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* [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support
@ 2020-02-12 19:28 Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties Mark Brown
                   ` (10 more replies)
  0 siblings, 11 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Mark Brown

This patch implements support for ARMv8.5-A Branch Target Identification
(BTI), which is a control flow integrity protection feature introduced
as part of the ARMv8.5-A extensions.

Changes:

v6:
 - Rebase onto v5.6-rc1.
 - Fix typos s/BYTPE/BTYPE/ in commit log for "arm64: BTI: Decode BYTPE
   bits when printing PSTATE".
v5:
 - Changed a bunch of -EIO to -ENOEXEC in the ELF parsing code.
 - Move PSR_BTYPE defines to UAPI.
 - Use compat_user_mode() rather than open coding.
 - Fix a typo s/BYTPE/BTYPE/ in syscall.c
v4:
 - Dropped patch fixing existing documentation as it has already been merged.
 - Convert WARN_ON() to WARN_ON_ONCE() in "ELF: Add ELF program property
   parsing support".
 - Added display of guarded pages to ptdump.
 - Updated for conversion of exception handling from assembler to C.

Notes:

 * GCC 9 can compile backwards-compatible BTI-enabled code with
   -mbranch-protection=bti or -mbranch-protection=standard.

 * Binutils trunk supports the new ELF note, but this wasn't in a release
   the last time I posted this series.  (The situation _might_ have changed
   in the meantime...)

   Creation of a BTI-enabled binary requires _everything_ linked in to
   be BTI-enabled.  For now ld --force-bti can be used to override this,
   but some things may break until the required C library support is in
   place.

   There is no straightforward way to mark a .s file as BTI-enabled:
   scraping the output from gcc -S works as a quick hack for now.

   readelf -n can be used to examing the program properties in an ELF
   file.

 * Runtime mmap() and mprotect() can be used to enable BTI on a
   page-by-page basis using the new PROT_BTI, but the code in the
   affected pages still needs to be written or compiled to contain the
   appopriate BTI landing pads.

Dave Martin (10):
  ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties
  ELF: Add ELF program property parsing support
  arm64: Basic Branch Target Identification support
  elf: Allow arch to tweak initial mmap prot flags
  arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties
  arm64: BTI: Decode BTYPE bits when printing PSTATE
  arm64: unify native/compat instruction skipping
  arm64: traps: Shuffle code to eliminate forward declarations
  arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions
  KVM: arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions

Mark Brown (1):
  arm64: mm: Display guarded pages in ptdump

 Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst |   2 +
 Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst            |   5 +
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |  25 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h              |   3 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h           |   6 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h                  |  50 ++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h                  |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h            |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h                |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h          |   6 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h                 |  37 +++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h        |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h              |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h               |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h               |   4 +
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h           |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h            |   9 ++
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h          |   9 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c                |  33 ++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c                   |   1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c              |  11 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c                   |  36 ++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c                    |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c                    |  16 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c                   |  18 +++
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c                     | 127 +++++++--------
 arch/arm64/mm/dump.c                          |   5 +
 fs/Kconfig.binfmt                             |   6 +
 fs/binfmt_elf.c                               | 145 +++++++++++++++++-
 fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c                        |   4 +
 include/linux/elf.h                           |  43 ++++++
 include/linux/mm.h                            |   3 +
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h                      |  11 ++
 33 files changed, 551 insertions(+), 75 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h

-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:28 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-26  5:49   ` Kees Cook
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 02/11] ELF: Add ELF program property parsing support Mark Brown
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

Pull the basic ELF definitions relating to the
NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note from Yu-Cheng Yu's earlier x86 shstk
series.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 fs/Kconfig.binfmt        | 3 +++
 include/linux/elf.h      | 8 ++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h | 1 +
 3 files changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/Kconfig.binfmt b/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
index 62dc4f577ba1..d2cfe0729a73 100644
--- a/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
+++ b/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
@@ -36,6 +36,9 @@ config COMPAT_BINFMT_ELF
 config ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
 	bool
 
+config ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY
+	bool
+
 config BINFMT_ELF_FDPIC
 	bool "Kernel support for FDPIC ELF binaries"
 	default y if !BINFMT_ELF
diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
index e3649b3e970e..459cddcceaac 100644
--- a/include/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/linux/elf.h
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
 #ifndef _LINUX_ELF_H
 #define _LINUX_ELF_H
 
+#include <linux/types.h>
 #include <asm/elf.h>
 #include <uapi/linux/elf.h>
 
@@ -56,4 +57,11 @@ static inline int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm) {
 extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_size(void);
 extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm);
 #endif
+
+/* NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header */
+struct gnu_property {
+	u32 pr_type;
+	u32 pr_datasz;
+};
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_ELF_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
index 34c02e4290fe..c37731407074 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ typedef __s64	Elf64_Sxword;
 #define PT_LOPROC  0x70000000
 #define PT_HIPROC  0x7fffffff
 #define PT_GNU_EH_FRAME		0x6474e550
+#define PT_GNU_PROPERTY		0x6474e553
 
 #define PT_GNU_STACK	(PT_LOOS + 0x474e551)
 
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 02/11] ELF: Add ELF program property parsing support
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:28 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 03/11] arm64: Basic Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

ELF program properties will be needed for detecting whether to
enable optional architecture or ABI features for a new ELF process.

For now, there are no generic properties that we care about, so do
nothing unless CONFIG_ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY=y.

Otherwise, the presence of properties using the PT_PROGRAM_PROPERTY
phdrs entry (if any), and notify each property to the arch code.

For now, the added code is not used.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 fs/binfmt_elf.c          | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c   |   4 ++
 include/linux/elf.h      |  19 ++++++
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h |   4 ++
 4 files changed, 154 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index f4713ea76e82..1fb67e506b68 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -39,12 +39,18 @@
 #include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
 #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
 #include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/cred.h>
 #include <linux/dax.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
 #include <asm/param.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
 
+#ifndef ELF_COMPAT
+#define ELF_COMPAT 0
+#endif
+
 #ifndef user_long_t
 #define user_long_t long
 #endif
@@ -681,6 +687,111 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
  * libraries.  There is no binary dependent code anywhere else.
  */
 
+static int parse_elf_property(const char *data, size_t *off, size_t datasz,
+			      struct arch_elf_state *arch,
+			      bool have_prev_type, u32 *prev_type)
+{
+	size_t o, step;
+	const struct gnu_property *pr;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (*off == datasz)
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(*off > datasz || *off % ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN))
+		return -EIO;
+	o = *off;
+	datasz -= *off;
+
+	if (datasz < sizeof(*pr))
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	pr = (const struct gnu_property *)(data + o);
+	o += sizeof(*pr);
+	datasz -= sizeof(*pr);
+
+	if (pr->pr_datasz > datasz)
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(o % ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN);
+	step = round_up(pr->pr_datasz, ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN);
+	if (step > datasz)
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	/* Properties are supposed to be unique and sorted on pr_type: */
+	if (have_prev_type && pr->pr_type <= *prev_type)
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	*prev_type = pr->pr_type;
+
+	ret = arch_parse_elf_property(pr->pr_type, data + o,
+				      pr->pr_datasz, ELF_COMPAT, arch);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	*off = o + step;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#define NOTE_DATA_SZ SZ_1K
+#define GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0_NAME "GNU"
+#define NOTE_NAME_SZ (sizeof(GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0_NAME))
+
+static int parse_elf_properties(struct file *f, const struct elf_phdr *phdr,
+				struct arch_elf_state *arch)
+{
+	union {
+		struct elf_note nhdr;
+		char data[NOTE_DATA_SZ];
+	} note;
+	loff_t pos;
+	ssize_t n;
+	size_t off, datasz;
+	int ret;
+	bool have_prev_type;
+	u32 prev_type;
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY) || !phdr)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* load_elf_binary() shouldn't call us unless this is true... */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(phdr->p_type != PT_GNU_PROPERTY))
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	/* If the properties are crazy large, that's too bad (for now): */
+	if (phdr->p_filesz > sizeof(note))
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	pos = phdr->p_offset;
+	n = kernel_read(f, &note, phdr->p_filesz, &pos);
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(note) < sizeof(note.nhdr) + NOTE_NAME_SZ);
+	if (n < 0 || n < sizeof(note.nhdr) + NOTE_NAME_SZ)
+		return -EIO;
+
+	if (note.nhdr.n_type != NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 ||
+	    note.nhdr.n_namesz != NOTE_NAME_SZ ||
+	    strncmp(note.data + sizeof(note.nhdr),
+		    GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0_NAME, n - sizeof(note.nhdr)))
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	off = round_up(sizeof(note.nhdr) + NOTE_NAME_SZ,
+		       ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN);
+	if (off > n)
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+
+	if (note.nhdr.n_descsz > n - off)
+		return -ENOEXEC;
+	datasz = off + note.nhdr.n_descsz;
+
+	have_prev_type = false;
+	do {
+		ret = parse_elf_property(note.data, &off, datasz, arch,
+					 have_prev_type, &prev_type);
+		have_prev_type = true;
+	} while (!ret);
+
+	return ret == -ENOENT ? 0 : ret;
+}
+
 static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 {
 	struct file *interpreter = NULL; /* to shut gcc up */
@@ -688,6 +799,7 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	int load_addr_set = 0;
 	unsigned long error;
 	struct elf_phdr *elf_ppnt, *elf_phdata, *interp_elf_phdata = NULL;
+	struct elf_phdr *elf_property_phdata = NULL;
 	unsigned long elf_bss, elf_brk;
 	int bss_prot = 0;
 	int retval, i;
@@ -733,6 +845,11 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	for (i = 0; i < elf_ex->e_phnum; i++, elf_ppnt++) {
 		char *elf_interpreter;
 
