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* [PATCH] selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test
@ 2020-05-20  9:05 Kees Cook
  2020-05-20 22:01 ` Eric W. Biederman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2020-05-20  9:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kselftest; +Cc: Shuah Khan, Eric W. Biederman, linux-kernel

While working on commit b5372fe5dc84 ("exec: load_script: Do not exec
truncated interpreter path"), I wrote a series of test scripts to verify
corner cases. However, soon after, commit 6eb3c3d0a52d ("exec: increase
BINPRM_BUF_SIZE to 256") landed, resulting in the tests needing to be
refactored for the larger BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, which got lost on my TODO
list. During the recent exec refactoring work[1], the need for these tests
resurfaced, so I've finished them up for addition to the kernel selftests.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202005191144.E3112135@keescook/

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile      |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script | 171 +++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 172 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
index 33339e31e365..7f4527f897c4 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ CFLAGS = -Wall
 CFLAGS += -Wno-nonnull
 CFLAGS += -D_GNU_SOURCE
 
+TEST_PROGS := binfmt_script
 TEST_GEN_PROGS := execveat
 TEST_GEN_FILES := execveat.symlink execveat.denatured script subdir
 # Makefile is a run-time dependency, since it's accessed by the execveat test
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..05f94a741c7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script
@@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env python3
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Test that truncation of bprm->buf doesn't cause unexpected execs paths, along
+# with various other pathological cases.
+import os, subprocess
+
+# Relevant commits
+#
+# b5372fe5dc84 ("exec: load_script: Do not exec truncated interpreter path")
+# 6eb3c3d0a52d ("exec: increase BINPRM_BUF_SIZE to 256")
+
+# BINPRM_BUF_SIZE
+SIZE=256
+
+NAME_MAX=int(subprocess.check_output(["getconf", "NAME_MAX", "."]))
+
+test_num=0
+
+code='''#!/usr/bin/perl
+print "Executed interpreter! Args:\n";
+print "0 : '$0'\n";
+$counter = 1;
+foreach my $a (@ARGV) {
+    print "$counter : '$a'\n";
+    $counter++;
+}
+'''
+
+##
+# test - produce a binfmt_script hashbang line for testing
+#
+# @size:     bytes for bprm->buf line, including hashbang but not newline
+# @good:     whether this script is expected to execute correctly
+# @hashbang: the special 2 bytes for running binfmt_script
+# @leading:  any leading whitespace before the executable path
+# @root:     start of executable pathname
+# @target:   end of executable pathname
+# @arg:      bytes following the executable pathname
+# @fill:     character to fill between @root and @target to reach @size bytes
+# @newline:  character to use as newline, not counted towards @size
+# ...
+def test(name, size, good=True, leading="", root="./", target="/perl",
+                     fill="A", arg="", newline="\n", hashbang="#!"):
+    global test_num, tests, NAME_MAX
+    test_num += 1
+    if test_num > tests:
+        raise ValueError("more binfmt_script tests than expected! (want %d, expected %d)"
+                         % (test_num, tests))
+
+    middle = ""
+    remaining = size - len(hashbang) - len(leading) - len(root) - len(target) - len(arg)
+    # The middle of the pathname must not exceed NAME_MAX
+    while remaining >= NAME_MAX:
+        middle += fill * (NAME_MAX - 1)
+        middle += '/'
+        remaining -= NAME_MAX
+    middle += fill * remaining
+
+    dirpath = root + middle
+    binary = dirpath + target
+    if len(target):
+        os.makedirs(dirpath, mode=0o755, exist_ok=True)
+        open(binary, "w").write(code)
+        os.chmod(binary, 0o755)
+
+    buf=hashbang + leading + root + middle + target + arg + newline
+    if len(newline) > 0:
+        buf += 'echo this is not really perl\n'
+
+    script = "binfmt_script-%s" % (name)
+    open(script, "w").write(buf)
+    os.chmod(script, 0o755)
+
+    proc = subprocess.Popen(["./%s" % (script)], shell=True,
+                            stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
+    stdout = proc.communicate()[0]
+
+    if proc.returncode == 0 and b'Executed interpreter' in stdout:
+        if good:
+            print("ok %d - binfmt_script %s (successful good exec)"
+                  % (test_num, name))
+        else:
