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* [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 01/19] mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines John Hubbard
                   ` (18 more replies)
  0 siblings, 19 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

Hi,

Here is a set of well-reviewed (expect for one patch), lower-risk  items
that can go into Linux 5.5. The one patch that wasn't reviewed is the
powerpc conversion, and it's still at this point a no-op, because
tracking isn't yet activated.

This is based on linux-next: b9d3d01405061bb42358fe53f824e894a1922ced
("Add linux-next specific files for 20191122").

This is essentially a cut-down v8 of "mm/gup: track dma-pinned pages:
FOLL_PIN" [1], and with one of the VFIO patches split into two patches.
The idea here is to get this long list of "noise" checked into 5.5, so
that the actual, higher-risk "track FOLL_PIN pages" (which is deferred:
not part of this series) will be a much shorter patchset to review.

For the v4l2-core changes, I've left those here (instead of sending
them separately to the -media tree), in order to get the name change
done now (put_user_page --> unpin_user_page). However, I've added a Cc
stable, as recommended during the last round of reviews.

Here are the relevant notes from the original cover letter, edited to
match the current situation:

This is a prerequisite to tracking dma-pinned pages. That in turn is a
prerequisite to solving the larger problem of proper interactions
between file-backed pages, and [R]DMA activities, as discussed in [1],
[2], [3], and in a remarkable number of email threads since about
2017. :)

A new internal gup flag, FOLL_PIN is introduced, and thoroughly
documented in the last patch's Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst.

I believe that this will provide a good starting point for doing the
layout lease work that Ira Weiny has been working on. That's because
these new wrapper functions provide a clean, constrained, systematically
named set of functionality that, again, is required in order to even
know if a page is "dma-pinned".

In contrast to earlier approaches, the page tracking can be
incrementally applied to the kernel call sites that, until now, have
been simply calling get_user_pages() ("gup"). In other words, opt-in by
changing from this:

    get_user_pages() (sets FOLL_GET)
    put_page()

to this:
    pin_user_pages() (sets FOLL_PIN)
    put_user_page()

Because there are interdependencies with FOLL_LONGTERM, a similar
conversion as for FOLL_PIN, was applied. The change was from this:

    get_user_pages(FOLL_LONGTERM) (also sets FOLL_GET)
    put_page()

to this:
    pin_longterm_pages() (sets FOLL_PIN | FOLL_LONGTERM)
    put_user_page()

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20191121071354.456618-1-jhubbard@nvidia.com

thanks,
John Hubbard
NVIDIA


Dan Williams (1):
  mm: Cleanup __put_devmap_managed_page() vs ->page_free()

John Hubbard (18):
  mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines
  mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues
  goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine
  mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM
  vfio: fix FOLL_LONGTERM use, simplify get_user_pages_remote() call
  mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
  goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages*(), fix up ODP
  mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote()
  drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast()
  fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
  net/xdp: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
  media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers
  media/v4l2-core: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page()
    conversion
  vfio, mm: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion
  powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding
    "1"
  mm, tree-wide: rename put_user_page*() to unpin_user_page*()

 Documentation/core-api/index.rst            |   1 +
 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst   | 233 ++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c        |  12 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c           |   6 +-
 drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c              |   4 +-
 drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c          |  13 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c     |   4 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c |   8 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c  |   4 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c   |   8 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c    |   4 +-
 drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c         |   4 +-
 drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c   |   8 +-
 drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c                       |   6 -
 drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c   |  35 +--
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c             |  35 +--
 fs/io_uring.c                               |   6 +-
 include/linux/mm.h                          |  77 +++--
 mm/gup.c                                    | 332 +++++++++++++-------
 mm/gup_benchmark.c                          |   9 +-
 mm/memremap.c                               |  80 ++---
 mm/process_vm_access.c                      |  28 +-
 net/xdp/xdp_umem.c                          |   4 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c  |   6 +-
 24 files changed, 642 insertions(+), 285 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst

-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 01/19] mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 02/19] mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues John Hubbard
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Christoph Hellwig,
	Aneesh Kumar K . V

There are four locations in gup.c that have a fair amount of code
duplication. This means that changing one requires making the same
changes in four places, not to mention reading the same code four
times, and wondering if there are subtle differences.

Factor out the common code into static functions, thus reducing the
overall line count and the code's complexity.

Also, take the opportunity to slightly improve the efficiency of the
error cases, by doing a mass subtraction of the refcount, surrounded
by get_page()/put_page().

Also, further simplify (slightly), by waiting until the the successful
end of each routine, to increment *nr.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 mm/gup.c | 91 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------------
 1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 7646bf993b25..f764432914c4 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -1978,6 +1978,25 @@ static int __gup_device_huge_pud(pud_t pud, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
 }
 #endif
 
+static int record_subpages(struct page *page, unsigned long addr,
+			   unsigned long end, struct page **pages)
+{
+	int nr;
+
+	for (nr = 0; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE)
+		pages[nr++] = page++;
+
+	return nr;
+}
+
+static void put_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
+{
+	/* Do a get_page() first, in case refs == page->_refcount */
+	get_page(page);
+	page_ref_sub(page, refs);
+	put_page(page);
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD
 static unsigned long hugepte_addr_end(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 				      unsigned long sz)
@@ -2007,32 +2026,20 @@ static int gup_hugepte(pte_t *ptep, unsigned long sz, unsigned long addr,
 	/* hugepages are never "special" */
 	VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
 
-	refs = 0;
 	head = pte_page(pte);
-
 	page = head + ((addr & (sz-1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
-	do {
-		VM_BUG_ON(compound_head(page) != head);
-		pages[*nr] = page;
-		(*nr)++;
-		page++;
-		refs++;
-	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+	refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
 
 	head = try_get_compound_head(head, refs);
-	if (!head) {
-		*nr -= refs;
+	if (!head)
 		return 0;
-	}
 
 	if (unlikely(pte_val(pte) != pte_val(*ptep))) {
-		/* Could be optimized better */
-		*nr -= refs;
-		while (refs--)
-			put_page(head);
+		put_compound_head(head, refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	*nr += refs;
 	SetPageReferenced(head);
 	return 1;
 }
@@ -2079,28 +2086,19 @@ static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
 		return __gup_device_huge_pmd(orig, pmdp, addr, end, pages, nr);
 	}
 
-	refs = 0;
 	page = pmd_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
-	do {
-		pages[*nr] = page;
-		(*nr)++;
-		page++;
-		refs++;
-	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+	refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
 
 	head = try_get_compound_head(pmd_page(orig), refs);
-	if (!head) {
-		*nr -= refs;
+	if (!head)
 		return 0;
-	}
 
 	if (unlikely(pmd_val(orig) != pmd_val(*pmdp))) {
-		*nr -= refs;
-		while (refs--)
-			put_page(head);
+		put_compound_head(head, refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	*nr += refs;
 	SetPageReferenced(head);
 	return 1;
 }
@@ -2120,28 +2118,19 @@ static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
 		return __gup_device_huge_pud(orig, pudp, addr, end, pages, nr);
 	}
 
-	refs = 0;
 	page = pud_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
-	do {
-		pages[*nr] = page;
-		(*nr)++;
-		page++;
-		refs++;
-	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+	refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
 
 	head = try_get_compound_head(pud_page(orig), refs);
-	if (!head) {
-		*nr -= refs;
+	if (!head)
 		return 0;
-	}
 
 	if (unlikely(pud_val(orig) != pud_val(*pudp))) {
-		*nr -= refs;
-		while (refs--)
-			put_page(head);
+		put_compound_head(head, refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	*nr += refs;
 	SetPageReferenced(head);
 	return 1;
 }
@@ -2157,28 +2146,20 @@ static int gup_huge_pgd(pgd_t orig, pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr,
 		return 0;
 
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(pgd_devmap(orig));
-	refs = 0;
+
 	page = pgd_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PGDIR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
-	do {
-		pages[*nr] = page;
-		(*nr)++;
-		page++;
-		refs++;
-	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+	refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
 
 	head = try_get_compound_head(pgd_page(orig), refs);
-	if (!head) {
-		*nr -= refs;
+	if (!head)
 		return 0;
-	}
 
 	if (unlikely(pgd_val(orig) != pgd_val(*pgdp))) {
-		*nr -= refs;
-		while (refs--)
-			put_page(head);
+		put_compound_head(head, refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	*nr += refs;
 	SetPageReferenced(head);
 	return 1;
 }
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 02/19] mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 01/19] mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 03/19] mm: Cleanup __put_devmap_managed_page() vs ->page_free() John Hubbard
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Christoph Hellwig

An upcoming patch uses try_get_compound_head() more widely,
so move it to the top of gup.c.

Also fix a tiny spelling error and a checkpatch.pl warning.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 mm/gup.c | 29 +++++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index f764432914c4..3ecce297a47f 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -29,6 +29,21 @@ struct follow_page_context {
 	unsigned int page_mask;
 };
 
+/*
+ * Return the compound head page with ref appropriately incremented,
+ * or NULL if that failed.
+ */
+static inline struct page *try_get_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
+{
+	struct page *head = compound_head(page);
+
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(head) < 0))
+		return NULL;
+	if (unlikely(!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)))
+		return NULL;
+	return head;
+}
+
 /**
  * put_user_pages_dirty_lock() - release and optionally dirty gup-pinned pages
  * @pages:  array of pages to be maybe marked dirty, and definitely released.
@@ -1807,20 +1822,6 @@ static void __maybe_unused undo_dev_pagemap(int *nr, int nr_start,
 	}
 }
 
-/*
- * Return the compund head page with ref appropriately incremented,
- * or NULL if that failed.
- */
-static inline struct page *try_get_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
-{
-	struct page *head = compound_head(page);
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(head) < 0))
-		return NULL;
-	if (unlikely(!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)))
-		return NULL;
-	return head;
-}
-
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
 static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 			 unsigned int flags, struct page **pages, int *nr)
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 03/19] mm: Cleanup __put_devmap_managed_page() vs ->page_free()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 01/19] mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 02/19] mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 04/19] goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine John Hubbard
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Christoph Hellwig

From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

After the removal of the device-public infrastructure there are only 2
->page_free() call backs in the kernel. One of those is a device-private
callback in the nouveau driver, the other is a generic wakeup needed in
the DAX case. In the hopes that all ->page_free() callbacks can be
migrated to common core kernel functionality, move the device-private
specific actions in __put_devmap_managed_page() under the
is_device_private_page() conditional, including the ->page_free()
callback. For the other page types just open-code the generic wakeup.