+		if (elf_ppnt->p_type == PT_GNU_PROPERTY) {
+			elf_property_phdata = elf_ppnt;
+			continue;
+		}
+
 		if (elf_ppnt->p_type != PT_INTERP)
 			continue;
 
@@ -820,9 +937,14 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 			goto out_free_dentry;
 
 		/* Pass PT_LOPROC..PT_HIPROC headers to arch code */
+		elf_property_phdata = NULL;
 		elf_ppnt = interp_elf_phdata;
 		for (i = 0; i < loc->interp_elf_ex.e_phnum; i++, elf_ppnt++)
 			switch (elf_ppnt->p_type) {
+			case PT_GNU_PROPERTY:
+				elf_property_phdata = elf_ppnt;
+				break;
+
 			case PT_LOPROC ... PT_HIPROC:
 				retval = arch_elf_pt_proc(&loc->interp_elf_ex,
 							  elf_ppnt, interpreter,
@@ -833,6 +955,11 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 			}
 	}
 
+	retval = parse_elf_properties(interpreter ?: bprm->file,
+				      elf_property_phdata, &arch_state);
+	if (retval)
+		goto out_free_dentry;
+
 	/*
 	 * Allow arch code to reject the ELF at this point, whilst it's
 	 * still possible to return an error to the code that invoked
diff --git a/fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c b/fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c
index aaad4ca1217e..13a087bc816b 100644
--- a/fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/compat_binfmt_elf.c
@@ -17,6 +17,8 @@
 #include <linux/elfcore-compat.h>
 #include <linux/time.h>
 
+#define ELF_COMPAT	1
+
 /*
  * Rename the basic ELF layout types to refer to the 32-bit class of files.
  */
@@ -28,11 +30,13 @@
 #undef	elf_shdr
 #undef	elf_note
 #undef	elf_addr_t
+#undef	ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN
 #define elfhdr		elf32_hdr
 #define elf_phdr	elf32_phdr
 #define elf_shdr	elf32_shdr
 #define elf_note	elf32_note
 #define elf_addr_t	Elf32_Addr
+#define ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN	ELF32_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN
 
 /*
  * Some data types as stored in coredump.
diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
index 459cddcceaac..7bdc6da160c7 100644
--- a/include/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/linux/elf.h
@@ -22,6 +22,9 @@
 	SET_PERSONALITY(ex)
 #endif
 
+#define ELF32_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN	4
+#define ELF64_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN	8
+
 #if ELF_CLASS == ELFCLASS32
 
 extern Elf32_Dyn _DYNAMIC [];
@@ -32,6 +35,7 @@ extern Elf32_Dyn _DYNAMIC [];
 #define elf_addr_t	Elf32_Off
 #define Elf_Half	Elf32_Half
 #define Elf_Word	Elf32_Word
+#define ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN	ELF32_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN
 
 #else
 
@@ -43,6 +47,7 @@ extern Elf64_Dyn _DYNAMIC [];
 #define elf_addr_t	Elf64_Off
 #define Elf_Half	Elf64_Half
 #define Elf_Word	Elf64_Word
+#define ELF_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN	ELF64_GNU_PROPERTY_ALIGN
 
 #endif
 
@@ -64,4 +69,18 @@ struct gnu_property {
 	u32 pr_datasz;
 };
 
+struct arch_elf_state;
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY
+static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
+					  size_t datasz, bool compat,
+					  struct arch_elf_state *arch)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#else
+extern int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data, size_t datasz,
+				   bool compat, struct arch_elf_state *arch);
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_ELF_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
index c37731407074..20900f4496b7 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
@@ -368,6 +368,7 @@ typedef struct elf64_shdr {
  * Notes used in ET_CORE. Architectures export some of the arch register sets
  * using the corresponding note types via the PTRACE_GETREGSET and
  * PTRACE_SETREGSET requests.
+ * The note name for all these is "LINUX".
  */
 #define NT_PRSTATUS	1
 #define NT_PRFPREG	2
@@ -430,6 +431,9 @@ typedef struct elf64_shdr {
 #define NT_MIPS_FP_MODE	0x801		/* MIPS floating-point mode */
 #define NT_MIPS_MSA	0x802		/* MIPS SIMD registers */
 
+/* Note types with note name "GNU" */
+#define NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0	5
+
 /* Note header in a PT_NOTE section */
 typedef struct elf32_note {
   Elf32_Word	n_namesz;	/* Name size */
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 03/11] arm64: Basic Branch Target Identification support
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 02/11] ELF: Add ELF program property parsing support Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:28 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 04/11] elf: Allow arch to tweak initial mmap prot flags Mark Brown
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

This patch adds the bare minimum required to expose the ARMv8.5
Branch Target Identification feature to userspace.

By itself, this does _not_ automatically enable BTI for any initial
executable pages mapped by execve().  This will come later, but for
now it should be possible to enable BTI manually on those pages by
using mprotect() from within the target process.

Other arches already using the generic mman.h are already using
0x10 for arch-specific prot flags, so we use that for PROT_BTI
here.

For consistency, signal handler entry points in BTI guarded pages
are required to be annotated as such, just like any other function.
This blocks a relatively minor attack vector, but comforming
userspace will have the annotations anyway, so we may as well
enforce them.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst |  2 +
 Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst            |  5 +++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                            | 22 +++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h              |  3 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h           |  6 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h            |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h                |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h                 | 37 +++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h        |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h              |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h               |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h               |  4 ++
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h           |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h            |  9 +++++
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h          |  9 +++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c                | 33 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c                   |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c              | 11 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c                    | 16 ++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c                   | 18 +++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c                     |  8 ++++
 include/linux/mm.h                            |  3 ++
 24 files changed, 194 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
index 41937a8091aa..314fa5bc2655 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
@@ -176,6 +176,8 @@ infrastructure:
      +------------------------------+---------+---------+
      | SSBS                         | [7-4]   |    y    |
      +------------------------------+---------+---------+
+     | BT                           | [3-0]   |    y    |
+     +------------------------------+---------+---------+
 
 
   4) MIDR_EL1 - Main ID Register
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
index 7dfb97dfe416..84a9fd2d41b4 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
@@ -236,6 +236,11 @@ HWCAP2_RNG
 
     Functionality implied by ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1.RNDR == 0b0001.
 
