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From: Nayna Jain <nayna@linux.ibm.com>
To: linuxppc-dev@ozlabs.org, linux-efi@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>,
	Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>,
	Jeremy Kerr <jk@ozlabs.org>,
	Matthew Garret <matthew.garret@nebula.com>,
	Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Claudio Carvalho <cclaudio@linux.ibm.com>,
	George Wilson <gcwilson@linux.ibm.com>,
	Elaine Palmer <erpalmer@us.ibm.com>,
	Eric Ricther <erichte@linux.ibm.com>,
	"Oliver O'Halloran" <oohall@gmail.com>,
	Nayna Jain <nayna@linux.ibm.com>,
	Prakhar Srivastava <prsriva02@gmail.com>,
	Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <nramas@linux.microsoft.com>
Subject: [PATCH v9 7/8] ima: check against blacklisted hashes for files with modsig
Date: Wed, 23 Oct 2019 22:47:16 -0500
Message-ID: <20191024034717.70552-8-nayna@linux.ibm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191024034717.70552-1-nayna@linux.ibm.com>

Asymmetric private keys are used to sign multiple files. The kernel
currently support checking against blacklisted keys. However, if the
public key is blacklisted, any file signed by the blacklisted key will
automatically fail signature verification. We might not want to blacklist
all the files signed by a particular key, but just a single file.
Blacklisting the public key is not fine enough granularity.

This patch adds support for checking against the blacklisted hash of the
file based on the IMA policy. The blacklisted hash is the file hash
without the appended signature. Defined is a new policy option
"appraise_flag=check_blacklist".

In addition to the blacklisted binary hashes stored in the firmware "dbx"
variable, the Linux kernel may be configured to load blacklisted binary
hashes onto the .blacklist keyring as well.  The following example shows
how to blacklist a kernel module.

$ sha256sum kernel/kheaders.ko
77fa889b35a05338ec52e51591c1b89d4c8d1c99a21251d7c22b1a8642a6bad3  kern
el/kheaders.ko

$ grep BLACKLIST .config
# CONFIG_IMA_BLACKLIST_KEYRING is not set
CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_KEYRING=y
CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_HASH_LIST="blacklist-hash-list"

$ cat certs/blacklist-hash-list
"bin:77fa889b35a05338ec52e51591c1b89d4c8d1c99a21251d7c22b1a8642a6bad3"

Update the IMA custom measurement and appraisal policy rules
(/etc/ima-policy):

measure func=MODULE_CHECK template=ima-modsig
appraise func=MODULE_CHECK appraise_flag=check_blacklist
appraise_type=imasig|modsig

After building, installing, and rebooting the kernel:

# keyctl show %keyring:.blacklist | grep 77fa889b35a05
 545660333 ---lswrv      0     0   \_ blacklist:
bin:77fa889b35a05338ec52e51591c1b89d4c8d1c99a21251d7c22b1a8642a6bad3

# cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/policy | grep MODULE_CHECK
measure func=MODULE_CHECK template=ima-modsig
appraise func=MODULE_CHECK appraise_flag=check_blacklist
appraise_type=imasig|modsig

# modprobe kheaders
modprobe: ERROR: could not insert 'kheaders': Permission denied

# cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements
10 0c9834db5a0182c1fb0cdc5d3adcf11a11fd83dd ima-sig
sha256:3bc6ed4f0b4d6e31bc1dbc9ef844605abc7afdc6d81a57d77a1ec9407997c40
2 /usr/lib/modules/5.4.0-rc3+/kernel/kernel/kheaders.ko

10 82aad2bcc3fa8ed94762356b5c14838f3bcfa6a0 ima-modsig
sha256:3bc6ed4f0b4d6e31bc1dbc9ef844605abc7afdc6d81a57d77a1ec9407997c40
2 /usr/lib/modules/5.4.0rc3+/kernel/kernel/kheaders.ko  sha256:77fa889b3
5a05338ec52e51591c1b89d4c8d1c99a21251d7c22b1a8642a6bad3
3082029a06092a864886f70d010702a082028b30820287020101310d300b0609608648
016503040201300b06092a864886f70d01070131820264....