Yes, the wakeup is only needed in the MEMORY_DEVICE_FSDAX case, but it
does no harm in the MEMORY_DEVICE_DEVDAX and MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA
case.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c |  6 ----
 mm/memremap.c         | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 2 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
index ad8e4df1282b..4eae441f86c9 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
@@ -337,13 +337,7 @@ static void pmem_release_disk(void *__pmem)
 	put_disk(pmem->disk);
 }
 
-static void pmem_pagemap_page_free(struct page *page)
-{
-	wake_up_var(&page->_refcount);
-}
-
 static const struct dev_pagemap_ops fsdax_pagemap_ops = {
-	.page_free		= pmem_pagemap_page_free,
 	.kill			= pmem_pagemap_kill,
 	.cleanup		= pmem_pagemap_cleanup,
 };
diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
index 022e78e68ea0..e1678e575d9f 100644
--- a/mm/memremap.c
+++ b/mm/memremap.c
@@ -27,7 +27,8 @@ static void devmap_managed_enable_put(void)
 
 static int devmap_managed_enable_get(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 {
-	if (!pgmap->ops || !pgmap->ops->page_free) {
+	if (pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE &&
+	    (!pgmap->ops || !pgmap->ops->page_free)) {
 		WARN(1, "Missing page_free method\n");
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
@@ -444,44 +445,51 @@ void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
 {
 	int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);
 
-	/*
-	 * If refcount is 1 then page is freed and refcount is stable as nobody
-	 * holds a reference on the page.
-	 */
-	if (count == 1) {
-		/* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
-		__ClearPageActive(page);
-		__ClearPageWaiters(page);
+	/* still busy */
+	if (count > 1)
+		return;
 
-		mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
+	/* only triggered by the dev_pagemap shutdown path */
+	if (count == 0) {
+		__put_page(page);
+		return;
+	}
 
-		/*
-		 * When a device_private page is freed, the page->mapping field
-		 * may still contain a (stale) mapping value. For example, the
-		 * lower bits of page->mapping may still identify the page as
-		 * an anonymous page. Ultimately, this entire field is just
-		 * stale and wrong, and it will cause errors if not cleared.
-		 * One example is:
-		 *
-		 *  migrate_vma_pages()
-		 *    migrate_vma_insert_page()
-		 *      page_add_new_anon_rmap()
-		 *        __page_set_anon_rmap()
-		 *          ...checks page->mapping, via PageAnon(page) call,
-		 *            and incorrectly concludes that the page is an
-		 *            anonymous page. Therefore, it incorrectly,
-		 *            silently fails to set up the new anon rmap.
-		 *
-		 * For other types of ZONE_DEVICE pages, migration is either
-		 * handled differently or not done at all, so there is no need
-		 * to clear page->mapping.
-		 */
-		if (is_device_private_page(page))
-			page->mapping = NULL;
+	/* notify page idle for dax */
+	if (!is_device_private_page(page)) {
+		wake_up_var(&page->_refcount);
+		return;
+	}
 
-		page->pgmap->ops->page_free(page);
-	} else if (!count)
-		__put_page(page);
+	/* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
+	__ClearPageActive(page);
+	__ClearPageWaiters(page);
+
+	mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
+
+	/*
+	 * When a device_private page is freed, the page->mapping field
+	 * may still contain a (stale) mapping value. For example, the
+	 * lower bits of page->mapping may still identify the page as an
+	 * anonymous page. Ultimately, this entire field is just stale
+	 * and wrong, and it will cause errors if not cleared.  One
+	 * example is:
+	 *
+	 *  migrate_vma_pages()
+	 *    migrate_vma_insert_page()
+	 *      page_add_new_anon_rmap()
+	 *        __page_set_anon_rmap()
+	 *          ...checks page->mapping, via PageAnon(page) call,
+	 *            and incorrectly concludes that the page is an
+	 *            anonymous page. Therefore, it incorrectly,
+	 *            silently fails to set up the new anon rmap.
+	 *
+	 * For other types of ZONE_DEVICE pages, migration is either
+	 * handled differently or not done at all, so there is no need
+	 * to clear page->mapping.
+	 */
+	page->mapping = NULL;
+	page->pgmap->ops->page_free(page);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_devmap_managed_page);
 #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 04/19] goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 03/19] mm: Cleanup __put_devmap_managed_page() vs ->page_free() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 05/19] mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM John Hubbard
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

1. Avoid naming conflicts: rename local static function from
"pin_user_pages()" to "goldfish_pin_pages()".

An upcoming patch will introduce a global pin_user_pages()
function.

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c | 18 +++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
index cef0133aa47a..ef50c264db71 100644
--- a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
+++ b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
@@ -257,12 +257,12 @@ static int goldfish_pipe_error_convert(int status)
 	}
 }
 
-static int pin_user_pages(unsigned long first_page,
-			  unsigned long last_page,
-			  unsigned int last_page_size,
-			  int is_write,
-			  struct page *pages[MAX_BUFFERS_PER_COMMAND],
-			  unsigned int *iter_last_page_size)
+static int goldfish_pin_pages(unsigned long first_page,
+			      unsigned long last_page,
+			      unsigned int last_page_size,
+			      int is_write,
+			      struct page *pages[MAX_BUFFERS_PER_COMMAND],
+			      unsigned int *iter_last_page_size)
 {
 	int ret;
 	int requested_pages = ((last_page - first_page) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1;
@@ -354,9 +354,9 @@ static int transfer_max_buffers(struct goldfish_pipe *pipe,
 	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&pipe->lock))
 		return -ERESTARTSYS;
 
-	pages_count = pin_user_pages(first_page, last_page,
-				     last_page_size, is_write,
-				     pipe->pages, &iter_last_page_size);
+	pages_count = goldfish_pin_pages(first_page, last_page,
+					 last_page_size, is_write,
+					 pipe->pages, &iter_last_page_size);
 	if (pages_count < 0) {
 		mutex_unlock(&pipe->lock);
 		return pages_count;
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 05/19] mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 04/19] goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 06/19] vfio: fix FOLL_LONGTERM use, simplify get_user_pages_remote() call John Hubbard
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Jason Gunthorpe

As it says in the updated comment in gup.c: current FOLL_LONGTERM
behavior is incompatible with FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the
FS DAX check requirement on vmas.

However, the corresponding restriction in get_user_pages_remote() was
slightly stricter than is actually required: it forbade all
FOLL_LONGTERM callers, but we can actually allow FOLL_LONGTERM callers
that do not set the "locked" arg.

Update the code and comments to loosen the restriction, allowing
FOLL_LONGTERM in some cases.

Also, copy the DAX check ("if a VMA is DAX, don't allow long term
pinning") from the VFIO call site, all the way into the internals
of get_user_pages_remote() and __gup_longterm_locked(). That is:
get_user_pages_remote() calls __gup_longterm_locked(), which in turn
calls check_dax_vmas(). This check will then be removed from the VFIO
call site in a subsequent patch.

Thanks to Jason Gunthorpe for pointing out a clean way to fix this,
and to Dan Williams for helping clarify the DAX refactoring.

Tested-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 mm/gup.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 3ecce297a47f..c0c56888e7cc 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -29,6 +29,13 @@ struct follow_page_context {
 	unsigned int page_mask;
 };
 
+static __always_inline long __gup_longterm_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
+						  struct mm_struct *mm,
+						  unsigned long start,
+						  unsigned long nr_pages,
+						  struct page **pages,
+						  struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
+						  unsigned int flags);
 /*
  * Return the compound head page with ref appropriately incremented,
  * or NULL if that failed.
@@ -1179,13 +1186,23 @@ long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
 		struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
 {
 	/*
-	 * FIXME: Current FOLL_LONGTERM behavior is incompatible with
+	 * Parts of FOLL_LONGTERM behavior are incompatible with
 	 * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
-	 * vmas.  As there are no users of this flag in this call we simply
-	 * disallow this option for now.
+	 * vmas. However, this only comes up if locked is set, and there are
+	 * callers that do request FOLL_LONGTERM, but do not set locked. So,
+	 * allow what we can.
 	 */
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM))
-		return -EINVAL;
+	if (gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) {
+		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(locked))
+			return -EINVAL;
+		/*
+		 * This will check the vmas (even if our vmas arg is NULL)
+		 * and return -ENOTSUPP if DAX isn't allowed in this case:
+		 */
+		return __gup_longterm_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages,
+					     vmas, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH |
+					     FOLL_REMOTE);
+	}
 
 	return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
 				       locked,
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 06/19] vfio: fix FOLL_LONGTERM use, simplify get_user_pages_remote() call
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 05/19] mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN John Hubbard
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Jason Gunthorpe

Update VFIO to take advantage of the recently loosened restriction on
FOLL_LONGTERM with get_user_pages_remote(). Also, now it is possible to
fix a bug: the VFIO caller is logically a FOLL_LONGTERM user, but it
wasn't setting FOLL_LONGTERM.

Also, remove an unnessary pair of calls that were releasing and
reacquiring the mmap_sem. There is no need to avoid holding mmap_sem
just in order to call page_to_pfn().

Also, now that the the DAX check ("if a VMA is DAX, don't allow long
term pinning") is in the internals of get_user_pages_remote() and
__gup_longterm_locked(), there's no need for it at the VFIO call site.
So remove it.

Tested-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 30 +++++-------------------------
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 2ada8e6cdb88..b800fc9a0251 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -322,7 +322,6 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
 {
 	struct page *page[1];
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
-	struct vm_area_struct *vmas[1];
 	unsigned int flags = 0;
 	int ret;
 
@@ -330,33 +329,14 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
 		flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
 
 	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-	if (mm == current->mm) {
-		ret = get_user_pages(vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM, page,
-				     vmas);
-	} else {
-		ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags, page,
-					    vmas, NULL);
-		/*
-		 * The lifetime of a vaddr_get_pfn() page pin is
-		 * userspace-controlled. In the fs-dax case this could
-		 * lead to indefinite stalls in filesystem operations.
-		 * Disallow attempts to pin fs-dax pages via this
-		 * interface.
-		 */
-		if (ret > 0 && vma_is_fsdax(vmas[0])) {
-			ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
-			put_page(page[0]);
-		}
-	}
-	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-
+	ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
+				    page, NULL, NULL);
 	if (ret == 1) {
 		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
-		return 0;
+		ret = 0;
+		goto done;
 	}
 
-	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-
 	vaddr = untagged_addr(vaddr);
 
 	vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
@@ -366,7 +346,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
 		if (is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn))
 			ret = 0;
 	}
-
+done:
 	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 	return ret;
 }
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 06/19] vfio: fix FOLL_LONGTERM use, simplify get_user_pages_remote() call John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:19 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  7:47   ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-25  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 08/19] goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 2 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Mike Rapoport

Introduce pin_user_pages*() variations of get_user_pages*() calls,
and also pin_longterm_pages*() variations.

For now, these are placeholder calls, until the various call sites
are converted to use the correct get_user_pages*() or
pin_user_pages*() API.

These variants will eventually all set FOLL_PIN, which is also
introduced, and thoroughly documented.

    pin_user_pages()
    pin_user_pages_remote()
    pin_user_pages_fast()

All pages that are pinned via the above calls, must be unpinned via
put_user_page().

The underlying rules are:

* FOLL_PIN is a gup-internal flag, so the call sites should not directly
set it. That behavior is enforced with assertions.

* Call sites that want to indicate that they are going to do DirectIO
  ("DIO") or something with similar characteristics, should call a
  get_user_pages()-like wrapper call that sets FOLL_PIN. These wrappers
  will:
        * Start with "pin_user_pages" instead of "get_user_pages". That
          makes it easy to find and audit the call sites.
        * Set FOLL_PIN

* For pages that are received via FOLL_PIN, those pages must be returned
  via put_user_page().

Thanks to Jan Kara and Vlastimil Babka for explaining the 4 cases
in this documentation. (I've reworded it and expanded upon it.)

