 
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
+struct binfmt_namespace init_binfmt_ns = {
+	.entries = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_binfmt_ns.entries),
+	.enabled = 1,
+	.entries_lock = __RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_binfmt_ns.entries_lock),
+	.bm_mnt = NULL,
+	.entry_count = 0,
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_binfmt_ns);
+#endif
+
 /*
  * userns count is 1 for root user, 1 for init_uts_ns,
  * and 1 for... ?
@@ -67,6 +78,9 @@ struct user_namespace init_user_ns = {
 	.keyring_name_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_user_ns.keyring_name_list),
 	.keyring_sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(init_user_ns.keyring_sem),
 #endif
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
+	.binfmt_ns = &init_binfmt_ns,
+#endif
 };
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_user_ns);
 
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index 8eadadc478f9..f42c32269e20 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -191,6 +191,9 @@ static void free_user_ns(struct work_struct *work)
 			kfree(ns->projid_map.forward);
 			kfree(ns->projid_map.reverse);
 		}
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
+		kfree(ns->binfmt_ns);
+#endif
 		retire_userns_sysctls(ns);
 		key_free_user_ns(ns);
 		ns_free_inum(&ns->ns);
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace
  2019-11-07 14:03 ` [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace Laurent Vivier
@ 2019-12-03  9:44   ` Laurent Vivier
  2019-12-03 15:40   ` Christian Brauner
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Laurent Vivier @ 2019-12-03  9:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Dmitry Safonov, Henning Schild, linux-fsdevel, James Bottomley,
	Eric Biederman, linux-api, Andrei Vagin, Cédric Le Goater,
	Greg Kurz, Jann Horn, containers, Alexander Viro, Jan Kiszka

