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From: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
To: mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Cc: shuah@kernel.org, almasrymina@google.com, rientjes@google.com,
	shakeelb@google.com, gthelen@google.com,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, khalid.aziz@oracle.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org, cgroups@vger.kernel.org,
	aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com, mkoutny@suse.com
Subject: [PATCH v4 6/9] hugetlb: disable region_add file_region coalescing
Date: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 16:31:43 -0700
Message-ID: <20190910233146.206080-7-almasrymina@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190910233146.206080-1-almasrymina@google.com>

A follow up patch in this series adds hugetlb cgroup uncharge info the
file_region entries in resv->regions. The cgroup uncharge info may
differ for different regions, so they can no longer be coalesced at
region_add time. So, disable region coalescing in region_add in this
patch.

Behavior change:

Say a resv_map exists like this [0->1], [2->3], and [5->6].

Then a region_chg/add call comes in region_chg/add(f=0, t=5).

Old code would generate resv->regions: [0->5], [5->6].
New code would generate resv->regions: [0->1], [1->2], [2->3], [3->5],
[5->6].

Special care needs to be taken to handle the resv->adds_in_progress
variable correctly. In the past, only 1 region would be added for every
region_chg and region_add call. But now, each call may add multiple
regions, so we can no longer increment adds_in_progress by 1 in region_chg,
or decrement adds_in_progress by 1 after region_add or region_abort. Instead,
region_chg calls add_reservation_in_range() to count the number of regions
needed and allocates those, and that info is passed to region_add and
region_abort to decrement adds_in_progress correctly.

Signed-off-by: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
---
 mm/hugetlb.c | 279 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
 1 file changed, 167 insertions(+), 112 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index ce5ed1056fefd..5eca34d9b753d 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -244,55 +244,80 @@ struct file_region {
 	long to;
 };

+/* Helper that removes a struct file_region from the resv_map cache and returns
+ * it for use.
+ */
+static struct file_region *get_file_region_entry_from_cache(
+		struct resv_map *resv, long from, long to);
+
 static long add_reservation_in_range(
-		struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t, bool count_only)
+		struct resv_map *resv,
+		long f, long t,
+		long *regions_needed,
+		bool count_only)
 {
-
-	long chg = 0;
+	long add = 0;
 	struct list_head *head = &resv->regions;
+	long last_accounted_offset = f;
 	struct file_region *rg = NULL, *trg = NULL, *nrg = NULL;

-	/* Locate the region we are before or in. */
-	list_for_each_entry(rg, head, link)
-		if (f <= rg->to)
-			break;
-
-	/* Round our left edge to the current segment if it encloses us. */
-	if (f > rg->from)
-		f = rg->from;
+	if (regions_needed)
+		*regions_needed = 0;

-	chg = t - f;
+	/* In this loop, we essentially handle an entry for the range
+	 * last_accounted_offset -> rg->from, at every iteration, with some
+	 * bounds checking.
+	 */
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, head, link) {
+		/* Skip irrelevant regions that start before our range. */
+		if (rg->from < f) {
+			/* If this region ends after the last accounted offset,
+			 * then we need to update last_accounted_offset.
+			 */
+			if (rg->to > last_accounted_offset)
+				last_accounted_offset = rg->to;
+			continue;
+		}

-	/* Check for and consume any regions we now overlap with. */
-	nrg = rg;
-	list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, rg->link.prev, link) {
-		if (&rg->link == head)
-			break;
+		/* When we find a region that starts beyond our range, we've
+		 * finished.
+		 */
 		if (rg->from > t)
 			break;

