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From: Masami Hiramatsu (Google) <mhiramat@kernel.org>
To: Alessandro Carminati <alessandro.carminati@gmail.com>
Cc: Francis Laniel <flaniel@linux.microsoft.com>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>,
	Alexander Lobakin <aleksander.lobakin@intel.com>,
	Nick Alcock <nick.alcock@oracle.com>,
	Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>,
	Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	Nicolas Schier <nicolas@fjasle.eu>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@kernel.org>,
	Viktor Malik <vmalik@redhat.com>,
	Kris Van Hees <kris.van.hees@oracle.com>,
	Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org>,
	eugene.loh@oracle.com, Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@kernel.org>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org,
	live-patching@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-trace-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] scripts/link-vmlinux.sh: Add alias to duplicate symbols for kallsyms
Date: Fri, 25 Aug 2023 21:31:44 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20230825213144.309ae20b992ebc1c34146e2a@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAPp5cGQsRdB0+KHR1wX2bDDdc5sTzSNPA417PNJb0ypmV=yS6w@mail.gmail.com>

Hi Alessandro,

On Fri, 25 Aug 2023 12:15:09 +0200
Alessandro Carminati <alessandro.carminati@gmail.com> wrote:

> > Thank you for the investigation, this an interesting reading!
> >
> > > The rationale is that using source file + line number iproduces better
> > > kallsyms table, but it is still do not produce unique names.
> >
> > When I first read your cover letter, I also thought it would be cool to have
> > the filename rather than a serial ID.
> > So, your latest modification is really good as it goes into this direction.
> > Regarding having non unique names, I am not sure if this is a problem.
> > In my case, which is using kprobe to attach BPF code to trace some events,
> > your contribution would make me on the way to know which address I should use
> > because I could choose regarding the filename.
> 
> This whole thing got trickier than I expected when I started. At first, I was
> just grappling with different functions having the same name.
> But during my investigation, it hit me that I've got to handle multiple copies
> of the same function too.
> So, those addresses labeled with the same name?
> They're not just different functions having the same name - they're a mix of
> functions that happen to share a name and functions that are the same but come
> from different compile units.
> 
> Imagine this:
> one compile unit defines a function foo1() that uses a bar() from a
> shared header.
> Another compile unit defines foo2(), also relying on bar().
> The snag is, these compile units end up being linked together, carrying their
> own copies of bar().

Ah, there are 1:n mapping issue along with n:1 issue. In that case, both symbols
should be probed. ('perf probe' adds probes for all those instances, usually
happens on probing inlined function)

> So, if I wanna keep an eye on bar(), which copy should I watch?
> The answer depends on whose bar() I want to watch at.
> I could go for probing them all, sure, but that's kind of a suboptimal
> solution that waters down what I'm trying to achieve.

I think we can keep the same symbols in the kallsyms in that case, because
those may have the same function prototype. (.constprop suffix has different
type but we can keep .constprope suffix to the symbols in that case)
If your feature ensures that the same-name symbols has the same type, we
can probe all same-name symbols with the same BPF programs or probe-event.

Again, I think the important point is the same name symbols has the same
prototype.

> > I am curious about a potential v3 of this patch!
> 
> The way things are being done right now, even though it's nice that it can
> track down these copies in the kernel image, it doesn't quite hit the
> bullseye of what I was going for. But hey, I'm totally open to putting out
> v3 with the limitations I just talked about, and discuss if it can be improved.

Thank you for your work!

> 
> >
> > > BR
> > > Alessandro
> > >
> > > > As a final note, please understand that my patch was not intended to
> > > > undermine anyone's work. I simply encountered a problem that I wanted to
> > > > help solve. Attached to this message is my code, in case anyone wants to
> > > > replicate it. I would appreciate being kept in the loop, as I genuinely
> > > > want to assist in fixing this problem.
> > > >
> > > > BR
> > > > Alessandro
> > > > ---
> > > >
> > > >  init/Kconfig                        |  36 ++++
> > > >  scripts/Makefile                    |   4 +
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/Makefile          |   4 +
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/a2l.c             | 268 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/a2l.h             |  32 ++++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.c |  70 ++++++++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.h |  15 ++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/item_list.c       | 230 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/item_list.h       |  26 +++
> > > >  scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias.c       | 217 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  scripts/link-vmlinux.sh             |  11 +-
> > > >  11 files changed, 910 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/Makefile
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/a2l.c
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/a2l.h
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.c
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.h
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/item_list.c
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/item_list.h
> > > >  create mode 100644 scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias.c
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> > > > index f7f65af4ee12..bc69fcd9cbc8 100644
> > > > --- a/init/Kconfig
> > > > +++ b/init/Kconfig
> > > > @@ -1737,6 +1737,42 @@ config KALLSYMS_BASE_RELATIVE
> > > >
> > > >           time constants, and no relocation pass is required at runtime to
> > > >           fix
> > > >           up the entries based on the runtime load address of the kernel.
