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From: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
To: corbet@lwn.net, mike.kravetz@oracle.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de, x86@kernel.org, hpa@zytor.com,
	dave.hansen@linux.intel.com, luto@kernel.org,
	peterz@infradead.org, viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, paulmck@kernel.org,
	mchehab+huawei@kernel.org, pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com,
	rdunlap@infradead.org, oneukum@suse.com,
	anshuman.khandual@arm.com, jroedel@suse.de,
	almasrymina@google.com, rientjes@google.com, willy@infradead.org
Cc: duanxiongchun@bytedance.com, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 00/19] Free some vmemmap pages of hugetlb page
Date: Mon, 26 Oct 2020 22:50:55 +0800
Message-ID: <20201026145114.59424-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com> (raw)

Hi all,

This patch series will free some vmemmap pages(struct page structures)
associated with each hugetlbpage when preallocated to save memory.

Nowadays we track the status of physical page frames using `struct page`
arranged in one or more arrays. And here exists one-to-one mapping between
the physical page frame and the corresponding `struct page`.

The hugetlbpage support is built on top of multiple page size support
that is provided by most modern architectures. For example, x86 CPUs
normally support 4K and 2M (1G if architecturally supported) page sizes.
Every hugetlbpage has more than one `struct page`. The 2M hugetlbpage
has 512 `struct page` and 1G hugetlbpage has 4096 `struct page`. But
in the core of hugetlbpage only uses the first 4 `struct page` to store
metadata associated with each hugetlbpage. The rest of the `struct page`
are usually read the compound_head field which are all the same value.
If we can free some struct page memory to buddy system so that we can
save a lot of memory.

When the system boot up, every 2M hugetlbpage has 512 `struct page` which
is 8 pages(sizeof(struct page) * 512 / PAGE_SIZE).

   hugetlbpage                  struct pages(8 pages)          page frame(8 pages)
  +-----------+ ---virt_to_page---> +-----------+   mapping to   +-----------+
  |           |                     |     0     | -------------> |     0     |
  |           |                     |     1     | -------------> |     1     |
  |           |                     |     2     | -------------> |     2     |
  |           |                     |     3     | -------------> |     3     |
  |           |                     |     4     | -------------> |     4     |
  |     2M    |                     |     5     | -------------> |     5     |
  |           |                     |     6     | -------------> |     6     |
  |           |                     |     7     | -------------> |     7     |
  |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
  |           |
  |           |
  +-----------+


When a hugetlbpage is preallocated, we can change the mapping from above to
bellow.

   hugetlbpage                  struct pages(8 pages)          page frame(8 pages)
  +-----------+ ---virt_to_page---> +-----------+   mapping to   +-----------+
  |           |                     |     0     | -------------> |     0     |
  |           |                     |     1     | -------------> |     1     |
  |           |                     |     2     | -------------> +-----------+
  |           |                     |     3     | -----------------^ ^ ^ ^ ^
  |           |                     |     4     | -------------------+ | | |
  |     2M    |                     |     5     | ---------------------+ | |
  |           |                     |     6     | -----------------------+ |
  |           |                     |     7     | -------------------------+
  |           |                     +-----------+
  |           |
  |           |
  +-----------+

For tail pages, the value of compound_dtor is the same. So we can reuse
first page of tail page structs. We map the virtual addresses of the
remaining 6 pages of tail page structs to the first tail page struct,
and then free these 6 pages. Therefore, we need to reserve at least 2
pages as vmemmap areas.

When a hugetlbpage is freed to the buddy system, we should allocate 6
pages for vmemmap pages and restore the previous mapping relationship.

If we uses the 1G hugetlbpage, we can save 4095 pages. This is a very
substantial gain. On our server, run some SPDK/QEMU applications which
will use 1000GB hugetlbpage. With this feature enabled, we can save
~16GB(1G hugepage)/~11GB(2MB hugepage) memory.

  changelog in v2:
  1. Fix do not call dissolve_compound_page in alloc_huge_page_vmemmap().
  2. Fix some typo and code style problems.
  3. Remove unused handle_vmemmap_fault().
  4. Merge some commits to one commit suggested by Mike.

