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From: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v10 01/33] mm: Introduce struct folio
Date: Tue, 11 May 2021 22:47:03 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210511214735.1836149-2-willy@infradead.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210511214735.1836149-1-willy@infradead.org>

A struct folio is a new abstraction to replace the venerable struct page.
A function which takes a struct folio argument declares that it will
operate on the entire (possibly compound) page, not just PAGE_SIZE bytes.
In return, the caller guarantees that the pointer it is passing does
not point to a tail page.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>
---
 Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst |  1 +
 include/linux/mm.h                | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mm_types.h          | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/page-flags.h        | 27 +++++++++++
 4 files changed, 162 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst b/Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst
index a42f9baddfbf..2a94e6164f80 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst
@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ More Memory Management Functions
 .. kernel-doc:: mm/mempolicy.c
 .. kernel-doc:: include/linux/mm_types.h
    :internal:
+.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/page-flags.h
 .. kernel-doc:: include/linux/mm.h
    :internal:
 .. kernel-doc:: include/linux/mmzone.h
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 2327f99b121f..b29c86824e6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -950,6 +950,20 @@ static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page)
 	return page[1].compound_order;
 }
 
+/**
+ * folio_order - The allocation order of a folio.
+ * @folio: The folio.
+ *
+ * A folio is composed of 2^order pages.  See get_order() for the definition
+ * of order.
+ *
+ * Return: The order of the folio.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int folio_order(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return compound_order(&folio->page);
+}
+
 static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page)
 {
 	/*
@@ -1595,6 +1609,65 @@ static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone,
 #endif
 }
 
+/**
+ * folio_nr_pages - The number of pages in the folio.
+ * @folio: The folio.
+ *
+ * Return: A number which is a power of two.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long folio_nr_pages(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return compound_nr(&folio->page);
+}
+
+/**
+ * folio_next - Move to the next physical folio.
+ * @folio: The folio we're currently operating on.
+ *
+ * If you have physically contiguous memory which may span more than
+ * one folio (eg a &struct bio_vec), use this function to move from one
+ * folio to the next.  Do not use it if the memory is only virtually
+ * contiguous as the folios are almost certainly not adjacent to each
+ * other.  This is the folio equivalent to writing ``page++``.
+ *
+ * Context: We assume that the folios are refcounted and/or locked at a
+ * higher level and do not adjust the reference counts.
+ * Return: The next struct folio.
+ */
+static inline struct folio *folio_next(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return (struct folio *)folio_page(folio, folio_nr_pages(folio));
+}
+
+/**
+ * folio_shift - The number of bits covered by this folio.
+ * @folio: The folio.
+ *
+ * A folio contains a number of bytes which is a power-of-two in size.
+ * This function tells you which power-of-two the folio is.
+ *
+ * Context: The caller should have a reference on the folio to prevent
+ * it from being split.  It is not necessary for the folio to be locked.
+ * Return: The base-2 logarithm of the size of this folio.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int folio_shift(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return PAGE_SHIFT + folio_order(folio);
+}
+
+/**
+ * folio_size - The number of bytes in a folio.
+ * @folio: The folio.
+ *
+ * Context: The caller should have a reference on the folio to prevent
+ * it from being split.  It is not necessary for the folio to be locked.
+ * Return: The number of bytes in this folio.
+ */
+static inline size_t folio_size(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return PAGE_SIZE << folio_order(folio);
+}
+
 /*
  * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone()
  */
@@ -1699,6 +1772,7 @@ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void);
 
 #define offset_in_page(p)	((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK)
 #define offset_in_thp(page, p)	((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1))
+#define offset_in_folio(folio, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (folio_size(folio) - 1))
 
 /*
  * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 5aacc1c10a45..3118ba8b5a4e 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -224,6 +224,66 @@ struct page {
 #endif
 } _struct_page_alignment;
 
+/**
+ * struct folio - Represents a contiguous set of bytes.
+ * @flags: Identical to the page flags.
+ * @lru: Least Recently Used list; tracks how recently this folio was used.
+ * @mapping: The file this page belongs to, or refers to the anon_vma for
+ *    anonymous pages.
+ * @index: Offset within the file, in units of pages.  For anonymous pages,
+ *    this is the index from the beginning of the mmap.
+ * @private: Filesystem per-folio data (see folio_attach_private()).
+ *    Used for swp_entry_t if folio_swapcache().
+ * @_mapcount: Do not access this member directly.  Use folio_mapcount() to
+ *    find out how many times this folio is mapped by userspace.
+ * @_refcount: Do not access this member directly.  Use folio_ref_count()
+ *    to find how many references there are to this folio.
+ * @memcg_data: Memory Control Group data.
+ *
+ * A folio is a physically, virtually and logically contiguous set
+ * of bytes.  It is a power-of-two in size, and it is aligned to that
+ * same power-of-two.  It is at least as large as %PAGE_SIZE.  If it is
+ * in the page cache, it is at a file offset which is a multiple of that
+ * power-of-two.  It may be mapped into userspace at an address which is
+ * at an arbitrary page offset, but its kernel virtual address is aligned
+ * to its size.
+ */
+struct folio {
+	/* private: don't document the anon union */
+	union {
+		struct {
+	/* public: */
+			unsigned long flags;
+			struct list_head lru;
+			struct address_space *mapping;
+			pgoff_t index;
+			void *private;
+			atomic_t _mapcount;
+			atomic_t _refcount;
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+			unsigned long memcg_data;
+#endif
+	/* private: the union with struct page is transitional */
+		};
+		struct page page;
+	};
+};
+
+static_assert(sizeof(struct page) == sizeof(struct folio));
+#define FOLIO_MATCH(pg, fl)						\
+	static_assert(offsetof(struct page, pg) == offsetof(struct folio, fl))
+FOLIO_MATCH(flags, flags);
+FOLIO_MATCH(lru, lru);
+FOLIO_MATCH(compound_head, lru);
+FOLIO_MATCH(index, index);
+FOLIO_MATCH(private, private);
+FOLIO_MATCH(_mapcount, _mapcount);
+FOLIO_MATCH(_refcount, _refcount);
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+FOLIO_MATCH(memcg_data, memcg_data);
+#endif
+#undef FOLIO_MATCH
+
 static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page)
 {
 	return &page[1].compound_mapcount;
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index d8e26243db25..e069aa8b11b7 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -188,6 +188,33 @@ static inline unsigned long _compound_head(const struct page *page)
 
