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From: Yang Zhong <yang.zhong@intel.com>
To: x86@kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de,
	mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de, dave.hansen@linux.intel.com,
	pbonzini@redhat.com, corbet@lwn.net, shuah@kernel.org
Cc: seanjc@google.com, jun.nakajima@intel.com, kevin.tian@intel.com,
	jing2.liu@linux.intel.com, jing2.liu@intel.com,
	guang.zeng@intel.com, wei.w.wang@intel.com, yang.zhong@intel.com
Subject: [PATCH v4 00/21] AMX Support in KVM
Date: Wed, 29 Dec 2021 05:13:07 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20211229131328.12283-1-yang.zhong@intel.com> (raw)

Highly appreciate for your review. This version mostly addressed the comments
from Sean. Most comments are adopted except three which are not closed and
need more discussions:

  - Move the entire xfd write emulation code to x86.c. Doing so requires
    introducing a new kvm_x86_ops callback to disable msr write bitmap.
    According to Paolo's earlier comment he prefers to handle it in vmx.c.

  - Directly check msr_bitmap in update_exception_bitmap() (for
    trapping #NM) and vcpu_enter_guest() (for syncing guest xfd after
    vm-exit) instead of introducing an extra flag in the last patch. However,
    doing so requires another new kvm_x86_ops callback for checking 
    msr_bitmap since vcpu_enter_guest() is x86 common code. Having an
    extra flag sounds simpler here (at least for the initial AMX support).
    It does penalize nested guest with one xfd sync per exit, but it's not
    worse than a normal guest which initializes xfd but doesn't run
    AMX applications at all. Those could be improved afterwards.

  - Disable #NM trap for nested guest. This version still chooses to always
    trap #NM (regardless in L1 or L2) as long as xfd write interception is disabled.
    In reality #NM is rare if nested guest doesn't intend to run AMX applications
    and always-trap is safer than dynamic trap for the basic support in case
    of any oversight here.

(Jing is temporarily leave for family reason, Yang helped work out this version)

----
v3->v4:
  - Verify kvm selftest for AMX (Paolo)
  - Move fpstate buffer expansion from kvm_vcpu_after_set_cpuid () to
    kvm_check_cpuid() and improve patch description (Sean)
  - Drop 'preemption' word in #NM interception patch (Sean)
  - Remove 'trap_nm' flag. Replace it by: (Sean)
    * Trapping #NM according to guest_fpu::xfd when write to xfd is
      intercepted.
    * Always trapping #NM when xfd write interception is disabled
  - Use better name for #NM related functions (Sean)
  - Drop '#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64' in __kvm_set_xcr (Sean)
  - Update description for KVM_CAP_XSAVE2 and prevent the guest from
    using the wrong ioctl (Sean)
  - Replace 'xfd_out_of_sync' with a better name (Sean)

v2->v3:
  - Trap #NM until write IA32_XFD with a non-zero value (Thomas)
  - Revise return value in __xstate_request_perm() (Thomas)
  - Revise doc for KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID (Paolo)
  - Add Thomas's reviewed-by on one patch
  - Reorder disabling read interception of XFD_ERR patch (Paolo)
  - Move disabling r/w interception of XFD from x86.c to vmx.c (Paolo)
  - Provide the API doc together with the new KVM_GET_XSAVE2 ioctl (Paolo)
  - Make KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION(KVM_CAP_XSAVE2) return minimum size of struct
    kvm_xsave (4K) (Paolo)
  - Request permission at the start of vm_create_with_vcpus() in selftest
  - Request permission conditionally when XFD is supported (Paolo)

v1->v2:
  - Live migration supported and verified with a selftest
  - Rebase to Thomas's new series for guest fpstate reallocation [1]
  - Expand fpstate at KVM_SET_CPUID2 instead of when emulating XCR0
    and IA32_XFD (Thomas/Paolo)
  - Accordingly remove all exit-to-userspace stuff
  - Intercept #NM to save guest XFD_ERR and restore host/guest value
    at preemption on/off boundary (Thomas)
  - Accordingly remove all xfd_err logic in preemption callback and
    fpu_swap_kvm_fpstate()
  - Reuse KVM_SET_XSAVE to handle both legacy and expanded buffer (Paolo)
  - Don't return dynamic bits w/o prctl() in KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID (Paolo)
  - Check guest permissions for dynamic features in CPUID[0xD] instead
    of only for AMX at KVM_SET_CPUID (Paolo)
  - Remove dynamic bit check for 32-bit guest in __kvm_set_xcr() (Paolo)
  - Fix CPUID emulation for 0x1d and 0x1e (Paolo)
  - Move "disable interception" to the end of the series (Paolo)

This series brings AMX (Advanced Matrix eXtensions) virtualization support
to KVM. The preparatory series from Thomas [1] is also included. 

A large portion of the changes in this series is to deal with eXtended
Feature Disable (XFD) which allows resizing of the fpstate buffer to
support dynamically-enabled XSTATE features with large state component
(e.g. 8K for AMX).