> > > >
> > > > +config KALLSYMS_ALIAS
> > > > +       bool "Produces alias for duplicated symbols" if EXPERT
> > > > +       depends on KALLSYMS && (DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4 || DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5)
> > > > +       help
> > > > +         It is not uncommon for drivers or modules related to similar
> > > > +         peripherals to have symbols with the exact same name.
> > > > +         While this is not a problem for the kernel's binary itself, it
> > > > +         becomes an issue when attempting to trace or probe specific
> > > > +         functions using infrastructure like ftrace or kprobe.
> > > > +
> > > > +         This option addresses this challenge by extending the symbol
> > > > names +         with unique suffixes during the kernel build process.
> > > > +         The newly created aliases for these duplicated symbols are
> > > > unique
> > > > +         names that can be fed to the ftrace sysfs interface. By doing
> > > > so, it +         enables previously unreachable symbols to be probed.
> > > > +
> > > > +config CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS_DATA
> > > > +       bool "Produces alias also for data"
> > > > +       depends on KALLSYMS_ALIAS
> > > > +       help
> > > > +         Sometimes it can be useful to refer to data. In live patch
> > > > scenarios, +         you may find yourself needing to use symbols that
> > > > are shared with +         other functions. Since symbols face the same
> > > > issue as functions, this +         option allows you to create aliases
> > > > for data as well.
> > > > +
> > > > +config CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS_DATA_ALL
> > > > +       bool "Removes all filter when producing data alias"
> > > > +       depends on CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS_DATA
> > > > +       help
> > > > +         When selecting data aliases, not all symbols are included in the
> > > > set +         This is because many symbols are unlikely to be used. If
> > > > you choose +         to have an alias for all data symbols, be aware that
> > > > it will +         significantly increase the size.
> > > > +
> > > > +         If unsure, say N.
> > > > +
> > > >
> > > >  # end of the "standard kernel features (expert users)" menu
> > > >
> > > >  # syscall, maps, verifier
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/Makefile b/scripts/Makefile
> > > > index 32b6ba722728..65fafe17cfe5 100644
> > > > --- a/scripts/Makefile
> > > > +++ b/scripts/Makefile
> > > > @@ -49,3 +49,7 @@ subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX) += selinux
> > > >
> > > >  # Let clean descend into subdirs
> > > >  subdir-        += basic dtc gdb kconfig mod
> > > >
> > > > +
> > > > +# KALLSyms alias
> > > > +subdir-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS) += kas_alias
> > > > +
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/Makefile b/scripts/kas_alias/Makefile
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..e1fde69232b4
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/Makefile
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
> > > > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > > +hostprogs-always-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS)    += kas_alias
> > > > +
> > > > +kas_alias-objs        := duplicates_list.o item_list.o kas_alias.o a2l.o
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.c b/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.c
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..a9692ac30180
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.c
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,268 @@
> > > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> > > > +#include <stdio.h>
> > > > +#include <stdlib.h>
> > > > +#include <string.h>
> > > > +#include <unistd.h>
> > > > +#include <sys/types.h>
> > > > +#include <sys/wait.h>
> > > > +#include <string.h>
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +#include <stdbool.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#include "a2l.h"
> > > > +
> > > > +int addr2line_pid = -1;
> > > > +int a2l_in[2];
> > > > +int a2l_out[2];
> > > > +char line[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +char vmlinux_path[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +char addr2line_cmd[MAX_CMD_LEN];
> > > > +FILE *a2l_stdin, *a2l_stdout;
> > > > +
> > > > +static char *normalize_path(const char *input_path, char *output_path)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char *prev_token = NULL;
> > > > +       char *delimiter = "/";
> > > > +       char inbuf[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +       char *token;
> > > > +       char *pos;
> > > > +
> > > > +       memset(inbuf, 0, MAX_BUF);
> > > > +       *output_path = '\0';
> > > > +       strncpy(inbuf, input_path, MAX_BUF);
> > > > +       if (!input_path || !output_path || strlen(input_path) == 0)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       token = strtok(inbuf, delimiter);
> > > > +       while (token) {
> > > > +               if (strcmp(token, "..") == 0 && prev_token) {
> > > > +                       pos = strrchr(output_path, '/');
> > > > +                       if (pos)
> > > > +                               *pos = '\0';
> > > > +
> > > > +               } else if (strcmp(token, ".") != 0) {
> > > > +                       strcat(output_path, "/");
> > > > +                       strcat(output_path, token);
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               prev_token = token;
> > > > +               token = strtok(NULL, delimiter);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return output_path;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static void path_of(const char *full_path, char *path)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       const char *last_slash = strrchr(full_path, '/');
> > > > +       size_t path_length;
> > > > +       char cwd[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!last_slash) {
> > > > +               if (getcwd(cwd, sizeof(cwd)))
> > > > +                       strcpy(path, cwd);