-		/* We overlap with this area, if it extends further than
-		 * us then we must extend ourselves.  Account for its
-		 * existing reservation.
+		/* Add an entry for last_accounted_offset -> rg->from, and
+		 * update last_accounted_offset.
 		 */
-		if (rg->to > t) {
-			chg += rg->to - t;
-			t = rg->to;
+		if (rg->from > last_accounted_offset) {
+			add += rg->from - last_accounted_offset;
+			if (!count_only) {
+				nrg = get_file_region_entry_from_cache(resv,
+						last_accounted_offset,
+						rg->from);
+				list_add(&nrg->link, rg->link.prev);
+			} else if (regions_needed)
+				*regions_needed += 1;
 		}
-		chg -= rg->to - rg->from;

-		if (!count_only && rg != nrg) {
-			list_del(&rg->link);
-			kfree(rg);
-		}
+		last_accounted_offset = rg->to;
 	}

-	if (!count_only) {
-		nrg->from = f;
-		nrg->to = t;
+	/* Handle the case where our range extends beyond
+	 * last_accounted_offset.
+	 */
+	if (last_accounted_offset < t) {
+		add += t - last_accounted_offset;
+		if (!count_only) {
+			nrg = get_file_region_entry_from_cache(resv,
+					last_accounted_offset, t);
+			list_add(&nrg->link, rg->link.prev);
+		} else if (regions_needed)
+			*regions_needed += 1;
+
+		last_accounted_offset = t;
 	}

-	return chg;
+	return add;
 }

 /*
@@ -302,46 +327,24 @@ static long add_reservation_in_range(
  * must exist in the cache due to the previous call to region_chg with
  * the same range.
  *
+ * regions_needed is the out value provided by a previous
+ * call to region_chg.
+ *
  * Return the number of new huge pages added to the map.  This
  * number is greater than or equal to zero.
  */
-static long region_add(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t)
+static long region_add(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t,
+		long regions_needed)
 {
-	struct list_head *head = &resv->regions;
-	struct file_region *rg, *nrg;
 	long add = 0;

 	spin_lock(&resv->lock);
-	/* Locate the region we are either in or before. */
-	list_for_each_entry(rg, head, link)
-		if (f <= rg->to)
-			break;

-	/*
-	 * If no region exists which can be expanded to include the
-	 * specified range, pull a region descriptor from the cache
-	 * and use it for this range.
-	 */
-	if (&rg->link == head || t < rg->from) {
-		VM_BUG_ON(resv->region_cache_count <= 0);
-
-		resv->region_cache_count--;
-		nrg = list_first_entry(&resv->region_cache, struct file_region,
-					link);
-		list_del(&nrg->link);
-
-		nrg->from = f;
-		nrg->to = t;
-		list_add(&nrg->link, rg->link.prev);
-
-		add += t - f;
-		goto out_locked;
-	}
+	VM_BUG_ON(resv->region_cache_count < regions_needed);

-	add = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, false);
+	add = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, NULL, false);
+	resv->adds_in_progress -= regions_needed;

-out_locked:
-	resv->adds_in_progress--;
 	spin_unlock(&resv->lock);
 	VM_BUG_ON(add < 0);
 	return add;
@@ -358,44 +361,54 @@ static long region_add(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t)
  * as a placeholder, so that the subsequent region_add
  * call will have all the regions it needs and will not fail.
  *
+ * out_regions_needed is the number of regions added to the
+ * resv->region_cache_count.  This value needs to be provided to a follow up
+ * call to region_add or region_abort for proper accounting.
+ *
  * Returns the number of huge pages that need to be added to the existing
  * reservation map for the range [f, t).  This number is greater or equal to
  * zero.  -ENOMEM is returned if a new file_region structure or cache entry
  * is needed and can not be allocated.
  */
-static long region_chg(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t)
+static long region_chg(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t,
+		long *out_regions_needed)
 {
-	long chg = 0;
+	struct file_region *trg = NULL;
+	long chg = 0, regions_needed = 0;

+retry:
 	spin_lock(&resv->lock);
-retry_locked:
-	resv->adds_in_progress++;
+
+	/* Count how many hugepages in this range are NOT respresented. */
+	chg = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, &regions_needed, true);
+

