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From: Nikolaus Rath <>
To: Wouter Verhelst <>
	Linux FS Devel <>,
	miklos <>
Subject: Re: Why do NBD requests prevent hibernation, and FUSE requests do not?
Date: Wed, 07 Sep 2022 11:18:25 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YxH79CbXDUEa+r/> (Wouter Verhelst's message of "Fri, 2 Sep 2022 14:49:56 +0200")

Hi Wouter,

FUSE communication happens through a pipe on the same host, so this
could in principle be used to make sure that the FUSE daemon isn't
frozen too early. But (per Bernd's response) it seems that this
information isn't actually used (since
hasn't been applied. So I guess I've just been exceptionally
lucky/unlucky in my FUSE/NBD experiments.

That said, since NBD can also operate over unix domain sockets I was
hoping that perhaps in that scenario there would be some way to
establish the same link for NBD?


On Sep 02 2022, Wouter Verhelst <> wrote:
> Hi Nikolaus,
> I do not know how FUSE works, so can't comment on that.
> NBD, however, is a message-passing protocol: the client sends a message
> to request something over a network socket, which causes the server to
> do some processing, and then to send a message back. As far as the
> kernel is concerned (at least outside nbd.ko), there is no connection
> between the request message and the reply message.
> As such, when the kernel suspends the nbd server, it has no way of
> knowing that the in-kernel client is still waiting on a reply for a
> message that was sent earlier.
> I'm guessing that for FUSE, there is such a link?
> On Tue, Aug 30, 2022 at 07:31:31AM +0100, Nikolaus Rath wrote:
>> Hello,
>> I am comparing the behavior of FUSE and NBD when attempting to hibernate
>> the system.
>> FUSE seems to be mostly compatible, I am able to suspend the system even
>> when there is ongoing I/O on the fuse filesystem.
>> With NBD, on the other hand, most I/O seems to prevent hibernation the
>> system. Example hibernation error:
>>   kernel: Freezing user space processes ... 
>>   kernel: Freezing of tasks failed after 20.003 seconds (1 tasks refusing to freeze, wq_busy=0):
>>   kernel: task:rsync           state:D stack:    0 pid:348105 ppid:348104 flags:0x00004004
>>   kernel: Call Trace:
>>   kernel:  <TASK>
>>   kernel:  __schedule+0x308/0x9e0
>>   kernel:  schedule+0x4e/0xb0
>>   kernel:  schedule_timeout+0x88/0x150
>>   kernel:  ? __bpf_trace_tick_stop+0x10/0x10
>>   kernel:  io_schedule_timeout+0x4c/0x80
>>   kernel:  __cv_timedwait_common+0x129/0x160 [spl]
>>   kernel:  ? dequeue_task_stop+0x70/0x70
>>   kernel:  __cv_timedwait_io+0x15/0x20 [spl]
>>   kernel:  zio_wait+0x129/0x2b0 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  dmu_buf_hold+0x5b/0x90 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  zap_lockdir+0x4e/0xb0 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  zap_cursor_retrieve+0x1ae/0x320 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  ? dbuf_prefetch+0xf/0x20 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  ? dmu_prefetch+0xc8/0x200 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  zfs_readdir+0x12a/0x440 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  ? preempt_count_add+0x68/0xa0
>>   kernel:  ? preempt_count_add+0x68/0xa0
>>   kernel:  ? aa_file_perm+0x120/0x4c0
>>   kernel:  ? rrw_exit+0x65/0x150 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  ? _copy_to_user+0x21/0x30
>>   kernel:  ? cp_new_stat+0x150/0x180
>>   kernel:  zpl_iterate+0x4c/0x70 [zfs]
>>   kernel:  iterate_dir+0x171/0x1c0
>>   kernel:  __x64_sys_getdents64+0x78/0x110
>>   kernel:  ? __ia32_sys_getdents64+0x110/0x110
>>   kernel:  do_syscall_64+0x38/0xc0
>>   kernel:  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
>>   kernel: RIP: 0033:0x7f03c897a9c7
>>   kernel: RSP: 002b:00007ffd41e3c518 EFLAGS: 00000293 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000d9
>>   kernel: RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000561eff64dd40 RCX: 00007f03c897a9c7
>>   kernel: RDX: 0000000000008000 RSI: 0000561eff64dd70 RDI: 0000000000000000
>>   kernel: RBP: 0000561eff64dd70 R08: 0000000000000030 R09: 00007f03c8a72be0
>>   kernel: R10: 0000000000020000 R11: 0000000000000293 R12: ffffffffffffff80
>>   kernel: R13: 0000561eff64dd44 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000001
>>   kernel:  </TASK>
>> (this is with ZFS on top of the NBD device).
>> As far as I can tell, the problem is that while an NBD request is
>> pending, the atsk that waits for the result (in this case *rsync*) is
>> refusing to freeze. This happens even when setting a 5 minute timeout
>> for freezing (which is more than enough time for the NBD request to
>> complete), so I suspect that the NBD server task (in this case nbdkit)
>> has already been frozen and is thus unable to make progress.
>> However, I do not understand why the same is not happening for FUSE
>> (with FUSE requests being stuck because the FUSE daemon is already
>> frozen). Was I just very lucky in my tests? Or are tasks waiting for
>> FUSE request in a different kind of state? Or is NBD a red-herring here,
>> and the real trouble is with ZFS?
>> It would be great if someone  could shed some light on what's going on.
>> Best,
>> -Nikolaus
>> -- 
>> GPG Fingerprint: ED31 791B 2C5C 1613 AF38 8B8A D113 FCAC 3C4E 599F
>>              »Time flies like an arrow, fruit flies like a Banana.«
> -- 
>      w@uter.{be,}
> wouter@{,,}
> I will have a Tin-Actinium-Potassium mixture, thanks.

GPG Fingerprint: ED31 791B 2C5C 1613 AF38 8B8A D113 FCAC 3C4E 599F

             »Time flies like an arrow, fruit flies like a Banana.«

  reply	other threads:[~2022-09-07 10:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-08-30  6:31 Why do NBD requests prevent hibernation, and FUSE requests do not? Nikolaus Rath
2022-08-30 23:02 ` Bernd Schubert
2022-09-07 15:50   ` Nikolaus Rath
2022-09-02 12:49 ` Wouter Verhelst
2022-09-07 10:18   ` Nikolaus Rath [this message]
2022-09-16  8:05   ` Nikolaus Rath

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