> > > > +               else
> > > > +                       strcpy(path, ".");
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               path_length = last_slash - full_path;
> > > > +               strncpy(path, full_path, path_length);
> > > > +               path[path_length] = '\0';
> > > > +       }
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static bool file_exists(const char *file_path)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       FILE *file;
> > > > +
> > > > +       file = fopen(file_path, "r");
> > > > +       if (file) {
> > > > +               fclose(file);
> > > > +               return true;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +       return false;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +int addr2line_init(const char *cmd, const char *vmlinux)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       if ((!file_exists(cmd)) || (!file_exists(vmlinux))) {
> > > > +               printf("file not found\n");
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +       path_of(vmlinux, vmlinux_path);
> > > > +       if (pipe(a2l_in) == -1) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to create pipe\n");
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (pipe(a2l_out) == -1) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to create pipe\n");
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       addr2line_pid = fork();
> > > > +       if (addr2line_pid == -1) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to fork process\n");
> > > > +               close(a2l_in[P_READ]);
> > > > +               close(a2l_in[P_WRITE]);
> > > > +               close(a2l_out[P_READ]);
> > > > +               close(a2l_out[P_WRITE]);
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (addr2line_pid == 0) {
> > > > +               dup2(a2l_in[P_READ], 0);
> > > > +               dup2(a2l_out[P_WRITE], 1);
> > > > +               close(a2l_in[P_WRITE]);
> > > > +               close(a2l_out[P_READ]);
> > > > +
> > > > +               execlp(cmd, cmd, ADDR2LINE_ARGS, vmlinux, NULL);
> > > > +
> > > > +               printf("Failed to execute addr2line command\n");
> > > > +               exit(1);
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               close(a2l_in[P_READ]);
> > > > +               close(a2l_out[P_WRITE]);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       a2l_stdin = fdopen(a2l_in[P_WRITE], "w");
> > > > +       if (!a2l_stdin) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to open pipe a2l_in\n");
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       a2l_stdout = fdopen(a2l_out[P_READ], "r");
> > > > +       if (!a2l_stdout) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to open pipe a2l_out\n");
> > > > +               fclose(a2l_stdin);
> > > > +               return 0;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return 1;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +const char *remove_subdir(const char *home, const char *f_path)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       int i = 0;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (*(home + i) == *(f_path + i))
> > > > +               i++;
> > > > +
> > > > +       return (strlen(home) != i) ? NULL : f_path + i;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +char *addr2line_get_lines(uint64_t address)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char buf[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +
> > > > +       fprintf(a2l_stdin, "%08lx\n", address);
> > > > +       fflush(a2l_stdin);
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!fgets(line, sizeof(line), a2l_stdout)) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to read lines from addr2line\n");
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!fgets(line, sizeof(line), a2l_stdout)) {
> > > > +               printf("Failed to read lines from addr2line\n");
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       line[strcspn(line, "\n")] = '\0';
> > > > +       strncpy(buf, line, MAX_BUF);
> > > > +       return normalize_path(buf, line);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +int addr2line_cleanup(void)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       int status;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (addr2line_pid != -1) {
> > > > +               kill(addr2line_pid, SIGKILL);
> > > > +               waitpid(addr2line_pid, &status, 0);
> > > > +               fclose(a2l_stdin);
> > > > +               fclose(a2l_stdout);
> > > > +               addr2line_pid = -1;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return 1;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static char *find_executable(const char *command)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char *path_env = getenv("PATH");
> > > > +       char *executable_path;
> > > > +       char *path_copy;
> > > > +       char *path;
> > > > +       int n;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!path_env)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       path_copy = strdup(path_env);
> > > > +       if (!path_copy)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       path = strtok(path_copy, ":");
> > > > +       while (path) {
> > > > +               n = snprintf(0, 0, "%s/%s", path, command);
> > > > +               executable_path = (char *)malloc(n + 1);
> > > > +               snprintf(executable_path, n + 1, "%s/%s", path, command);
> > > > +               if (access(executable_path, X_OK) == 0) {
> > > > +                       free(path_copy);
> > > > +                       return executable_path;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +       path = strtok(NULL, ":");
> > > > +       free(executable_path);
> > > > +       executable_path = NULL;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       free(path_copy);
> > > > +       if (executable_path)
> > > > +               free(executable_path);
> > > > +       return NULL;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +const char *get_addr2line(int mode)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char *buf = "";
> > > > +
> > > > +       switch (mode) {