 	/*
 	 * Check for sufficient descriptors in the cache to accommodate
 	 * the number of in progress add operations.
 	 */
-	if (resv->adds_in_progress > resv->region_cache_count) {
-		struct file_region *trg;
-
-		VM_BUG_ON(resv->adds_in_progress - resv->region_cache_count > 1);
+	if (resv->region_cache_count < regions_needed) {
 		/* Must drop lock to allocate a new descriptor. */
-		resv->adds_in_progress--;
 		spin_unlock(&resv->lock);

-		trg = kmalloc(sizeof(*trg), GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!trg)
-			return -ENOMEM;
+		while (resv->region_cache_count < regions_needed + 1) {
+			trg = kmalloc(sizeof(*trg), GFP_KERNEL);
+			if (!trg)
+				return -ENOMEM;

-		spin_lock(&resv->lock);
-		list_add(&trg->link, &resv->region_cache);
-		resv->region_cache_count++;
-		goto retry_locked;
+			spin_lock(&resv->lock);
+			list_add(&trg->link, &resv->region_cache);
+			resv->region_cache_count++;
+			spin_unlock(&resv->lock);
+		}
+		goto retry;
 	}

-	chg = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, true);
+	resv->adds_in_progress += regions_needed;

 	spin_unlock(&resv->lock);
+	if (out_regions_needed)
+		*out_regions_needed = regions_needed;
 	return chg;
 }

@@ -404,17 +417,19 @@ static long region_chg(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t)
  * of the resv_map keeps track of the operations in progress between
  * calls to region_chg and region_add.  Operations are sometimes
  * aborted after the call to region_chg.  In such cases, region_abort
- * is called to decrement the adds_in_progress counter.
+ * is called to decrement the adds_in_progress counter. regions_needed
+ * is the value returned by the region_chg call, it is used to decrement
+ * the adds_in_progress counter.
  *
  * NOTE: The range arguments [f, t) are not needed or used in this
  * routine.  They are kept to make reading the calling code easier as
  * arguments will match the associated region_chg call.
  */
-static void region_abort(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t)
+static void region_abort(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t,
+		long regions_needed)
 {
 	spin_lock(&resv->lock);
-	VM_BUG_ON(!resv->region_cache_count);
-	resv->adds_in_progress--;
+	resv->adds_in_progress -= regions_needed;
 	spin_unlock(&resv->lock);
 }

@@ -1865,7 +1880,9 @@ enum vma_resv_mode {
 };
 static long __vma_reservation_common(struct hstate *h,
 				struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
-				enum vma_resv_mode mode)
+				enum vma_resv_mode mode,
+				long *out_regions_needed,
+				long in_regions_needed)
 {
 	struct resv_map *resv;
 	pgoff_t idx;
@@ -1878,20 +1895,24 @@ static long __vma_reservation_common(struct hstate *h,
 	idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, addr);
 	switch (mode) {
 	case VMA_NEEDS_RESV:
-		ret = region_chg(resv, idx, idx + 1);
+		VM_BUG_ON(!out_regions_needed);
+		ret = region_chg(resv, idx, idx + 1, out_regions_needed);
 		break;
 	case VMA_COMMIT_RESV:
-		ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1);
+		VM_BUG_ON(in_regions_needed == -1);
+		ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1, in_regions_needed);
 		break;
 	case VMA_END_RESV:
-		region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1);
+		VM_BUG_ON(in_regions_needed == -1);
+		region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1, in_regions_needed);
 		ret = 0;
 		break;
 	case VMA_ADD_RESV:
+		VM_BUG_ON(in_regions_needed == -1);
 		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
-			ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1);
+			ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1, in_regions_needed);
 		else {
-			region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1);
+			region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1, in_regions_needed);
 			ret = region_del(resv, idx, idx + 1);
 		}
 		break;
@@ -1925,27 +1946,35 @@ static long __vma_reservation_common(struct hstate *h,
 }