Muchun Song (19):
  mm/memory_hotplug: Move bootmem info registration API to
    bootmem_info.c
  mm/memory_hotplug: Move {get,put}_page_bootmem() to bootmem_info.c
  mm/hugetlb: Introduce a new config HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
  mm/hugetlb: Introduce nr_free_vmemmap_pages in the struct hstate
  mm/hugetlb: Introduce pgtable allocation/freeing helpers
  mm/bootmem_info: Introduce {free,prepare}_vmemmap_page()
  mm/hugetlb: Free the vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb page
  mm/hugetlb: Defer freeing of hugetlb pages
  mm/hugetlb: Allocate the vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb
    page
  mm/hugetlb: Introduce remap_huge_page_pmd_vmemmap helper
  mm/hugetlb: Use PG_slab to indicate split pmd
  mm/hugetlb: Support freeing vmemmap pages of gigantic page
  mm/hugetlb: Add a BUILD_BUG_ON to check if struct page size is a power
    of two
  mm/hugetlb: Clear PageHWPoison on the non-error memory page
  mm/hugetlb: Flush work when dissolving hugetlb page
  mm/hugetlb: Add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap
  mm/hugetlb: Merge pte to huge pmd only for gigantic page
  mm/hugetlb: Gather discrete indexes of tail page
  mm/hugetlb: Add BUILD_BUG_ON to catch invalid usage of tail struct
    page

 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |   9 +
 Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst  |   3 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/hugetlb.h                |  20 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h       |   8 +
 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                         |   5 +-
 fs/Kconfig                                    |  16 +
 include/linux/bootmem_info.h                  |  65 ++
 include/linux/hugetlb.h                       |  50 ++
 include/linux/hugetlb_cgroup.h                |  15 +-
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h                |  27 -
 mm/Makefile                                   |   1 +
 mm/bootmem_info.c                             | 125 +++
 mm/hugetlb.c                                  | 795 +++++++++++++++++-
 mm/memory_hotplug.c                           | 116 ---
 mm/sparse.c                                   |   1 +
 15 files changed, 1091 insertions(+), 165 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/bootmem_info.h
 create mode 100644 mm/bootmem_info.c

-- 
2.20.1


             reply index

Thread overview: 43+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-26 14:50 Muchun Song [this message]
2020-10-26 14:50 ` [PATCH v2 01/19] mm/memory_hotplug: Move bootmem info registration API to bootmem_info.c Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:50 ` [PATCH v2 02/19] mm/memory_hotplug: Move {get,put}_page_bootmem() " Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:50 ` [PATCH v2 03/19] mm/hugetlb: Introduce a new config HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP Muchun Song
2020-10-29 10:29   ` Oscar Salvador
2020-10-29 13:34     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:50 ` [PATCH v2 04/19] mm/hugetlb: Introduce nr_free_vmemmap_pages in the struct hstate Muchun Song
2020-10-27 22:03   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-10-29 13:26   ` Oscar Salvador
2020-10-29 13:41     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 05/19] mm/hugetlb: Introduce pgtable allocation/freeing helpers Muchun Song
2020-10-28  0:32   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-10-28  7:26     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-28 23:42       ` Mike Kravetz
2020-11-05 13:23   ` Oscar Salvador
2020-11-05 16:08     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-11-06  9:46       ` Oscar Salvador
2020-11-06 16:43         ` Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 06/19] mm/bootmem_info: Introduce {free,prepare}_vmemmap_page() Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 07/19] mm/hugetlb: Free the vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 16:01   ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-10-27  2:58     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-28 23:42   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-10-29  6:13     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-29 21:59       ` Mike Kravetz
2020-10-30  2:58         ` Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 08/19] mm/hugetlb: Defer freeing of hugetlb pages Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 09/19] mm/hugetlb: Allocate the vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 10/19] mm/hugetlb: Introduce remap_huge_page_pmd_vmemmap helper Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 11/19] mm/hugetlb: Use PG_slab to indicate split pmd Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 12/19] mm/hugetlb: Support freeing vmemmap pages of gigantic page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 13/19] mm/hugetlb: Add a BUILD_BUG_ON to check if struct page size is a power of two Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 14/19] mm/hugetlb: Clear PageHWPoison on the non-error memory page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 15/19] mm/hugetlb: Flush work when dissolving hugetlb page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 16/19] mm/hugetlb: Add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 17/19] mm/hugetlb: Merge pte to huge pmd only for gigantic page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 18/19] mm/hugetlb: Gather discrete indexes of tail page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 14:51 ` [PATCH v2 19/19] mm/hugetlb: Add BUILD_BUG_ON to catch invalid usage of tail struct page Muchun Song
2020-10-26 15:53 ` [PATCH v2 00/19] Free some vmemmap pages of hugetlb page Matthew Wilcox
2020-10-27  2:54   ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-30  9:14 ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-30 10:24   ` [External] " Muchun Song
2020-10-30 15:19     ` Michal Hocko

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