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>  # Documentation
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 Documentation/core-api/index.rst          |   1 +
 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst | 233 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mm.h                        |  63 ++++--
 mm/gup.c                                  | 153 ++++++++++++--
 4 files changed, 416 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
index ab0eae1c153a..413f7d7c8642 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ Core utilities
    generic-radix-tree
    memory-allocation
    mm-api
+   pin_user_pages
    gfp_mask-from-fs-io
    timekeeping
    boot-time-mm
diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst b/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4f26637a5005
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,233 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+====================================================
+pin_user_pages() and related calls
+====================================================
+
+.. contents:: :local:
+
+Overview
+========
+
+This document describes the following functions: ::
+
+ pin_user_pages
+ pin_user_pages_fast
+ pin_user_pages_remote
+
+Basic description of FOLL_PIN
+=============================
+
+FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM are flags that can be passed to the get_user_pages*()
+("gup") family of functions. FOLL_PIN has significant interactions and
+interdependencies with FOLL_LONGTERM, so both are covered here.
+
+FOLL_PIN is internal to gup, meaning that it should not appear at the gup call
+sites. This allows the associated wrapper functions  (pin_user_pages*() and
+others) to set the correct combination of these flags, and to check for problems
+as well.
+
+FOLL_LONGTERM, on the other hand, *is* allowed to be set at the gup call sites.
+This is in order to avoid creating a large number of wrapper functions to cover
+all combinations of get*(), pin*(), FOLL_LONGTERM, and more. Also, the
+pin_user_pages*() APIs are clearly distinct from the get_user_pages*() APIs, so
+that's a natural dividing line, and a good point to make separate wrapper calls.
+In other words, use pin_user_pages*() for DMA-pinned pages, and
+get_user_pages*() for other cases. There are four cases described later on in
+this document, to further clarify that concept.
+
+FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given gup call. However,
+multiple threads and call sites are free to pin the same struct pages, via both
+FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET. It's just the call site that needs to choose one or the
+other, not the struct page(s).
+
+The FOLL_PIN implementation is nearly the same as FOLL_GET, except that FOLL_PIN
+uses a different reference counting technique.
+
+FOLL_PIN is a prerequisite to FOLL_LONGTGERM. Another way of saying that is,
+FOLL_LONGTERM is a specific case, more restrictive case of FOLL_PIN.
+
+Which flags are set by each wrapper
+===================================
+
+For these pin_user_pages*() functions, FOLL_PIN is OR'd in with whatever gup
+flags the caller provides. The caller is required to pass in a non-null struct
+pages* array, and the function then pin pages by incrementing each by a special
+value. For now, that value is +1, just like get_user_pages*().::
+
+ Function
+ --------
+ pin_user_pages          FOLL_PIN is always set internally by this function.
+ pin_user_pages_fast     FOLL_PIN is always set internally by this function.
+ pin_user_pages_remote   FOLL_PIN is always set internally by this function.
+
+For these get_user_pages*() functions, FOLL_GET might not even be specified.
+Behavior is a little more complex than above. If FOLL_GET was *not* specified,
+but the caller passed in a non-null struct pages* array, then the function
+sets FOLL_GET for you, and proceeds to pin pages by incrementing the refcount
+of each page by +1.::
+
+ Function
+ --------
+ get_user_pages           FOLL_GET is sometimes set internally by this function.
+ get_user_pages_fast      FOLL_GET is sometimes set internally by this function.
+ get_user_pages_remote    FOLL_GET is sometimes set internally by this function.
+
+Tracking dma-pinned pages
+=========================
+
+Some of the key design constraints, and solutions, for tracking dma-pinned
+pages:
+
+* An actual reference count, per struct page, is required. This is because
+  multiple processes may pin and unpin a page.
+
+* False positives (reporting that a page is dma-pinned, when in fact it is not)
+  are acceptable, but false negatives are not.
+
+* struct page may not be increased in size for this, and all fields are already
+  used.
+
+* Given the above, we can overload the page->_refcount field by using, sort of,
+  the upper bits in that field for a dma-pinned count. "Sort of", means that,
+  rather than dividing page->_refcount into bit fields, we simple add a medium-
+  large value (GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, initially chosen to be 1024: 10 bits) to
+  page->_refcount. This provides fuzzy behavior: if a page has get_page() called
+  on it 1024 times, then it will appear to have a single dma-pinned count.
+  And again, that's acceptable.
+
+This also leads to limitations: there are only 31-10==21 bits available for a
+counter that increments 10 bits at a time.
+
+TODO: for 1GB and larger huge pages, this is cutting it close. That's because
+when pin_user_pages() follows such pages, it increments the head page by "1"
+(where "1" used to mean "+1" for get_user_pages(), but now means "+1024" for
+pin_user_pages()) for each tail page. So if you have a 1GB huge page:
+
+* There are 256K (18 bits) worth of 4 KB tail pages.
+* There are 21 bits available to count up via GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (that is,
+  10 bits at a time)
+* There are 21 - 18 == 3 bits available to count. Except that there aren't,
+  because you need to allow for a few normal get_page() calls on the head page,
+  as well. Fortunately, the approach of using addition, rather than "hard"
+  bitfields, within page->_refcount, allows for sharing these bits gracefully.
+  But we're still looking at about 8 references.
+
+This, however, is a missing feature more than anything else, because it's easily
+solved by addressing an obvious inefficiency in the original get_user_pages()
+approach of retrieving pages: stop treating all the pages as if they were
+PAGE_SIZE. Retrieve huge pages as huge pages. The callers need to be aware of
+this, so some work is required. Once that's in place, this limitation mostly
+disappears from view, because there will be ample refcounting range available.
+
+* Callers must specifically request "dma-pinned tracking of pages". In other
+  words, just calling get_user_pages() will not suffice; a new set of functions,
+  pin_user_page() and related, must be used.
+
+FOLL_PIN, FOLL_GET, FOLL_LONGTERM: when to use which flags
+==========================================================
+
+Thanks to Jan Kara, Vlastimil Babka and several other -mm people, for describing
+these categories:
+
+CASE 1: Direct IO (DIO)
+-----------------------
+There are GUP references to pages that are serving
+as DIO buffers. These buffers are needed for a relatively short time (so they
+are not "long term"). No special synchronization with page_mkclean() or
+munmap() is provided. Therefore, flags to set at the call site are: ::
+
+    FOLL_PIN
+
+...but rather than setting FOLL_PIN directly, call sites should use one of
+the pin_user_pages*() routines that set FOLL_PIN.
+
+CASE 2: RDMA
+------------
+There are GUP references to pages that are serving as DMA
+buffers. These buffers are needed for a long time ("long term"). No special
+synchronization with page_mkclean() or munmap() is provided. Therefore, flags
+to set at the call site are: ::
+
+    FOLL_PIN | FOLL_LONGTERM
+
+NOTE: Some pages, such as DAX pages, cannot be pinned with longterm pins. That's
+because DAX pages do not have a separate page cache, and so "pinning" implies
+locking down file system blocks, which is not (yet) supported in that way.
+
+CASE 3: Hardware with page faulting support
+-------------------------------------------
+Here, a well-written driver doesn't normally need to pin pages at all. However,
+if the driver does choose to do so, it can register MMU notifiers for the range,
+and will be called back upon invalidation. Either way (avoiding page pinning, or
+using MMU notifiers to unpin upon request), there is proper synchronization with
+both filesystem and mm (page_mkclean(), munmap(), etc).
+
+Therefore, neither flag needs to be set.
+
+In this case, ideally, neither get_user_pages() nor pin_user_pages() should be
+called. Instead, the software should be written so that it does not pin pages.
+This allows mm and filesystems to operate more efficiently and reliably.
+
+CASE 4: Pinning for struct page manipulation only
+-------------------------------------------------
+Here, normal GUP calls are sufficient, so neither flag needs to be set.
+
+page_dma_pinned(): the whole point of pinning
+=============================================
+
+The whole point of marking pages as "DMA-pinned" or "gup-pinned" is to be able
+to query, "is this page DMA-pinned?" That allows code such as page_mkclean()
+(and file system writeback code in general) to make informed decisions about
+what to do when a page cannot be unmapped due to such pins.
+
+What to do in those cases is the subject of a years-long series of discussions
+and debates (see the References at the end of this document). It's a TODO item
+here: fill in the details once that's worked out. Meanwhile, it's safe to say
+that having this available: ::
+
+        static inline bool page_dma_pinned(struct page *page)
+
+...is a prerequisite to solving the long-running gup+DMA problem.
+
+Another way of thinking about FOLL_GET, FOLL_PIN, and FOLL_LONGTERM
+===================================================================
+
+Another way of thinking about these flags is as a progression of restrictions:
+FOLL_GET is for struct page manipulation, without affecting the data that the
+struct page refers to. FOLL_PIN is a *replacement* for FOLL_GET, and is for
+short term pins on pages whose data *will* get accessed. As such, FOLL_PIN is
+a "more severe" form of pinning. And finally, FOLL_LONGTERM is an even more
+restrictive case that has FOLL_PIN as a prerequisite: this is for pages that
+will be pinned longterm, and whose data will be accessed.
+
+Unit testing
+============
+This file::
+
+ tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
+
+has the following new calls to exercise the new pin*() wrapper functions:
+
+* PIN_FAST_BENCHMARK (./gup_benchmark -a)
+* PIN_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK (./gup_benchmark -a)
+* PIN_BENCHMARK (./gup_benchmark -a)
+
+You can monitor how many total dma-pinned pages have been acquired and released
+since the system was booted, via two new /proc/vmstat entries: ::
+
+    /proc/vmstat/nr_foll_pin_requested
+    /proc/vmstat/nr_foll_pin_requested
+
+Those are both going to show zero, unless CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is set. This is
+because there is a noticeable performance drop in put_user_page(), when they
+are activated.
+
+References
+==========
+
+* `Some slow progress on get_user_pages() (Apr 2, 2019) <https://lwn.net/Articles/784574/>`_
+* `DMA and get_user_pages() (LPC: Dec 12, 2018) <https://lwn.net/Articles/774411/>`_
+* `The trouble with get_user_pages() (Apr 30, 2018) <https://lwn.net/Articles/753027/>`_
+
+John Hubbard, October, 2019
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index f0688fca3039..5fabbc5d10f3 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1039,16 +1039,14 @@ static inline void put_page(struct page *page)
  * put_user_page() - release a gup-pinned page
  * @page:            pointer to page to be released
  *
- * Pages that were pinned via get_user_pages*() must be released via
- * either put_user_page(), or one of the put_user_pages*() routines
- * below. This is so that eventually, pages that are pinned via
- * get_user_pages*() can be separately tracked and uniquely handled. In
- * particular, interactions with RDMA and filesystems need special
- * handling.
+ * Pages that were pinned via pin_user_pages*() must be released via either
+ * put_user_page(), or one of the put_user_pages*() routines. This is so that
+ * eventually such pages can be separately tracked and uniquely handled. In
+ * particular, interactions with RDMA and filesystems need special handling.
  *
  * put_user_page() and put_page() are not interchangeable, despite this early
  * implementation that makes them look the same. put_user_page() calls must
- * be perfectly matched up with get_user_page() calls.
+ * be perfectly matched up with pin*() calls.
  */
 static inline void put_user_page(struct page *page)
 {
@@ -1506,9 +1504,16 @@ long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
 			    unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 			    unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
 			    struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked);
+long pin_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
+			   unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
+			   unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
+			   struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked);
 long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 			    unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
 			    struct vm_area_struct **vmas);
+long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		    unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
+		    struct vm_area_struct **vmas);
 long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		    unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked);
 long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
@@ -1516,6 +1521,8 @@ long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 
 int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
 			unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages);
+int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
+			unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages);
 
 int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc);
 int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc,
@@ -2579,13 +2586,15 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 #define FOLL_ANON	0x8000	/* don't do file mappings */
 #define FOLL_LONGTERM	0x10000	/* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */
 #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD	0x20000	/* split huge pmd before returning */
+#define FOLL_PIN	0x40000	/* pages must be released via put_user_page() */
 
