Linux-GPIO Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
* [PATCH v4] gpio: pca953x: Add Maxim MAX7313 PWM support
@ 2019-11-29 19:10 Miquel Raynal
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Miquel Raynal @ 2019-11-29 19:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Walleij, Bartosz Golaszewski, Thierry Reding, u.kleine-koenig
  Cc: linux-gpio, linux-pwm, linux-kernel, Thomas Petazzoni, Miquel Raynal

The MAX7313 chip is fully compatible with the PCA9535 on its basic
functions but can also manage the intensity on each of its ports with
PWM. Each output is independent and may be tuned with 16 values (4
bits per output). The period is always 32kHz, only the duty-cycle may
be changed. One can use any output as GPIO or PWM.

Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
---

Changes in v4:
* Fix wrong comment about register value.
* Rewrite ->set_state() to make it more readable, include the fact
  that the phase may blink and to limit the number of blink changes
  when possible ("lazy switching" as discussed with Uwe).
* Prevent using managed memory when not relevant.
* Add a definition to the master intensity shift.
* Rename all struct pwm_device to pwm and all struct pwm_chip as
  chip. Then, struct pca953x_chip are called pca_chip instead of chip
  and struct max7313_pwm are called max_pwm intead of pwm.
* Enhance the comment about glitch-free hardware.
* Add a plain error check at the ->pwm_probe() return location.
* Rename duty_cycle to intensity when relevant.
* Do not initialize the PWM in ->request(). Also do not change the
  state in ->free().
* New way to count enabled/disabled PWM (with a bitmap). Disable the
  oscillator only when 0 PWM are in use, enable it when there is
  one. Also always set the pin to output state otherwise the default
  might be input.
* Force state->enable to be true and drop all the boilerplate around
  enable and .duty_cycle.

Changes in v3:
* Added two error messages in ->request().
* Protected the PWM count agains races with an additional mutex.
* Dropped an useless check on the period value in ->apply().
* Forced the .period to be constant.
* Checked state->polarity when needed.
* Used DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL for computing the duty_cycle.
* Implemented ->get_state().
* Added a comment to explain that the GPIO functionality is not harmed
  by the global intensity setting.

Changes in v2:
* Removed the hardcoding of PWM_CHANNELS, changed the code to use the
  number of GPIO lines which is programatically known.
* Used per pwm_device chip data to store the GPIO descriptors instead
  of having a static array of GPIO descriptors in the private PWM
  structure. It also enhanced the readability.
* Rename an offset variable: s/off/shift/.
* The default PWM state is now static low instead of input.
* Used the GPIO as regular consumer thanks to the stored GPIO
  descriptors to "make it more idiomatic" (requested by Thierry).
* Used gpiochip_request_own_desc() instead of
  gpio_to_desc()/gpiod_request(). This prevented the build issue and
  an additional dependency that would have requested a DEPENDS ON line
  in Kconfig.
* Enhanced the return line of max7313_pwm_probe().


 drivers/gpio/gpio-pca953x.c | 375 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 373 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca953x.c b/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca953x.c
index de5d1383f28d..347988bc630f 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca953x.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio-pca953x.c
@@ -10,20 +10,25 @@
 
 #include <linux/acpi.h>
 #include <linux/bits.h>
+#include <linux/bitmap.h>
 #include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
 #include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/gpio/machine.h>
 #include <linux/i2c.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/of_platform.h>
 #include <linux/platform_data/pca953x.h>
+#include <linux/pwm.h>
 #include <linux/regmap.h>
 #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 
 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
 
+#include "gpiolib.h"
+
 #define PCA953X_INPUT		0x00
 #define PCA953X_OUTPUT		0x01
 #define PCA953X_INVERT		0x02
@@ -63,11 +68,18 @@
 