Ping

Thanks,
Laurent

Le 07/11/2019 à 15:03, Laurent Vivier a écrit :
> This patch allows to have a different binfmt_misc configuration
> for each new user namespace. By default, the binfmt_misc configuration
> is the one of the previous level, but if the binfmt_misc filesystem is
> mounted in the new namespace a new empty binfmt instance is created and
> used in this namespace.
> 
> For instance, using "unshare" we can start a chroot of another
> architecture and configure the binfmt_misc interpreter without being root
> to run the binaries in this chroot.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Laurent Vivier <laurent@vivier.eu>
> Acked-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
> ---
>  fs/binfmt_misc.c               | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  include/linux/user_namespace.h |  15 +++++
>  kernel/user.c                  |  14 ++++
>  kernel/user_namespace.c        |   3 +
>  4 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_misc.c b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> index cdb45829354d..ba5f0d2ade96 100644
> --- a/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> +++ b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> @@ -40,9 +40,6 @@ enum {
>  	VERBOSE_STATUS = 1 /* make it zero to save 400 bytes kernel memory */
>  };
>  
> -static LIST_HEAD(entries);
> -static int enabled = 1;
> -
>  enum {Enabled, Magic};
>  #define MISC_FMT_PRESERVE_ARGV0 (1 << 31)
>  #define MISC_FMT_OPEN_BINARY (1 << 30)
> @@ -62,10 +59,7 @@ typedef struct {
>  	struct file *interp_file;
>  } Node;
>  
> -static DEFINE_RWLOCK(entries_lock);
>  static struct file_system_type bm_fs_type;
> -static struct vfsmount *bm_mnt;
> -static int entry_count;
>  
>  /*
>   * Max length of the register string.  Determined by:
> @@ -82,18 +76,37 @@ static int entry_count;
>   */
>  #define MAX_REGISTER_LENGTH 1920
>  
> +static struct binfmt_namespace *binfmt_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
> +{
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *b_ns;
> +
> +	while (ns) {
> +		b_ns = READ_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns);
> +		if (b_ns)
> +			return b_ns;
> +		ns = ns->parent;
> +	}
> +	/* as the first user namespace is initialized with
> +	 * &init_binfmt_ns we should never come here
> +	 * but we try to stay safe by logging a warning
> +	 * and returning a sane value
> +	 */
> +	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> +	return &init_binfmt_ns;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Check if we support the binfmt
>   * if we do, return the node, else NULL
>   * locking is done in load_misc_binary
>   */
> -static Node *check_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +static Node *check_file(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>  {
>  	char *p = strrchr(bprm->interp, '.');
>  	struct list_head *l;
>  
>  	/* Walk all the registered handlers. */
> -	list_for_each(l, &entries) {
> +	list_for_each(l, &ns->entries) {
>  		Node *e = list_entry(l, Node, list);
>  		char *s;
>  		int j;
> @@ -135,17 +148,18 @@ static int load_misc_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>  	struct file *interp_file = NULL;
>  	int retval;
>  	int fd_binary = -1;
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns = binfmt_ns(current_user_ns());
>  
>  	retval = -ENOEXEC;
> -	if (!enabled)
> +	if (!ns->enabled)
>  		return retval;
>  
>  	/* to keep locking time low, we copy the interpreter string */
> -	read_lock(&entries_lock);
> -	fmt = check_file(bprm);
> +	read_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
> +	fmt = check_file(ns, bprm);
>  	if (fmt)
>  		dget(fmt->dentry);
> -	read_unlock(&entries_lock);
> +	read_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  	if (!fmt)
>  		return retval;
>  
> @@ -611,19 +625,19 @@ static void bm_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
>  	kfree(e);
>  }
>  
> -static void kill_node(Node *e)
> +static void kill_node(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, Node *e)
>  {
>  	struct dentry *dentry;
>  
> -	write_lock(&entries_lock);
> +	write_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  	list_del_init(&e->list);
> -	write_unlock(&entries_lock);
> +	write_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  
>  	dentry = e->dentry;
>  	drop_nlink(d_inode(dentry));
>  	d_drop(dentry);
>  	dput(dentry);
> -	simple_release_fs(&bm_mnt, &entry_count);
> +	simple_release_fs(&ns->bm_mnt, &ns->entry_count);
>  }
>  
>  /* /<entry> */
> @@ -653,6 +667,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_entry_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  	struct dentry *root;