 /*
- * NOTE on FOLL_LONGTERM:
+ * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each
+ * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them:
  *
  * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time
- * period _often_ under userspace control.  This is contrasted with
- * iov_iter_get_pages() where usages which are transient.
+ * period _often_ under userspace control.  This is in contrast to
+ * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient.
  *
  * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the
  * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm
@@ -2600,11 +2609,39 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
  * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag
  * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed.  This
  * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and
- * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY
+ * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY.
  *
- * In the CMA case: longterm pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment
- * that region.  And so CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning when
+ * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment
+ * that region.  And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when
  * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified.
+ *
+ * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount,
+ * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for
+ * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example,
+ * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is
+ * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages
+ * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by
+ * a call to put_user_page().
+ *
+ * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different
+ * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has
+ * its own acquire and release mechanisms:
+ *
+ *     FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release.
+ *
+ *     FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_user_pages to release.
+ *
+ * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call.
+ * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based
+ * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the
+ * callers, not on the pages.)
+ *
+ * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never
+ * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when
+ * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(),
+ * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_user_page().
+ *
+ * Please see Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst for more information.
  */
 
 static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags)
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index c0c56888e7cc..ef1bfd374a11 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -201,6 +201,10 @@ static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	spinlock_t *ptl;
 	pte_t *ptep, pte;
 
+	/* FOLL_GET and FOLL_PIN are mutually exclusive. */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE((flags & (FOLL_PIN | FOLL_GET)) ==
+			 (FOLL_PIN | FOLL_GET)))
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 retry:
 	if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
 		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
@@ -818,7 +822,7 @@ static long __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
 
 	start = untagged_addr(start);
 
-	VM_BUG_ON(!!pages != !!(gup_flags & FOLL_GET));
+	VM_BUG_ON(!!pages != !!(gup_flags & (FOLL_GET | FOLL_PIN)));
 
 	/*
 	 * If FOLL_FORCE is set then do not force a full fault as the hinting
@@ -1042,7 +1046,16 @@ static __always_inline long __get_user_pages_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
 		BUG_ON(*locked != 1);
 	}
 
-	if (pages)
+	/*
+	 * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive. Traditional behavior
+	 * is to set FOLL_GET if the caller wants pages[] filled in (but has
+	 * carelessly failed to specify FOLL_GET), so keep doing that, but only
+	 * for FOLL_GET, not for the newer FOLL_PIN.
+	 *
+	 * FOLL_PIN always expects pages to be non-null, but no need to assert
+	 * that here, as any failures will be obvious enough.
+	 */
+	if (pages && !(flags & FOLL_PIN))
 		flags |= FOLL_GET;
 
 	pages_done = 0;
@@ -1185,6 +1198,13 @@ long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
 		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
 		struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
 {
+	/*
+	 * FOLL_PIN must only be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs,
+	 * never directly by the caller, so enforce that with an assertion:
+	 */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_PIN))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	/*
 	 * Parts of FOLL_LONGTERM behavior are incompatible with
 	 * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
@@ -1654,6 +1674,13 @@ long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
 		struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
 {
+	/*
+	 * FOLL_PIN must only be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs,
+	 * never directly by the caller, so enforce that with an assertion:
+	 */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_PIN))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	return __gup_longterm_locked(current, current->mm, start, nr_pages,
 				     pages, vmas, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH);
 }
@@ -2392,29 +2419,14 @@ static int __gup_longterm_unlocked(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-/**
- * get_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory
- * @start:	starting user address
- * @nr_pages:	number of pages from start to pin
- * @gup_flags:	flags modifying pin behaviour
- * @pages:	array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
- *		Should be at least nr_pages long.
- *
- * Attempt to pin user pages in memory without taking mm->mmap_sem.
- * If not successful, it will fall back to taking the lock and
- * calling get_user_pages().
- *
- * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
- * requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
- * were pinned, returns -errno.
- */
-int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
-			unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages)
+static int internal_get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
+					unsigned int gup_flags,
+					struct page **pages)
 {
 	unsigned long addr, len, end;
 	int nr = 0, ret = 0;
 
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & ~(FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM)))
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & ~(FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM | FOLL_PIN)))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	start = untagged_addr(start) & PAGE_MASK;
@@ -2454,4 +2466,103 @@ int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
 
 	return ret;
 }
+
+/**
+ * get_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory
+ * @start:	starting user address
+ * @nr_pages:	number of pages from start to pin
+ * @gup_flags:	flags modifying pin behaviour
+ * @pages:	array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
+ *		Should be at least nr_pages long.
+ *
+ * Attempt to pin user pages in memory without taking mm->mmap_sem.
+ * If not successful, it will fall back to taking the lock and
+ * calling get_user_pages().
+ *
+ * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number requested.
+ * If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages were pinned, returns
+ * -errno.
+ */
+int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
+			unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages)
+{
+	/*
+	 * FOLL_PIN must only be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs,
+	 * never directly by the caller, so enforce that:
+	 */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_PIN))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return internal_get_user_pages_fast(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages);
+}
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_user_pages_fast);
+
+/**
+ * pin_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory without taking locks
+ *
+ * For now, this is a placeholder function, until various call sites are
+ * converted to use the correct get_user_pages*() or pin_user_pages*() API. So,
+ * this is identical to get_user_pages_fast().
+ *
+ * This is intended for Case 1 (DIO) in Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst. It
+ * is NOT intended for Case 2 (RDMA: long-term pins).
+ */
+int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
+			unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This is a placeholder, until the pin functionality is activated.
+	 * Until then, just behave like the corresponding get_user_pages*()
+	 * routine.
+	 */
+	return get_user_pages_fast(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pin_user_pages_fast);
+
+/**
+ * pin_user_pages_remote() - pin pages of a remote process (task != current)
+ *
+ * For now, this is a placeholder function, until various call sites are
+ * converted to use the correct get_user_pages*() or pin_user_pages*() API. So,
+ * this is identical to get_user_pages_remote().
+ *
+ * This is intended for Case 1 (DIO) in Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst. It
+ * is NOT intended for Case 2 (RDMA: long-term pins).
+ */
+long pin_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
+			   unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
+			   unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
+			   struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This is a placeholder, until the pin functionality is activated.
+	 * Until then, just behave like the corresponding get_user_pages*()
+	 * routine.
+	 */
+	return get_user_pages_remote(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages,
+				     vmas, locked);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pin_user_pages_remote);
+
+/**
+ * pin_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory for use by other devices
+ *
+ * For now, this is a placeholder function, until various call sites are
+ * converted to use the correct get_user_pages*() or pin_user_pages*() API. So,
+ * this is identical to get_user_pages().
+ *
+ * This is intended for Case 1 (DIO) in Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst. It
+ * is NOT intended for Case 2 (RDMA: long-term pins).
+ */
+long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		    unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
+		    struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This is a placeholder, until the pin functionality is activated.
+	 * Until then, just behave like the corresponding get_user_pages*()
+	 * routine.
+	 */
+	return get_user_pages(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages, vmas);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pin_user_pages);
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 08/19] goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 09/19] IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages*(), fix up ODP John Hubbard
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

1. Call the new global pin_user_pages_fast(), from pin_goldfish_pages().

2. As required by pin_user_pages(), release these pages via
put_user_page(). In this case, do so via put_user_pages_dirty_lock().

That has the side effect of calling set_page_dirty_lock(), instead
of set_page_dirty(). This is probably more accurate.

As Christoph Hellwig put it, "set_page_dirty() is only safe if we are
dealing with a file backed page where we have reference on the inode it
hangs off." [1]

Another side effect is that the release code is simplified because
the page[] loop is now in gup.c instead of here, so just delete the
local release_user_pages() entirely, and call
put_user_pages_dirty_lock() directly, instead.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190723153640.GB720@lst.de

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c | 17 +++--------------
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
index ef50c264db71..2a5901efecde 100644
--- a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
+++ b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
@@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ static int goldfish_pin_pages(unsigned long first_page,
 		*iter_last_page_size = last_page_size;
 	}
 
-	ret = get_user_pages_fast(first_page, requested_pages,
+	ret = pin_user_pages_fast(first_page, requested_pages,
 				  !is_write ? FOLL_WRITE : 0,
 				  pages);
 	if (ret <= 0)
@@ -285,18 +285,6 @@ static int goldfish_pin_pages(unsigned long first_page,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static void release_user_pages(struct page **pages, int pages_count,
-			       int is_write, s32 consumed_size)
-{
-	int i;
-
-	for (i = 0; i < pages_count; i++) {
-		if (!is_write && consumed_size > 0)
-			set_page_dirty(pages[i]);
-		put_page(pages[i]);
-	}
-}
-
 /* Populate the call parameters, merging adjacent pages together */
 static void populate_rw_params(struct page **pages,
 			       int pages_count,
@@ -372,7 +360,8 @@ static int transfer_max_buffers(struct goldfish_pipe *pipe,
 
 	*consumed_size = pipe->command_buffer->rw_params.consumed_size;
 
-	release_user_pages(pipe->pages, pages_count, is_write, *consumed_size);
+	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(pipe->pages, pages_count,
+				  !is_write && *consumed_size > 0);
 
 	mutex_unlock(&pipe->lock);
 	return 0;
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 09/19] IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages*(), fix up ODP
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 08/19] goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 10/19] mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote() John Hubbard
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Jason Gunthorpe

Convert infiniband to use the new pin_user_pages*() calls.

Also, revert earlier changes to Infiniband ODP that had it using
put_user_page(). ODP is "Case 3" in
Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst, which is to say, normal
get_user_pages() and put_page() is the API to use there.

The new pin_user_pages*() calls replace corresponding get_user_pages*()
calls, and set the FOLL_PIN flag. The FOLL_PIN flag requires that the
caller must return the pages via put_user_page*() calls, but infiniband
was already doing that as part of an earlier commit.

Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c              |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c          | 13 ++++++-------
 drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c     |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c  |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c   |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c    |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c         |  2 +-
 8 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
index 7a3b99597ead..39a1542e6707 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
@@ -267,7 +267,7 @@ struct ib_umem *ib_umem_get(struct ib_udata *udata, unsigned long addr,
 
 	while (npages) {
 		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-		ret = get_user_pages(cur_base,
+		ret = pin_user_pages(cur_base,
 				     min_t(unsigned long, npages,
 					   PAGE_SIZE / sizeof (struct page *)),
 				     gup_flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c
index e42d44e501fd..abc3bb6578cc 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c
@@ -308,9 +308,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(ib_umem_odp_release);
  * The function returns -EFAULT if the DMA mapping operation fails. It returns
  * -EAGAIN if a concurrent invalidation prevents us from updating the page.
  *
- * The page is released via put_user_page even if the operation failed. For
- * on-demand pinning, the page is released whenever it isn't stored in the
- * umem.
+ * The page is released via put_page even if the operation failed. For on-demand
+ * pinning, the page is released whenever it isn't stored in the umem.
  */
 static int ib_umem_odp_map_dma_single_page(
 		struct ib_umem_odp *umem_odp,
@@ -363,7 +362,7 @@ static int ib_umem_odp_map_dma_single_page(
 	}
 
 out:
-	put_user_page(page);
+	put_page(page);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -473,7 +472,7 @@ int ib_umem_odp_map_dma_pages(struct ib_umem_odp *umem_odp, u64 user_virt,
 					ret = -EFAULT;
 					break;
 				}
-				put_user_page(local_page_list[j]);
+				put_page(local_page_list[j]);
 				continue;
 			}
 
@@ -500,8 +499,8 @@ int ib_umem_odp_map_dma_pages(struct ib_umem_odp *umem_odp, u64 user_virt,
 			 * ib_umem_odp_map_dma_single_page().
 			 */
 			if (npages - (j + 1) > 0)
-				put_user_pages(&local_page_list[j+1],
-					       npages - (j + 1));
+				release_pages(&local_page_list[j+1],
+					      npages - (j + 1));
 			break;
 		}
 	}
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
index 469acb961fbd..9a94761765c0 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ int hfi1_acquire_user_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, size_t np
 	int ret;
 	unsigned int gup_flags = FOLL_LONGTERM | (writable ? FOLL_WRITE : 0);
 
-	ret = get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, npages, gup_flags, pages);
+	ret = pin_user_pages_fast(vaddr, npages, gup_flags, pages);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;
 
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
index edccfd6e178f..8269ab040c21 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
@@ -472,7 +472,7 @@ int mthca_map_user_db(struct mthca_dev *dev, struct mthca_uar *uar,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	ret = get_user_pages_fast(uaddr & PAGE_MASK, 1,
+	ret = pin_user_pages_fast(uaddr & PAGE_MASK, 1,
 				  FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM, pages);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		goto out;
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
index 6bf764e41891..7fc4b5f81fcd 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ int qib_get_user_pages(unsigned long start_page, size_t num_pages,
 
 	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
 	for (got = 0; got < num_pages; got += ret) {
-		ret = get_user_pages(start_page + got * PAGE_SIZE,
+		ret = pin_user_pages(start_page + got * PAGE_SIZE,
 				     num_pages - got,
 				     FOLL_LONGTERM | FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_FORCE,
 				     p + got, NULL);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
index 05190edc2611..1a3cc2957e3a 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
@@ -670,7 +670,7 @@ static int qib_user_sdma_pin_pages(const struct qib_devdata *dd,
 		else
 			j = npages;
 
-		ret = get_user_pages_fast(addr, j, FOLL_LONGTERM, pages);
+		ret = pin_user_pages_fast(addr, j, FOLL_LONGTERM, pages);
 		if (ret != j) {
 			i = 0;
 			j = ret;
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
index 62e6ffa9ad78..600896727d34 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ static int usnic_uiom_get_pages(unsigned long addr, size_t size, int writable,
 	ret = 0;
 
 	while (npages) {
-		ret = get_user_pages(cur_base,
+		ret = pin_user_pages(cur_base,
 				     min_t(unsigned long, npages,
 				     PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct page *)),
 				     gup_flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
index e99983f07663..e53b07dcfed5 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
@@ -426,7 +426,7 @@ struct siw_umem *siw_umem_get(u64 start, u64 len, bool writable)
 		while (nents) {
 			struct page **plist = &umem->page_chunk[i].plist[got];
 
-			rv = get_user_pages(first_page_va, nents,
+			rv = pin_user_pages(first_page_va, nents,
 					    foll_flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
 					    plist, NULL);
 			if (rv < 0)
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 10/19] mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 09/19] IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages*(), fix up ODP John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 11/19] drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast() John Hubbard
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

Convert process_vm_access to use the new pin_user_pages_remote()
call, which sets FOLL_PIN. Setting FOLL_PIN is now required for
code that requires tracking of pinned pages.

Also, release the pages via put_user_page*().

Also, rename "pages" to "pinned_pages", as this makes for
easier reading of process_vm_rw_single_vec().

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 mm/process_vm_access.c | 28 +++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/process_vm_access.c b/mm/process_vm_access.c
index 357aa7bef6c0..fd20ab675b85 100644
--- a/mm/process_vm_access.c
+++ b/mm/process_vm_access.c
@@ -42,12 +42,11 @@ static int process_vm_rw_pages(struct page **pages,
 		if (copy > len)
 			copy = len;
 
-		if (vm_write) {
+		if (vm_write)
 			copied = copy_page_from_iter(page, offset, copy, iter);
-			set_page_dirty_lock(page);
-		} else {
+		else
 			copied = copy_page_to_iter(page, offset, copy, iter);
-		}
+
 		len -= copied;
 		if (copied < copy && iov_iter_count(iter))
 			return -EFAULT;
@@ -96,7 +95,7 @@ static int process_vm_rw_single_vec(unsigned long addr,
 		flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
 
 	while (!rc && nr_pages && iov_iter_count(iter)) {
-		int pages = min(nr_pages, max_pages_per_loop);
+		int pinned_pages = min(nr_pages, max_pages_per_loop);
 		int locked = 1;
 		size_t bytes;
 
@@ -106,14 +105,15 @@ static int process_vm_rw_single_vec(unsigned long addr,
 		 * current/current->mm
 		 */
 		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-		pages = get_user_pages_remote(task, mm, pa, pages, flags,
-					      process_pages, NULL, &locked);
+		pinned_pages = pin_user_pages_remote(task, mm, pa, pinned_pages,
+						     flags, process_pages,
+						     NULL, &locked);
 		if (locked)
 			up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-		if (pages <= 0)
+		if (pinned_pages <= 0)
 			return -EFAULT;
 
-		bytes = pages * PAGE_SIZE - start_offset;
+		bytes = pinned_pages * PAGE_SIZE - start_offset;
 		if (bytes > len)
 			bytes = len;
 
@@ -122,10 +122,12 @@ static int process_vm_rw_single_vec(unsigned long addr,
 					 vm_write);
 		len -= bytes;
 		start_offset = 0;
-		nr_pages -= pages;
-		pa += pages * PAGE_SIZE;
-		while (pages)
-			put_page(process_pages[--pages]);
+		nr_pages -= pinned_pages;
+		pa += pinned_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
+
+		/* If vm_write is set, the pages need to be made dirty: */
+		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(process_pages, pinned_pages,
+					  vm_write);
 	}
 
 	return rc;
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 11/19] drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 10/19] mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 12/19] fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages() John Hubbard
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Daniel Vetter

Convert drm/via to use the new pin_user_pages_fast() call, which sets
FOLL_PIN. Setting FOLL_PIN is now required for code that requires
tracking of pinned pages, and therefore for any code that calls
put_user_page().

In partial anticipation of this work, the drm/via driver was already
calling put_user_page() instead of put_page(). Therefore, in order to
convert from the get_user_pages()/put_page() model, to the
pin_user_pages()/put_user_page() model, the only change required
is to change get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().

Acked-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
index 3db000aacd26..37c5e572993a 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@ via_lock_all_dma_pages(drm_via_sg_info_t *vsg,  drm_via_dmablit_t *xfer)
 	vsg->pages = vzalloc(array_size(sizeof(struct page *), vsg->num_pages));
 	if (NULL == vsg->pages)
 		return -ENOMEM;
-	ret = get_user_pages_fast((unsigned long)xfer->mem_addr,
+	ret = pin_user_pages_fast((unsigned long)xfer->mem_addr,
 			vsg->num_pages,
 			vsg->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0,
 			vsg->pages);
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 12/19] fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 11/19] drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 13/19] net/xdp: " John Hubbard
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

Convert fs/io_uring to use the new pin_user_pages() call, which sets
FOLL_PIN. Setting FOLL_PIN is now required for code that requires
tracking of pinned pages, and therefore for any code that calls
put_user_page().

In partial anticipation of this work, the io_uring code was already
calling put_user_page() instead of put_page(). Therefore, in order to
convert from the get_user_pages()/put_page() model, to the
pin_user_pages()/put_user_page() model, the only change required
here is to change get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().

Reviewed-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 fs/io_uring.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
index 010003b4b60b..0f7898b1c4b0 100644
--- a/fs/io_uring.c
+++ b/fs/io_uring.c
@@ -4185,7 +4185,7 @@ static int io_sqe_buffer_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
 
 		ret = 0;
 		down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
-		pret = get_user_pages(ubuf, nr_pages,
+		pret = pin_user_pages(ubuf, nr_pages,
 				      FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM,
 				      pages, vmas);
 		if (pret == nr_pages) {
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 13/19] net/xdp: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 12/19] fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` " John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 14/19] media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers John Hubbard
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

Convert net/xdp to use the new pin_longterm_pages() call, which sets
FOLL_PIN. Setting FOLL_PIN is now required for code that requires
tracking of pinned pages.

In partial anticipation of this work, the net/xdp code was already
calling put_user_page() instead of put_page(). Therefore, in order to
convert from the get_user_pages()/put_page() model, to the
pin_user_pages()/put_user_page() model, the only change required
here is to change get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().

Acked-by: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 net/xdp/xdp_umem.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
index 3049af269fbf..d071003b5e76 100644
--- a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
+++ b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ static int xdp_umem_pin_pages(struct xdp_umem *umem)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
-	npgs = get_user_pages(umem->address, umem->npgs,
+	npgs = pin_user_pages(umem->address, umem->npgs,
 			      gup_flags | FOLL_LONGTERM, &umem->pgs[0], NULL);
 	up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
 
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 14/19] media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 13/19] net/xdp: " John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 15/19] media/v4l2-core: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion John Hubbard
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Christoph Hellwig, Hans Verkuil,
	stable

After DMA is complete, and the device and CPU caches are synchronized,
it's still required to mark the CPU pages as dirty, if the data was
coming from the device. However, this driver was just issuing a
bare put_page() call, without any set_page_dirty*() call.

Fix the problem, by calling set_page_dirty_lock() if the CPU pages
were potentially receiving data from the device.

Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c | 5 ++++-
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
index 66a6c6c236a7..28262190c3ab 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
@@ -349,8 +349,11 @@ int videobuf_dma_free(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma)
 	BUG_ON(dma->sglen);
 
 	if (dma->pages) {
-		for (i = 0; i < dma->nr_pages; i++)
+		for (i = 0; i < dma->nr_pages; i++) {
+			if (dma->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
+				set_page_dirty_lock(dma->pages[i]);
 			put_page(dma->pages[i]);
+		}
 		kfree(dma->pages);
 		dma->pages = NULL;
 	}
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 15/19] media/v4l2-core: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 14/19] media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 16/19] vfio, mm: " John Hubbard
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard, Hans Verkuil

1. Change v4l2 from get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().

2. Because all FOLL_PIN-acquired pages must be released via
put_user_page(), also convert the put_page() call over to
put_user_pages_dirty_lock().