> > > > +       case A2L_CROSS:
> > > > +               buf = getenv("CROSS_COMPILE");
> > > > +               memcpy(addr2line_cmd, buf, strlen(buf));
> > > > +       case A2L_DEFAULT:
> > > > +               memcpy(addr2line_cmd + strlen(buf), ADDR2LINE,
> > > > strlen(ADDR2LINE)); +               buf = find_executable(addr2line_cmd);
> > > > +               if (buf) {
> > > > +                       memcpy(addr2line_cmd, buf, strlen(buf));
> > > > +                       free(buf);
> > > > +               }
> > > > +               return addr2line_cmd;
> > > > +       case A2L_LLVM:
> > > > +       default:
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +char *get_vmlinux(char *input)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       const char *match_string1 = ".syms";
> > > > +       const char *match_string2 = ".tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms";
> > > > +       char *result = NULL;
> > > > +       char *match_pos;
> > > > +
> > > > +       match_pos = strstr(input, match_string1);
> > > > +       if (!match_pos)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       match_pos = strstr(input, match_string2);
> > > > +       if (!match_pos)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       result = strdup(input);
> > > > +       match_pos = strstr(result, match_string1);
> > > > +       *match_pos = '\0';
> > > > +       return result;
> > > > +}
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.h b/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.h
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..ca6419229dde
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/a2l.h
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
> > > > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
> > > > +#ifndef A2L_H
> > > > +#define A2L_H
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#define ADDR2LINE "addr2line"
> > > > +#define ADDR2LINE_ARGS "-fe"
> > > > +//#define VMLINUX "vmlinux"
> > > > +#define MAX_BUF 4096
> > > > +#define MAX_CMD_LEN 256
> > > > +#define P_READ 0
> > > > +#define P_WRITE 1
> > > > +#define A2L_DEFAULT 1
> > > > +#define A2L_CROSS 2
> > > > +#define A2L_LLVM 3
> > > > +#define A2L_MAKE_VALUE 2
> > > > +
> > > > +extern int addr2line_pid;
> > > > +extern int a2l_in[2];
> > > > +extern int a2l_out[2];
> > > > +extern char line[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +extern char vmlinux_path[MAX_BUF];
> > > > +extern char addr2line_cmd[MAX_CMD_LEN];
> > > > +
> > > > +int addr2line_init(const char *cmd, const char *vmlinux);
> > > > +char *addr2line_get_lines(uint64_t address);
> > > > +int addr2line_cleanup(void);
> > > > +const char *remove_subdir(const char *home, const char *f_path);
> > > > +const char *get_addr2line(int mode);
> > > > +char *get_vmlinux(char *input);
> > > > +
> > > > +#endif
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.c
> > > > b/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.c new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..e7a3d2917937
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.c
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
> > > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +#include <stdio.h>
> > > > +#include <string.h>
> > > > +#include <stdlib.h>
> > > > +#include <stdbool.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#include "item_list.h"
> > > > +#include "duplicates_list.h"
> > > > +
> > > > +struct duplicate_item *find_duplicates(struct item *list)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *current_duplicate = NULL;
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *duplicates = NULL;
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *new_duplicate;
> > > > +       struct item *current_item = list;
> > > > +       bool prev_was_duplicate = false;
> > > > +       struct item *prev_item = NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (current_item) {
> > > > +               if ((prev_item && (strcmp(current_item->symb_name,
> > > > prev_item->symb_name) == 0)) || +                   prev_was_duplicate) {
> > > > +                       if (!duplicates) {
> > > > +                               duplicates = malloc(sizeof(struct
> > > > duplicate_item)); +                               if (!duplicates)
> > > > +                                       return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +                               duplicates->original_item = prev_item;
> > > > +                               duplicates->next = NULL;
> > > > +                               current_duplicate = duplicates;
> > > > +                       } else {
> > > > +                               new_duplicate = malloc(sizeof(struct
> > > > duplicate_item)); +                               if (!new_duplicate) {
> > > > +                                       free_duplicates(&duplicates);
> > > > +                                       return NULL;
> > > > +                               }
> > > > +
> > > > +                               new_duplicate->original_item = prev_item;
> > > > +                               new_duplicate->next = NULL;
> > > > +                               current_duplicate->next = new_duplicate;
> > > > +                               current_duplicate = new_duplicate;
> > > > +
> > > > +                               if ((strcmp(current_item->symb_name,
> > > > prev_item->symb_name) != 0) && +
> > > > (prev_was_duplicate))
> > > > +                                       prev_was_duplicate = false;
> > > > +                               else
> > > > +                                       prev_was_duplicate = true;
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               prev_item = current_item;
> > > > +               current_item = current_item->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return duplicates;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +void free_duplicates(struct duplicate_item **duplicates)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *duplicates_iterator = *duplicates;
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *app;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (duplicates_iterator) {