 #define PCA_INT			BIT(8)
 #define PCA_PCAL		BIT(9)
+#define MAX_PWM			BIT(10)
 #define PCA_LATCH_INT		(PCA_PCAL | PCA_INT)
 #define PCA953X_TYPE		BIT(12)
 #define PCA957X_TYPE		BIT(13)
 #define PCA_TYPE_MASK		GENMASK(15, 12)
 
+#define MAX7313_MASTER		0x0E
+#define MAX7313_CONFIGURATION	0x0F
+#define MAX7313_INTENSITY	0x10
+
+#define MAX7313_GLOB_INTENSITY	BIT(2)
+
 #define PCA_CHIP_TYPE(x)	((x) & PCA_TYPE_MASK)
 
 static const struct i2c_device_id pca953x_id[] = {
@@ -93,7 +105,7 @@ static const struct i2c_device_id pca953x_id[] = {
 
 	{ "max7310", 8  | PCA953X_TYPE, },
 	{ "max7312", 16 | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT, },
-	{ "max7313", 16 | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT, },
+	{ "max7313", 16 | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT | MAX_PWM, },
 	{ "max7315", 8  | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT, },
 	{ "max7318", 16 | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT, },
 	{ "pca6107", 8  | PCA953X_TYPE | PCA_INT, },
@@ -118,6 +130,16 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(acpi, pca953x_acpi_ids);
 
 #define NBANK(chip) DIV_ROUND_UP(chip->gpio_chip.ngpio, BANK_SZ)
 
+#define PWM_MAX_COUNT 16
+#define PWM_PER_REG 2
+#define PWM_BITS_PER_REG (8 / PWM_PER_REG)
+#define PWM_MASTER_INTENSITY_SHIFT 4
+#define PWM_INTENSITY_MASK GENMASK(PWM_BITS_PER_REG - 1, 0)
+
+#define PWM_PERIOD_NS 31250
+#define PWM_DC_STATES 16
+#define PWM_OFFSET_NS (PWM_PERIOD_NS / PWM_DC_STATES)
+
 struct pca953x_reg_config {
 	int direction;
 	int output;
@@ -139,6 +161,20 @@ static const struct pca953x_reg_config pca957x_regs = {
 	.invert = PCA957X_INVRT,
 };
 
+struct max7313_pwm_data {
+	struct gpio_desc *desc;
+};
+
+struct max7313_pwm {
+	struct pwm_chip chip;
+	/*
+	 * Protect races when counting active PWMs for enabling or disabling
+	 * the internal oscillator.
+	 */
+	struct mutex count_lock;
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(active_pwm, PWM_MAX_COUNT);
+};
+
 struct pca953x_chip {
 	unsigned gpio_start;
 	struct mutex i2c_lock;
@@ -161,6 +197,8 @@ struct pca953x_chip {
 	struct regulator *regulator;
 
 	const struct pca953x_reg_config *regs;
+
+	struct max7313_pwm pwm;
 };
 
 static int pca953x_bank_shift(struct pca953x_chip *chip)
@@ -241,8 +279,16 @@ static bool pca953x_check_register(struct pca953x_chip *chip, unsigned int reg,
 static bool pca953x_readable_register(struct device *dev, unsigned int reg)
 {
 	struct pca953x_chip *chip = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	unsigned int bank_sz = chip->driver_data & PCA_GPIO_MASK;
 	u32 bank;
 
+	if (PCA_CHIP_TYPE(chip->driver_data) == PCA953X_TYPE &&
+	    chip->driver_data & MAX_PWM) {
+		if (reg >= MAX7313_MASTER &&
+		    reg < (MAX7313_INTENSITY + bank_sz))
+			return true;
+	}
+
 	if (PCA_CHIP_TYPE(chip->driver_data) == PCA953X_TYPE) {
 		bank = PCA953x_BANK_INPUT | PCA953x_BANK_OUTPUT |
 		       PCA953x_BANK_POLARITY | PCA953x_BANK_CONFIG;
@@ -264,8 +310,16 @@ static bool pca953x_readable_register(struct device *dev, unsigned int reg)
 static bool pca953x_writeable_register(struct device *dev, unsigned int reg)
 {
 	struct pca953x_chip *chip = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	unsigned int bank_sz = chip->driver_data & PCA_GPIO_MASK;
 	u32 bank;
 
