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From: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
To: Bartosz Golaszewski <brgl@bgdev.pl>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>,
	Hartmut Knaack <knaack.h@gmx.de>,
	Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>,
	Peter Meerwald-Stadler <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>,
	Michal Simek <michal.simek@xilinx.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>,
	linux-iio <linux-iio@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v8 1/3] devres: provide devm_krealloc()
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2020 13:51:19 +0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200821105119.GL1891694@smile.fi.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAMRc=Me=D1cOsaRqK-BwHT7f-_=3=eciduA=G95FfE2e_XUWfg@mail.gmail.com>

On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 10:59:19AM +0200, Bartosz Golaszewski wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 10:35 AM Andy Shevchenko
> <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 20, 2020 at 08:51:08PM +0200, Bartosz Golaszewski wrote:
> > > From: Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>

...

> > > +static struct devres *to_devres(void *data)
> > > +{
> > > +     return data - ALIGN(sizeof(struct devres), ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static size_t devres_data_size(size_t total_size)
> > > +{
> > > +     return total_size - ALIGN(sizeof(struct devres), ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN);
> > > +}
> >
> > I'm fine with above, but here is a side note, perhaps
> >
> >         offsetof(struct devres, data)
> >
> > will be more practical (no duplication of alignment and hence slightly better
> > maintenance)? (Note, I didn't check if it provides the correct result)
> >
> 
> Hi Andy,
> 
> The data pointer in struct devres is defined as:
> 
>     u8 __aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN) data[];
> 
> And this value (assigned the value of ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) varies from
> one arch to another. I wasn't really sure if offsetof() would work for
> every case so I went with something very explicit.

I have checked with a small program simulating to_devres() with your variant,
offsetof() and container_of().

The result is this: if MINALIGN < sizeof(long) and since struct is unpacked the
offsetof(), and thus container_of(), gives correct result, while ALIGN()
approach mistakenly moves pointer too back.

Test results
~~~~~~~~~~~~
sizeof(devres), ALIGN(data), resulting 3 pointers against NULL followed by
actual pointer of allocated struct and 3 pointers against it.

% for i in 1 2 4; do gcc -O2 -Wall -DSZ=$i -o test test.c && ./test | head -n1; done
szof: 24 a: 24 0xffffffffffffffe8 0xffffffffffffffef 0xffffffffffffffef, 0x55a3aa91e2a0: 0x55a3aa91e299 0x55a3aa91e2a0 0x55a3aa91e2a0
szof: 24 a: 24 0xffffffffffffffe8 0xffffffffffffffee 0xffffffffffffffee, 0x563d7b88b2a0: 0x563d7b88b29a 0x563d7b88b2a0 0x563d7b88b2a0
szof: 24 a: 24 0xffffffffffffffe8 0xffffffffffffffec 0xffffffffffffffec, 0x557d08cf82a0: 0x557d08cf829c 0x557d08cf82a0 0x557d08cf82a0

% for i in 1 2 4; do gcc -m32 -O2 -Wall -DSZ=$i -o test test.c && ./test | head -n1; done
szof: 12 a: 12 0xfffffff4 0xfffffff7 0xfffffff7, 0x584301a0: 0x5843019d 0x584301a0 0x584301a0
szof: 12 a: 12 0xfffffff4 0xfffffff6 0xfffffff6, 0x57bd61a0: 0x57bd619e 0x57bd61a0 0x57bd61a0
szof: 12 a: 12 0xfffffff4 0xfffffff4 0xfffffff4, 0x56b491a0: 0x56b491a0 0x56b491a0 0x56b491a0

I think you need to change this to use container_of() and offsetof().

> > Another side note: do we have existing users of these helpers?
> 
> Which ones? Because I assume you're not referring to the ones I'm
> adding in this patch. :)

Opposite, the ones you are introduced here. Meaning that we might convert
existing user(s) in the separate change(s) later on.

-- 
With Best Regards,
Andy Shevchenko



  reply	other threads:[~2020-08-21 10:51 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-20 18:51 [PATCH v8 0/3] devres: provide and use devm_krealloc() Bartosz Golaszewski
2020-08-20 18:51 ` [PATCH v8 1/3] devres: provide devm_krealloc() Bartosz Golaszewski
2020-08-21  8:15   ` Andy Shevchenko
2020-08-21  8:18     ` Andy Shevchenko
2020-08-21  8:59     ` Bartosz Golaszewski
2020-08-21 10:51       ` Andy Shevchenko [this message]
2020-08-21 11:04         ` Andy Shevchenko
2020-08-21 16:00           ` Bartosz Golaszewski
2020-08-20 18:51 ` [PATCH v8 2/3] hwmon: pmbus: use more devres helpers Bartosz Golaszewski
2020-08-20 18:51 ` [PATCH v8 3/3] iio: adc: xilinx-xadc: use devm_krealloc() Bartosz Golaszewski

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