> > > > +               app = duplicates_iterator;
> > > > +               duplicates_iterator = duplicates_iterator->next;
> > > > +               free(app);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       *duplicates = NULL;
> > > > +}
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.h
> > > > b/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.h new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..76aa73e584bc
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/duplicates_list.h
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
> > > > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
> > > > +#ifndef DUPLICATES_LIST_H
> > > > +#define DUPLICATES_LIST_H
> > > > +
> > > > +#include "item_list.h"
> > > > +
> > > > +struct duplicate_item {
> > > > +       struct item *original_item;
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *next;
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > > +struct duplicate_item *find_duplicates(struct item *list);
> > > > +void free_duplicates(struct duplicate_item **duplicates);
> > > > +
> > > > +#endif
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.c b/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.c
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..48f2e525592a
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.c
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,230 @@
> > > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> > > > +#include <stdio.h>
> > > > +#include <stdlib.h>
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +#include <string.h>
> > > > +#include <stdbool.h>
> > > > +#include <assert.h>
> > > > +#include "item_list.h"
> > > > +
> > > > +#define CHECK_ORDER_BY_ADDRESS(sort_by, current, temp, op) \
> > > > +       ((sort_by) == BY_ADDRESS && (current)->addr op (temp)->addr)
> > > > +#define CHECK_ORDER_BY_NAME(sort_by, current, temp, op) \
> > > > +       ((sort_by) == BY_NAME && strcmp((current)->symb_name,
> > > > (temp)->symb_name) op 0) +
> > > > +struct item *list_index[96] = {0};
> > > > +
> > > > +void build_index(struct item *list)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char current_first_letter = ' ';
> > > > +       struct item *current = list;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (current) {
> > > > +               if (current->symb_name[0] != current_first_letter) {
> > > > +                       current_first_letter = current->symb_name[0];
> > > > +                       list_index[current_first_letter - 32] = current;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +               current = current->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +struct item *add_item(struct item **list, const char *name, char stype,
> > > > uint64_t addr) +{
> > > > +       struct item *new_item;
> > > > +       struct item *current;
> > > > +
> > > > +       new_item = malloc(sizeof(struct item));
> > > > +       if (!new_item)
> > > > +               return NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       strncpy(new_item->symb_name, name, MAX_NAME_SIZE);
> > > > +       new_item->symb_name[MAX_NAME_SIZE - 1] = '\0';
> > > > +       new_item->addr = addr;
> > > > +       new_item->stype = stype;
> > > > +       new_item->next = NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!(*list)) {
> > > > +               *list = new_item;
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               current = *list;
> > > > +               while (current->next)
> > > > +                       current = current->next;
> > > > +
> > > > +               current->next = new_item;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +       return new_item;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +void sort_list(struct item **list, int sort_by)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct item *current = *list;
> > > > +       struct item *sorted = NULL;
> > > > +       struct item *next_item;
> > > > +       struct item *temp;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!(*list) || !((*list)->next))
> > > > +               return;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (current) {
> > > > +               next_item = current->next;
> > > > +               if (!sorted ||
> > > > +                   (CHECK_ORDER_BY_ADDRESS(sort_by, current, sorted, <)
> > > > ||
> > > > +                   CHECK_ORDER_BY_NAME(sort_by, current, sorted, >=))) {
> > > > +                       current->next = sorted;
> > > > +                       sorted = current;
> > > > +               } else {
> > > > +                       temp = sorted;
> > > > +                       while (temp->next &&
> > > > +                              (CHECK_ORDER_BY_ADDRESS(sort_by, current,
> > > > temp->next, >=) || +
> > > > CHECK_ORDER_BY_NAME(sort_by, current, temp->next, >=))) +
> > > >               temp = temp->next;
> > > > +
> > > > +                       current->next = temp->next;
> > > > +                       temp->next = current;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +               current = next_item;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       *list = sorted;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +struct item *merge(struct item *left, struct item *right, int sort_by)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct item *current = NULL;
> > > > +       struct item *result = NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!left)
> > > > +               return right;
> > > > +       if (!right)
> > > > +               return left;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (sort_by == BY_NAME) {
> > > > +               if (strcmp(left->symb_name, right->symb_name) <= 0) {
> > > > +                       result = left;
> > > > +                       left = left->next;
> > > > +               } else {
> > > > +                       result = right;
> > > > +                       right = right->next;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               if (sort_by == BY_ADDRESS) {
> > > > +                       if (left->addr <= right->addr) {
> > > > +                               result = left;
> > > > +                               left = left->next;