+HWCAP2_BTI
+
+    Functionality implied by ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.BT == 0b0001.
+
+
 4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
 -----------------------
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 0b30e884e088..e37f4f07b990 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -1519,6 +1519,28 @@ endmenu
 
 menu "ARMv8.5 architectural features"
 
+config ARM64_BTI
+	bool "Branch Target Identification support"
+	default y
+	help
+	  Branch Target Identification (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions)
+	  provides a mechanism to limit the set of locations to which computed
+	  branch instructions such as BR or BLR can jump.
+
+	  To make use of BTI on CPUs that support it, say Y.
+
+	  BTI is intended to provide complementary protection to other control
+	  flow integrity protection mechanisms, such as the Pointer
+	  authentication mechanism provided as part of the ARMv8.3 Extensions.
+	  For this reason, it does not make sense to enable this option without
+	  also enabling support for pointer authentication.  Thus, when
+	  enabling this option you should also select ARM64_PTR_AUTH=y.
+
+	  Userspace binaries must also be specifically compiled to make use of
+	  this mechanism.  If you say N here or the hardware does not support
+	  BTI, such binaries can still run, but you get no additional
+	  enforcement of branch destinations.
+
 config ARM64_E0PD
 	bool "Enable support for E0PD"
 	default y
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index 865e0253fc1e..58e776c22aab 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -58,7 +58,8 @@
 #define ARM64_WORKAROUND_SPECULATIVE_AT_NVHE	48
 #define ARM64_HAS_E0PD				49
 #define ARM64_HAS_RNG				50
+#define ARM64_BTI				51
 
-#define ARM64_NCAPS				51
+#define ARM64_NCAPS				52
 
 #endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index 92ef9539874a..e3ebcc59e83b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -613,6 +613,12 @@ static inline bool system_has_prio_mask_debugging(void)
 	       system_uses_irq_prio_masking();
 }
 
+static inline bool system_supports_bti(void)
+{
+	return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_BTI) &&
+		cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_BTI);
+}
+
 static inline bool system_capabilities_finalized(void)
 {
 	return static_branch_likely(&arm64_const_caps_ready);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h
index cb29253ae86b..390b8ba67830 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/esr.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 #define ESR_ELx_EC_PAC		(0x09)	/* EL2 and above */
 /* Unallocated EC: 0x0A - 0x0B */
 #define ESR_ELx_EC_CP14_64	(0x0C)
-/* Unallocated EC: 0x0d */
+#define ESR_ELx_EC_BTI		(0x0D)
 #define ESR_ELx_EC_ILL		(0x0E)
 /* Unallocated EC: 0x0F - 0x10 */
 #define ESR_ELx_EC_SVC32	(0x11)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h
index b87c6e276ab1..0120cac90594 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/exception.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ asmlinkage void enter_from_user_mode(void);
 void do_mem_abort(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs);
 void do_sp_pc_abort(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs);
 void do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs);
+void do_bti(struct pt_regs *regs);
 asmlinkage void bad_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, int reason, unsigned int esr);
 void do_debug_exception(unsigned long addr_if_watchpoint, unsigned int esr,
 			struct pt_regs *regs);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
index 0f00265248b5..d683bcbf1e7c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -94,6 +94,7 @@
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_BF16		__khwcap2_feature(BF16)
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_DGH		__khwcap2_feature(DGH)
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_RNG		__khwcap2_feature(RNG)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_BTI		__khwcap2_feature(BTI)
 
 /*
  * This yields a mask that user programs can use to figure out what
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..081ec8de9ea6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __ASM_MMAN_H__
+#define __ASM_MMAN_H__
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <uapi/asm/mman.h>
+
+static inline unsigned long arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(unsigned long prot,
+	unsigned long pkey __always_unused)
+{
+	if (system_supports_bti() && (prot & PROT_BTI))
+		return VM_ARM64_BTI;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+#define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey)
+
+static inline pgprot_t arch_vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
+{
+	return (vm_flags & VM_ARM64_BTI) ? __pgprot(PTE_GP) : __pgprot(0);
+}
+#define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)
+
+static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot,
+	unsigned long addr __always_unused)
+{
+	unsigned long supported = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC | PROT_SEM;
+
+	if (system_supports_bti())
+		supported |= PROT_BTI;
+
+	return (prot & ~supported) == 0;
+}
+#define arch_validate_prot(prot, addr) arch_validate_prot(prot, addr)
+
+#endif /* ! __ASM_MMAN_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
index 6bf5e650da78..167f1d1d48aa 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
@@ -151,6 +151,7 @@
 #define PTE_SHARED		(_AT(pteval_t, 3) << 8)		/* SH[1:0], inner shareable */
 #define PTE_AF			(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 10)	/* Access Flag */
 #define PTE_NG			(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 11)	/* nG */
+#define PTE_GP			(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 50)	/* BTI guarded */
 #define PTE_DBM			(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 51)	/* Dirty Bit Management */
 #define PTE_CONT		(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 52)	/* Contiguous range */
 #define PTE_PXN			(_AT(pteval_t, 1) << 53)	/* Privileged XN */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 538c85e62f86..4fbf516d8cb2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -660,7 +660,7 @@ static inline phys_addr_t pgd_page_paddr(pgd_t pgd)
 static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot)
 {
 	const pteval_t mask = PTE_USER | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_RDONLY |
-			      PTE_PROT_NONE | PTE_VALID | PTE_WRITE;
+			      PTE_PROT_NONE | PTE_VALID | PTE_WRITE | PTE_GP;
 	/* preserve the hardware dirty information */
 	if (pte_hw_dirty(pte))
 		pte = pte_mkdirty(pte);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
index bf57308fcd63..2172ec7594ba 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 #define GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET		(1 << 4)
 
 /* Additional SPSR bits not exposed in the UABI */
+
 #define PSR_IL_BIT		(1 << 20)
 
 /* AArch32-specific ptrace requests */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index b91570ff9db1..db08ceb4cc9a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -514,6 +514,8 @@
 #endif
 
 /* SCTLR_EL1 specific flags. */
+#define SCTLR_EL1_BT1		(BIT(36))
+#define SCTLR_EL1_BT0		(BIT(35))
 #define SCTLR_EL1_UCI		(BIT(26))
 #define SCTLR_EL1_E0E		(BIT(24))
 #define SCTLR_EL1_SPAN		(BIT(23))
@@ -620,10 +622,12 @@
 
 /* id_aa64pfr1 */
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT		4
+#define ID_AA64PFR1_BT_SHIFT		0
 
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_NI	0
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_ONLY	1
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_INSNS	2
+#define ID_AA64PFR1_BT_BTI		0x1
 
 /* id_aa64zfr0 */
 #define ID_AA64ZFR0_F64MM_SHIFT		56
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
index 7752d93bb50f..2d6ba1c2592e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -73,5 +73,6 @@
 #define HWCAP2_BF16		(1 << 14)
 #define HWCAP2_DGH		(1 << 15)
 #define HWCAP2_RNG		(1 << 16)
+#define HWCAP2_BTI		(1 << 17)
 
 #endif /* _UAPI__ASM_HWCAP_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6fdd71eb644f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+#ifndef _UAPI__ASM_MMAN_H
+#define _UAPI__ASM_MMAN_H
+
+#include <asm-generic/mman.h>
+
+#define PROT_BTI	0x10		/* BTI guarded page */
+
+#endif /* ! _UAPI__ASM_MMAN_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
index d1bb5b69f1ce..42cbe34d95ce 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
 #define PSR_I_BIT	0x00000080
 #define PSR_A_BIT	0x00000100
 #define PSR_D_BIT	0x00000200
+#define PSR_BTYPE_MASK	0x00000c00
 #define PSR_SSBS_BIT	0x00001000
 #define PSR_PAN_BIT	0x00400000
 #define PSR_UAO_BIT	0x00800000
@@ -55,6 +56,8 @@
 #define PSR_Z_BIT	0x40000000
 #define PSR_N_BIT	0x80000000
 
+#define PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT		10
+
 /*
  * Groups of PSR bits
  */
@@ -63,6 +66,12 @@
 #define PSR_x		0x0000ff00	/* Extension		*/
 #define PSR_c		0x000000ff	/* Control		*/
 