Acked-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c | 11 ++++-------
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
index 28262190c3ab..162a2633b1e3 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
@@ -183,12 +183,12 @@ static int videobuf_dma_init_user_locked(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma,
 	dprintk(1, "init user [0x%lx+0x%lx => %d pages]\n",
 		data, size, dma->nr_pages);
 
-	err = get_user_pages(data & PAGE_MASK, dma->nr_pages,
+	err = pin_user_pages(data & PAGE_MASK, dma->nr_pages,
 			     flags | FOLL_LONGTERM, dma->pages, NULL);
 
 	if (err != dma->nr_pages) {
 		dma->nr_pages = (err >= 0) ? err : 0;
-		dprintk(1, "get_user_pages: err=%d [%d]\n", err,
+		dprintk(1, "pin_user_pages: err=%d [%d]\n", err,
 			dma->nr_pages);
 		return err < 0 ? err : -EINVAL;
 	}
@@ -349,11 +349,8 @@ int videobuf_dma_free(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma)
 	BUG_ON(dma->sglen);
 
 	if (dma->pages) {
-		for (i = 0; i < dma->nr_pages; i++) {
-			if (dma->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
-				set_page_dirty_lock(dma->pages[i]);
-			put_page(dma->pages[i]);
-		}
+		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(dma->pages, dma->nr_pages,
+					  dma->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
 		kfree(dma->pages);
 		dma->pages = NULL;
 	}
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 16/19] vfio, mm: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 15/19] media/v4l2-core: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` " John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

1. Change vfio from get_user_pages_remote(), to
pin_user_pages_remote().

2. Because all FOLL_PIN-acquired pages must be released via
put_user_page(), also convert the put_page() call over to
put_user_pages_dirty_lock().

Note that this effectively changes the code's behavior in
vfio_iommu_type1.c: put_pfn(): it now ultimately calls
set_page_dirty_lock(), instead of set_page_dirty(). This is
probably more accurate.

As Christoph Hellwig put it, "set_page_dirty() is only safe if we are
dealing with a file backed page where we have reference on the inode it
hangs off." [1]

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190723153640.GB720@lst.de

Tested-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index b800fc9a0251..18bfc2fc8e6d 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -309,9 +309,8 @@ static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
 {
 	if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn)) {
 		struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
-		if (prot & IOMMU_WRITE)
-			SetPageDirty(page);
-		put_page(page);
+
+		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, prot & IOMMU_WRITE);
 		return 1;
 	}
 	return 0;
@@ -329,7 +328,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
 		flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
 
 	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-	ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
+	ret = pin_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
 				    page, NULL, NULL);
 	if (ret == 1) {
 		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 16/19] vfio, mm: " John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  8:59   ` Jan Kara
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 18/19] mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding "1" John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 19/19] mm, tree-wide: rename put_user_page*() to unpin_user_page*() John Hubbard
  18 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

1. Convert from get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().

2. As required by pin_user_pages(), release these pages via
put_user_page(). In this case, do so via put_user_pages_dirty_lock().

That has the side effect of calling set_page_dirty_lock(), instead
of set_page_dirty(). This is probably more accurate.

As Christoph Hellwig put it, "set_page_dirty() is only safe if we are
dealing with a file backed page where we have reference on the inode it
hangs off." [1]

3. Release each page in mem->hpages[] (instead of mem->hpas[]), because
that is the array that pin_longterm_pages() filled in. This is more
accurate and should be a little safer from a maintenance point of
view.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190723153640.GB720@lst.de

Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c | 12 +++++-------
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
index 56cc84520577..196383e8e5a9 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
 	for (entry = 0; entry < entries; entry += chunk) {
 		unsigned long n = min(entries - entry, chunk);
 
-		ret = get_user_pages(ua + (entry << PAGE_SHIFT), n,
+		ret = pin_user_pages(ua + (entry << PAGE_SHIFT), n,
 				FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM,
 				mem->hpages + entry, NULL);
 		if (ret == n) {
@@ -167,9 +167,8 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
 	return 0;
 
 free_exit:
-	/* free the reference taken */
-	for (i = 0; i < pinned; i++)
-		put_page(mem->hpages[i]);
+	/* free the references taken */
+	put_user_pages(mem->hpages, pinned);
 
 	vfree(mem->hpas);
 	kfree(mem);
@@ -212,10 +211,9 @@ static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
 		if (!page)
 			continue;
 
-		if (mem->hpas[i] & MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY)
-			SetPageDirty(page);
+		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&mem->hpages[i], 1,
+					  MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);
 
-		put_page(page);
 		mem->hpas[i] = 0;
 	}
 }
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 18/19] mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding "1"
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 19/19] mm, tree-wide: rename put_user_page*() to unpin_user_page*() John Hubbard
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

Fix the gup benchmark flags to use the symbolic FOLL_WRITE,
instead of a hard-coded "1" value.

Also, clean up the filtering of gup flags a little, by just doing
it once before issuing any of the get_user_pages*() calls. This
makes it harder to overlook, instead of having little "gup_flags & 1"
phrases in the function calls.

Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 mm/gup_benchmark.c                         | 9 ++++++---
 tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c | 6 +++++-
 2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
index 7dd602d7f8db..7fc44d25eca7 100644
--- a/mm/gup_benchmark.c
+++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
@@ -48,18 +48,21 @@ static int __gup_benchmark_ioctl(unsigned int cmd,
 			nr = (next - addr) / PAGE_SIZE;
 		}
 
+		/* Filter out most gup flags: only allow a tiny subset here: */
+		gup->flags &= FOLL_WRITE;
+
 		switch (cmd) {
 		case GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK:
-			nr = get_user_pages_fast(addr, nr, gup->flags & 1,
+			nr = get_user_pages_fast(addr, nr, gup->flags,
 						 pages + i);
 			break;
 		case GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK:
 			nr = get_user_pages(addr, nr,
-					    (gup->flags & 1) | FOLL_LONGTERM,
+					    gup->flags | FOLL_LONGTERM,
 					    pages + i, NULL);
 			break;
 		case GUP_BENCHMARK:
-			nr = get_user_pages(addr, nr, gup->flags & 1, pages + i,
+			nr = get_user_pages(addr, nr, gup->flags, pages + i,
 					    NULL);
 			break;
 		default:
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
index 485cf06ef013..389327e9b30a 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
@@ -18,6 +18,9 @@
 #define GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK	_IOWR('g', 2, struct gup_benchmark)
 #define GUP_BENCHMARK		_IOWR('g', 3, struct gup_benchmark)
 
+/* Just the flags we need, copied from mm.h: */
+#define FOLL_WRITE	0x01	/* check pte is writable */
+
 struct gup_benchmark {
 	__u64 get_delta_usec;
 	__u64 put_delta_usec;
@@ -85,7 +88,8 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 	}
 
 	gup.nr_pages_per_call = nr_pages;
-	gup.flags = write;
+	if (write)
+		gup.flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
 
 	fd = open("/sys/kernel/debug/gup_benchmark", O_RDWR);
 	if (fd == -1)
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 19/19] mm, tree-wide: rename put_user_page*() to unpin_user_page*()
  2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 18/19] mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding "1" John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  4:20 ` John Hubbard
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25  4:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML, John Hubbard

In order to provide a clearer, more symmetric API for pinning
and unpinning DMA pages. This way, pin_user_pages*() calls
match up with unpin_user_pages*() calls, and the API is a lot
closer to being self-explanatory.

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst   |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c        |  6 ++--
 drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c           |  4 +--
 drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c              |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c     |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c |  6 ++--
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c  |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c   |  6 ++--
 drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c    |  2 +-
 drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c         |  2 +-
 drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c   |  4 +--
 drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c   |  4 +--
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c             |  2 +-
 fs/io_uring.c                               |  4 +--
 include/linux/mm.h                          | 26 ++++++++---------
 mm/gup.c                                    | 32 ++++++++++-----------
 mm/process_vm_access.c                      |  4 +--
 net/xdp/xdp_umem.c                          |  2 +-
 18 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 56 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst b/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst
index 4f26637a5005..bba96428ade7 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ since the system was booted, via two new /proc/vmstat entries: ::
     /proc/vmstat/nr_foll_pin_requested
 
 Those are both going to show zero, unless CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is set. This is
-because there is a noticeable performance drop in put_user_page(), when they
+because there is a noticeable performance drop in unpin_user_page(), when they
 are activated.
 
 References
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
index 196383e8e5a9..dd7aa5a4f33c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
@@ -168,7 +168,7 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
 
 free_exit:
 	/* free the references taken */
-	put_user_pages(mem->hpages, pinned);
+	unpin_user_pages(mem->hpages, pinned);
 
 	vfree(mem->hpas);
 	kfree(mem);
@@ -211,8 +211,8 @@ static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
 		if (!page)
 			continue;
 
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&mem->hpages[i], 1,
-					  MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(&mem->hpages[i], 1,
+					    MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);
 
 		mem->hpas[i] = 0;
 	}
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
index 37c5e572993a..719d036c9384 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c
@@ -188,8 +188,8 @@ via_free_sg_info(struct pci_dev *pdev, drm_via_sg_info_t *vsg)
 		kfree(vsg->desc_pages);
 		/* fall through */
 	case dr_via_pages_locked:
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(vsg->pages, vsg->num_pages,
-					  (vsg->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE));
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(vsg->pages, vsg->num_pages,
+					   (vsg->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE));
 		/* fall through */
 	case dr_via_pages_alloc:
 		vfree(vsg->pages);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
index 39a1542e6707..663b5c785716 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ static void __ib_umem_release(struct ib_device *dev, struct ib_umem *umem, int d
 
 	for_each_sg_page(umem->sg_head.sgl, &sg_iter, umem->sg_nents, 0) {
 		page = sg_page_iter_page(&sg_iter);
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, umem->writable && dirty);
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, umem->writable && dirty);
 	}
 
 	sg_free_table(&umem->sg_head);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
index 9a94761765c0..3b505006c0a6 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ int hfi1_acquire_user_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, size_t np
 void hfi1_release_user_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page **p,
 			     size_t npages, bool dirty)
 {
-	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, npages, dirty);
+	unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, npages, dirty);
 
 	if (mm) { /* during close after signal, mm can be NULL */
 		atomic64_sub(npages, &mm->pinned_vm);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
index 8269ab040c21..78a48aea3faf 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c
@@ -482,7 +482,7 @@ int mthca_map_user_db(struct mthca_dev *dev, struct mthca_uar *uar,
 
 	ret = pci_map_sg(dev->pdev, &db_tab->page[i].mem, 1, PCI_DMA_TODEVICE);
 	if (ret < 0) {
-		put_user_page(pages[0]);
+		unpin_user_page(pages[0]);
 		goto out;
 	}
 
@@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ int mthca_map_user_db(struct mthca_dev *dev, struct mthca_uar *uar,
 				 mthca_uarc_virt(dev, uar, i));
 	if (ret) {
 		pci_unmap_sg(dev->pdev, &db_tab->page[i].mem, 1, PCI_DMA_TODEVICE);
-		put_user_page(sg_page(&db_tab->page[i].mem));
+		unpin_user_page(sg_page(&db_tab->page[i].mem));
 		goto out;
 	}
 
@@ -556,7 +556,7 @@ void mthca_cleanup_user_db_tab(struct mthca_dev *dev, struct mthca_uar *uar,
 		if (db_tab->page[i].uvirt) {
 			mthca_UNMAP_ICM(dev, mthca_uarc_virt(dev, uar, i), 1);
 			pci_unmap_sg(dev->pdev, &db_tab->page[i].mem, 1, PCI_DMA_TODEVICE);
-			put_user_page(sg_page(&db_tab->page[i].mem));
+			unpin_user_page(sg_page(&db_tab->page[i].mem));
 		}
 	}
 