> > > > +                       } else {
> > > > +                               result = right;
> > > > +                               right = right->next;
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               }
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       current = result;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (left && right) {
> > > > +               if (sort_by == BY_NAME) {
> > > > +                       if (strcmp(left->symb_name, right->symb_name) <=
> > > > 0) { +                               current->next = left;
> > > > +                               left = left->next;
> > > > +                       } else {
> > > > +                               current->next = right;
> > > > +                               right = right->next;
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               } else {
> > > > +                       if (sort_by == BY_ADDRESS) {
> > > > +                               if (left->addr <= right->addr) {
> > > > +                                       current->next = left;
> > > > +                                       left = left->next;
> > > > +                               } else {
> > > > +                                       current->next = right;
> > > > +                                       right = right->next;
> > > > +                               }
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               current = current->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (left) {
> > > > +               current->next = left;
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               if (right)
> > > > +                       current->next = right;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return result;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +struct item *merge_sort(struct item *head, int sort_by)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct item *right;
> > > > +       struct item *slow;
> > > > +       struct item *fast;
> > > > +       struct item *left;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!head || !head->next)
> > > > +               return head;
> > > > +
> > > > +       slow = head;
> > > > +       fast = head->next;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (fast && fast->next) {
> > > > +               slow = slow->next;
> > > > +               fast = fast->next->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       left = head;
> > > > +       right = slow->next;
> > > > +       slow->next = NULL;
> > > > +
> > > > +       left = merge_sort(left, sort_by);
> > > > +       right = merge_sort(right, sort_by);
> > > > +
> > > > +       return merge(left, right, sort_by);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +void sort_list_m(struct item **head, int sort_by)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       if (!(*head) || !((*head)->next))
> > > > +               return;
> > > > +
> > > > +       *head = merge_sort(*head, sort_by);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +int insert_after(struct item *list, const uint64_t search_addr,
> > > > +                const char *name, uint64_t addr, char stype)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct item *new_item;
> > > > +       struct item *current;
> > > > +       int ret = 0;
> > > > +
> > > > +       current = (list_index[name[0] - 32]) ? list_index[name[0] - 32] :
> > > > list; +       while (current) {
> > > > +               if (current->addr == search_addr) {
> > > > +                       new_item = malloc(sizeof(struct item));
> > > > +                       if (!new_item)
> > > > +                               return ret;
> > > > +                       strncpy(new_item->symb_name, name, MAX_NAME_SIZE);
> > > > +                       new_item->symb_name[MAX_NAME_SIZE - 1] = '\0';
> > > > +                       new_item->addr = addr;
> > > > +                       new_item->stype = stype;
> > > > +                       new_item->next = current->next;
> > > > +                       current->next = new_item;
> > > > +                       ret = 1;
> > > > +                       break;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +               current = current->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +       return ret;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +void free_items(struct item **head)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       struct item *app, *item_iterator = *head;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (item_iterator) {
> > > > +               app = item_iterator;
> > > > +               item_iterator = item_iterator->next;
> > > > +               free(app);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +       *head = NULL;
> > > > +}
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.h b/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.h
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..b4891cb088ee
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/item_list.h
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
> > > > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
> > > > +#ifndef ITEM_LIST_H
> > > > +#define ITEM_LIST_H
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#define MAX_NAME_SIZE 256
> > > > +#define BY_ADDRESS 1
> > > > +#define BY_NAME 2
> > > > +
> > > > +struct item {
> > > > +       char            symb_name[MAX_NAME_SIZE];
> > > > +       uint64_t        addr;
> > > > +       char            stype;
> > > > +       struct item     *next;
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > > +void build_index(struct item *list);
> > > > +struct item *add_item(struct item **list, const char *name, char stype,
> > > > uint64_t addr); +void sort_list(struct item **list, int sort_by);
> > > > +struct item *merge(struct item *left, struct item *right, int sort_by);
> > > > +struct item *merge_sort(struct item *head, int sort_by);
> > > > +void sort_list_m(struct item **head, int sort_by);
> > > > +int insert_after(struct item *list, const uint64_t search_addr,
> > > > +                const char *name, uint64_t addr, char stype);