+/* Convenience names for the values of PSTATE.BTYPE */
+#define PSR_BTYPE_NONE		(0b00 << PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT)
+#define PSR_BTYPE_JC		(0b01 << PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT)
+#define PSR_BTYPE_C		(0b10 << PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT)
+#define PSR_BTYPE_J		(0b11 << PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT)
+
 /* syscall emulation path in ptrace */
 #define PTRACE_SYSEMU		  31
 #define PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP  32
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 0b6715625cf6..e6d31776e49b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -179,6 +179,8 @@ static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr0[] = {
 
 static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr1[] = {
 	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT, 4, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_NI),
+	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE_IF_IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_BTI),
+				    FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_BT_SHIFT, 4, 0),
 	ARM64_FTR_END,
 };
 
@@ -1347,6 +1349,21 @@ static bool can_use_gic_priorities(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry,
 }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_BTI
+static void bti_enable(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Use of X16/X17 for tail-calls and trampolines that jump to
+	 * function entry points using BR is a requirement for
+	 * marking binaries with GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI.
+	 * So, be strict and forbid other BRs using other registers to
+	 * jump onto a PACIxSP instruction:
+	 */
+	sysreg_clear_set(sctlr_el1, 0, SCTLR_EL1_BT0 | SCTLR_EL1_BT1);
+	isb();
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_BTI */
+
 static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
 	{
 		.desc = "GIC system register CPU interface",
@@ -1671,6 +1688,19 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
 		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
 		.min_field_value = 1,
 	},
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_BTI
+	{
+		.desc = "Branch Target Identification",
+		.capability = ARM64_BTI,
+		.type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
+		.matches = has_cpuid_feature,
+		.cpu_enable = bti_enable,
+		.sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1,
+		.field_pos = ID_AA64PFR1_BT_SHIFT,
+		.min_field_value = ID_AA64PFR1_BT_BTI,
+		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
+	},
 #endif
 	{},
 };
@@ -1781,6 +1811,9 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_elf_hwcaps[] = {
 	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ZFR0_EL1, ID_AA64ZFR0_F64MM_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64ZFR0_F64MM, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SVEF64MM),
 #endif
 	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_INSNS, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SSBS),
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_BTI
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1, ID_AA64PFR1_BT_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR1_BT_BTI, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_BTI),
+#endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PTR_AUTH
 	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_addr_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACA),
 	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_gen_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACG),
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
index 86136075ae41..5e47e93b5dc1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ static const char *const hwcap_str[] = {
 	"bf16",
 	"dgh",
 	"rng",
+	"bti",
 	NULL
 };
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c
index fde59981445c..55ec0627f5a7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c
@@ -188,6 +188,14 @@ static void notrace el0_undef(struct pt_regs *regs)
 }
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(el0_undef);
 
+static void notrace el0_bti(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	user_exit_irqoff();
+	local_daif_restore(DAIF_PROCCTX);
+	do_bti(regs);
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(el0_bti);
+
 static void notrace el0_inv(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long esr)
 {
 	user_exit_irqoff();
@@ -255,6 +263,9 @@ asmlinkage void notrace el0_sync_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	case ESR_ELx_EC_UNKNOWN:
 		el0_undef(regs);
 		break;
+	case ESR_ELx_EC_BTI:
+		el0_bti(regs);
+		break;
 	case ESR_ELx_EC_BREAKPT_LOW:
 	case ESR_ELx_EC_SOFTSTP_LOW:
 	case ESR_ELx_EC_WATCHPT_LOW:
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
index cd6e5fa48b9c..fd8ac7cf68e7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1874,7 +1874,7 @@ void syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
  */
 #define SPSR_EL1_AARCH64_RES0_BITS \
 	(GENMASK_ULL(63, 32) | GENMASK_ULL(27, 25) | GENMASK_ULL(23, 22) | \
-	 GENMASK_ULL(20, 13) | GENMASK_ULL(11, 10) | GENMASK_ULL(5, 5))
+	 GENMASK_ULL(20, 13) | GENMASK_ULL(5, 5))
 #define SPSR_EL1_AARCH32_RES0_BITS \
 	(GENMASK_ULL(63, 32) | GENMASK_ULL(22, 22) | GENMASK_ULL(20, 20))
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
index 339882db5a91..801d56cdf701 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
@@ -732,6 +732,22 @@ static void setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
 	regs->regs[29] = (unsigned long)&user->next_frame->fp;
 	regs->pc = (unsigned long)ka->sa.sa_handler;
 
+	/*
+	 * Signal delivery is a (wacky) indirect function call in
+	 * userspace, so simulate the same setting of BTYPE as a BLR
+	 * <register containing the signal handler entry point>.
+	 * Signal delivery to a location in a PROT_BTI guarded page
+	 * that is not a function entry point will now trigger a
+	 * SIGILL in userspace.
+	 *
+	 * If the signal handler entry point is not in a PROT_BTI
+	 * guarded page, this is harmless.
+	 */
+	if (system_supports_bti()) {
+		regs->pstate &= ~PSR_BTYPE_MASK;
+		regs->pstate |= PSR_BTYPE_C;
+	}
+
 	if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER)
 		sigtramp = ka->sa.sa_restorer;
 	else
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
index a12c0c88d345..5f5b868292f5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
@@ -98,6 +98,24 @@ static void el0_svc_common(struct pt_regs *regs, int scno, int sc_nr,
 	regs->orig_x0 = regs->regs[0];
 	regs->syscallno = scno;
 
+	/*
+	 * BTI note:
+	 * The architecture does not guarantee that SPSR.BTYPE is zero
+	 * on taking an SVC, so we could return to userspace with a
+	 * non-zero BTYPE after the syscall.
+	 *
+	 * This shouldn't matter except when userspace is explicitly
+	 * doing something stupid, such as setting PROT_BTI on a page
+	 * that lacks conforming BTI/PACIxSP instructions, falling
+	 * through from one executable page to another with differing
+	 * PROT_BTI, or messing with BTYPE via ptrace: in such cases,
+	 * userspace should not be surprised if a SIGILL occurs on
+	 * syscall return.
+	 *
+	 * So, don't touch regs->pstate & PSR_BTYPE_MASK here.
+	 * (Similarly for HVC and SMC elsewhere.)
+	 */
+
 	cortex_a76_erratum_1463225_svc_handler();
 	local_daif_restore(DAIF_PROCCTX);
 	user_exit();
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
index cf402be5c573..b8c714dda851 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
@@ -411,6 +411,13 @@ void do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
 }
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_undefinstr);
 
+void do_bti(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	BUG_ON(!user_mode(regs));
+	force_signal_inject(SIGILL, ILL_ILLOPC, regs->pc);
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_bti);
+
 #define __user_cache_maint(insn, address, res)			\
 	if (address >= user_addr_max()) {			\
 		res = -EFAULT;					\
@@ -753,6 +760,7 @@ static const char *esr_class_str[] = {
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_CP10_ID]		= "CP10 MRC/VMRS",
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_PAC]		= "PAC",
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_CP14_64]		= "CP14 MCRR/MRRC",
+	[ESR_ELx_EC_BTI]		= "BTI",
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_ILL]		= "PSTATE.IL",
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_SVC32]		= "SVC (AArch32)",
 	[ESR_ELx_EC_HVC32]		= "HVC (AArch32)",
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 52269e56c514..9e5fce1b2099 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -324,6 +324,9 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64)
 # define VM_SPARC_ADI	VM_ARCH_1	/* Uses ADI tag for access control */
 # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR	VM_SPARC_ADI
+#elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64)
+# define VM_ARM64_BTI	VM_ARCH_1	/* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */
+# define VM_ARCH_CLEAR	VM_ARM64_BTI
 #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU)
 # define VM_MAPPED_COPY	VM_ARCH_1	/* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */
 #endif
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 04/11] elf: Allow arch to tweak initial mmap prot flags
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 03/11] arm64: Basic Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:28 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties Mark Brown
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

An arch may want to tweak the mmap prot flags for an
ELFexecutable's initial mappings.  For example, arm64 is going to
need to add PROT_BTI for executable pages in an ELF process whose
executable is marked as using Branch Target Identification (an
ARMv8.5-A control flow integrity feature).

So that this can be done in a generic way, add a hook
arch_elf_adjust_prot() to modify the prot flags as desired: arches
can select CONFIG_HAVE_ELF_PROT and implement their own backend
where necessary.