+            print("not ok %d - binfmt_script %s succeeded when it should have failed"
+                  % (test_num, name))
+    else:
+        if good:
+            print("not ok %d - binfmt_script %s failed when it should have succeeded (rc:%d)"
+                  % (test_num, name, proc.returncode))
+        else:
+            print("ok %d - binfmt_script %s (correctly failed bad exec)"
+                  % (test_num, name))
+
+    # Clean up crazy binaries
+    os.unlink(script)
+    if len(target):
+        elements = binary.split('/')
+        os.unlink(binary)
+        elements.pop()
+        while len(elements) > 1:
+            os.rmdir("/".join(elements))
+            elements.pop()
+
+tests=27
+print("TAP version 1.3")
+print("1..%d" % (tests))
+
+### FAIL (8 tests)
+
+# Entire path is well past the BINFMT_BUF_SIZE.
+test(name="too-big",        size=SIZE+80, good=False)
+# Path is right at max size, making it impossible to tell if it was truncated.
+test(name="exact",          size=SIZE,    good=False)
+# Same as above, but with leading whitespace.
+test(name="exact-space",    size=SIZE,    good=False, leading=" ")
+# Huge buffer of only whitespace.
+test(name="whitespace-too-big", size=SIZE+71, good=False, root="",
+                                              fill=" ", target="")
+# A good path, but it gets truncated due to leading whitespace.
+test(name="truncated",      size=SIZE+17, good=False, leading=" " * 19)
+# Entirely empty except for #!
+test(name="empty",          size=2,       good=False, root="",
+                                          fill="", target="", newline="")
+# Within size, but entirely spaces
+test(name="spaces",         size=SIZE-1,  good=False, root="", fill=" ",
+                                          target="", newline="")
+# Newline before binary.
+test(name="newline-prefix", size=SIZE-1,  good=False, leading="\n",
+                                          root="", fill=" ", target="")
+
+### ok (19 tests)
+
+# The original test case that was broken by commit:
+# 8099b047ecc4 ("exec: load_script: don't blindly truncate shebang string")
+test(name="test.pl",        size=439, leading=" ",
+     root="./nix/store/bwav8kz8b3y471wjsybgzw84mrh4js9-perl-5.28.1/bin",
+     arg=" -I/nix/store/x6yyav38jgr924nkna62q3pkp0dgmzlx-perl5.28.1-File-Slurp-9999.25/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/ha8v67sl8dac92r9z07vzr4gv1y9nwqz-perl5.28.1-Net-DBus-1.1.0/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/dcrkvnjmwh69ljsvpbdjjdnqgwx90a9d-perl5.28.1-XML-Parser-2.44/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/rmji88k2zz7h4zg97385bygcydrf2q8h-perl5.28.1-XML-Twig-3.52/lib/perl5/site_perl")
+# One byte under size, leaving newline visible.
+test(name="one-under",           size=SIZE-1)
+# Two bytes under size, leaving newline visible.
+test(name="two-under",           size=SIZE-2)
+# Exact size, but trailing whitespace visible instead of newline
+test(name="exact-trunc-whitespace", size=SIZE, arg=" ")
+# Exact size, but trailing space and first arg char visible instead of newline.
+test(name="exact-trunc-arg",     size=SIZE, arg=" f")
+# One bute under, with confirmed non-truncated arg since newline now visible.
+test(name="one-under-full-arg",  size=SIZE-1, arg=" f")
+# Short read buffer by one byte.
+test(name="one-under-no-nl",     size=SIZE-1, newline="")
+# Short read buffer by half buffer size.
+test(name="half-under-no-nl",    size=int(SIZE/2), newline="")
+# One byte under with whitespace arg. leaving wenline visible.
+test(name="one-under-trunc-arg", size=SIZE-1, arg=" ")
+# One byte under with whitespace leading. leaving wenline visible.
+test(name="one-under-leading",   size=SIZE-1, leading=" ")
+# One byte under with whitespace leading and as arg. leaving newline visible.
+test(name="one-under-leading-trunc-arg",  size=SIZE-1, leading=" ", arg=" ")
+# Same as above, but with 2 bytes under
+test(name="two-under-no-nl",     size=SIZE-2, newline="")
+test(name="two-under-trunc-arg", size=SIZE-2, arg=" ")
+test(name="two-under-leading",   size=SIZE-2, leading=" ")
+test(name="two-under-leading-trunc-arg",   size=SIZE-2, leading=" ", arg=" ")
+# Same as above, but with buffer half filled
+test(name="two-under-no-nl",     size=int(SIZE/2), newline="")
+test(name="two-under-trunc-arg", size=int(SIZE/2), arg=" ")
+test(name="two-under-leading",   size=int(SIZE/2), leading=" ")
+test(name="two-under-lead-trunc-arg", size=int(SIZE/2), leading=" ", arg=" ")
+
+if test_num != tests:
+    raise ValueError("fewer binfmt_script tests than expected! (ran %d, expected %d"
+                     % (test_num, tests))
-- 
2.20.1