+	if (PCA_CHIP_TYPE(chip->driver_data) == PCA953X_TYPE &&
+	    chip->driver_data & MAX_PWM) {
+		if (reg >= MAX7313_MASTER &&
+		    reg < (MAX7313_INTENSITY + bank_sz))
+			return true;
+	}
+
 	if (PCA_CHIP_TYPE(chip->driver_data) == PCA953X_TYPE) {
 		bank = PCA953x_BANK_OUTPUT | PCA953x_BANK_POLARITY |
 			PCA953x_BANK_CONFIG;
@@ -886,6 +940,315 @@ static int device_pca957x_init(struct pca953x_chip *chip, u32 invert)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Max7313 PWM specific methods
+ *
+ * Limitations:
+ * - Does not support a disabled state
+ * - Period fixed to 31.25ms
+ * - Only supports normal polarity
+ * - Some glitches cannot be prevented
+ */
+
+static struct max7313_pwm *to_max7313_pwm(struct pwm_chip *chip)
+{
+	return container_of(chip, struct max7313_pwm, chip);
+}
+
+static struct pca953x_chip *to_pca953x(struct max7313_pwm *chip)
+{
+	return container_of(chip, struct pca953x_chip, pwm);
+}
+
+static u8 max7313_pwm_get_intensity(struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip,
+				    unsigned int idx)
+{
+	unsigned int reg, shift, val, output;
+	u8 intensity;
+	bool phase;
+
+	/* Retrieve the intensity */
+	reg = MAX7313_INTENSITY + (idx / PWM_PER_REG);
+	shift = (idx % PWM_PER_REG) ? PWM_BITS_PER_REG : 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	regmap_read(pca_chip->regmap, reg, &val);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+
+	if (shift)
+		val >>= shift;
+
+	val &= PWM_INTENSITY_MASK;
+
+	/* Retrieve the phase */
+	reg = pca953x_recalc_addr(pca_chip, pca_chip->regs->output, idx, 0, 0);
+
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	regmap_read(pca_chip->regmap, reg, &output);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+
+	phase = output & BIT(idx % BANK_SZ);
+
+	/*
+	 * Register values in the [0;15] range mean a value in the [1/16;16/16]
+	 * range if the phase is set, a [15/16;0/16] range otherwise.
+	 */
+	if (phase)
+		intensity = val + 1;
+	else
+		intensity = PWM_INTENSITY_MASK - val;
+
+	return intensity;
+}
+
+static int max7313_pwm_set_intensity(struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip,
+				     unsigned int idx, u8 intensity)
+{
+	unsigned int reg, shift;
+	u8 val, mask;
+	int ret;
+
+	reg = MAX7313_INTENSITY + (idx / PWM_PER_REG);
+	shift = (idx % PWM_PER_REG) ? PWM_BITS_PER_REG : 0;
+
+	mask = PWM_INTENSITY_MASK << shift;
+	val = (intensity & PWM_INTENSITY_MASK) << shift;
+
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	ret = regmap_write_bits(pca_chip->regmap, reg, mask, val);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For a given PWM channel, when the blink phase 0 bit is set, the intensity
+ * range is only [1/16;16/16]. With this range, a static low output is
+ * physically not possible. When the blink phase 0 bit is cleared, the intensity
+ * range is [15/16;0/16] which then allows a static low output but not a static
+ * high output.
+ *
+ * In this driver we choose to switch the blink phase only when mandatory
+ * because there is no way to atomically flip the register *and* change the PWM
+ * value at the same time so, in this case, it will produce a small glitch.
+ */
+static int max7313_pwm_set_state(struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip,
+				 struct pwm_device *pwm,
+				 unsigned int intensity)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm_data *data = pwm_get_chip_data(pwm);
+	struct gpio_desc *desc = data->desc;
+	unsigned int idx = pwm->hwpwm, reg, output;
+	bool phase;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Retrieve the phase */
+	reg = pca953x_recalc_addr(pca_chip, pca_chip->regs->output, idx, 0, 0);
+
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	regmap_read(pca_chip->regmap, reg, &output);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+
+	phase = output & BIT(idx % BANK_SZ);
+
+	/* Need to blink the phase */
+	if ((phase && !intensity) || (!phase && intensity == PWM_DC_STATES)) {
+		phase = !phase;
+		ret = gpiod_direction_output(desc, phase);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	} else {
+		/* Ensure the pin is in output state (default might be input) */
+		ret = gpiod_direction_output(desc, phase);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (phase)
+		intensity = intensity - 1;
+	else
+		intensity = PWM_INTENSITY_MASK - intensity;
+
+	return max7313_pwm_set_intensity(pca_chip, idx, intensity);
+}
+
+static int max7313_pwm_set_master_intensity(struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip,
+					    u8 intensity)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	intensity &= PWM_INTENSITY_MASK;
+
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	ret = regmap_write_bits(pca_chip->regmap, MAX7313_MASTER,
+				PWM_INTENSITY_MASK << PWM_MASTER_INTENSITY_SHIFT,
+				intensity << PWM_MASTER_INTENSITY_SHIFT);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int max7313_pwm_request(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+			       struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm *max_pwm = to_max7313_pwm(chip);