By default, leave the prot flags unchanged.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 fs/Kconfig.binfmt   |  3 +++
 fs/binfmt_elf.c     | 18 ++++++++++++------
 include/linux/elf.h | 12 ++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/Kconfig.binfmt b/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
index d2cfe0729a73..2358368319b8 100644
--- a/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
+++ b/fs/Kconfig.binfmt
@@ -36,6 +36,9 @@ config COMPAT_BINFMT_ELF
 config ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
 	bool
 
+config ARCH_HAVE_ELF_PROT
+	bool
+
 config ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY
 	bool
 
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index 1fb67e506b68..cceb29d6ef1d 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -544,7 +544,8 @@ static inline int arch_check_elf(struct elfhdr *ehdr, bool has_interp,
 
 #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE */
 
-static inline int make_prot(u32 p_flags)
+static inline int make_prot(u32 p_flags, struct arch_elf_state *arch_state,
+			    bool has_interp, bool is_interp)
 {
 	int prot = 0;
 
@@ -554,7 +555,8 @@ static inline int make_prot(u32 p_flags)
 		prot |= PROT_WRITE;
 	if (p_flags & PF_X)
 		prot |= PROT_EXEC;
-	return prot;
+
+	return arch_elf_adjust_prot(prot, arch_state, has_interp, is_interp);
 }
 
 /* This is much more generalized than the library routine read function,
@@ -564,7 +566,8 @@ static inline int make_prot(u32 p_flags)
 
 static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
 		struct file *interpreter,
-		unsigned long no_base, struct elf_phdr *interp_elf_phdata)
+		unsigned long no_base, struct elf_phdr *interp_elf_phdata,
+		struct arch_elf_state *arch_state)
 {
 	struct elf_phdr *eppnt;
 	unsigned long load_addr = 0;
@@ -596,7 +599,8 @@ static unsigned long load_elf_interp(struct elfhdr *interp_elf_ex,
 	for (i = 0; i < interp_elf_ex->e_phnum; i++, eppnt++) {
 		if (eppnt->p_type == PT_LOAD) {
 			int elf_type = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE;
-			int elf_prot = make_prot(eppnt->p_flags);
+			int elf_prot = make_prot(eppnt->p_flags, arch_state,
+						 true, true);
 			unsigned long vaddr = 0;
 			unsigned long k, map_addr;
 
@@ -1041,7 +1045,8 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 			}
 		}
 
-		elf_prot = make_prot(elf_ppnt->p_flags);
+		elf_prot = make_prot(elf_ppnt->p_flags, &arch_state,
+				     !!interpreter, false);
 
 		elf_flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE | MAP_EXECUTABLE;
 
@@ -1184,7 +1189,8 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	if (interpreter) {
 		elf_entry = load_elf_interp(&loc->interp_elf_ex,
 					    interpreter,
-					    load_bias, interp_elf_phdata);
+					    load_bias, interp_elf_phdata,
+					    &arch_state);
 		if (!IS_ERR((void *)elf_entry)) {
 			/*
 			 * load_elf_interp() returns relocation
diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
index 7bdc6da160c7..1b6e8955c597 100644
--- a/include/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/linux/elf.h
@@ -83,4 +83,16 @@ extern int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data, size_t datasz,
 				   bool compat, struct arch_elf_state *arch);
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_ELF_PROT
+int arch_elf_adjust_prot(int prot, const struct arch_elf_state *state,
+			 bool has_interp, bool is_interp);
+#else
+static inline int arch_elf_adjust_prot(int prot,
+				       const struct arch_elf_state *state,
+				       bool has_interp, bool is_interp)
+{
+	return prot;
+}
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_ELF_H */
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 04/11] elf: Allow arch to tweak initial mmap prot flags Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-25 13:28   ` Amit Kachhap
  2020-02-26  5:47   ` Kees Cook
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 06/11] arm64: BTI: Decode BTYPE bits when printing PSTATE Mark Brown
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 2 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

For BTI protection to be as comprehensive as possible, it is
desirable to have BTI enabled from process startup.  If this is not
done, the process must use mprotect() to enable BTI for each of its
executable mappings, but this is painful to do in the libc startup
code.  It's simpler and more sound to have the kernel do it
instead.

To this end, detect BTI support in the executable (or ELF
interpreter, as appropriate), via the
NT_GNU_PROGRAM_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note, and tweak the initial prot
flags for the process' executable pages to include PROT_BTI as
appropriate.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/Kconfig           |  3 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c  | 19 ++++++++++++++
 include/linux/elf.h          |  6 ++++-
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h     |  6 +++++
 5 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index e37f4f07b990..d65d226a77ec 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select ACPI_MCFG if (ACPI && PCI)
 	select ACPI_SPCR_TABLE if ACPI
 	select ACPI_PPTT if ACPI
+	select ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
 	select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
@@ -33,6 +34,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER
 	select ARCH_HAS_TEARDOWN_DMA_OPS if IOMMU_SUPPORT
 	select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
+	select ARCH_HAVE_ELF_PROT
 	select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
 	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK if !PREEMPTION
 	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK_BH if !PREEMPTION
@@ -62,6 +64,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select ARCH_INLINE_SPIN_UNLOCK_IRQRESTORE if !PREEMPTION
 	select ARCH_KEEP_MEMBLOCK
 	select ARCH_USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF
+	select ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY if BINFMT_ELF
 	select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_RWLOCKS
 	select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_SPINLOCKS
 	select ARCH_SUPPORTS_MEMORY_FAILURE
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
index b618017205a3..fca3a48e9db5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -114,7 +114,11 @@
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
+#include <uapi/linux/elf.h>
 #include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h> /* for signal_minsigstksz, used by ARCH_DLINFO */
 
 typedef unsigned long elf_greg_t;
@@ -224,6 +228,52 @@ extern int aarch32_setup_additional_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
 
+struct arch_elf_state {
+	int flags;
+};
+
+#define ARM64_ELF_BTI		(1 << 0)
+
+#define INIT_ARCH_ELF_STATE {			\
+	.flags = 0,				\
+}
+
+static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
+					  size_t datasz, bool compat,
+					  struct arch_elf_state *arch)
+{
+	/* No known properties for AArch32 yet */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPAT) && compat)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (type == GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_AND) {
+		const u32 *p = data;
+
+		if (datasz != sizeof(*p))
+			return -ENOEXEC;
+
+		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_BTI) &&
+		    (*p & GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI))
+			arch->flags |= ARM64_ELF_BTI;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int arch_elf_pt_proc(void *ehdr, void *phdr,
+				   struct file *f, bool is_interp,
+				   struct arch_elf_state *state)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int arch_check_elf(void *ehdr, bool has_interp,
+				 void *interp_ehdr,
+				 struct arch_elf_state *state)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index bbb0f0c145f6..7545a3f743c4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/compat.h>
 #include <linux/efi.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
@@ -18,6 +19,7 @@
 #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/lockdep.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/stddef.h>
 #include <linux/sysctl.h>
@@ -649,3 +651,20 @@ asmlinkage void __sched arm64_preempt_schedule_irq(void)
 	if (system_capabilities_finalized())
 		preempt_schedule_irq();
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF
+int arch_elf_adjust_prot(int prot, const struct arch_elf_state *state,
+			 bool has_interp, bool is_interp)
+{
+	if (is_interp != has_interp)
+		return prot;
+
+	if (!(state->flags & ARM64_ELF_BTI))
+		return prot;
+
+	if (prot & PROT_EXEC)
+		prot |= PROT_BTI;
+
+	return prot;
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
index 1b6e8955c597..5d5b0321da0b 100644
--- a/include/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/linux/elf.h
@@ -63,7 +63,11 @@ extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_size(void);
 extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm);
 #endif
 
-/* NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header */
+/*
+ * NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header:
+ * Keep this internal until/unless there is an agreed UAPI definition.
+ * pr_type values (GNU_PROPERTY_*) are public and defined in the UAPI header.
+ */
 struct gnu_property {
 	u32 pr_type;
 	u32 pr_datasz;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
index 20900f4496b7..c6dd0215482e 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
@@ -448,4 +448,10 @@ typedef struct elf64_note {
   Elf64_Word n_type;	/* Content type */
 } Elf64_Nhdr;
 
+/* .note.gnu.property types for EM_AARCH64: */
+#define GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_AND	0xc0000000
+
+/* Bits for GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI */
+#define GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI	(1U << 0)
+
 #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_ELF_H */
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 06/11] arm64: BTI: Decode BTYPE bits when printing PSTATE
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 07/11] arm64: unify native/compat instruction skipping Mark Brown
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

The current code to print PSTATE symbolically when generating
backtraces etc., does not include the BTYPE field used by Branch
Target Identification.

