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From: Vitor Soares <Vitor.Soares@synopsys.com>
To: "corbet@lwn.net" <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Jose Abreu <Jose.Abreu@synopsys.com>,
	Joao Pinto <Joao.Pinto@synopsys.com>,
	"arnd@arndb.de" <arnd@arndb.de>,
	"wsa@the-dreams.de" <wsa@the-dreams.de>,
	"gregkh@linuxfoundation.org" <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	"bbrezillon@kernel.org" <bbrezillon@kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Vitor Soares <Vitor.Soares@synopsys.com>,
	"broonie@kernel.org" <broonie@kernel.org>,
	"linux-i3c@lists.infradead.org" <linux-i3c@lists.infradead.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH v3 5/5] add i3cdev documentation
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2020 00:46:37 +0000
Message-ID: <CH2PR12MB4216C24416E37DE80F0A5A8CAE100@CH2PR12MB4216.namprd12.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <a6f65d23947070f52c43fee4a1427745ea675ae0.1582069402.git.vitor.soares@synopsys.com>

Hi Jonathan,


From: Vitor Soares <vitor.soares@synopsys.com>
Date: Wed, Feb 19, 2020 at 00:20:43

> This patch add documentation for the userspace API of i3cdev module.
> 

I just realize now that I missed the commit message, it should be:
  userspace-api: i3c: add i3cdev documentation

I will do next time.

> Signed-off-by: Vitor Soares <vitor.soares@synopsys.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/userspace-api/i3c/i3cdev.rst | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 116 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/userspace-api/i3c/i3cdev.rst
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/i3c/i3cdev.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/i3c/i3cdev.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ada269f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/i3c/i3cdev.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,116 @@
> +====================
> +I3C Device Interface
> +====================
> +
> +I3C devices have the flexibility of being accessed from userspace, as well
> +through the conventional use of kernel drivers. Userspace access, although
> +limited to private SDR I3C transfers, provides the advantage of simplifying
> +the implementation of straightforward communication protocols, applicable to
> +scenarios where transfers are dedicated such for sensor bring-up scenarios
> +(prototyping environments) or for microcontroller slave communication
> +implementation.
> +
> +The major device number is dynamically attributed and it's all reserved for
> +the i3c devices. By default, the i3cdev module only exposes the i3c devices
> +without device driver bind and aren't of master type in sort of character
> +device file under /dev/bus/i3c/ folder. They are identified through its
> +<bus id>-<Provisional ID> same way they can be found in /sys/bus/i3c/devices/.
> +::
> +
> +# ls -l /dev/bus/i3c/
> +total 0
> +crw-------    1 root     root      248,   0 Jan  1 00:22 0-6072303904d2
> +crw-------    1 root     root      248,   1 Jan  1 00:22 0-b7405ba00929
> +
> +The simplest way to use this interface is to not have an I3C device bound to
> +a kernel driver, this can be achieved by not have the kernel driver loaded or
> +using the Sysfs to unbind the kernel driver from the device.
> +
> +BASIC CHARACTER DEVICE API
> +===============================
> +For now, the API has only support private SDR read and write transfers.
> +Those transaction can be achieved by the following:
> +
> +``read(file, buffer, sizeof(buffer))``
> +  The standard read() operation will work as a simple transaction of private
> +  SDR read data followed a stop.
> +  Return the number of bytes read on success, and a negative error otherwise.
> +
> +``write(file, buffer, sizeof(buffer))``
> +  The standard write() operation will work as a simple transaction of private
> +  SDR write data followed a stop.
> +  Return the number of bytes written on success, and a negative error otherwise.
> +
> +``ioctl(file, I3C_IOC_PRIV_XFER(nxfers), struct i3c_ioc_priv_xfer *xfers)``
> +  It combines read/write transactions without a stop in between.
> +  Return 0 on success, and a negative error otherwise.
> +
> +NOTES:
> +  - According to the MIPI I3C Protocol is the I3C slave that terminates the read
> +    transaction otherwise Master can abort early on ninth (T) data bit of each
> +    SDR data word.
> +
> +  - Normal open() and close() operations on /dev/bus/i3c/<bus>-<provisional id>
> +    files work as you would expect.
> +
> +  - As documented in cdev_del() if a device was already open during
> +    i3cdev_detach, the read(), write() and ioctl() fops will still be callable
> +    yet they will return -EACCES.
> +
> +C EXAMPLE
> +=========
> +Working with I3C devices is much like working with files. You will need to open
> +a file descriptor, do some I/O operations with it, and then close it.
> +
> +The following header files should be included in an I3C program::
> +
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <sys/ioctl.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/i3c/i3cdev.h>
> +
> +To work with an I3C device, the application must open the driver, made
> +available at the device node::
> +
> +  int file;
> +
> +  file = open("/dev/bus/i3c/0-6072303904d2", O_RDWR);
> +  if (file < 0)
> +  exit(1);
> +
> +Now the file is opened, we can perform the operations available::
> +
> +  /* Write function */
> +  uint_t8  buf[] = {0x00, 0xde, 0xad, 0xbe, 0xef}
> +  if (write(file, buf, 5) != 5) {
> +    /* ERROR HANDLING: I3C transaction failed */
> +  }
> +
> +  /*  Read function */
> +  ret = read(file, buf, 5);
> +  If (ret < 0) {
> +    /* ERROR HANDLING: I3C transaction failed */
> +  } else {
> +    /* Iterate over buf[] to get the read data */
> +  }
> +
> +  /* IOCTL function */
> +  struct i3c_ioc_priv_xfer xfers[2];
> +
> +  uint8_t tx_buf[] = {0x00, 0xde, 0xad, 0xbe, 0xef};
> +  uint8_t rx_buf[10];
> +
> +  xfers[0].data = (uintptr_t)tx_buf;
> +  xfers[0].len = 5;
> +  xfers[0].rnw = 0;
> +  xfers[1].data = (uintptr_t)rx_buf;
> +  xfers[1].len = 10;
> +  xfers[1].rnw = 1;
> +
> +  if (ioctl(file, I3C_IOC_PRIV_XFER(2), xfers) < 0)
> +    /* ERROR HANDLING: I3C transaction failed */
> +
> +The device can be closed when the open file descriptor is no longer required::
> +
> +  close(file);
> \ No newline at end of file
> -- 
> 2.7.4

