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From: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
To: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>,
	rientjes@google.com, shakeelb@google.com
Cc: shuah@kernel.org, gthelen@google.com, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org, cgroups@vger.kernel.org,
	aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v10 1/8] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation counter
Date: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 14:44:45 -0800
Message-ID: <bbc968ae-b379-c207-268e-16004d9cff96@oracle.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200115012651.228058-1-almasrymina@google.com>

On 1/14/20 5:26 PM, Mina Almasry wrote:
> These counters will track hugetlb reservations rather than hugetlb
> memory faulted in. This patch only adds the counter, following patches
> add the charging and uncharging of the counter.
> 
> This is patch 1 of an 8 patch series.
> 
> Problem:
> Currently tasks attempting to reserve more hugetlb memory than is available get
> a failure at mmap/shmget time. This is thanks to Hugetlbfs Reservations [1].
> However, if a task attempts to reserve hugetlb memory only more than its

*reword*
However, if a task attempts to reserve more hugetlb memory than its

> hugetlb_cgroup limit allows, the kernel will allow the mmap/shmget call,
> but will SIGBUS the task when it attempts to fault the memory in.

*reword*
but will SIGBUS the task when it attempts to fault in the  excess memory.

> 
> We have users hitting their hugetlb_cgroup limits and thus we've been
> looking at this failure mode. We'd like to improve this behavior such that users
> violating the hugetlb_cgroup limits get an error on mmap/shmget time, rather
> than getting SIGBUS'd when they try to fault the excess memory in. This
> gives the user an opportunity to fallback more gracefully to
> non-hugetlbfs memory for example.
> 
> The underlying problem is that today's hugetlb_cgroup accounting happens
> at hugetlb memory *fault* time, rather than at *reservation* time.
> Thus, enforcing the hugetlb_cgroup limit only happens at fault time, and
> the offending task gets SIGBUS'd.
> 
> Proposed Solution:
> A new page counter named
> 'hugetlb.xMB.reservation_[limit|usage|max_usage]_in_bytes'. This counter has
> slightly different semantics than

You changed the name to 'hugetlb.xMB.resv_[limit|usage|max_usage]_in_bytes'
in the code, but left this description.

Also, David suggested 'rsvd' as the abbreviation to use here.  I would also
prefer that name to be consistent with other hugetlb interfaces.

> 'hugetlb.xMB.[limit|usage|max_usage]_in_bytes':
> 
> - While usage_in_bytes tracks all *faulted* hugetlb memory,
> reservation_usage_in_bytes tracks all *reserved* hugetlb memory and
> hugetlb memory faulted in without a prior reservation.
> 
> - If a task attempts to reserve more memory than limit_in_bytes allows,
> the kernel will allow it to do so. But if a task attempts to reserve
> more memory than reservation_limit_in_bytes, the kernel will fail this
> reservation.
> 
> This proposal is implemented in this patch series, with tests to verify
> functionality and show the usage.
> 
> Alternatives considered:
> 1. A new cgroup, instead of only a new page_counter attached to
>    the existing hugetlb_cgroup. Adding a new cgroup seemed like a lot of code
>    duplication with hugetlb_cgroup. Keeping hugetlb related page counters under
>    hugetlb_cgroup seemed cleaner as well.
> 
> 2. Instead of adding a new counter, we considered adding a sysctl that modifies
>    the behavior of hugetlb.xMB.[limit|usage]_in_bytes, to do accounting at
>    reservation time rather than fault time. Adding a new page_counter seems
>    better as userspace could, if it wants, choose to enforce different cgroups
>    differently: one via limit_in_bytes, and another via
>    reservation_limit_in_bytes. This could be very useful if you're
>    transitioning how hugetlb memory is partitioned on your system one
>    cgroup at a time, for example. Also, someone may find usage for both
>    limit_in_bytes and reservation_limit_in_bytes concurrently, and this
>    approach gives them the option to do so.
> 
> Testing:
> - Added tests passing.
> - Used libhugetlbfs for regression testing.
> 
> [1]: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/vm/hugetlbfs_reserv.html
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
> 
> ---
> Changes in v10:
> - Renamed reservation_* to resv.*
> 
> ---
>  include/linux/hugetlb.h |   4 +-
>  mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c     | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  2 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

The code looks fine to me.

With the commit message and naming updates, I will add a Reviewed-by:

Please do wait a few/several days before sending a revised edition to
make sure we get all feedback.  I really would like to get comments from
people more familiar with cgroups.

-- 
Mike Kravetz

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-01-15  1:26 Mina Almasry
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 2/8] hugetlb_cgroup: add interface for charge/uncharge hugetlb reservations Mina Almasry
2020-01-17 19:26   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-01-17 19:34     ` Mina Almasry
2020-01-29 21:21   ` David Rientjes
2020-01-30  0:41     ` Mike Kravetz
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 3/8] hugetlb_cgroup: add reservation accounting for private mappings Mina Almasry
2020-01-17 22:57   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-01-29 21:28   ` David Rientjes
2020-02-03 23:17     ` Mina Almasry
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 4/8] hugetlb: disable region_add file_region coalescing Mina Almasry
2020-01-21 18:50   ` Mike Kravetz
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 5/8] hugetlb_cgroup: add accounting for shared mappings Mina Almasry
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 6/8] hugetlb_cgroup: support noreserve mappings Mina Almasry
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 7/8] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation tests Mina Almasry
2020-01-23  9:15   ` Sandipan Das
2020-01-23 20:05     ` Mina Almasry
2020-01-29 21:00     ` David Rientjes
2020-01-30  6:11       ` Sandipan Das
2020-02-03 23:18         ` Mina Almasry
2020-01-15  1:26 ` [PATCH v10 8/8] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation docs Mina Almasry
2020-01-16 22:44 ` Mike Kravetz [this message]
2020-01-29 21:09 ` [PATCH v10 1/8] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation counter David Rientjes
2020-02-03 23:16   ` Mina Almasry

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