There are a lot of simplications when comparing v2/v3 to the original
proposal [2] and the first version [3]. Thanks to Thomas and Paolo for
many good suggestions. 

The support is based on following key changes:

  - Guest permissions for dynamically-enabled XSAVE features

    Native tasks have to request permission via prctl() before touching
    a dynamic-resized XSTATE compoenent. Introduce guest permissions 
    for the similar purpose. Userspace VMM is expected to request guest
    permission only once when the first vCPU is created.

    KVM checks guest permission in KVM_SET_CPUID2. Setting XFD in guest
    cpuid w/o proper permissions fails this operation. In the meantime,
    unpermitted features are also excluded in KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID.

  - Extend fpstate reallocation mechanism to cover guest fpu

    Unlike native tasks which have reallocation triggered from #NM 
    handler, guest fpstate reallocation is requested by KVM when it
    identifies the intention on using dynamically-enabled XSAVE
    features inside guest.

    Extend fpu core to allow KVM request fpstate buffer expansion
    for a guest fpu containter.

  - Trigger fpstate reallocation in KVM

    This could be done either statically (before guest runs) or
    dynamically (in the emulation path). According to discussion [1]
    we decide to statically enable all xfeatures allowed by guest perm
    in KVM_SET_CPUID2, with fpstate buffer sized accordingly. This spares
    a lot of code and also avoid imposing an ordered restore sequence
    (XCR0, XFD and XSTATE) to userspace VMM.

  - RDMSR/WRMSR emulation for IA32_XFD

    Because fpstate expansion is completed in KVM_SET_CPUID2, emulating
    r/w access to IA32_XFD simply involves the xfd field in the guest 
    fpu container. If write and guest fpu is currently active, the 
    software state (guest_fpstate::xfd and per-cpu xfd cache) is also
    updated.

  - RDMSR/WRMSR emulation for XFD_ERR

    When XFD causes an instruction to generate #NM, XFD_ERR contains
    information about which disabled state components are being accessed.
    It'd be problematic if the XFD_ERR value generated in guest is 
    consumed/clobbered by the host before the guest itself doing so. 

    Intercept #NM exception to save the guest XFD_ERR value when write
    IA32_XFD with a non-zero value for 1st time. There is at most one
    interception per guest task given a dynamic feature.

    RDMSR/WRMSR emulation uses the saved value. The host value (always
    ZERO outside of the host #NM handler) is restored before enabling
    preemption. The saved guest value is restored right before entering
    the guest (with preemption disabled).

  - Get/set dynamic xfeature state for migration

    Introduce new capability (KVM_CAP_XSAVE2) to deal with >4KB fpstate
    buffer. Reading this capability returns the size of the current 
    guest fpstate (e.g. after expansion). Userspace VMM uses a new ioctl
    (KVM_GET_XSAVE2) to read guest fpstate from the kernel and reuses
    the existing ioctl (KVM_SET_XSAVE) to update guest fpsate to the
    kernel. KVM_SET_XSAVE is extended to do properly_sized memdup_user()
    based on the guest fpstate.

  - Expose related cpuid bits to guest

    The last step is to allow exposing XFD, AMX_TILE, AMX_INT8 and
    AMX_BF16 in guest cpuid. Adding those bits into kvm_cpu_caps finally
    activates all previous logics in this series

  - Optimization: disable interception for IA32_XFD

    IA32_XFD can be frequently updated by the guest, as it is part of
    the task state and swapped in context switch when prev and next have
    different XFD setting. Always intercepting WRMSR can easily cause
    non-negligible overhead.

    Disable r/w emulation for IA32_XFD after intercepting the first
    WRMSR(IA32_XFD) with a non-zero value. However MSR passthrough 
    implies the software state (guest_fpstate::xfd and per-cpu xfd
    cache) might be out of sync with MSR. This suggests KVM needs to
    re-sync them at VM-exit before preemption is enabled.

Thanks Jun Nakajima and Kevin Tian for the design suggestions when this
version is being internally worked on.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/all/20211214022825.563892248@linutronix.de/
[2] https://www.spinics.net/lists/kvm/msg259015.html
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20211208000359.2853257-1-yang.zhong@intel.com/

Thanks,
Yang

---


Guang Zeng (1):
  kvm: x86: Add support for getting/setting expanded xstate buffer

Jing Liu (11):
  kvm: x86: Fix xstate_required_size() to follow XSTATE alignment rule
  kvm: x86: Exclude unpermitted xfeatures at KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID
  x86/fpu: Make XFD initialization in __fpstate_reset() a function
    argument
  kvm: x86: Check and enable permitted dynamic xfeatures at
    KVM_SET_CPUID2
  kvm: x86: Add emulation for IA32_XFD
  x86/fpu: Prepare xfd_err in struct fpu_guest
  kvm: x86: Intercept #NM for saving IA32_XFD_ERR
  kvm: x86: Emulate IA32_XFD_ERR for guest
  kvm: x86: Disable RDMSR interception of IA32_XFD_ERR
  kvm: x86: Add XCR0 support for Intel AMX
  kvm: x86: Add CPUID support for Intel AMX