 #define compound_head(page)	((typeof(page))_compound_head(page))
 
+/**
+ * page_folio - Converts from page to folio.
+ * @p: The page.
+ *
+ * Every page is part of a folio.  This function cannot be called on a
+ * NULL pointer.
+ *
+ * Context: No reference, nor lock is required on @page.  If the caller
+ * does not hold a reference, this call may race with a folio split, so
+ * it should re-check the folio still contains this page after gaining
+ * a reference on the folio.
+ * Return: The folio which contains this page.
+ */
+#define page_folio(p)		(_Generic((p),				\
+	const struct page *:	(const struct folio *)_compound_head(p), \
+	struct page *:		(struct folio *)_compound_head(p)))
+
+/**
+ * folio_page - Return a page from a folio.
+ * @folio: The folio.
+ * @n: The page number to return.
+ *
+ * @n is relative to the start of the folio.  It should be between
+ * 0 and folio_nr_pages(@folio) - 1, but this is not checked for.
+ */
+#define folio_page(folio, n)	nth_page(&(folio)->page, n)
+
 static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page)
 {
 	return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1;
-- 
2.30.2


  reply	other threads:[~2021-05-11 21:48 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 96+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-11 21:47 [PATCH v10 00/33] Memory folios Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-11 21:47 ` Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) [this message]
2021-05-14 10:34   ` [PATCH v10 01/33] mm: Introduce struct folio Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-14 10:40   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-14 11:47     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-15 10:55   ` William Kucharski
2021-05-15 20:14     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-16 19:26       ` William Kucharski
2021-05-27  8:09   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 02/33] mm: Add folio_pgdat and folio_zone Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 10:35   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 03/33] mm/vmstat: Add functions to account folio statistics Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 10:36   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 04/33] mm/debug: Add VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO and VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 10:44   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 05/33] mm: Add folio reference count functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 11:04   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 06/33] mm: Add folio_put Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 11:52   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 07/33] mm: Add folio_get Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 11:56   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-14 14:24     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-14 15:39       ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:10       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-27 22:53         ` Andrew Morton
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 08/33] mm: Add folio_try_get_rcu Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 12:11   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:16   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-05  4:26     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-06-06 14:13       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 09/33] mm: Add folio flag manipulation functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 15:29   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 10/33] mm: Add folio_young and folio_idle Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 15:33   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:17   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 11/33] mm: Handle per-folio private data Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 15:41   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 12/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_index, folio_file_page and folio_contains Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 15:55   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-15 15:51     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 13/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_next_index Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 17:07   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 14/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_offset and folio_file_offset Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 17:08   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 15/33] mm/util: Add folio_mapping and folio_file_mapping Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 17:29   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 16/33] mm: Add folio_mapcount Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-14 17:39   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-18 18:45   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 17/33] mm/memcg: Add folio wrappers for various functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18  9:57   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 18/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_unlock Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:06   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-18 11:30     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 19/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_lock Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:26   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 20/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_lock_killable Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:31   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 21/33] mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_async Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:34   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 22/33] mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_or_retry Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:38   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-18 10:45     ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-18 13:35     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 23/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_locked Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:41   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 24/33] mm/swap: Add folio_rotate_reclaimable Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 10:48   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:19   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 25/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_end_writeback Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 11:08   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 26/33] mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_writeback Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 11:12   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 27/33] mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_stable Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 11:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-18 13:55     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 28/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_bit Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 11:51   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 29/33] mm/filemap: Add folio_wake_bit Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 11:53   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 30/33] mm/filemap: Convert page wait queues to be folios Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 12:23   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 31/33] mm/filemap: Add folio private_2 functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 12:26   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:21   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 32/33] fs/netfs: Add folio fscache functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 13:48   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:23   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-11 21:47 ` [PATCH v10 33/33] mm: Add folio_mapped Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-05-18 14:17   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-05-27  8:31   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-05-13 14:50 ` [PATCH v10 00/33] Memory folios Matthew Wilcox
2021-05-15 10:26 ` William Kucharski
2021-06-04  1:07 ` Matteo Croce
2021-06-04  2:13   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-06-08 14:56     ` Matteo Croce

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