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* [v7] i2c: imx: support slave mode for imx I2C driver
@ 2020-10-16  8:24 Biwen Li
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Biwen Li @ 2020-10-16  8:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: leoyang.li, linux, kernel, wsa, shawnguo, s.hauer, festevam,
	aisheng.dong, xiaoning.wang, o.rempel
  Cc: linux-i2c, linux-kernel, jiafei.pan, xiaobo.xie,
	linux-arm-kernel, Biwen Li

From: Biwen Li <biwen.li@nxp.com>

The patch supports slave mode for imx I2C driver

Signed-off-by: Biwen Li <biwen.li@nxp.com>
---
Change in v7:
	- support auto switch mode between master and slave
	- enable interrupt when idle in slave mode
	- remove #ifdef

Change in v6:
	- delete robust logs and comments
	- not read status register again in master isr.

Change in v5:
	- fix a bug that cannot determine in what mode(master mode or
	  slave mode)

Change in v4:
	- add MACRO CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE to fix compilation issue

Change in v3:
	- support layerscape and i.mx platform

Change in v2:
	- remove MACRO CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE

 drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c | 213 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 199 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
index 0ab5381aa012..0d62b09ee967 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
  *	Copyright (C) 2008 Darius Augulis <darius.augulis at teltonika.lt>
  *
  *	Copyright 2013 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
+ *	Copyright 2020 NXP
  *
  */
 
@@ -72,6 +73,7 @@
 #define IMX_I2C_I2CR	0x02	/* i2c control */
 #define IMX_I2C_I2SR	0x03	/* i2c status */
 #define IMX_I2C_I2DR	0x04	/* i2c transfer data */
+#define IMX_I2C_IBIC	0x05    /* i2c transfer data */
 
 #define IMX_I2C_REGSHIFT	2
 #define VF610_I2C_REGSHIFT	0
@@ -91,6 +93,7 @@
 #define I2CR_MSTA	0x20
 #define I2CR_IIEN	0x40
 #define I2CR_IEN	0x80
+#define IBIC_BIIE	0x80 // Bus idle interrupt enable
 
 /* register bits different operating codes definition:
  * 1) I2SR: Interrupt flags clear operation differ between SoCs:
@@ -201,6 +204,7 @@ struct imx_i2c_struct {
 	struct pinctrl_state *pinctrl_pins_gpio;
 
 	struct imx_i2c_dma	*dma;
+	struct i2c_client	*slave;
 };
 
 static const struct imx_i2c_hwdata imx1_i2c_hwdata = {
@@ -277,6 +281,14 @@ static inline unsigned char imx_i2c_read_reg(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
 	return readb(i2c_imx->base + (reg << i2c_imx->hwdata->regshift));
 }
 
+/* Set up i2c controller register and i2c status register to default value. */
+static void i2c_imx_reset_regs(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
+{
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode ^ I2CR_IEN,
+			i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
+}
+
 /* Functions for DMA support */
 static void i2c_imx_dma_request(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
 						dma_addr_t phy_addr)
@@ -614,20 +626,110 @@ static void i2c_imx_stop(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx, bool atomic)
 	imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Enable bus idle interrupts
+ * Note: IBIC register will be cleared after disabled i2c module.
+ */
+static void i2c_imx_enable_bus_idle(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
+{
+	unsigned int temp;
+
+	temp = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_IBIC);
+	temp |= IBIC_BIIE;
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_IBIC);
+}
+
+static void i2c_imx_clr_if_bit(unsigned int status, struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
+{
+	status &= ~I2SR_IIF;
+	status |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IIF);
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(status, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
+}
+
+/* Clear arbitration lost bit */
+static void i2c_imx_clr_al_bit(unsigned int status, struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
+{
+	status &= ~I2SR_IAL;
+	status |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IAL);
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(status, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_slave_isr(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
+				     unsigned int status, unsigned int ctl)
+{
+	u8 value;
+
+	if (status & I2SR_IAL) { /* Arbitration lost */
+		i2c_imx_clr_al_bit(status | I2SR_IIF, i2c_imx);
+	} else if (status & I2SR_IAAS) { /* Addressed as a slave */
+		if (status & I2SR_SRW) { /* Master wants to read from us*/
+			dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "read requested");
+			i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave, I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED, &value);
+
+			/* Slave transmit */
+			ctl |= I2CR_MTX;
+			imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+
+			/* Send data */
+			imx_i2c_write_reg(value, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
+		} else { /* Master wants to write to us */
+			dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "write requested");
+			i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED, &value);
+
+			/* Slave receive */
+			ctl &= ~I2CR_MTX;
+			imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+			/* Dummy read */
+			imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
+		}
+	} else if (!(ctl & I2CR_MTX)) { /* Receive mode */
+		if (status & I2SR_IBB) { /* No STOP signal detected */
+			value = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
+			i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,	I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED, &value);
+		} else { /* STOP signal is detected */
+			dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev,
+				"STOP signal detected");
+			i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave, I2C_SLAVE_STOP, &value);
+		}
+	} else if (!(status & I2SR_RXAK)) { /* Transmit mode received ACK */
+		ctl |= I2CR_MTX;
+		imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+
+		i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,	I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED, &value);
+
+		imx_i2c_write_reg(value, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
+	} else { /* Transmit mode received NAK */
+		ctl &= ~I2CR_MTX;
+		imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+		imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
+	}
+
+	return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_master_isr(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx, unsigned int status)
+{
+	/* Save status register */
+	i2c_imx->i2csr = status | I2SR_IIF;
+	wake_up(&i2c_imx->queue);
+
+	return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
 static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
 {
 	struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = dev_id;
-	unsigned int temp;
+	unsigned int ctl, status;
+
+	status = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
+	ctl = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+
+	if (status & I2SR_IIF) {
+		i2c_imx_clr_if_bit(status, i2c_imx);
+		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE) && i2c_imx->slave && !(ctl & I2CR_MSTA))
+			return i2c_imx_slave_isr(i2c_imx, status, ctl);
 