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
index 7fc4b5f81fcd..342e3172ca40 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
 static void __qib_release_user_pages(struct page **p, size_t num_pages,
 				     int dirty)
 {
-	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, num_pages, dirty);
+	unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, num_pages, dirty);
 }
 
 /**
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
index 1a3cc2957e3a..a67599b5a550 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c
@@ -317,7 +317,7 @@ static int qib_user_sdma_page_to_frags(const struct qib_devdata *dd,
 		 * the caller can ignore this page.
 		 */
 		if (put) {
-			put_user_page(page);
+			unpin_user_page(page);
 		} else {
 			/* coalesce case */
 			kunmap(page);
@@ -631,7 +631,7 @@ static void qib_user_sdma_free_pkt_frag(struct device *dev,
 			kunmap(pkt->addr[i].page);
 
 		if (pkt->addr[i].put_page)
-			put_user_page(pkt->addr[i].page);
+			unpin_user_page(pkt->addr[i].page);
 		else
 			__free_page(pkt->addr[i].page);
 	} else if (pkt->addr[i].kvaddr) {
@@ -706,7 +706,7 @@ static int qib_user_sdma_pin_pages(const struct qib_devdata *dd,
 	/* if error, return all pages not managed by pkt */
 free_pages:
 	while (i < j)
-		put_user_page(pages[i++]);
+		unpin_user_page(pages[i++]);
 
 done:
 	return ret;
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
index 600896727d34..bd9f944b68fc 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ static void usnic_uiom_put_pages(struct list_head *chunk_list, int dirty)
 		for_each_sg(chunk->page_list, sg, chunk->nents, i) {
 			page = sg_page(sg);
 			pa = sg_phys(sg);
-			put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, dirty);
+			unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, dirty);
 			usnic_dbg("pa: %pa\n", &pa);
 		}
 		kfree(chunk);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
index e53b07dcfed5..e2061dc0b043 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ struct siw_mem *siw_mem_id2obj(struct siw_device *sdev, int stag_index)
 static void siw_free_plist(struct siw_page_chunk *chunk, int num_pages,
 			   bool dirty)
 {
-	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(chunk->plist, num_pages, dirty);
+	unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(chunk->plist, num_pages, dirty);
 }
 
 void siw_umem_release(struct siw_umem *umem, bool dirty)
diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
index 162a2633b1e3..13b65ed9e74c 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
@@ -349,8 +349,8 @@ int videobuf_dma_free(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma)
 	BUG_ON(dma->sglen);
 
 	if (dma->pages) {
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(dma->pages, dma->nr_pages,
-					  dma->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(dma->pages, dma->nr_pages,
+					    dma->direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
 		kfree(dma->pages);
 		dma->pages = NULL;
 	}
diff --git a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
index 2a5901efecde..1ab207ec9c94 100644
--- a/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
+++ b/drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c
@@ -360,8 +360,8 @@ static int transfer_max_buffers(struct goldfish_pipe *pipe,
 
 	*consumed_size = pipe->command_buffer->rw_params.consumed_size;
 
-	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(pipe->pages, pages_count,
-				  !is_write && *consumed_size > 0);
+	unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(pipe->pages, pages_count,
+				    !is_write && *consumed_size > 0);
 
 	mutex_unlock(&pipe->lock);
 	return 0;
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 18bfc2fc8e6d..a177bf2c6683 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -310,7 +310,7 @@ static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
 	if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn)) {
 		struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
 
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, prot & IOMMU_WRITE);
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, prot & IOMMU_WRITE);
 		return 1;
 	}
 	return 0;
diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
index 0f7898b1c4b0..c5eaaa04e4d6 100644
--- a/fs/io_uring.c
+++ b/fs/io_uring.c
@@ -4064,7 +4064,7 @@ static int io_sqe_buffer_unregister(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
 		struct io_mapped_ubuf *imu = &ctx->user_bufs[i];
 
 		for (j = 0; j < imu->nr_bvecs; j++)
-			put_user_page(imu->bvec[j].bv_page);
+			unpin_user_page(imu->bvec[j].bv_page);
 
 		if (ctx->account_mem)
 			io_unaccount_mem(ctx->user, imu->nr_bvecs);
@@ -4209,7 +4209,7 @@ static int io_sqe_buffer_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
 			 * release any pages we did get
 			 */
 			if (pret > 0)
-				put_user_pages(pages, pret);
+				unpin_user_pages(pages, pret);
 			if (ctx->account_mem)
 				io_unaccount_mem(ctx->user, nr_pages);
 			kvfree(imu->bvec);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 5fabbc5d10f3..96dd865e3fc9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1036,27 +1036,27 @@ static inline void put_page(struct page *page)
 }
 
 /**
- * put_user_page() - release a gup-pinned page
+ * unpin_user_page() - release a gup-pinned page
  * @page:            pointer to page to be released
  *
  * Pages that were pinned via pin_user_pages*() must be released via either
- * put_user_page(), or one of the put_user_pages*() routines. This is so that
- * eventually such pages can be separately tracked and uniquely handled. In
+ * unpin_user_page(), or one of the unpin_user_pages*() routines. This is so
+ * that eventually such pages can be separately tracked and uniquely handled. In
  * particular, interactions with RDMA and filesystems need special handling.
  *
- * put_user_page() and put_page() are not interchangeable, despite this early
- * implementation that makes them look the same. put_user_page() calls must
+ * unpin_user_page() and put_page() are not interchangeable, despite this early
+ * implementation that makes them look the same. unpin_user_page() calls must
  * be perfectly matched up with pin*() calls.
  */
-static inline void put_user_page(struct page *page)
+static inline void unpin_user_page(struct page *page)
 {
 	put_page(page);
 }
 
-void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
-			       bool make_dirty);
+void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
+				 bool make_dirty);
 
-void put_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages);
+void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
 #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
@@ -2586,7 +2586,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 #define FOLL_ANON	0x8000	/* don't do file mappings */
 #define FOLL_LONGTERM	0x10000	/* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */
 #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD	0x20000	/* split huge pmd before returning */
-#define FOLL_PIN	0x40000	/* pages must be released via put_user_page() */
+#define FOLL_PIN	0x40000	/* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */
 
 /*
  * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each
@@ -2621,7 +2621,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
  * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is
  * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages
  * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by
- * a call to put_user_page().
+ * a call to unpin_user_page().
  *
  * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different
  * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has
@@ -2629,7 +2629,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
  *
  *     FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release.
  *
- *     FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_user_pages to release.
+ *     FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release.
  *
  * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call.
  * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based
@@ -2639,7 +2639,7 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
  * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never
  * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when
  * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(),
- * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_user_page().
+ * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page().
  *
  * Please see Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst for more information.
  */
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index ef1bfd374a11..1229a09e129b 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ static inline struct page *try_get_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
 }
 
 /**
- * put_user_pages_dirty_lock() - release and optionally dirty gup-pinned pages
+ * unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock() - release and optionally dirty gup-pinned pages
  * @pages:  array of pages to be maybe marked dirty, and definitely released.
  * @npages: number of pages in the @pages array.
  * @make_dirty: whether to mark the pages dirty
@@ -62,19 +62,19 @@ static inline struct page *try_get_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
  *
  * For each page in the @pages array, make that page (or its head page, if a
  * compound page) dirty, if @make_dirty is true, and if the page was previously
- * listed as clean. In any case, releases all pages using put_user_page(),
- * possibly via put_user_pages(), for the non-dirty case.
+ * listed as clean. In any case, releases all pages using unpin_user_page(),
+ * possibly via unpin_user_pages(), for the non-dirty case.
  *
- * Please see the put_user_page() documentation for details.
+ * Please see the unpin_user_page() documentation for details.
  *
  * set_page_dirty_lock() is used internally. If instead, set_page_dirty() is
  * required, then the caller should a) verify that this is really correct,
  * because _lock() is usually required, and b) hand code it:
- * set_page_dirty_lock(), put_user_page().
+ * set_page_dirty_lock(), unpin_user_page().
  *
  */
-void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
-			       bool make_dirty)
+void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
+				 bool make_dirty)
 {
 	unsigned long index;
 
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
 	 */
 
 	if (!make_dirty) {
-		put_user_pages(pages, npages);
+		unpin_user_pages(pages, npages);
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -113,21 +113,21 @@ void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
 		 */
 		if (!PageDirty(page))
 			set_page_dirty_lock(page);
-		put_user_page(page);
+		unpin_user_page(page);
 	}
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_user_pages_dirty_lock);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock);
 
 /**
- * put_user_pages() - release an array of gup-pinned pages.
+ * unpin_user_pages() - release an array of gup-pinned pages.
  * @pages:  array of pages to be marked dirty and released.
  * @npages: number of pages in the @pages array.
  *
- * For each page in the @pages array, release the page using put_user_page().
+ * For each page in the @pages array, release the page using unpin_user_page().
  *
- * Please see the put_user_page() documentation for details.
+ * Please see the unpin_user_page() documentation for details.
  */
-void put_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages)
+void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages)
 {
 	unsigned long index;
 
@@ -137,9 +137,9 @@ void put_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages)
 	 * single operation to the head page should suffice.
 	 */
 	for (index = 0; index < npages; index++)
-		put_user_page(pages[index]);
+		unpin_user_page(pages[index]);
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_user_pages);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unpin_user_pages);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 static struct page *no_page_table(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/process_vm_access.c b/mm/process_vm_access.c
index fd20ab675b85..de41e830cdac 100644
--- a/mm/process_vm_access.c
+++ b/mm/process_vm_access.c
@@ -126,8 +126,8 @@ static int process_vm_rw_single_vec(unsigned long addr,
 		pa += pinned_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
 
 		/* If vm_write is set, the pages need to be made dirty: */
-		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(process_pages, pinned_pages,
-					  vm_write);
+		unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(process_pages, pinned_pages,
+					    vm_write);
 	}
 
 	return rc;
diff --git a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
index d071003b5e76..ac182c38f7b0 100644
--- a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
+++ b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ static int xdp_umem_map_pages(struct xdp_umem *umem)
 
 static void xdp_umem_unpin_pages(struct xdp_umem *umem)
 {
-	put_user_pages_dirty_lock(umem->pgs, umem->npgs, true);
+	unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(umem->pgs, umem->npgs, true);
 
 	kfree(umem->pgs);
 	umem->pgs = NULL;
-- 
2.24.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  7:47   ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-25  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2019-11-25  7:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: John Hubbard
  Cc: kbuild-all, Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko, Jan Kara, kvm,
	linux-doc, David Airlie, Dave Chinner, dri-devel, LKML, linux-mm,
	Paul Mackerras, linux-kselftest, Ira Weiny, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-rdma, Michael Ellerman, Mike Rapoport, Christoph Hellwig,
	Jason Gunthorpe, Vlastimil Babka, Björn Töpel,
	linux-media, Shuah Khan, John Hubbard, linux-block,
	Jérôme Glisse, Al Viro, Dan Williams,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Magnus Karlsson, Jens Axboe, netdev,
	Alex Williamson, linux-fsdevel, bpf, linuxppc-dev,
	David S . Miller, Mike Kravetz