>  	Node *e = file_inode(file)->i_private;
>  	int res = parse_command(buffer, count);
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
> +
> +	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
>  
>  	switch (res) {
>  	case 1:
> @@ -669,7 +686,7 @@ static ssize_t bm_entry_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  		inode_lock(d_inode(root));
>  
>  		if (!list_empty(&e->list))
> -			kill_node(e);
> +			kill_node(ns, e);
>  
>  		inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
>  		break;
> @@ -695,6 +712,7 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  	struct inode *inode;
>  	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(file)->i_sb;
>  	struct dentry *root = sb->s_root, *dentry;
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
>  	int err = 0;
>  
>  	e = create_entry(buffer, count);
> @@ -718,7 +736,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  	if (!inode)
>  		goto out2;
>  
> -	err = simple_pin_fs(&bm_fs_type, &bm_mnt, &entry_count);
> +	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
> +	err = simple_pin_fs(&bm_fs_type, &ns->bm_mnt,
> +			    &ns->entry_count);
>  	if (err) {
>  		iput(inode);
>  		inode = NULL;
> @@ -727,12 +747,16 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  
>  	if (e->flags & MISC_FMT_OPEN_FILE) {
>  		struct file *f;
> +		const struct cred *old_cred;
>  
> +		old_cred = override_creds(file->f_cred);
>  		f = open_exec(e->interpreter);
> +		revert_creds(old_cred);
>  		if (IS_ERR(f)) {
>  			err = PTR_ERR(f);
>  			pr_notice("register: failed to install interpreter file %s\n", e->interpreter);
> -			simple_release_fs(&bm_mnt, &entry_count);
> +			simple_release_fs(&ns->bm_mnt,
> +					  &ns->entry_count);
>  			iput(inode);
>  			inode = NULL;
>  			goto out2;
> @@ -745,9 +769,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_register_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  	inode->i_fop = &bm_entry_operations;
>  
>  	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
> -	write_lock(&entries_lock);
> -	list_add(&e->list, &entries);
> -	write_unlock(&entries_lock);
> +	write_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
> +	list_add(&e->list, &ns->entries);
> +	write_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  
>  	err = 0;
>  out2:
> @@ -772,7 +796,9 @@ static const struct file_operations bm_register_operations = {
>  static ssize_t
>  bm_status_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
>  {
> -	char *s = enabled ? "enabled\n" : "disabled\n";
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns =
> +				binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
> +	char *s = ns->enabled ? "enabled\n" : "disabled\n";
>  
>  	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, nbytes, ppos, s, strlen(s));
>  }
> @@ -780,25 +806,28 @@ bm_status_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
>  static ssize_t bm_status_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  		size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
>  {
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
>  	int res = parse_command(buffer, count);
>  	struct dentry *root;
>  
> +	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);
>  	switch (res) {
>  	case 1:
>  		/* Disable all handlers. */
> -		enabled = 0;
> +		ns->enabled = 0;
>  		break;
>  	case 2:
>  		/* Enable all handlers. */
> -		enabled = 1;
> +		ns->enabled = 1;
>  		break;
>  	case 3:
>  		/* Delete all handlers. */
>  		root = file_inode(file)->i_sb->s_root;
>  		inode_lock(d_inode(root));
>  
> -		while (!list_empty(&entries))
> -			kill_node(list_first_entry(&entries, Node, list));
> +		while (!list_empty(&ns->entries))
> +			kill_node(ns, list_first_entry(&ns->entries,
> +						       Node, list));
>  
>  		inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
>  		break;
> @@ -825,24 +854,53 @@ static const struct super_operations s_ops = {
>  static int bm_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)
>  {
>  	int err;
> +	struct user_namespace *ns = sb->s_user_ns;
>  	static const struct tree_descr bm_files[] = {
>  		[2] = {"status", &bm_status_operations, S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO},
>  		[3] = {"register", &bm_register_operations, S_IWUSR},
>  		/* last one */ {""}
>  	};
>  
> +	/* create a new binfmt namespace
> +	 * if we are not in the first user namespace
> +	 * but the binfmt namespace is the first one
> +	 */
> +	if (READ_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns) == NULL) {
> +		struct binfmt_namespace *new_ns;
> +
> +		new_ns = kmalloc(sizeof(struct binfmt_namespace),