So, decode BTYPE and print it too.

In the interests of human-readability, print the classes of BTI
matched.  The symbolic notation, BTYPE (PSTATE[11:10]) and
permitted classes of subsequent instruction are:

    -- (BTYPE=0b00): any insn
    jc (BTYPE=0b01): BTI jc, BTI j, BTI c, PACIxSP
    -c (BTYPE=0b10): BTI jc, BTI c, PACIxSP
    j- (BTYPE=0b11): BTI jc, BTI j

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c | 17 +++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index 7545a3f743c4..2e244a0d9d60 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -211,6 +211,15 @@ void machine_restart(char *cmd)
 	while (1);
 }
 
+#define bstr(suffix, str) [PSR_BTYPE_ ## suffix >> PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT] = str
+static const char *const btypes[] = {
+	bstr(NONE, "--"),
+	bstr(  JC, "jc"),
+	bstr(   C, "-c"),
+	bstr(  J , "j-")
+};
+#undef bstr
+
 static void print_pstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	u64 pstate = regs->pstate;
@@ -229,7 +238,10 @@ static void print_pstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 			pstate & PSR_AA32_I_BIT ? 'I' : 'i',
 			pstate & PSR_AA32_F_BIT ? 'F' : 'f');
 	} else {
-		printk("pstate: %08llx (%c%c%c%c %c%c%c%c %cPAN %cUAO)\n",
+		const char *btype_str = btypes[(pstate & PSR_BTYPE_MASK) >>
+					       PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT];
+
+		printk("pstate: %08llx (%c%c%c%c %c%c%c%c %cPAN %cUAO BTYPE=%s)\n",
 			pstate,
 			pstate & PSR_N_BIT ? 'N' : 'n',
 			pstate & PSR_Z_BIT ? 'Z' : 'z',
@@ -240,7 +252,8 @@ static void print_pstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 			pstate & PSR_I_BIT ? 'I' : 'i',
 			pstate & PSR_F_BIT ? 'F' : 'f',
 			pstate & PSR_PAN_BIT ? '+' : '-',
-			pstate & PSR_UAO_BIT ? '+' : '-');
+			pstate & PSR_UAO_BIT ? '+' : '-',
+			btype_str);
 	}
 }
 
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 07/11] arm64: unify native/compat instruction skipping
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 06/11] arm64: BTI: Decode BTYPE bits when printing PSTATE Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 08/11] arm64: traps: Shuffle code to eliminate forward declarations Mark Brown
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Rutland, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

Skipping of an instruction on AArch32 works a bit differently from
AArch64, mainly due to the different CPSR/PSTATE semantics.

Currently arm64_skip_faulting_instruction() is only suitable for
AArch64, and arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction() handles the IT
state machine but is local to traps.c.

Since manual instruction skipping implies a trap, it's a relatively
slow path.

So, make arm64_skip_faulting_instruction() handle both compat and
native, and get rid of the arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction()
special case.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c | 18 ++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
index b8c714dda851..bc9f4292bfc3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
@@ -272,6 +272,8 @@ void arm64_notify_die(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs,
 	}
 }
 
+static void advance_itstate(struct pt_regs *regs);
+
 void arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long size)
 {
 	regs->pc += size;
@@ -282,6 +284,9 @@ void arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long size)
 	 */
 	if (user_mode(regs))
 		user_fastforward_single_step(current);
+
+	if (regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT)
+		advance_itstate(regs);
 }
 
 static LIST_HEAD(undef_hook);
@@ -644,19 +649,12 @@ static void advance_itstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	compat_set_it_state(regs, it);
 }
 
-static void arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs,
-						   unsigned int sz)
-{
-	advance_itstate(regs);
-	arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, sz);
-}
-
 static void compat_cntfrq_read_handler(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	int reg = (esr & ESR_ELx_CP15_32_ISS_RT_MASK) >> ESR_ELx_CP15_32_ISS_RT_SHIFT;
 
 	pt_regs_write_reg(regs, reg, arch_timer_get_rate());
-	arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
+	arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
 }
 
 static const struct sys64_hook cp15_32_hooks[] = {
@@ -676,7 +674,7 @@ static void compat_cntvct_read_handler(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 
 	pt_regs_write_reg(regs, rt, lower_32_bits(val));
 	pt_regs_write_reg(regs, rt2, upper_32_bits(val));
-	arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
+	arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
 }
 
 static const struct sys64_hook cp15_64_hooks[] = {
@@ -697,7 +695,7 @@ void do_cp15instr(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 		 * There is no T16 variant of a CP access, so we
 		 * always advance PC by 4 bytes.
 		 */
-		arm64_compat_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
+		arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(regs, 4);
 		return;
 	}
 
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 08/11] arm64: traps: Shuffle code to eliminate forward declarations
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 07/11] arm64: unify native/compat instruction skipping Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 09/11] arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions Mark Brown
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

Hoist the IT state handling code earlier in traps.c, to avoid
accumulating forward declarations.

No functional change.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 50 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
index bc9f4292bfc3..3c07a7074145 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
@@ -272,7 +272,55 @@ void arm64_notify_die(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs,
 	}
 }
 
-static void advance_itstate(struct pt_regs *regs);
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+#define PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT	25
+#define PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK	(0x3 << PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT)
+#define PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT	10
+#define PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK	(0x3f << PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT)
+
+static u32 compat_get_it_state(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	u32 it, pstate = regs->pstate;
+
+	it  = (pstate & PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK) >> PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT;
+	it |= ((pstate & PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK) >> PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT) << 2;
+
+	return it;
+}
+
+static void compat_set_it_state(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 it)
+{
+	u32 pstate_it;
+
+	pstate_it  = (it << PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT) & PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK;
+	pstate_it |= ((it >> 2) << PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT) & PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK;
+
+	regs->pstate &= ~PSR_AA32_IT_MASK;
+	regs->pstate |= pstate_it;
+}
+
+static void advance_itstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	u32 it;
+
+	/* ARM mode */
+	if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_AA32_T_BIT) ||
+	    !(regs->pstate & PSR_AA32_IT_MASK))
+		return;
+
+	it  = compat_get_it_state(regs);
+
+	/*
+	 * If this is the last instruction of the block, wipe the IT
+	 * state. Otherwise advance it.
+	 */
+	if (!(it & 7))
+		it = 0;
+	else
+		it = (it & 0xe0) | ((it << 1) & 0x1f);
+
+	compat_set_it_state(regs, it);
+}
 
 void arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long size)
 {
@@ -285,7 +333,7 @@ void arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long size)
 	if (user_mode(regs))
 		user_fastforward_single_step(current);
 
-	if (regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT)
+	if (compat_user_mode(regs))
 		advance_itstate(regs);
 }
 
@@ -578,34 +626,6 @@ static const struct sys64_hook sys64_hooks[] = {
 	{},
 };
 
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
-#define PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT	25
-#define PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK	(0x3 << PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT)
-#define PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT	10
-#define PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK	(0x3f << PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT)
-
-static u32 compat_get_it_state(struct pt_regs *regs)
-{
-	u32 it, pstate = regs->pstate;
-
-	it  = (pstate & PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK) >> PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT;
-	it |= ((pstate & PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK) >> PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT) << 2;
-
-	return it;
-}
-
-static void compat_set_it_state(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 it)
-{
-	u32 pstate_it;
-
-	pstate_it  = (it << PSTATE_IT_1_0_SHIFT) & PSTATE_IT_1_0_MASK;
-	pstate_it |= ((it >> 2) << PSTATE_IT_7_2_SHIFT) & PSTATE_IT_7_2_MASK;
-
-	regs->pstate &= ~PSR_AA32_IT_MASK;
-	regs->pstate |= pstate_it;
-}
-
 static bool cp15_cond_valid(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	int cond;
@@ -626,29 +646,6 @@ static bool cp15_cond_valid(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return aarch32_opcode_cond_checks[cond](regs->pstate);
 }
 