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1353 bytes --]

Hi John,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on rdma/for-next]
[also build test ERROR on v5.4 next-20191122]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/John-Hubbard/pin_user_pages-reduced-risk-series-for-Linux-5-5/20191125-125637
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma.git for-next
config: sh-rsk7269_defconfig (attached as .config)
compiler: sh4-linux-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
reproduce:
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=sh 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   mm/gup.o: In function `pin_user_pages_remote':
>> gup.c:(.text+0x4a4): undefined reference to `get_user_pages_remote'

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                 Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org Intel Corporation

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 11573 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
  2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN John Hubbard
  2019-11-25  7:47   ` kbuild test robot
@ 2019-11-25  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-25 20:13     ` John Hubbard
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2019-11-25  8:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: John Hubbard
  Cc: kbuild-all, Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko, Jan Kara, kvm,
	linux-doc, David Airlie, Dave Chinner, dri-devel, LKML, linux-mm,
	Paul Mackerras, linux-kselftest, Ira Weiny, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-rdma, Michael Ellerman, Mike Rapoport, Christoph Hellwig,
	Jason Gunthorpe, Vlastimil Babka, Björn Töpel,
	linux-media, Shuah Khan, John Hubbard, linux-block,
	Jérôme Glisse, Al Viro, Dan Williams,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Magnus Karlsson, Jens Axboe, netdev,
	Alex Williamson, linux-fsdevel, bpf, linuxppc-dev,
	David S . Miller, Mike Kravetz

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2512 bytes --]

Hi John,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on rdma/for-next]
[cannot apply to v5.4 next-20191122]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/John-Hubbard/pin_user_pages-reduced-risk-series-for-Linux-5-5/20191125-125637
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma.git for-next
config: arm-randconfig-a001-20191125 (attached as .config)
compiler: arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
reproduce:
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=arm 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   mm/gup.o: In function `pin_user_pages_remote':
>> mm/gup.c:2528: undefined reference to `get_user_pages_remote'

vim +2528 mm/gup.c

  2507	
  2508	/**
  2509	 * pin_user_pages_remote() - pin pages of a remote process (task != current)
  2510	 *
  2511	 * For now, this is a placeholder function, until various call sites are
  2512	 * converted to use the correct get_user_pages*() or pin_user_pages*() API. So,
  2513	 * this is identical to get_user_pages_remote().
  2514	 *
  2515	 * This is intended for Case 1 (DIO) in Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst. It
  2516	 * is NOT intended for Case 2 (RDMA: long-term pins).
  2517	 */
  2518	long pin_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
  2519				   unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
  2520				   unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
  2521				   struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
  2522	{
  2523		/*
  2524		 * This is a placeholder, until the pin functionality is activated.
  2525		 * Until then, just behave like the corresponding get_user_pages*()
  2526		 * routine.
  2527		 */
> 2528		return get_user_pages_remote(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages,
  2529					     vmas, locked);
  2530	}
  2531	EXPORT_SYMBOL(pin_user_pages_remote);
  2532	

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                 Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org Intel Corporation

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 27217 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
@ 2019-11-25  8:59   ` Jan Kara
  2019-11-25 20:46     ` John Hubbard
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Jan Kara @ 2019-11-25  8:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: John Hubbard
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jan Kara, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe,
	Jonathan Corbet, Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko,
	Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras, Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf,
	dri-devel, kvm, linux-block, linux-doc, linux-fsdevel,
	linux-kselftest, linux-media, linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev,
	linux-mm, LKML

On Sun 24-11-19 20:20:09, John Hubbard wrote:
> 1. Convert from get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().
> 
> 2. As required by pin_user_pages(), release these pages via
> put_user_page(). In this case, do so via put_user_pages_dirty_lock().
> 
> That has the side effect of calling set_page_dirty_lock(), instead
> of set_page_dirty(). This is probably more accurate.
> 
> As Christoph Hellwig put it, "set_page_dirty() is only safe if we are
> dealing with a file backed page where we have reference on the inode it
> hangs off." [1]
> 
> 3. Release each page in mem->hpages[] (instead of mem->hpas[]), because
> that is the array that pin_longterm_pages() filled in. This is more
> accurate and should be a little safer from a maintenance point of
> view.

Except that this breaks the code. hpages is unioned with hpas...

> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190723153640.GB720@lst.de
> 
> Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c | 12 +++++-------
>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
> index 56cc84520577..196383e8e5a9 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c
> @@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
>  	for (entry = 0; entry < entries; entry += chunk) {
>  		unsigned long n = min(entries - entry, chunk);
>  
> -		ret = get_user_pages(ua + (entry << PAGE_SHIFT), n,
> +		ret = pin_user_pages(ua + (entry << PAGE_SHIFT), n,
>  				FOLL_WRITE | FOLL_LONGTERM,
>  				mem->hpages + entry, NULL);
>  		if (ret == n) {
> @@ -167,9 +167,8 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
>  	return 0;
>  
>  free_exit:
> -	/* free the reference taken */
> -	for (i = 0; i < pinned; i++)
> -		put_page(mem->hpages[i]);
> +	/* free the references taken */
> +	put_user_pages(mem->hpages, pinned);
>  
>  	vfree(mem->hpas);
>  	kfree(mem);
> @@ -212,10 +211,9 @@ static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
>  		if (!page)
>  			continue;
>  
> -		if (mem->hpas[i] & MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY)
> -			SetPageDirty(page);
> +		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&mem->hpages[i], 1,
> +					  MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);

And the dirtying condition is wrong here as well. Currently it is always
true.

								Honza
-- 
Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
SUSE Labs, CR

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
  2019-11-25  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
@ 2019-11-25 20:13     ` John Hubbard
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: kbuild test robot
  Cc: kbuild-all, Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko, Jan Kara, kvm,
	linux-doc, David Airlie, Dave Chinner, dri-devel, LKML, linux-mm,
	Paul Mackerras, linux-kselftest, Ira Weiny, Jonathan Corbet,
	linux-rdma, Michael Ellerman, Mike Rapoport, Christoph Hellwig,
	Jason Gunthorpe, Vlastimil Babka, Björn Töpel,
	linux-media, Shuah Khan, linux-block, Jérôme Glisse,
	Al Viro, Dan Williams, Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Magnus Karlsson,
	Jens Axboe, netdev, Alex Williamson, linux-fsdevel, bpf,
	linuxppc-dev, David S . Miller, Mike Kravetz

On 11/25/19 12:44 AM, kbuild test robot wrote:
> Hi John,
> 
> Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:
> 
> [auto build test ERROR on rdma/for-next]
> [cannot apply to v5.4 next-20191122]
> [if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
> improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
> base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]
> 
> url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/John-Hubbard/pin_user_pages-reduced-risk-series-for-Linux-5-5/20191125-125637
> base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma.git for-next
> config: arm-randconfig-a001-20191125 (attached as .config)
> compiler: arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
> reproduce:
>         wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
>         chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
>         # save the attached .config to linux build tree
>         GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=arm 
> 
> If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
> Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
> 
> All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):
> 
>    mm/gup.o: In function `pin_user_pages_remote':
>>> mm/gup.c:2528: undefined reference to `get_user_pages_remote'
> 
> vim +2528 mm/gup.c


This, and the other (sh) report, is due to !CONFIG_MMU lacking a get_user_pages_remote(), 
but pin_user_pages_remote() needs it for a (temporary) implementation. I'll post the fix, 
in v2.


thanks,
-- 
John Hubbard
NVIDIA

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
  2019-11-25  8:59   ` Jan Kara
@ 2019-11-25 20:46     ` John Hubbard
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: John Hubbard @ 2019-11-25 20:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jan Kara
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Al Viro, Alex Williamson, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Björn Töpel, Christoph Hellwig, Dan Williams,
	Daniel Vetter, Dave Chinner, David Airlie, David S . Miller,
	Ira Weiny, Jason Gunthorpe, Jens Axboe, Jonathan Corbet,
	Jérôme Glisse, Magnus Karlsson, Mauro Carvalho Chehab,
	Michael Ellerman, Michal Hocko, Mike Kravetz, Paul Mackerras,
	Shuah Khan, Vlastimil Babka, bpf, dri-devel, kvm, linux-block,
	linux-doc, linux-fsdevel, linux-kselftest, linux-media,
	linux-rdma, linuxppc-dev, netdev, linux-mm, LKML

On 11/25/19 12:59 AM, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Sun 24-11-19 20:20:09, John Hubbard wrote:
>> 1. Convert from get_user_pages() to pin_user_pages().
>>
>> 2. As required by pin_user_pages(), release these pages via
>> put_user_page(). In this case, do so via put_user_pages_dirty_lock().
>>
>> That has the side effect of calling set_page_dirty_lock(), instead
>> of set_page_dirty(). This is probably more accurate.
>>
>> As Christoph Hellwig put it, "set_page_dirty() is only safe if we are
>> dealing with a file backed page where we have reference on the inode it
>> hangs off." [1]
>>
>> 3. Release each page in mem->hpages[] (instead of mem->hpas[]), because
>> that is the array that pin_longterm_pages() filled in. This is more
>> accurate and should be a little safer from a maintenance point of
>> view.
> 
> Except that this breaks the code. hpages is unioned with hpas...
> 

OK. 

>> @@ -212,10 +211,9 @@ static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
>>  		if (!page)
>>  			continue;
>>  
>> -		if (mem->hpas[i] & MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY)
>> -			SetPageDirty(page);
>> +		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&mem->hpages[i], 1,
>> +					  MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);
> 
> And the dirtying condition is wrong here as well. Currently it is always
> true.
> 
> 								Honza
> 

Yes. Fixed up locally. The function now looks like this (for this patch, not for
the entire series, which renames "put" to "unpin"):


static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
{
	long i;
	struct page *page = NULL;

	if (!mem->hpas)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < mem->entries; ++i) {
		if (!mem->hpas[i])
			continue;

		page = pfn_to_page(mem->hpas[i] >> PAGE_SHIFT);
		if (!page)
			continue;

		put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1,
				mem->hpas[i] & MM_IOMMU_TABLE_GROUP_PAGE_DIRTY);

		mem->hpas[i] = 0;
	}
}

thanks,
-- 
John Hubbard
NVIDIA


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 25+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-11-25  4:19 [PATCH 00/19] pin_user_pages(): reduced-risk series for Linux 5.5 John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 01/19] mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 02/19] mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 03/19] mm: Cleanup __put_devmap_managed_page() vs ->page_free() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 04/19] goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 05/19] mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 06/19] vfio: fix FOLL_LONGTERM use, simplify get_user_pages_remote() call John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:19 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN John Hubbard
2019-11-25  7:47   ` kbuild test robot
2019-11-25  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
2019-11-25 20:13     ` John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 08/19] goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 09/19] IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages*(), fix up ODP John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 10/19] mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 11/19] drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 12/19] fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 13/19] net/xdp: " John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 14/19] media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 15/19] media/v4l2-core: pin_user_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 16/19] vfio, mm: " John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 17/19] powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page() John Hubbard
2019-11-25  8:59   ` Jan Kara
2019-11-25 20:46     ` John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 18/19] mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding "1" John Hubbard
2019-11-25  4:20 ` [PATCH 19/19] mm, tree-wide: rename put_user_page*() to unpin_user_page*() John Hubbard

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