> +				 GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (new_ns == NULL)
> +			return -ENOMEM;
> +		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->entries);
> +		new_ns->enabled = 1;
> +		rwlock_init(&new_ns->entries_lock);
> +		new_ns->bm_mnt = NULL;
> +		new_ns->entry_count = 0;
> +		/* ensure new_ns is completely initialized before sharing it */
> +		smp_wmb();
> +		WRITE_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns, new_ns);
> +	}
> +
>  	err = simple_fill_super(sb, BINFMTFS_MAGIC, bm_files);
>  	if (!err)
>  		sb->s_op = &s_ops;
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
> +static void bm_free(struct fs_context *fc)
> +{
> +	if (fc->s_fs_info)
> +		put_user_ns(fc->s_fs_info);
> +}
> +
>  static int bm_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc)
>  {
> -	return get_tree_single(fc, bm_fill_super);
> +	return get_tree_keyed(fc, bm_fill_super, get_user_ns(fc->user_ns));
>  }
>  
>  static const struct fs_context_operations bm_context_ops = {
> +	.free		= bm_free,
>  	.get_tree	= bm_get_tree,
>  };
>  
> @@ -861,6 +919,7 @@ static struct file_system_type bm_fs_type = {
>  	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
>  	.name		= "binfmt_misc",
>  	.init_fs_context = bm_init_fs_context,
> +	.fs_flags	= FS_USERNS_MOUNT,
>  	.kill_sb	= kill_litter_super,
>  };
>  MODULE_ALIAS_FS("binfmt_misc");
> diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
> index fb9f4f799554..16e6f3a97a01 100644
> --- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
> +++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
> @@ -52,6 +52,18 @@ enum ucount_type {
>  	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
>  };
>  
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
> +struct binfmt_namespace {
> +	struct list_head entries;
> +	rwlock_t entries_lock;
> +	int enabled;
> +	struct vfsmount *bm_mnt;
> +	int entry_count;
> +} __randomize_layout;
> +
> +extern struct binfmt_namespace init_binfmt_ns;
> +#endif
> +
>  struct user_namespace {
>  	struct uid_gid_map	uid_map;
>  	struct uid_gid_map	gid_map;
> @@ -86,6 +98,9 @@ struct user_namespace {
>  #endif
>  	struct ucounts		*ucounts;
>  	int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *binfmt_ns;
> +#endif
>  } __randomize_layout;
>  
>  struct ucounts {
> diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
> index 5235d7f49982..092b2b4d47a6 100644
> --- a/kernel/user.c
> +++ b/kernel/user.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,17 @@
>  #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
>  #include <linux/proc_ns.h>
>  
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
> +struct binfmt_namespace init_binfmt_ns = {
> +	.entries = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_binfmt_ns.entries),
> +	.enabled = 1,
> +	.entries_lock = __RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_binfmt_ns.entries_lock),
> +	.bm_mnt = NULL,
> +	.entry_count = 0,
> +};
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_binfmt_ns);
> +#endif
> +
>  /*
>   * userns count is 1 for root user, 1 for init_uts_ns,
>   * and 1 for... ?
> @@ -67,6 +78,9 @@ struct user_namespace init_user_ns = {
>  	.keyring_name_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_user_ns.keyring_name_list),
>  	.keyring_sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(init_user_ns.keyring_sem),
>  #endif
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
> +	.binfmt_ns = &init_binfmt_ns,
> +#endif
>  };
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_user_ns);
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
> index 8eadadc478f9..f42c32269e20 100644
> --- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
> +++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
> @@ -191,6 +191,9 @@ static void free_user_ns(struct work_struct *work)
>  			kfree(ns->projid_map.forward);
>  			kfree(ns->projid_map.reverse);
>  		}
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC)
> +		kfree(ns->binfmt_ns);
> +#endif
>  		retire_userns_sysctls(ns);
>  		key_free_user_ns(ns);
>  		ns_free_inum(&ns->ns);
> 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace
  2019-11-07 14:03 ` [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace Laurent Vivier
  2019-12-03  9:44   ` Laurent Vivier
@ 2019-12-03 15:40   ` Christian Brauner
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Christian Brauner @ 2019-12-03 15:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Laurent Vivier
  Cc: linux-kernel, Henning Schild, Dmitry Safonov, linux-api,
	containers, Jann Horn, Greg Kurz, Alexander Viro,
	James Bottomley, Eric Biederman, Jan Kiszka, linux-fsdevel,
	Cédric Le Goater, dhowells