10 25b72217cc1152b44b134ce2cd68f12dfb71acb3 ima-buf
sha256:8b58427fedcf8f4b20bc8dc007f2e232bf7285d7b93a66476321f9c2a3aa132
b blacklisted-hash
77fa889b35a05338ec52e51591c1b89d4c8d1c99a21251d7c22b1a8642a6bad3

Signed-off-by: Nayna Jain <nayna@linux.ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy  |  4 ++++
 security/integrity/ima/ima.h          |  8 +++++++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c     | 12 ++++++----
 security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c   | 12 ++++++++--
 security/integrity/integrity.h        |  1 +
 6 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy b/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy
index 29ebe9afdac4..29aaedf33246 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ Description:
 			lsm:	[[subj_user=] [subj_role=] [subj_type=]
 				 [obj_user=] [obj_role=] [obj_type=]]
 			option:	[[appraise_type=]] [template=] [permit_directio]
+				[appraise_flag=]
 		base: 	func:= [BPRM_CHECK][MMAP_CHECK][CREDS_CHECK][FILE_CHECK][MODULE_CHECK]
 				[FIRMWARE_CHECK]
 				[KEXEC_KERNEL_CHECK] [KEXEC_INITRAMFS_CHECK]
@@ -38,6 +39,9 @@ Description:
 			fowner:= decimal value
 		lsm:  	are LSM specific
 		option:	appraise_type:= [imasig] [imasig|modsig]
+			appraise_flag:= [check_blacklist]
+			Currently, blacklist check is only for files signed with appended
+			signature.
 			template:= name of a defined IMA template type
 			(eg, ima-ng). Only valid when action is "measure".
 			pcr:= decimal value
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
index a65772ffa427..df4ca482fb53 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
@@ -256,6 +256,8 @@ int ima_policy_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v);
 #define IMA_APPRAISE_KEXEC	0x40
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE
+int ima_check_blacklist(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
+			const struct modsig *modsig, int pcr);
 int ima_appraise_measurement(enum ima_hooks func,
 			     struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
 			     struct file *file, const unsigned char *filename,
@@ -271,6 +273,12 @@ int ima_read_xattr(struct dentry *dentry,
 		   struct evm_ima_xattr_data **xattr_value);
 
 #else
+static inline int ima_check_blacklist(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
+				      const struct modsig *modsig, int pcr)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static inline int ima_appraise_measurement(enum ima_hooks func,
 					   struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
 					   struct file *file,
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c
index 136ae4e0ee92..300c8d2943c5 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 #include <linux/magic.h>
 #include <linux/ima.h>
 #include <linux/evm.h>
+#include <keys/system_keyring.h>
 
 #include "ima.h"
 
@@ -303,6 +304,38 @@ static int modsig_verify(enum ima_hooks func, const struct modsig *modsig,
 	return rc;
 }
 
+/*
+ * ima_check_blacklist - determine if the binary is blacklisted.
+ *
+ * Add the hash of the blacklisted binary to the measurement list, based
+ * on policy.
+ *
+ * Returns -EPERM if the hash is blacklisted.
+ */
+int ima_check_blacklist(struct integrity_iint_cache *iint,
+			const struct modsig *modsig, int pcr)
+{
+	enum hash_algo hash_algo;
+	const u8 *digest = NULL;
+	u32 digestsize = 0;
+	int rc = 0;
+
+	if (!(iint->flags & IMA_CHECK_BLACKLIST))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (iint->flags & IMA_MODSIG_ALLOWED && modsig) {
+		ima_get_modsig_digest(modsig, &hash_algo, &digest, &digestsize);
+
+		rc = is_binary_blacklisted(digest, digestsize);
+		if ((rc == -EPERM) && (iint->flags & IMA_MEASURE))
+			process_buffer_measurement(digest, digestsize,
+						   "blacklisted-hash", NONE,
+						   pcr);
+	}
+
+	return rc;
+}
+
 /*
  * ima_appraise_measurement - appraise file measurement
  *
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
index fe0b704ffdeb..13a0d64580ef 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
@@ -335,10 +335,14 @@ static int process_measurement(struct file *file, const struct cred *cred,
 				      xattr_value, xattr_len, modsig, pcr,
 				      template_desc);
 	if (rc == 0 && (action & IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK)) {
-		inode_lock(inode);
-		rc = ima_appraise_measurement(func, iint, file, pathname,
-					      xattr_value, xattr_len, modsig);
-		inode_unlock(inode);
+		rc = ima_check_blacklist(iint, modsig, pcr);
+		if (rc != -EPERM) {
+			inode_lock(inode);
+			rc = ima_appraise_measurement(func, iint, file,
+						      pathname, xattr_value,
+						      xattr_len, modsig);
+			inode_unlock(inode);
+		}
 		if (!rc)
 			rc = mmap_violation_check(func, file, &pathbuf,
 						  &pathname, filename);
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
index 5380aca2b351..f19a895ad7cd 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
@@ -765,8 +765,8 @@ enum {
 	Opt_fsuuid, Opt_uid_eq, Opt_euid_eq, Opt_fowner_eq,
 	Opt_uid_gt, Opt_euid_gt, Opt_fowner_gt,
 	Opt_uid_lt, Opt_euid_lt, Opt_fowner_lt,
-	Opt_appraise_type, Opt_permit_directio,
-	Opt_pcr, Opt_template, Opt_err
+	Opt_appraise_type, Opt_appraise_flag,
+	Opt_permit_directio, Opt_pcr, Opt_template, Opt_err
 };
 