+	struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip = to_pca953x(max_pwm);
+	struct max7313_pwm_data *data;
+	struct gpio_desc *desc;
+
+	desc = gpiochip_request_own_desc(&pca_chip->gpio_chip, pwm->hwpwm,
+					 "max7313-pwm", GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH, 0);
+	if (IS_ERR(desc)) {
+		dev_err(&pca_chip->client->dev,
+			"pin already in use (probably as GPIO): %ld\n",
+			PTR_ERR(desc));
+		return PTR_ERR(desc);
+	}
+
+	data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!data) {
+		gpiochip_free_own_desc(desc);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	data->desc = desc;
+	pwm_set_chip_data(pwm, data);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void max7313_pwm_free(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+			     struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm_data *data = pwm_get_chip_data(pwm);
+
+	gpiochip_free_own_desc(data->desc);
+	kfree(data);
+}
+
+static int max7313_pwm_apply(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+			     struct pwm_device *pwm,
+			     const struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm *max_pwm = to_max7313_pwm(chip);
+	struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip = to_pca953x(max_pwm);
+	unsigned int intensity, active;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (!state->enabled ||
+	    state->period < PWM_PERIOD_NS ||
+	    state->polarity != PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Convert the duty-cycle to be in the [0;16] range */
+	intensity = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(state->duty_cycle,
+				       state->period / PWM_DC_STATES);
+
+	/*
+	 * If this is the first PWM to enable, set the master intensity to the
+	 * maximum level to let individual outputs the greatest flexibility
+	 * range. It also enables the internal oscillator.
+	 *
+	 * When shutting down the last active PWM, the oscillator is disabled.
+	 *
+	 * Lazy logic is applied to simplify the code: always enable the
+	 * oscillator when there is 1 active pwm, always disable it when there
+	 * is none.
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&max_pwm->count_lock);
+	if (intensity)
+		set_bit(pwm->hwpwm, max_pwm->active_pwm);
+	else
+		clear_bit(pwm->hwpwm, max_pwm->active_pwm);
+
+	active = bitmap_weight(max_pwm->active_pwm, PWM_MAX_COUNT);
+	if (!active)
+		ret = max7313_pwm_set_master_intensity(pca_chip, 0);
+	else if (active == 1)
+		ret = max7313_pwm_set_master_intensity(pca_chip,
+						       PWM_INTENSITY_MASK);
+	mutex_unlock(&max_pwm->count_lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * The hardware is supposedly glitch-free when changing the intensity,
+	 * unless we need to flip the blink phase to reach an extremity or the
+	 * other of the spectre (0/16 from phase 1, 16/16 from phase 0).
+	 */
+	return max7313_pwm_set_state(pca_chip, pwm, intensity);
+}
+
+static void max7313_pwm_get_state(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+				  struct pwm_device *pwm,
+				  struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm *max_pwm = to_max7313_pwm(chip);
+	struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip = to_pca953x(max_pwm);
+	u8 intensity;
+
+	state->enabled = true;
+	state->period = PWM_PERIOD_NS;
+	state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
+
+	intensity = max7313_pwm_get_intensity(pca_chip, pwm->hwpwm);
+	state->duty_cycle = intensity * PWM_OFFSET_NS;
+};
+
+static const struct pwm_ops max7313_pwm_ops = {
+	.request = max7313_pwm_request,
+	.free = max7313_pwm_free,
+	.apply = max7313_pwm_apply,
+	.get_state = max7313_pwm_get_state,
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+static int max7313_pwm_probe(struct device *dev,
+			     struct pca953x_chip *pca_chip)
+{
+	struct max7313_pwm *max_pwm = &pca_chip->pwm;
+	struct pwm_chip *chip = &max_pwm->chip;
+	int ret, i;
+
+	if (!(pca_chip->driver_data & MAX_PWM))
+		return 0;
+
+	chip->dev = dev;
+	chip->ops = &max7313_pwm_ops;
+	chip->npwm = pca_chip->gpio_chip.ngpio;
+	chip->base = -1;
+
+	/* Disable global control (does not affect GPIO functionality) */
+	mutex_lock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	ret = regmap_write_bits(pca_chip->regmap, MAX7313_CONFIGURATION,
+				MAX7313_GLOB_INTENSITY, 0);
+	mutex_unlock(&pca_chip->i2c_lock);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	mutex_init(&max_pwm->count_lock);
+	bitmap_zero(max_pwm->active_pwm, PWM_MAX_COUNT);
+
+	/* Count currently active PWM */
+	mutex_lock(&max_pwm->count_lock);
+	for (i = 0; i < chip->npwm; i++) {
+		if (max7313_pwm_get_intensity(pca_chip, i))
+			set_bit(i, max_pwm->active_pwm);
+	}
+
+	if (bitmap_weight(max_pwm->active_pwm, PWM_MAX_COUNT))
+		ret = max7313_pwm_set_master_intensity(pca_chip,
+						       PWM_INTENSITY_MASK);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&max_pwm->count_lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return pwmchip_add(chip);
+}
+
 static const struct of_device_id pca953x_dt_ids[];
 