-- 
Kees Cook

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test
  2020-05-20  9:05 [PATCH] selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test Kees Cook
@ 2020-05-20 22:01 ` Eric W. Biederman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Eric W. Biederman @ 2020-05-20 22:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kees Cook; +Cc: linux-kselftest, Shuah Khan, linux-kernel

Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> writes:

> While working on commit b5372fe5dc84 ("exec: load_script: Do not exec
> truncated interpreter path"), I wrote a series of test scripts to verify
> corner cases. However, soon after, commit 6eb3c3d0a52d ("exec: increase
> BINPRM_BUF_SIZE to 256") landed, resulting in the tests needing to be
> refactored for the larger BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, which got lost on my TODO
> list. During the recent exec refactoring work[1], the need for these tests
> resurfaced, so I've finished them up for addition to the kernel
> selftests.

I have to say there is something poetic about testing binfmt_script
with Parot.  Parot is what you get when you combined perl and python
isn't it?

I will apply this to my exec-next tree right after the patchset under
discussion.

Eric


> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202005191144.E3112135@keescook/
>
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> ---
>  tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile      |   1 +
>  tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script | 171 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 172 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
> index 33339e31e365..7f4527f897c4 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/Makefile
> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ CFLAGS = -Wall
>  CFLAGS += -Wno-nonnull
>  CFLAGS += -D_GNU_SOURCE
>  
> +TEST_PROGS := binfmt_script
>  TEST_GEN_PROGS := execveat
>  TEST_GEN_FILES := execveat.symlink execveat.denatured script subdir
>  # Makefile is a run-time dependency, since it's accessed by the execveat test
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script
> new file mode 100755
> index 000000000000..05f94a741c7a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/exec/binfmt_script
> @@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
> +#!/usr/bin/env python3
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#
> +# Test that truncation of bprm->buf doesn't cause unexpected execs paths, along
> +# with various other pathological cases.
> +import os, subprocess
> +
> +# Relevant commits
> +#
> +# b5372fe5dc84 ("exec: load_script: Do not exec truncated interpreter path")
> +# 6eb3c3d0a52d ("exec: increase BINPRM_BUF_SIZE to 256")
> +
> +# BINPRM_BUF_SIZE
> +SIZE=256
> +
> +NAME_MAX=int(subprocess.check_output(["getconf", "NAME_MAX", "."]))
> +
> +test_num=0
> +
> +code='''#!/usr/bin/perl
> +print "Executed interpreter! Args:\n";
> +print "0 : '$0'\n";
> +$counter = 1;
> +foreach my $a (@ARGV) {
> +    print "$counter : '$a'\n";
> +    $counter++;
> +}
> +'''
> +
> +##
> +# test - produce a binfmt_script hashbang line for testing
> +#
> +# @size:     bytes for bprm->buf line, including hashbang but not newline
> +# @good:     whether this script is expected to execute correctly
> +# @hashbang: the special 2 bytes for running binfmt_script
> +# @leading:  any leading whitespace before the executable path
> +# @root:     start of executable pathname