-	temp = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
-	if (temp & I2SR_IIF) {
-		/* save status register */
-		i2c_imx->i2csr = temp;
-		temp &= ~I2SR_IIF;
-		temp |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IIF);
-		imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
-		wake_up(&i2c_imx->queue);
-		return IRQ_HANDLED;
+		return i2c_imx_master_isr(i2c_imx, status);
 	}
 
 	return IRQ_NONE;
@@ -918,6 +1020,38 @@ static int i2c_imx_read(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx, struct i2c_msg *msgs,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int i2c_imx_slave_init(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
+{
+	int temp;
+
+	/* Resume */
+	temp = pm_runtime_get_sync(i2c_imx->adapter.dev.parent);
+	if (temp < 0) {
+		dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to resume i2c controller");
+		return temp;
+	}
+
+	/* Set slave addr. */
+	imx_i2c_write_reg((i2c_imx->slave->addr << 1), i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_IADR);
+
+	i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
+
+	/* Enable module */
+	temp = i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode;
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+
+	/* Enable interrupt from i2c module */
+	temp |= I2CR_IIEN;
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
+
+	i2c_imx_enable_bus_idle(i2c_imx);
+
+	/* Wait controller to be stable */
+	usleep_range(50, 150);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int i2c_imx_xfer_common(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
 			       struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num, bool atomic)
 {
@@ -999,6 +1133,12 @@ static int i2c_imx_xfer_common(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
 	dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "<%s> exit with: %s: %d\n", __func__,
 		(result < 0) ? "error" : "success msg",
 			(result < 0) ? result : num);
+	/* After data is transferred, switch to slave mode(as a receiver) */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE) && i2c_imx->slave) {
+		if (i2c_imx_slave_init(i2c_imx) < 0)
+			dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to switch to slave mode");
+	}
+
 	return (result < 0) ? result : num;
 }
 
@@ -1108,10 +1248,58 @@ static u32 i2c_imx_func(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
 		| I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA;
 }
 
+static int i2c_imx_reg_slave(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+	struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = i2c_get_adapdata(client->adapter);
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (i2c_imx->slave)
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	i2c_imx->slave = client;
+
+	ret = i2c_imx_slave_init(i2c_imx);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to switch to slave mode");
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int i2c_imx_unreg_slave(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+	struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = i2c_get_adapdata(client->adapter);
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!i2c_imx->slave)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Reset slave address. */
+	imx_i2c_write_reg(0, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_IADR);
+
+	i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
+
+	i2c_imx->slave = NULL;
+
+	/* Suspend */
+	ret = pm_runtime_put_sync(i2c_imx->adapter.dev.parent);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to suspend i2c controller");
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static const struct i2c_algorithm i2c_imx_algo = {
 	.master_xfer = i2c_imx_xfer,
 	.master_xfer_atomic = i2c_imx_xfer_atomic,
 	.functionality = i2c_imx_func,
+	.reg_slave	= i2c_imx_reg_slave,
+	.unreg_slave	= i2c_imx_unreg_slave,
 };
 
 static int i2c_imx_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
@@ -1207,10 +1395,7 @@ static int i2c_imx_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	clk_notifier_register(i2c_imx->clk, &i2c_imx->clk_change_nb);
 	i2c_imx_set_clk(i2c_imx, clk_get_rate(i2c_imx->clk));
 
-	/* Set up chip registers to defaults */
-	imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode ^ I2CR_IEN,
-			i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
-	imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
+	i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
 
 	/* Init optional bus recovery function */
 	ret = i2c_imx_init_recovery_info(i2c_imx, pdev);
-- 
2.17.1


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