 static long vma_needs_reservation(struct hstate *h,
-			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
+			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+			long *out_regions_needed)
 {
-	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_NEEDS_RESV);
+	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_NEEDS_RESV,
+			out_regions_needed, -1);
 }

 static long vma_commit_reservation(struct hstate *h,
-			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
+			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+			long regions_needed)
 {
-	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_COMMIT_RESV);
+	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_COMMIT_RESV, NULL,
+			regions_needed);
 }

 static void vma_end_reservation(struct hstate *h,
-			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
+			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+			long regions_needed)
 {
-	(void)__vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_END_RESV);
+	(void)__vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_END_RESV, NULL,
+			regions_needed);
 }

 static long vma_add_reservation(struct hstate *h,
-			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
+			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
+			long regions_needed)
 {
-	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_ADD_RESV);
+	return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_ADD_RESV, NULL,
+			regions_needed);
 }

 /*
@@ -1963,8 +1992,10 @@ static void restore_reserve_on_error(struct hstate *h,
 			struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 			struct page *page)
 {
+	long regions_needed = 0;
 	if (unlikely(PagePrivate(page))) {
-		long rc = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, address);
+		long rc = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, address,
+				&regions_needed);

 		if (unlikely(rc < 0)) {
 			/*
@@ -1980,7 +2011,8 @@ static void restore_reserve_on_error(struct hstate *h,
 			 */
 			ClearPagePrivate(page);
 		} else if (rc) {
-			rc = vma_add_reservation(h, vma, address);
+			rc = vma_add_reservation(h, vma, address,
+					regions_needed);
 			if (unlikely(rc < 0))
 				/*
 				 * See above comment about rare out of
@@ -1988,7 +2020,7 @@ static void restore_reserve_on_error(struct hstate *h,
 				 */
 				ClearPagePrivate(page);
 		} else
-			vma_end_reservation(h, vma, address);
+			vma_end_reservation(h, vma, address, regions_needed);
 	}
 }

@@ -2002,6 +2034,7 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	long gbl_chg;
 	int ret, idx;
 	struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg;
+	long regions_needed = 0;

 	idx = hstate_index(h);
 	/*
@@ -2009,7 +2042,8 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	 * has a reservation for the page to be allocated.  A return
 	 * code of zero indicates a reservation exists (no change).
 	 */
-	map_chg = gbl_chg = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, addr);
+	map_chg = gbl_chg = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, addr,
+			&regions_needed);
 	if (map_chg < 0)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

@@ -2023,7 +2057,7 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	if (map_chg || avoid_reserve) {
 		gbl_chg = hugepage_subpool_get_pages(spool, 1);
 		if (gbl_chg < 0) {
-			vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr);
+			vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr, regions_needed);
 			return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
 		}

@@ -2069,7 +2103,7 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

 	set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)spool);

-	map_commit = vma_commit_reservation(h, vma, addr);
+	map_commit = vma_commit_reservation(h, vma, addr, regions_needed);
 	if (unlikely(map_chg > map_commit)) {
 		/*
 		 * The page was added to the reservation map between
@@ -2093,7 +2127,7 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 out_subpool_put:
 	if (map_chg || avoid_reserve)
 		hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, 1);
-	vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr);
+	vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr, regions_needed);
 	return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
 }

@@ -3778,6 +3812,7 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
 	spinlock_t *ptl;
 	unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h);
 	bool new_page = false;
+	long regions_needed = 0;

 	/*
 	 * Currently, we are forced to kill the process in the event the
@@ -3895,12 +3930,12 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
 	 * the spinlock.
 	 */
 	if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
-		if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr) < 0) {
+		if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr, &regions_needed) < 0) {
 			ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
 			goto backout_unlocked;
 		}
 		/* Just decrements count, does not deallocate */
-		vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr);
+		vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr, regions_needed);
 	}

 	ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
@@ -3990,6 +4025,7 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	struct address_space *mapping;
 	int need_wait_lock = 0;
 	unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h);
+	long regions_needed = 0;

