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From: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
To: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk, adobriyan@gmail.com,
	davem@davemloft.net, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	christian.brauner@ubuntu.com, areber@redhat.com,
	serge@hallyn.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	Pavel Tikhomirov <ptikhomirov@virtuozzo.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 00/23] proc: Introduce /proc/namespaces/ directory to expose namespaces lineary
Date: Thu, 6 Aug 2020 01:05:40 -0700
Message-ID: <20200806080540.GA18865@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <9ceb5049-6aea-1429-e35f-d86480f10d72@virtuozzo.com>

On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 01:03:17PM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> On 31.07.2020 01:13, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> > Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com> writes:
> > 
> >> On 30.07.2020 17:34, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >>> Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com> writes:
> >>>
> >>>> Currently, there is no a way to list or iterate all or subset of namespaces
> >>>> in the system. Some namespaces are exposed in /proc/[pid]/ns/ directories,
> >>>> but some also may be as open files, which are not attached to a process.
> >>>> When a namespace open fd is sent over unix socket and then closed, it is
> >>>> impossible to know whether the namespace exists or not.
> >>>>
> >>>> Also, even if namespace is exposed as attached to a process or as open file,
> >>>> iteration over /proc/*/ns/* or /proc/*/fd/* namespaces is not fast, because
> >>>> this multiplies at tasks and fds number.
> >>>
> >>> I am very dubious about this.
> >>>
> >>> I have been avoiding exactly this kind of interface because it can
> >>> create rather fundamental problems with checkpoint restart.
> >>
> >> restart/restore :)
> >>
> >>> You do have some filtering and the filtering is not based on current.
> >>> Which is good.
> >>>
> >>> A view that is relative to a user namespace might be ok.    It almost
> >>> certainly does better as it's own little filesystem than as an extension
> >>> to proc though.
> >>>
> >>> The big thing we want to ensure is that if you migrate you can restore
> >>> everything.  I don't see how you will be able to restore these files
> >>> after migration.  Anything like this without having a complete
> >>> checkpoint/restore story is a non-starter.
> >>
> >> There is no difference between files in /proc/namespaces/ directory and /proc/[pid]/ns/.
> >>
> >> CRIU can restore open files in /proc/[pid]/ns, the same will be with /proc/namespaces/ files.
> >> As a person who worked deeply for pid_ns and user_ns support in CRIU, I don't see any
> >> problem here.
> > 
> > An obvious diffference is that you are adding the inode to the inode to
> > the file name.  Which means that now you really do have to preserve the
> > inode numbers during process migration.
> >
> > Which means now we have to do all of the work to make inode number
> > restoration possible.  Which means now we need to have multiple
> > instances of nsfs so that we can restore inode numbers.
> > 
> > I think this is still possible but we have been delaying figuring out
> > how to restore inode numbers long enough that may be actual technical
> > problems making it happen.
> 
> Yeah, this matters. But it looks like here is not a dead end. We just need
> change the names the namespaces are exported to particular fs and to support
> rename().
> 
> Before introduction a principally new filesystem type for this, can't
> this be solved in current /proc?

do you mean to introduce names for namespaces which users will be able
to change? By default, this can be uuid.

And I have a suggestion about the structure of /proc/namespaces/.

Each namespace is owned by one of user namespaces. Maybe it makes sense
to group namespaces by their user-namespaces?

/proc/namespaces/
                 user
                 mnt-X
                 mnt-Y
                 pid-X
                 uts-Z
                 user-X/
                        user
                        mnt-A
                        mnt-B
                        user-C
                        user-C/
                               user
                 user-Y/
                        user

Do we try to invent cgroupfs for namespaces?

Thanks,
Andrei

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 76+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-30 11:59 Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 01/23] ns: Add common refcount into ns_common add use it as counter for net_ns Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 13:35   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 14:07     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 15:59       ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 14:30   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 14:34     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:39       ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 02/23] uts: Use generic ns_common::count Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:30   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 03/23] ipc: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:32   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 04/23] pid: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:37   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 05/23] user: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:46   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 06/23] mnt: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:49   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 11:59 ` [PATCH 07/23] cgroup: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:50   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 08/23] time: " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:52   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 09/23] ns: Introduce ns_idr to be able to iterate all allocated namespaces in the system Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:23   ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-30 13:32     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 13:56       ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-30 14:12         ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 14:15           ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-30 14:20             ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 10/23] fs: Rename fs/proc/namespaces.c into fs/proc/task_namespaces.c Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 11/23] fs: Add /proc/namespaces/ directory Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:18   ` Alexey Dobriyan
2020-07-30 13:22     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 13:26   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 14:30     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 20:47   ` kernel test robot
2020-07-30 22:20   ` kernel test robot
2020-08-05  8:17   ` kernel test robot
2020-08-05  8:17   ` [RFC PATCH] fs: namespaces_dentry_operations can be static kernel test robot
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 12/23] user: Free user_ns one RCU grace period after final counter put Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 13/23] user: Add user namespaces into ns_idr Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 14/23] net: Add net " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 15/23] pid: Eextract child_reaper check from pidns_for_children_get() Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 16/23] proc_ns_operations: Add can_get method Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 17/23] pid: Add pid namespaces into ns_idr Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:00 ` [PATCH 18/23] uts: Free uts namespace one RCU grace period after final counter put Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:01 ` [PATCH 19/23] uts: Add uts namespaces into ns_idr Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:01 ` [PATCH 20/23] ipc: Add ipc " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:01 ` [PATCH 21/23] mnt: Add mount " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:01 ` [PATCH 22/23] cgroup: Add cgroup " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 12:01 ` [PATCH 23/23] time: Add time " Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 13:08 ` [PATCH 00/23] proc: Introduce /proc/namespaces/ directory to expose namespaces lineary Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 13:38   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 14:34 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-07-30 14:42   ` Christian Brauner
2020-07-30 15:01   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-07-30 22:13     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-07-31  8:48       ` Pavel Tikhomirov
2020-08-03 10:03       ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-03 10:51         ` Alexey Dobriyan
2020-08-06  8:05         ` Andrei Vagin [this message]
2020-08-07  8:47           ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-10 17:34             ` Andrei Vagin
2020-08-11 10:23               ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-12 17:53                 ` Andrei Vagin
2020-08-13  8:12                   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-14  1:16                     ` Andrei Vagin
2020-08-14 15:11                       ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-14 19:21                         ` Andrei Vagin
2020-08-17 14:05                           ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-08-17 15:48                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-08-17 17:47                               ` Christian Brauner
2020-08-17 18:53                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-08-04  5:43     ` Andrei Vagin
2020-08-04 12:11       ` Pavel Tikhomirov
2020-08-04 14:47       ` Kirill Tkhai

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