Best regards,
Vitor Soares

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  reply index

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-19  0:20 [PATCH v3 0/5] Introduce i3c device userspace interface Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  0:20 ` [PATCH v3 1/5] i3c: master: export i3c_masterdev_type Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  0:20 ` [PATCH v3 2/5] i3c: master: export i3c_bus_type symbol Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  0:20 ` [PATCH v3 3/5] i3c: master: add i3c_for_each_dev helper Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  7:35   ` Greg KH
2020-02-21 11:47     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-21 11:52       ` Greg KH
2020-02-21 12:59         ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-21 16:44           ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-21 16:45             ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-21 17:19             ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-22  8:38             ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-19  0:20 ` [PATCH v3 4/5] i3c: add i3cdev module to expose i3c dev in /dev Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  7:37   ` Greg KH
2020-02-19  8:45     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  7:39   ` Greg KH
2020-02-21 11:50     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  8:42   ` Greg KH
2020-02-21 22:32   ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-24 11:04     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-24 11:22       ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-19  0:20 ` [PATCH v3 5/5] add i3cdev documentation Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  0:46   ` Vitor Soares [this message]
2020-02-19  4:34   ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-21 10:31     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-21 15:36       ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-19  0:39 ` [PATCH v3 0/5] Introduce i3c device userspace interface Vitor Soares
2020-02-19  8:16   ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-21 17:08     ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-21 17:41       ` Boris Brezillon
2020-02-24 10:53         ` Vitor Soares
2020-02-24 11:24           ` Boris Brezillon

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