 static int pca953x_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
@@ -1018,6 +1381,14 @@ static int pca953x_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
 			dev_warn(&client->dev, "setup failed, %d\n", ret);
 	}
 
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PWM)) {
+		ret = max7313_pwm_probe(&client->dev, chip);
+		if (ret) {
+			dev_err(&client->dev, "pwm probe failed, %d\n", ret);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 
 err_exit:
@@ -1162,7 +1533,7 @@ static const struct of_device_id pca953x_dt_ids[] = {
 
 	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7310", .data = OF_953X( 8, 0), },
 	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7312", .data = OF_953X(16, PCA_INT), },
-	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7313", .data = OF_953X(16, PCA_INT), },
+	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7313", .data = OF_953X(16, PCA_INT | MAX_PWM), },
 	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7315", .data = OF_953X( 8, PCA_INT), },
 	{ .compatible = "maxim,max7318", .data = OF_953X(16, PCA_INT), },
 
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] only message in thread

only message in thread, back to index

Thread overview: (only message) (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-11-29 19:10 [PATCH v4] gpio: pca953x: Add Maxim MAX7313 PWM support Miquel Raynal

Linux-GPIO Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-gpio/0 linux-gpio/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-gpio linux-gpio/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-gpio \
		linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-gpio

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-gpio


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git