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From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org, xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH RFCv1 3/5] virtio-mem: try to merge "System RAM (virtio_mem)" resources
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 11:18:36 +0200
Message-ID: <20200731091838.7490-4-david@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200731091838.7490-1-david@redhat.com>

virtio-mem adds memory in memory block granularity, to be able to
remove it in the same granularity again later, and to grow slowly on
demand. This, however, results in quite a lot of resources when
adding a lot of memory. Resources are effectively stored in a list-based
tree. Having a lot of resources not only wastes memory, it also makes
traversing that tree more expensive, and makes /proc/iomem explode in
size (e.g., requiring kexec-tools to manually merge resources later
when e.g., trying to create a kdump header).

Before this patch, we get (/proc/iomem) when hotplugging 2G via virtio-mem
on x86-64:
        [...]
        100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
        140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
          140000000-147ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          148000000-14fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          150000000-157ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          158000000-15fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          160000000-167ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          168000000-16fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          170000000-177ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          178000000-17fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          180000000-187ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          188000000-18fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          190000000-197ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          198000000-19fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1a0000000-1a7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1a8000000-1afffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1b0000000-1b7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1b8000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
        3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

With this patch, we get (/proc/iomem):
        [...]
        fffc0000-ffffffff : Reserved
        100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
        140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
          140000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
        3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

Of course, with more hotplugged memory, it gets worse. When unplugging
memory blocks again, try_remove_memory() (via
offline_and_remove_memory()) will properly split the resource up again.

Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c | 14 ++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
index f26f5f64ae822..2396a8d67875e 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
@@ -415,6 +415,7 @@ static int virtio_mem_mb_add(struct virtio_mem *vm, unsigned long mb_id)
 {
 	const uint64_t addr = virtio_mem_mb_id_to_phys(mb_id);
 	int nid = vm->nid;
+	int rc;
 
 	if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE)
 		nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(addr);
@@ -431,8 +432,17 @@ static int virtio_mem_mb_add(struct virtio_mem *vm, unsigned long mb_id)
 	}
 
 	dev_dbg(&vm->vdev->dev, "adding memory block: %lu\n", mb_id);
-	return add_memory_driver_managed(nid, addr, memory_block_size_bytes(),
-					 vm->resource_name);
+	rc = add_memory_driver_managed(nid, addr, memory_block_size_bytes(),
+				       vm->resource_name);
+	if (!rc) {
+		/*
+		 * Try to reduce the number of resources by merging them. The
+		 * memory removal path will properly split them up again.
+		 */
+		merge_child_mem_resources(vm->parent_resource,
+					  vm->resource_name);
+	}
+	return rc;
 }
 
 /*
-- 
2.26.2


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-31  9:18 [PATCH RFCv1 0/5] mm/memory_hotplug: selective merging of memory resources David Hildenbrand
2020-07-31  9:18 ` [PATCH RFCv1 1/5] kernel/resource: make release_mem_region_adjustable() never fail David Hildenbrand
2020-07-31  9:18 ` [PATCH RFCv1 2/5] kernel/resource: merge_child_mem_resources() to merge memory resources after adding succeeded David Hildenbrand
2020-07-31  9:18 ` David Hildenbrand [this message]
2020-07-31 10:40   ` [PATCH RFCv1 3/5] virtio-mem: try to merge "System RAM (virtio_mem)" resources David Hildenbrand
2020-07-31  9:18 ` [PATCH RFCv1 4/5] xen/balloon: try to merge "System RAM" resources David Hildenbrand
2020-07-31  9:18 ` [PATCH RFCv1 5/5] hv_balloon:: " David Hildenbrand

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