> +# @target:   end of executable pathname
> +# @arg:      bytes following the executable pathname
> +# @fill:     character to fill between @root and @target to reach @size bytes
> +# @newline:  character to use as newline, not counted towards @size
> +# ...
> +def test(name, size, good=True, leading="", root="./", target="/perl",
> +                     fill="A", arg="", newline="\n", hashbang="#!"):
> +    global test_num, tests, NAME_MAX
> +    test_num += 1
> +    if test_num > tests:
> +        raise ValueError("more binfmt_script tests than expected! (want %d, expected %d)"
> +                         % (test_num, tests))
> +
> +    middle = ""
> +    remaining = size - len(hashbang) - len(leading) - len(root) - len(target) - len(arg)
> +    # The middle of the pathname must not exceed NAME_MAX
> +    while remaining >= NAME_MAX:
> +        middle += fill * (NAME_MAX - 1)
> +        middle += '/'
> +        remaining -= NAME_MAX
> +    middle += fill * remaining
> +
> +    dirpath = root + middle
> +    binary = dirpath + target
> +    if len(target):
> +        os.makedirs(dirpath, mode=0o755, exist_ok=True)
> +        open(binary, "w").write(code)
> +        os.chmod(binary, 0o755)
> +
> +    buf=hashbang + leading + root + middle + target + arg + newline
> +    if len(newline) > 0:
> +        buf += 'echo this is not really perl\n'
> +
> +    script = "binfmt_script-%s" % (name)
> +    open(script, "w").write(buf)
> +    os.chmod(script, 0o755)
> +
> +    proc = subprocess.Popen(["./%s" % (script)], shell=True,
> +                            stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
> +    stdout = proc.communicate()[0]
> +
> +    if proc.returncode == 0 and b'Executed interpreter' in stdout:
> +        if good:
> +            print("ok %d - binfmt_script %s (successful good exec)"
> +                  % (test_num, name))
> +        else:
> +            print("not ok %d - binfmt_script %s succeeded when it should have failed"
> +                  % (test_num, name))
> +    else:
> +        if good:
> +            print("not ok %d - binfmt_script %s failed when it should have succeeded (rc:%d)"
> +                  % (test_num, name, proc.returncode))
> +        else:
> +            print("ok %d - binfmt_script %s (correctly failed bad exec)"
> +                  % (test_num, name))
> +
> +    # Clean up crazy binaries
> +    os.unlink(script)
> +    if len(target):
> +        elements = binary.split('/')
> +        os.unlink(binary)
> +        elements.pop()
> +        while len(elements) > 1:
> +            os.rmdir("/".join(elements))
> +            elements.pop()
> +
> +tests=27
> +print("TAP version 1.3")
> +print("1..%d" % (tests))
> +
> +### FAIL (8 tests)
> +
> +# Entire path is well past the BINFMT_BUF_SIZE.
> +test(name="too-big",        size=SIZE+80, good=False)
> +# Path is right at max size, making it impossible to tell if it was truncated.
> +test(name="exact",          size=SIZE,    good=False)
> +# Same as above, but with leading whitespace.
> +test(name="exact-space",    size=SIZE,    good=False, leading=" ")
> +# Huge buffer of only whitespace.
> +test(name="whitespace-too-big", size=SIZE+71, good=False, root="",
> +                                              fill=" ", target="")
> +# A good path, but it gets truncated due to leading whitespace.
> +test(name="truncated",      size=SIZE+17, good=False, leading=" " * 19)
> +# Entirely empty except for #!
> +test(name="empty",          size=2,       good=False, root="",