-static void advance_itstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
-{
-	u32 it;
-
-	/* ARM mode */
-	if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_AA32_T_BIT) ||
-	    !(regs->pstate & PSR_AA32_IT_MASK))
-		return;
-
-	it  = compat_get_it_state(regs);
-
-	/*
-	 * If this is the last instruction of the block, wipe the IT
-	 * state. Otherwise advance it.
-	 */
-	if (!(it & 7))
-		it = 0;
-	else
-		it = (it & 0xe0) | ((it << 1) & 0x1f);
-
-	compat_set_it_state(regs, it);
-}
-
 static void compat_cntfrq_read_handler(unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	int reg = (esr & ESR_ELx_CP15_32_ISS_RT_MASK) >> ESR_ELx_CP15_32_ISS_RT_SHIFT;
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 09/11] arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 08/11] arm64: traps: Shuffle code to eliminate forward declarations Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: " Mark Brown
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 11/11] arm64: mm: Display guarded pages in ptdump Mark Brown
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

Since normal execution of any non-branch instruction resets the
PSTATE BTYPE field to 0, so do the same thing when emulating a
trapped instruction.

Branches don't trap directly, so we should never need to assign a
non-zero value to BTYPE here.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
index 3c07a7074145..52ed261e7739 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/traps.c
@@ -335,6 +335,8 @@ void arm64_skip_faulting_instruction(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long size)
 
 	if (compat_user_mode(regs))
 		advance_itstate(regs);
+	else
+		regs->pstate &= ~PSR_BTYPE_MASK;
 }
 
 static LIST_HEAD(undef_hook);
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 09/11] arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` " Mark Brown
  2020-02-15 11:56   ` Marc Zyngier
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 11/11] arm64: mm: Display guarded pages in ptdump Mark Brown
  10 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin, Mark Brown

From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

Since normal execution of any non-branch instruction resets the
PSTATE BTYPE field to 0, so do the same thing when emulating a
trapped instruction.

Branches don't trap directly, so we should never need to assign a
non-zero value to BTYPE here.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
index 688c63412cc2..dee51c1dcb93 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
@@ -506,10 +506,12 @@ static inline unsigned long vcpu_data_host_to_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 
 static inline void kvm_skip_instr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool is_wide_instr)
 {
-	if (vcpu_mode_is_32bit(vcpu))
+	if (vcpu_mode_is_32bit(vcpu)) {
 		kvm_skip_instr32(vcpu, is_wide_instr);
-	else
+	} else {
 		*vcpu_pc(vcpu) += 4;
+		*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) &= ~PSR_BTYPE_MASK;
+	}
 
 	/* advance the singlestep state machine */
 	*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) &= ~DBG_SPSR_SS;
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 11/11] arm64: mm: Display guarded pages in ptdump
  2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: " Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-12 19:29 ` Mark Brown
  10 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-12 19:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Mark Brown

v8.5-BTI introduces the GP field in stage 1 translation tables which
indicates that blocks and pages with it set are guarded pages for which
branch target identification checks should be performed. Decode this
when dumping the page tables to aid debugging.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/dump.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
index 860c00ec8bd3..78163b7a7dde 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
@@ -145,6 +145,11 @@ static const struct prot_bits pte_bits[] = {
 		.val	= PTE_UXN,
 		.set	= "UXN",
 		.clear	= "   ",
+	}, {
+		.mask	= PTE_GP,
+		.val	= PTE_GP,
+		.set	= "GP",
+		.clear	= "  ",
 	}, {
 		.mask	= PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
 		.val	= PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE),
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: " Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-15 11:56   ` Marc Zyngier
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Marc Zyngier @ 2020-02-15 11:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon, Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott,
	Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu, Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn,
	Richard Henderson, Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner,
	Florian Weimer, Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel,
	linux-arch, linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin

On Wed, 12 Feb 2020 19:29:05 +0000
Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org> wrote:

> From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> 
> Since normal execution of any non-branch instruction resets the
> PSTATE BTYPE field to 0, so do the same thing when emulating a
> trapped instruction.
> 
> Branches don't trap directly, so we should never need to assign a
> non-zero value to BTYPE here.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>

Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>

	M.
-- 
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-25 13:28   ` Amit Kachhap
  2020-02-25 17:27     ` Mark Brown
  2020-02-26  5:47   ` Kees Cook
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Amit Kachhap @ 2020-02-25 13:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon
  Cc: Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott, Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier, Eugene Syromiatnikov,
	Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu, Andrew Jones, Kees Cook,
	Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn, Richard Henderson,
	Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner, Florian Weimer,
	Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel, linux-arch,
	linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin



On 2/13/20 12:59 AM, Mark Brown wrote:
> From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> 
> For BTI protection to be as comprehensive as possible, it is
> desirable to have BTI enabled from process startup.  If this is not
> done, the process must use mprotect() to enable BTI for each of its
> executable mappings, but this is painful to do in the libc startup
> code.  It's simpler and more sound to have the kernel do it
> instead.
> 
> To this end, detect BTI support in the executable (or ELF
> interpreter, as appropriate), via the
> NT_GNU_PROGRAM_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note, and tweak the initial prot
> flags for the process' executable pages to include PROT_BTI as
> appropriate.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> ---
>   arch/arm64/Kconfig           |  3 +++
>   arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   arch/arm64/kernel/process.c  | 19 ++++++++++++++
>   include/linux/elf.h          |  6 ++++-
>   include/uapi/linux/elf.h     |  6 +++++
>   5 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index e37f4f07b990..d65d226a77ec 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ config ARM64
>   	select ACPI_MCFG if (ACPI && PCI)
>   	select ACPI_SPCR_TABLE if ACPI
>   	select ACPI_PPTT if ACPI
> +	select ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
>   	select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA
>   	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
>   	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
> @@ -33,6 +34,7 @@ config ARM64
>   	select ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER
>   	select ARCH_HAS_TEARDOWN_DMA_OPS if IOMMU_SUPPORT
>   	select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
> +	select ARCH_HAVE_ELF_PROT
>   	select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
>   	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK if !PREEMPTION
>   	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK_BH if !PREEMPTION
> @@ -62,6 +64,7 @@ config ARM64
>   	select ARCH_INLINE_SPIN_UNLOCK_IRQRESTORE if !PREEMPTION
>   	select ARCH_KEEP_MEMBLOCK
>   	select ARCH_USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF
> +	select ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY if BINFMT_ELF
>   	select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_RWLOCKS
>   	select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_SPINLOCKS
>   	select ARCH_SUPPORTS_MEMORY_FAILURE
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
> index b618017205a3..fca3a48e9db5 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
> @@ -114,7 +114,11 @@
>   
>   #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
>   
> +#include <uapi/linux/elf.h>
>   #include <linux/bug.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
>   #include <asm/processor.h> /* for signal_minsigstksz, used by ARCH_DLINFO */
>   
>   typedef unsigned long elf_greg_t;
> @@ -224,6 +228,52 @@ extern int aarch32_setup_additional_pages(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
>   
>   #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
>   
> +struct arch_elf_state {
> +	int flags;
> +};
> +
> +#define ARM64_ELF_BTI		(1 << 0)
> +
> +#define INIT_ARCH_ELF_STATE {			\
> +	.flags = 0,				\
> +}
> +
> +static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
> +					  size_t datasz, bool compat,
> +					  struct arch_elf_state *arch)
> +{

Does this check here make sense to skip running extra code?
     if (!system_supports_bti())
              return 0;
Although this check is there in arch_validate_prot.