> > > > +void free_items(struct item **head);
> > > > +#endif
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias.c b/scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias.c
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..532aeb39f851
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias.c
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,217 @@
> > > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> > > > +#include <stdio.h>
> > > > +#include <stdlib.h>
> > > > +#include <stdint.h>
> > > > +#include <unistd.h>
> > > > +#include <string.h>
> > > > +#include <stdbool.h>
> > > > +#include <stdarg.h>
> > > > +#include <regex.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#include "item_list.h"
> > > > +#include "duplicates_list.h"
> > > > +#include "a2l.h"
> > > > +
> > > > +#define SYMB_IS_TEXT(s) ((((s)->stype) == 't') ||  (((s)->stype) == 'T'))
> > > > +#define SYMB_IS_DATA(s) ((((s)->stype) == 'b') ||  (((s)->stype) == 'B')
> > > > || \ +                        (((s)->stype) == 'd') ||  (((s)->stype) ==
> > > > 'D') || \ +                        (((s)->stype) == 'r') ||
> > > > (((s)->stype) == 'R')) +#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS_DATA
> > > > +#define SYMB_NEEDS_ALIAS(s) (SYMB_IS_TEXT(s) || SYMB_IS_DATA(s))
> > > > +#else
> > > > +#define SYMB_NEEDS_ALIAS(s) SYMB_IS_TEXT(s)
> > > > +#endif
> > > > +#define FNOMATCH 0
> > > > +#define FMATCH 1
> > > > +#define EREGEX 2
> > > > +
> > > > +const char *ignore_regex[] = {
> > > > +       "^__cfi_.*$",                           // __cfi_ preamble
> > > > +#ifndef CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS_DATA_ALL
> > > > +       "^_*TRACE_SYSTEM.*$",
> > > > +       "^__already_done\\.[0-9]+$",            // Call a function once
> > > > data +       "^___tp_str\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^___done\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__print_once\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^_rs\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__compound_literal\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^___once_key\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__func__\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__msg\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^CSWTCH\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__flags\\.[0-9]+$",
> > > > +       "^__wkey.*$",
> > > > +       "^__mkey.*$",
> > > > +       "^__key.*$",
> > > > +#endif
> > > > +       "^__pfx_.*$"                            // NOP-padding
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > > +int suffix_serial;
> > > > +
> > > > +static inline void verbose_msg(bool verbose, const char *fmt, ...)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       va_list args;
> > > > +
> > > > +       va_start(args, fmt);
> > > > +       if (verbose)
> > > > +               printf(fmt, args);
> > > > +
> > > > +       va_end(args);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static void create_suffix(const char *name, char *output_suffix)
> > > > +{
> > > > +       sprintf(output_suffix, "%s__alias__%d", name, suffix_serial++);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static void create_file_suffix(const char *name, uint64_t address, char
> > > > *output_suffix, char *cwd) +{
> > > > +       const char *f_path;
> > > > +       char *buf;
> > > > +       int i = 0;
> > > > +
> > > > +       buf = addr2line_get_lines(address);
> > > > +       f_path = remove_subdir(cwd, buf);
> > > > +       if (f_path) {
> > > > +               sprintf(output_suffix, "%s@%s", name, f_path);
> > > > +               while (*(output_suffix + i) != '\0') {
> > > > +                       switch (*(output_suffix + i)) {
> > > > +                       case '/':
> > > > +                       case ':':
> > > > +                       case '.':
> > > > +                               *(output_suffix + i) = '_';
> > > > +                               break;
> > > > +                       default:
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               i++;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +       } else {
> > > > +               create_suffix(name, output_suffix);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static int filter_symbols(char *symbol, const char **ignore_list, int
> > > > regex_no) +{
> > > > +       regex_t regex;
> > > > +       int res, i;
> > > > +
> > > > +       for (i = 0; i < regex_no; i++) {
> > > > +               res = regcomp(&regex, ignore_list[i], REG_EXTENDED);
> > > > +               if (res)
> > > > +                       return -EREGEX;
> > > > +
> > > > +               res = regexec(&regex, symbol, 0, NULL, 0);
> > > > +               regfree(&regex);
> > > > +               switch (res) {
> > > > +               case 0:
> > > > +                       return FMATCH;
> > > > +               case REG_NOMATCH:
> > > > +                       break;
> > > > +               default:
> > > > +                       return -EREGEX;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       return FNOMATCH;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> > > > +{
> > > > +       char t, sym_name[MAX_NAME_SIZE], new_name[MAX_NAME_SIZE + 15];
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item  *duplicate_iterator;
> > > > +       struct duplicate_item *duplicate;
> > > > +       struct item *head = {NULL};
> > > > +       bool need_2_process = true;
> > > > +       struct item *last = {NULL};
> > > > +       struct item  *current;
> > > > +       int verbose_mode = 0;
> > > > +       uint64_t address;
> > > > +       FILE *fp;
> > > > +       int res;
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (argc < 2 || argc > 3) {
> > > > +               printf("Usage: %s <nmfile> [-verbose]\n", argv[0]);
> > > > +               return 1;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (argc == 3 && strcmp(argv[2], "-verbose") == 0)
> > > > +               verbose_mode = 1;
> > > > +
> > > > +       verbose_msg(verbose_mode, "Scanning nm data(%s)\n", argv[1]);
> > > > +
> > > > +       fp = fopen(argv[1], "r");
> > > > +       if (!fp) {
> > > > +               printf("Can't open input file.\n");