Kevin Tian (3):
  x86/fpu: Provide fpu_update_guest_perm_features() for guest
  x86/fpu: Provide fpu_update_guest_xfd() for IA32_XFD emulation
  kvm: x86: Disable interception for IA32_XFD on demand

Thomas Gleixner (5):
  x86/fpu: Extend fpu_xstate_prctl() with guest permissions
  x86/fpu: Prepare guest FPU for dynamically enabled FPU features
  x86/fpu: Add guest support to xfd_enable_feature()
  x86/fpu: Add uabi_size to guest_fpu
  x86/fpu: Provide fpu_sync_guest_vmexit_xfd_state()

Wei Wang (1):
  kvm: selftests: Add support for KVM_CAP_XSAVE2

 Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst                |  46 +++++-
 arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h            |   2 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/api.h                |  11 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h              |  32 ++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h               |   1 +
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h               |  16 +-
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h             |  26 ++--
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c                    | 104 ++++++++++++-
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c                  | 147 +++++++++++-------
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.h                  |  15 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/process.c                     |   2 +
 arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c                          |  99 +++++++++---
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmcs.h                       |   5 +
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c                        |  45 +++++-
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h                        |   2 +-
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                            | 105 ++++++++++++-
 include/uapi/linux/kvm.h                      |   4 +
 tools/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h         |  16 +-
 tools/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h                |   3 +
 .../testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h  |   2 +
 .../selftests/kvm/include/x86_64/processor.h  |  10 ++
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c    |  32 ++++
 .../selftests/kvm/lib/x86_64/processor.c      |  67 +++++++-
 .../testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/evmcs_test.c |   2 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/smm_test.c |   2 +-
 .../testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/state_test.c |   2 +-
 .../kvm/x86_64/vmx_preemption_timer_test.c    |   2 +-
 27 files changed, 691 insertions(+), 109 deletions(-)


             reply	other threads:[~2021-12-29 13:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 38+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-12-29 13:13 Yang Zhong [this message]
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 01/21] x86/fpu: Extend fpu_xstate_prctl() with guest permissions Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 02/21] x86/fpu: Prepare guest FPU for dynamically enabled FPU features Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 03/21] kvm: x86: Fix xstate_required_size() to follow XSTATE alignment rule Yang Zhong
2022-01-04 19:54   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 04/21] kvm: x86: Exclude unpermitted xfeatures at KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 05/21] x86/fpu: Make XFD initialization in __fpstate_reset() a function argument Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 06/21] x86/fpu: Add guest support to xfd_enable_feature() Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 07/21] x86/fpu: Provide fpu_update_guest_perm_features() for guest Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 08/21] kvm: x86: Check and enable permitted dynamic xfeatures at KVM_SET_CPUID2 Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 16:55   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-12-30  2:28     ` Tian, Kevin
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 09/21] x86/fpu: Provide fpu_update_guest_xfd() for IA32_XFD emulation Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 10/21] kvm: x86: Add emulation for IA32_XFD Yang Zhong
2022-01-04 19:32   ` Sean Christopherson
2022-01-05  0:22     ` Tian, Kevin
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 11/21] x86/fpu: Prepare xfd_err in struct fpu_guest Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 12/21] kvm: x86: Intercept #NM for saving IA32_XFD_ERR Yang Zhong
2022-01-04 20:01   ` Sean Christopherson
2022-01-05  0:27     ` Tian, Kevin
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 13/21] kvm: x86: Emulate IA32_XFD_ERR for guest Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 14/21] kvm: x86: Disable RDMSR interception of IA32_XFD_ERR Yang Zhong
2022-01-04 19:34   ` Sean Christopherson
2022-01-05  0:23     ` Tian, Kevin
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 15/21] kvm: x86: Add XCR0 support for Intel AMX Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 16/21] kvm: x86: Add CPUID " Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 17/21] x86/fpu: Add uabi_size to guest_fpu Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 18/21] kvm: x86: Add support for getting/setting expanded xstate buffer Yang Zhong
2022-01-04 19:46   ` Sean Christopherson
2022-01-04 20:45     ` Paolo Bonzini
2022-01-05  4:03       ` Tian, Kevin
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 19/21] kvm: selftests: Add support for KVM_CAP_XSAVE2 Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 20/21] x86/fpu: Provide fpu_sync_guest_vmexit_xfd_state() Yang Zhong
2021-12-29 13:13 ` [PATCH v4 21/21] kvm: x86: Disable interception for IA32_XFD on demand Yang Zhong
2021-12-30  8:46 ` [PATCH v4 00/21] AMX Support in KVM Tian, Kevin
2022-01-04 18:36 ` Paolo Bonzini
2022-01-04 18:54   ` Sean Christopherson
2022-01-05  0:10     ` Tian, Kevin

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