On Thu, Nov 07, 2019 at 03:03:04PM +0100, Laurent Vivier wrote:
> This patch allows to have a different binfmt_misc configuration
> for each new user namespace. By default, the binfmt_misc configuration
> is the one of the previous level, but if the binfmt_misc filesystem is
> mounted in the new namespace a new empty binfmt instance is created and
> used in this namespace.
> 
> For instance, using "unshare" we can start a chroot of another
> architecture and configure the binfmt_misc interpreter without being root
> to run the binaries in this chroot.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Laurent Vivier <laurent@vivier.eu>
> Acked-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
> ---
>  fs/binfmt_misc.c               | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  include/linux/user_namespace.h |  15 +++++
>  kernel/user.c                  |  14 ++++
>  kernel/user_namespace.c        |   3 +
>  4 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/binfmt_misc.c b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> index cdb45829354d..ba5f0d2ade96 100644
> --- a/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> +++ b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
> @@ -40,9 +40,6 @@ enum {
>  	VERBOSE_STATUS = 1 /* make it zero to save 400 bytes kernel memory */
>  };
>  
> -static LIST_HEAD(entries);
> -static int enabled = 1;
> -
>  enum {Enabled, Magic};
>  #define MISC_FMT_PRESERVE_ARGV0 (1 << 31)
>  #define MISC_FMT_OPEN_BINARY (1 << 30)
> @@ -62,10 +59,7 @@ typedef struct {
>  	struct file *interp_file;
>  } Node;
>  
> -static DEFINE_RWLOCK(entries_lock);
>  static struct file_system_type bm_fs_type;
> -static struct vfsmount *bm_mnt;
> -static int entry_count;
>  
>  /*
>   * Max length of the register string.  Determined by:
> @@ -82,18 +76,37 @@ static int entry_count;
>   */
>  #define MAX_REGISTER_LENGTH 1920
>  
> +static struct binfmt_namespace *binfmt_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
> +{
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *b_ns;
> +
> +	while (ns) {
> +		b_ns = READ_ONCE(ns->binfmt_ns);
> +		if (b_ns)
> +			return b_ns;
> +		ns = ns->parent;
> +	}
> +	/* as the first user namespace is initialized with
> +	 * &init_binfmt_ns we should never come here
> +	 * but we try to stay safe by logging a warning
> +	 * and returning a sane value
> +	 */
> +	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> +	return &init_binfmt_ns;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Check if we support the binfmt
>   * if we do, return the node, else NULL
>   * locking is done in load_misc_binary
>   */
> -static Node *check_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
> +static Node *check_file(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>  {
>  	char *p = strrchr(bprm->interp, '.');
>  	struct list_head *l;
>  
>  	/* Walk all the registered handlers. */
> -	list_for_each(l, &entries) {
> +	list_for_each(l, &ns->entries) {
>  		Node *e = list_entry(l, Node, list);
>  		char *s;
>  		int j;
> @@ -135,17 +148,18 @@ static int load_misc_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
>  	struct file *interp_file = NULL;
>  	int retval;
>  	int fd_binary = -1;
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns = binfmt_ns(current_user_ns());
>  
>  	retval = -ENOEXEC;
> -	if (!enabled)
> +	if (!ns->enabled)
>  		return retval;
>  
>  	/* to keep locking time low, we copy the interpreter string */
> -	read_lock(&entries_lock);
> -	fmt = check_file(bprm);
> +	read_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
> +	fmt = check_file(ns, bprm);
>  	if (fmt)
>  		dget(fmt->dentry);
> -	read_unlock(&entries_lock);
> +	read_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  	if (!fmt)
>  		return retval;
>  
> @@ -611,19 +625,19 @@ static void bm_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
>  	kfree(e);
>  }
>  
> -static void kill_node(Node *e)
> +static void kill_node(struct binfmt_namespace *ns, Node *e)
>  {
>  	struct dentry *dentry;
>  
> -	write_lock(&entries_lock);
> +	write_lock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  	list_del_init(&e->list);
> -	write_unlock(&entries_lock);
> +	write_unlock(&ns->entries_lock);
>  
>  	dentry = e->dentry;
>  	drop_nlink(d_inode(dentry));
>  	d_drop(dentry);
>  	dput(dentry);
> -	simple_release_fs(&bm_mnt, &entry_count);
> +	simple_release_fs(&ns->bm_mnt, &ns->entry_count);
>  }
>  
>  /* /<entry> */
> @@ -653,6 +667,9 @@ static ssize_t bm_entry_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
>  	struct dentry *root;
>  	Node *e = file_inode(file)->i_private;
>  	int res = parse_command(buffer, count);
> +	struct binfmt_namespace *ns;
> +
> +	ns = binfmt_ns(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns);

Sorry for being so late to the party.

The naked dereferences here are not very pretty and also likely mean you
access the wrong dentry when you do (weird but possible) things like:

mount -t overlay overlay -o lowerdir=/proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc,workdir=/work,upperdir=/upper /merged

(which might already cause trouble in other parts of this code)

so I think it's better if you replace 
file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns
with
file_dentry(file)->d_sb->s_user_ns
in places where you do naked dereferences now.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-11-07 14:03 [PATCH v7 0/1] ns: introduce binfmt_misc namespace Laurent Vivier
2019-11-07 14:03 ` [PATCH v7 1/1] ns: add binfmt_misc to the user namespace Laurent Vivier
2019-12-03  9:44   ` Laurent Vivier
2019-12-03 15:40   ` Christian Brauner

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