> +	/* No known properties for AArch32 yet */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPAT) && compat)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (type == GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_AND) {
> +		const u32 *p = data;
> +
> +		if (datasz != sizeof(*p))
> +			return -ENOEXEC;
> +
> +		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_BTI) &&
> +		    (*p & GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI))
> +			arch->flags |= ARM64_ELF_BTI;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int arch_elf_pt_proc(void *ehdr, void *phdr,
> +				   struct file *f, bool is_interp,
> +				   struct arch_elf_state *state)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int arch_check_elf(void *ehdr, bool has_interp,
> +				 void *interp_ehdr,
> +				 struct arch_elf_state *state)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>   #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>   
>   #endif
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
> index bbb0f0c145f6..7545a3f743c4 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
>   
>   #include <linux/compat.h>
>   #include <linux/efi.h>
> +#include <linux/elf.h>
>   #include <linux/export.h>
>   #include <linux/sched.h>
>   #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> @@ -18,6 +19,7 @@
>   #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
>   #include <linux/kernel.h>
>   #include <linux/lockdep.h>
> +#include <linux/mman.h>
>   #include <linux/mm.h>
>   #include <linux/stddef.h>
>   #include <linux/sysctl.h>
> @@ -649,3 +651,20 @@ asmlinkage void __sched arm64_preempt_schedule_irq(void)
>   	if (system_capabilities_finalized())
>   		preempt_schedule_irq();
>   }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF
> +int arch_elf_adjust_prot(int prot, const struct arch_elf_state *state,
> +			 bool has_interp, bool is_interp)
> +{
> +	if (is_interp != has_interp)
> +		return prot;
> +
> +	if (!(state->flags & ARM64_ELF_BTI))
> +		return prot;
> +
> +	if (prot & PROT_EXEC)
> +		prot |= PROT_BTI;
> +
> +	return prot;
> +}
> +#endif
> diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
> index 1b6e8955c597..5d5b0321da0b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/elf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/elf.h
> @@ -63,7 +63,11 @@ extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_size(void);
>   extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm);
>   #endif
>   
> -/* NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header */
> +/*
> + * NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header:
> + * Keep this internal until/unless there is an agreed UAPI definition.
> + * pr_type values (GNU_PROPERTY_*) are public and defined in the UAPI header.
> + */
>   struct gnu_property {
>   	u32 pr_type;
>   	u32 pr_datasz;
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> index 20900f4496b7..c6dd0215482e 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
> @@ -448,4 +448,10 @@ typedef struct elf64_note {
>     Elf64_Word n_type;	/* Content type */
>   } Elf64_Nhdr;
>   
> +/* .note.gnu.property types for EM_AARCH64: */
> +#define GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_AND	0xc0000000
> +
> +/* Bits for GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI */
> +#define GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI	(1U << 0)
> +
>   #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_ELF_H */
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties
  2020-02-25 13:28   ` Amit Kachhap
@ 2020-02-25 17:27     ` Mark Brown
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-25 17:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Amit Kachhap
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon, Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott,
	Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu, Vincenzo Frascino, Marc Zyngier,
	Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu, Andrew Jones,
	Kees Cook, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn, Richard Henderson,
	Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner, Florian Weimer,
	Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel, linux-arch,
	linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin

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On Tue, Feb 25, 2020 at 06:58:50PM +0530, Amit Kachhap wrote:
> On 2/13/20 12:59 AM, Mark Brown wrote:

> > +static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
> > +					  size_t datasz, bool compat,
> > +					  struct arch_elf_state *arch)
> > +{

> Does this check here make sense to skip running extra code?
>     if (!system_supports_bti())
>              return 0;

This specifically is the wrong place for such a test since we didn't
even figure out if we're looking at the BTI property yet so it'd need to
be moved if any further properties are added.

> Although this check is there in arch_validate_prot.

And more importantly in arch_calc_vm_prot_bits() so we never actually
create guarded pages on a system that doesn't support BTI.  That said I
do agree that it seems reasonable to add an explicit check in the
parsing of the actual BTI property for robustness and clarity, I'll do a
patch for that and roll it into any future versions or send it
incrementally if this one is applied but it doesn't seem sensible to
spin the whole series with the very broad CC list it has.

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties
  2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties Mark Brown
  2020-02-25 13:28   ` Amit Kachhap
@ 2020-02-26  5:47   ` Kees Cook
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2020-02-26  5:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon, Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott,
	Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu, Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino,
	Marc Zyngier, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn, Richard Henderson,
	Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner, Florian Weimer,
	Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel, linux-arch,
	linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin

On Wed, Feb 12, 2020 at 07:29:00PM +0000, Mark Brown wrote:
> diff --git a/include/linux/elf.h b/include/linux/elf.h
> index 1b6e8955c597..5d5b0321da0b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/elf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/elf.h
> @@ -63,7 +63,11 @@ extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_size(void);
>  extern int elf_coredump_extra_notes_write(struct coredump_params *cprm);
>  #endif
>  
> -/* NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header */
> +/*
> + * NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 header:
> + * Keep this internal until/unless there is an agreed UAPI definition.
> + * pr_type values (GNU_PROPERTY_*) are public and defined in the UAPI header.
> + */
>  struct gnu_property {
>  	u32 pr_type;
>  	u32 pr_datasz;

I think this hunk should be in patch 1.

-- 
Kees Cook

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties
  2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties Mark Brown
@ 2020-02-26  5:49   ` Kees Cook
  2020-02-26 11:20     ` Mark Brown
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2020-02-26  5:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Brown
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon, Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott,
	Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu, Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino,
	Marc Zyngier, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn, Richard Henderson,
	Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner, Florian Weimer,
	Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel, linux-arch,
	linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin

On Wed, Feb 12, 2020 at 07:28:56PM +0000, Mark Brown wrote:
> From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> 
> Pull the basic ELF definitions relating to the
> NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note from Yu-Cheng Yu's earlier x86 shstk
> series.

Both BTI and SHSTK depend on this. If BTI doesn't land soon, can this
and patch 2 land separately? I don't like seeing the older version in
the SHSTK series -- I worry there will be confusion and the BTI version
(which is more up to date) will get missed.

What's left to land BTI support?

-- 
Kees Cook

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties
  2020-02-26  5:49   ` Kees Cook
@ 2020-02-26 11:20     ` Mark Brown
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Mark Brown @ 2020-02-26 11:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kees Cook
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon, Alexander Viro, Paul Elliott,
	Peter Zijlstra, Yu-cheng Yu, Amit Kachhap, Vincenzo Frascino,
	Marc Zyngier, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Szabolcs Nagy, H . J . Lu ,
	Andrew Jones, Arnd Bergmann, Jann Horn, Richard Henderson,
	Kristina Martšenko, Thomas Gleixner, Florian Weimer,
	Sudakshina Das, linux-arm-kernel, linux-kernel, linux-arch,
	linux-fsdevel, Dave Martin

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On Tue, Feb 25, 2020 at 09:49:35PM -0800, Kees Cook wrote:

> Both BTI and SHSTK depend on this. If BTI doesn't land soon, can this
> and patch 2 land separately? I don't like seeing the older version in
> the SHSTK series -- I worry there will be confusion and the BTI version
> (which is more up to date) will get missed.

Please.

> What's left to land BTI support?

As far as I'm aware it's basically good to go, there's been no really
substantial feedback in the months I've been pushing it, just fairly
trivial stuff and rebases - it's going to need another resend for your
comment just now about moving a hunk forward to a different patch for
example.

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 18+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-02-12 19:28 [PATCH v6 00/11] arm64: Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 01/11] ELF: UAPI and Kconfig additions for ELF program properties Mark Brown
2020-02-26  5:49   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-26 11:20     ` Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 02/11] ELF: Add ELF program property parsing support Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 03/11] arm64: Basic Branch Target Identification support Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:28 ` [PATCH v6 04/11] elf: Allow arch to tweak initial mmap prot flags Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 05/11] arm64: elf: Enable BTI at exec based on ELF program properties Mark Brown
2020-02-25 13:28   ` Amit Kachhap
2020-02-25 17:27     ` Mark Brown
2020-02-26  5:47   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 06/11] arm64: BTI: Decode BTYPE bits when printing PSTATE Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 07/11] arm64: unify native/compat instruction skipping Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 08/11] arm64: traps: Shuffle code to eliminate forward declarations Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 09/11] arm64: BTI: Reset BTYPE when skipping emulated instructions Mark Brown
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 10/11] KVM: " Mark Brown
2020-02-15 11:56   ` Marc Zyngier
2020-02-12 19:29 ` [PATCH v6 11/11] arm64: mm: Display guarded pages in ptdump Mark Brown

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