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From: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
To: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: syzbot <syzbot+82defefbbd8527e1c2cb@syzkaller.appspotmail.com>,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	syzkaller-bugs@googlegroups.com, viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk,
	hdanton@sina.com, akpm@linux-foundation.org
Subject: Re: WARNING: refcount bug in cdev_get
Date: Thu, 19 Dec 2019 11:59:09 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20191219115909.GA32361@willie-the-truck> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191218182026.GB882018@kroah.com>

On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 07:20:26PM +0100, Greg KH wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 05:08:55PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Tue, Dec 10, 2019 at 11:44:45AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Wed, Dec 04, 2019 at 01:31:48PM +0100, Greg KH wrote:
> > > > This code hasn't changed in 15+ years, what suddenly changed that causes
> > > > problems here?
> > > 
> > > I suppose one thing to consider is that the refcount code is relatively new,
> > > so it could be that the actual use-after-free is extremely rare, but we're
> > > now seeing that it's at least potentially an issue.
> > > 
> > > Thoughts?
> > 
> > FWIW, I added some mdelay()s to make this race more likely, and I can now
> > trigger it reasonably reliably. See below.
> > 
> > --->8
> > 
> > [   89.512353] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> > [   89.513350] refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
> > [   89.513977] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 6385 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x6d/0xf0

[...]

> No hint as to _where_ you put the mdelay()?  :)

I threw it in the release function to maximise the period where the refcount
is 0 but the inode 'i_cdev' pointer is non-NULL. I also hacked chrdev_open()
so that the fops->open() call appears to fail most of the time (I guess
syzkaller uses error injection to do something similar). Nasty hack below.

I'll send a patch, given that I've managed to "reproduce" this.

Will

--->8

diff --git a/fs/char_dev.c b/fs/char_dev.c
index 00dfe17871ac..e2e48fcd0435 100644
--- a/fs/char_dev.c
+++ b/fs/char_dev.c
@@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 	const struct file_operations *fops;
 	struct cdev *p;
 	struct cdev *new = NULL;
-	int ret = 0;
+	int ret = 0, first = 0;
 
 	spin_lock(&cdev_lock);
 	p = inode->i_cdev;
@@ -395,6 +395,7 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 			inode->i_cdev = p = new;
 			list_add(&inode->i_devices, &p->list);
 			new = NULL;
+			first = 1;
 		} else if (!cdev_get(p))
 			ret = -ENXIO;
 	} else if (!cdev_get(p))
@@ -411,6 +412,10 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 
 	replace_fops(filp, fops);
 	if (filp->f_op->open) {
+		if (first && (get_cycles() & 0x3)) {
+			ret = -EINTR;
+			goto out_cdev_put;
+		}
 		ret = filp->f_op->open(inode, filp);
 		if (ret)
 			goto out_cdev_put;
@@ -594,12 +599,14 @@ void cdev_del(struct cdev *p)
 	kobject_put(&p->kobj);
 }
 
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 static void cdev_default_release(struct kobject *kobj)
 {
 	struct cdev *p = container_of(kobj, struct cdev, kobj);
 	struct kobject *parent = kobj->parent;
 
+	mdelay(50);
 	cdev_purge(p);
 	kobject_put(parent);
 }

  reply	other threads:[~2019-12-19 11:59 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-20 22:58 syzbot
2019-12-04 11:50 ` Will Deacon
2019-12-04 12:31   ` Greg KH
2019-12-10 11:44     ` Will Deacon
2019-12-18 17:08       ` Will Deacon
2019-12-18 18:20         ` Greg KH
2019-12-19 11:59           ` Will Deacon [this message]
2019-12-24 12:59             ` Prateek Sood

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