 static const match_table_t policy_tokens = {
@@ -798,6 +798,7 @@ static const match_table_t policy_tokens = {
 	{Opt_euid_lt, "euid<%s"},
 	{Opt_fowner_lt, "fowner<%s"},
 	{Opt_appraise_type, "appraise_type=%s"},
+	{Opt_appraise_flag, "appraise_flag=%s"},
 	{Opt_permit_directio, "permit_directio"},
 	{Opt_pcr, "pcr=%s"},
 	{Opt_template, "template=%s"},
@@ -1172,6 +1173,11 @@ static int ima_parse_rule(char *rule, struct ima_rule_entry *entry)
 			else
 				result = -EINVAL;
 			break;
+		case Opt_appraise_flag:
+			ima_log_string(ab, "appraise_flag", args[0].from);
+			if (strstr(args[0].from, "blacklist"))
+				entry->flags |= IMA_CHECK_BLACKLIST;
+			break;
 		case Opt_permit_directio:
 			entry->flags |= IMA_PERMIT_DIRECTIO;
 			break;
@@ -1500,6 +1506,8 @@ int ima_policy_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 		else
 			seq_puts(m, "appraise_type=imasig ");
 	}
+	if (entry->flags & IMA_CHECK_BLACKLIST)
+		seq_puts(m, "appraise_flag=check_blacklist ");
 	if (entry->flags & IMA_PERMIT_DIRECTIO)
 		seq_puts(m, "permit_directio ");
 	rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/security/integrity/integrity.h b/security/integrity/integrity.h
index d9323d31a3a8..73fc286834d7 100644
--- a/security/integrity/integrity.h
+++ b/security/integrity/integrity.h
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
 #define EVM_IMMUTABLE_DIGSIG	0x08000000
 #define IMA_FAIL_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGS	0x10000000
 #define IMA_MODSIG_ALLOWED	0x20000000
+#define IMA_CHECK_BLACKLIST	0x40000000
 
 #define IMA_DO_MASK		(IMA_MEASURE | IMA_APPRAISE | IMA_AUDIT | \
 				 IMA_HASH | IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK)
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 29+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-24  3:47 [PATCH v9 0/8] powerpc: Enabling IMA arch specific secure boot policies Nayna Jain
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 1/8] powerpc: detect the secure boot mode of the system Nayna Jain
2019-10-24 17:26   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-25 16:49     ` Nayna Jain
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 2/8] powerpc/ima: add support to initialize ima policy rules Nayna Jain
2019-10-24 17:35   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-25 17:02     ` Nayna Jain
2019-10-25 18:03       ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-28 23:42         ` Michael Ellerman
2019-10-26 23:52       ` Mimi Zohar
2019-10-28 11:54         ` Mimi Zohar
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 3/8] powerpc: detect the trusted boot state of the system Nayna Jain
2019-10-24 17:38   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-25 16:50     ` Nayna Jain
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 4/8] powerpc/ima: define trusted boot policy Nayna Jain
2019-10-24 17:40   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 5/8] ima: make process_buffer_measurement() generic Nayna Jain
2019-10-24 15:20   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-25 17:24     ` Nayna Jain
2019-10-25 17:32       ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-27  0:13         ` Mimi Zohar
2019-10-30 15:22   ` Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-30 16:35     ` Mimi Zohar
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 6/8] certs: add wrapper function to check blacklisted binary hash Nayna Jain
2019-10-24  3:47 ` Nayna Jain [this message]
2019-10-24 17:48   ` [PATCH v9 7/8] ima: check against blacklisted hashes for files with modsig Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
2019-10-25 17:36     ` Nayna Jain
2019-10-24  3:47 ` [PATCH v9 8/8] powerpc/ima: update ima arch policy to check for blacklist Nayna Jain
2019-10-28 12:10 ` [PATCH v9 0/8] powerpc: Enabling IMA arch specific secure boot policies Mimi Zohar

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