 	ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h));
 	if (ptep) {
@@ -4044,12 +4080,12 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	 * consumed.
 	 */
 	if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !huge_pte_write(entry)) {
-		if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr) < 0) {
+		if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr, &regions_needed) < 0) {
 			ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
 			goto out_mutex;
 		}
 		/* Just decrements count, does not deallocate */
-		vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr);
+		vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr, regions_needed);

 		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE))
 			pagecache_page = hugetlbfs_pagecache_page(h,
@@ -4512,7 +4548,7 @@ int hugetlb_reserve_pages(struct inode *inode,
 	struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_inode(inode);
 	struct resv_map *resv_map;
 	struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg;
-	long gbl_reserve;
+	long gbl_reserve, regions_needed = 0;

 	/* This should never happen */
 	if (from > to) {
@@ -4542,7 +4578,7 @@ int hugetlb_reserve_pages(struct inode *inode,
 		 */
 		resv_map = inode_resv_map(inode);

-		chg = region_chg(resv_map, from, to);
+		chg = region_chg(resv_map, from, to, &regions_needed);

 	} else {
 		/* Private mapping. */
@@ -4612,7 +4648,7 @@ int hugetlb_reserve_pages(struct inode *inode,
 	 * else has to be done for private mappings here
 	 */
 	if (!vma || vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) {
-		long add = region_add(resv_map, from, to);
+		long add = region_add(resv_map, from, to, regions_needed);

 		if (unlikely(chg > add)) {
 			/*
@@ -4634,7 +4670,7 @@ int hugetlb_reserve_pages(struct inode *inode,
 	if (!vma || vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
 		/* Don't call region_abort if region_chg failed */
 		if (chg >= 0)
-			region_abort(resv_map, from, to);
+			region_abort(resv_map, from, to, regions_needed);
 	if (vma && is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER))
 		kref_put(&resv_map->refs, resv_map_release);
 	return ret;
@@ -5058,3 +5094,22 @@ void move_hugetlb_state(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage, int reason)
 		spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
 	}
 }
+
+static struct file_region *get_file_region_entry_from_cache(
+		struct resv_map *resv, long from, long to)
+{
+	struct file_region *nrg = NULL;
+
+	VM_BUG_ON(resv->region_cache_count <= 0);
+
+	resv->region_cache_count--;
+	nrg = list_first_entry(&resv->region_cache, struct file_region,
+			link);
+	VM_BUG_ON(!nrg);
+	list_del(&nrg->link);
+
+	nrg->from = from;
+	nrg->to = to;
+
+	return nrg;
+}
--
2.23.0.162.g0b9fbb3734-goog

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-10 23:31 [PATCH v4 0/9] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation limits Mina Almasry
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 1/9] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation counter Mina Almasry
2019-09-16 23:43   ` shuah
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 2/9] hugetlb_cgroup: add interface for charge/uncharge hugetlb reservations Mina Almasry
2019-09-17  1:29   ` shuah
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 3/9] hugetlb_cgroup: add reservation accounting for private mappings Mina Almasry
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 4/9] hugetlb: region_chg provides only cache entry Mina Almasry
2019-09-16 22:17   ` Mike Kravetz
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 5/9] hugetlb: remove duplicated code Mina Almasry
2019-09-16 22:25   ` Mike Kravetz
2019-09-10 23:31 ` Mina Almasry [this message]
2019-09-16 23:57   ` [PATCH v4 6/9] hugetlb: disable region_add file_region coalescing Mike Kravetz
2019-09-17  0:16     ` Mina Almasry
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 7/9] hugetlb_cgroup: add accounting for shared mappings Mina Almasry
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 8/9] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation tests Mina Almasry
2019-09-17  1:52   ` shuah
2019-09-19  1:53     ` Mina Almasry
2019-09-10 23:31 ` [PATCH v4 9/9] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation docs Mina Almasry
2019-09-17  1:58   ` shuah

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