> > > > +               return 1;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (!addr2line_init(get_addr2line(A2L_DEFAULT),
> > > > get_vmlinux(argv[1]))) +               return 1;
> > > > +
> > > > +       while (fscanf(fp, "%lx %c %99s\n", &address, &t, sym_name) == 3) {
> > > > +               if (strstr(sym_name, "@_")) {
> > > > +                       if (verbose_mode && need_2_process)
> > > > +                               printf("Already processed\n");
> > > > +                       need_2_process = false;
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +               last = add_item(&last, sym_name, t, address);
> > > > +               if (!last) {
> > > > +                       printf("Error in allocate memory\n");
> > > > +                       free_items(&head);
> > > > +                       return 1;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               if (!head)
> > > > +                       head = last;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       fclose(fp);
> > > > +
> > > > +       if (need_2_process) {
> > > > +               verbose_msg(verbose_mode, "Sorting nm data\n");
> > > > +               sort_list_m(&head, BY_NAME);
> > > > +               verbose_msg(verbose_mode, "Scanning nm data for
> > > > duplicates\n"); +               duplicate = find_duplicates(head);
> > > > +               if (!duplicate) {
> > > > +                       printf("Error in duplicates list\n");
> > > > +                       return 1;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               verbose_msg(verbose_mode, "Applying suffixes\n");
> > > > +               build_index(head);
> > > > +               duplicate_iterator = duplicate;
> > > > +               while (duplicate_iterator) {
> > > > +                       res =
> > > > filter_symbols(duplicate_iterator->original_item->symb_name, +
> > > >                                 ignore_regex, sizeof(ignore_regex) / +
> > > >                                         sizeof(ignore_regex[0])); +
> > > >                 if (res != FMATCH &&
> > > > +
> > > > SYMB_NEEDS_ALIAS(duplicate_iterator->original_item)) { +
> > > >              if (res < 0)
> > > > +                                       return 1;
> > > > +
> > > > +
> > > > create_file_suffix(duplicate_iterator->original_item->symb_name, +
> > > >
> > > > duplicate_iterator->original_item->addr, +
> > > >                   new_name, vmlinux_path); +
> > > >  if (!insert_after(head, duplicate_iterator->original_item->addr, +
> > > >                                           new_name,
> > > > duplicate_iterator->original_item->addr, +
> > > >                  duplicate_iterator->original_item->stype)) +
> > > >                           return 1;
> > > > +                       }
> > > > +
> > > > +                       duplicate_iterator = duplicate_iterator->next;
> > > > +               }
> > > > +
> > > > +               sort_list_m(&head, BY_ADDRESS);
> > > > +       }
> > > > +       current = head;
> > > > +       while (current) {
> > > > +               printf("%08lx %c %s\n", current->addr, current->stype,
> > > > current->symb_name); +               current = current->next;
> > > > +       }
> > > > +
> > > > +       free_items(&head);
> > > > +       free_duplicates(&duplicate);
> > > > +       addr2line_cleanup();
> > > > +       return 0;
> > > > +}
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > index a432b171be82..cacf60b597ce 100755
> > > > --- a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > +++ b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> > > > @@ -89,8 +89,9 @@ vmlinux_link()
> > > >
> > > >         ldflags="${ldflags} ${wl}--script=${objtree}/${KBUILD_LDS}"
> > > >
> > > > -       # The kallsyms linking does not need debug symbols included.
> > > > -       if [ "$output" != "${output#.tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms}" ] ; then
> > > > +       # The kallsyms linking does not need debug symbols included,
> > > > unless the KALLSYMS_ALIAS. +       if [ ! is_enabled
> > > > CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS ] && \
> > > > +           [ "$output" != "${output#.tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms}" ] ; then
> > > >
> > > >                 ldflags="${ldflags} ${wl}--strip-debug"
> > > >
> > > >         fi
> > > >
> > > > @@ -161,7 +162,11 @@ kallsyms()
> > > >
> > > >         fi
> > > >
> > > >         info KSYMS ${2}
> > > >
> > > > -       scripts/kallsyms ${kallsymopt} ${1} > ${2}
> > > > +       if is_enabled CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALIAS; then
> > > > +               ALIAS=".alias"
> > > > +               scripts/kas_alias/kas_alias ${1} >${1}${ALIAS}
> > > > +               fi
> > > > +       scripts/kallsyms ${kallsymopt} ${1}${ALIAS} > ${2}
> > > >
> > > >  }
> > > >
> > > >  # Perform one step in kallsyms generation, including temporary linking of
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > 2.34.1
> >
> > Best regards.
> >
> >
> BR
> Alessandro


-- 
Masami Hiramatsu (Google) <mhiramat@kernel.org>

  reply	other threads:[~2023-08-25 12:33 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2023-07-14 15:03 [PATCH v2] scripts/link-vmlinux.sh: Add alias to duplicate symbols for kallsyms Alessandro Carminati
2023-07-17 14:52 ` Steven Rostedt
2023-07-17 16:50   ` Luis Chamberlain
2023-07-18  1:01     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2023-07-18 16:06   ` Alessandro Carminati
2023-07-18 16:55     ` Steven Rostedt
2023-07-21  9:21       ` Alessandro Carminati
2023-07-21 12:40         ` Alessandro Carminati
2023-07-24 10:30           ` Alexander Lobakin
2023-08-24 15:35           ` Francis Laniel
2023-08-25 10:15             ` Alessandro Carminati
2023-08-25 12:31               ` Masami Hiramatsu [this message]
2023-07-19 16:08     ` Masami Hiramatsu
2023-07-19 11:12   ` Nick Alcock
2023-07-19 15:12     ` Alexander Lobakin
2023-07-20 13:00       ` Nick Alcock
2023-07-20 17:00         ` Alexander Lobakin
2023-07-21  1:09         ` Masami Hiramatsu
2023-07-21  1:39           ` Kris Van Hees

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