> +                                          fill="", target="", newline="")
> +# Within size, but entirely spaces
> +test(name="spaces",         size=SIZE-1,  good=False, root="", fill=" ",
> +                                          target="", newline="")
> +# Newline before binary.
> +test(name="newline-prefix", size=SIZE-1,  good=False, leading="\n",
> +                                          root="", fill=" ", target="")
> +
> +### ok (19 tests)
> +
> +# The original test case that was broken by commit:
> +# 8099b047ecc4 ("exec: load_script: don't blindly truncate shebang string")
> +test(name="test.pl",        size=439, leading=" ",
> +     root="./nix/store/bwav8kz8b3y471wjsybgzw84mrh4js9-perl-5.28.1/bin",
> +     arg=" -I/nix/store/x6yyav38jgr924nkna62q3pkp0dgmzlx-perl5.28.1-File-Slurp-9999.25/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/ha8v67sl8dac92r9z07vzr4gv1y9nwqz-perl5.28.1-Net-DBus-1.1.0/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/dcrkvnjmwh69ljsvpbdjjdnqgwx90a9d-perl5.28.1-XML-Parser-2.44/lib/perl5/site_perl -I/nix/store/rmji88k2zz7h4zg97385bygcydrf2q8h-perl5.28.1-XML-Twig-3.52/lib/perl5/site_perl")
> +# One byte under size, leaving newline visible.
> +test(name="one-under",           size=SIZE-1)
> +# Two bytes under size, leaving newline visible.
> +test(name="two-under",           size=SIZE-2)
> +# Exact size, but trailing whitespace visible instead of newline
> +test(name="exact-trunc-whitespace", size=SIZE, arg=" ")
> +# Exact size, but trailing space and first arg char visible instead of newline.
> +test(name="exact-trunc-arg",     size=SIZE, arg=" f")
> +# One bute under, with confirmed non-truncated arg since newline now visible.
> +test(name="one-under-full-arg",  size=SIZE-1, arg=" f")
> +# Short read buffer by one byte.
> +test(name="one-under-no-nl",     size=SIZE-1, newline="")
> +# Short read buffer by half buffer size.
> +test(name="half-under-no-nl",    size=int(SIZE/2), newline="")
> +# One byte under with whitespace arg. leaving wenline visible.
> +test(name="one-under-trunc-arg", size=SIZE-1, arg=" ")
> +# One byte under with whitespace leading. leaving wenline visible.
> +test(name="one-under-leading",   size=SIZE-1, leading=" ")
> +# One byte under with whitespace leading and as arg. leaving newline visible.
> +test(name="one-under-leading-trunc-arg",  size=SIZE-1, leading=" ", arg=" ")
> +# Same as above, but with 2 bytes under
> +test(name="two-under-no-nl",     size=SIZE-2, newline="")
> +test(name="two-under-trunc-arg", size=SIZE-2, arg=" ")
> +test(name="two-under-leading",   size=SIZE-2, leading=" ")
> +test(name="two-under-leading-trunc-arg",   size=SIZE-2, leading=" ", arg=" ")
> +# Same as above, but with buffer half filled
> +test(name="two-under-no-nl",     size=int(SIZE/2), newline="")
> +test(name="two-under-trunc-arg", size=int(SIZE/2), arg=" ")
> +test(name="two-under-leading",   size=int(SIZE/2), leading=" ")
> +test(name="two-under-lead-trunc-arg", size=int(SIZE/2), leading=" ", arg=" ")
> +
> +if test_num != tests:
> +    raise ValueError("fewer binfmt_script tests than expected! (ran %d, expected %d"
> +                     % (test_num, tests))
> -- 
> 2.20.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

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2020-05-20  9:05 [PATCH] selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test Kees Cook
2020-05-20 22:01 ` Eric W. Biederman

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