Linux-LEDs Archive on lore.kernel.org
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* [RFC 00/25] arm64: realtek: Add Xnano X5 and implement TM1628/FD628/AiP1618 LED controllers
@ 2019-12-12  3:39 Andreas Färber
  2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 01/25] dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Xnano Andreas Färber
                   ` (27 more replies)
  0 siblings, 28 replies; 60+ messages in thread
From: Andreas Färber @ 2019-12-12  3:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-realtek-soc, linux-leds
  Cc: Jacek Anaszewski, Pavel Machek, Dan Murphy, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-kernel, Andreas Färber, linux-rtc, Alessandro Zummo,
	Alexandre Belloni, devicetree, Rob Herring, linux-spi,
	Mark Brown, linux-amlogic, Roc He, zypeng, sales, csd

Hello,

This patch series implements the LED controllers found in some RTD1295 based
TV set-top boxes.

Ever since I've had mainline Linux kernels booting on my Zidoo X9S TV box,
it's been bugging me that it kept displaying "boot" on its front display.
A hot lead was a TM1628 chip on the front display's daughterboard, which
English and Chinese datasheets were available for. The biggest hurdle
to overcome was whether and how this chip was connected to the SoC.
Confusingly the datasheet talks about "Serial Interface" and shows pins
DIO, SCLK and STB; whereas neither UART nor SPI DT nodes seemed to be in use
for this, no mention of such chipset in the binary vendor DT, and only one
seemingly unrelated exported GPIO. Sadly Zidoo have refused to share GPL
sourcecode with me, and the public GPL code drops from NAS and SBC vendors
didn't seem to include drivers for this chip. Last weekend, review of vendor
DT pinctrl nodes revealed a "spi@1" pinctrl node in use by the pinctrl node
itself, despite there being only one GSPI block on the SoC. debugfs under
Android revealed GPIO pins named "fp_stb", "fp_data" and "fp_clk" (on X5:
3x "vfdtest", unhelpfully). So I hereby present my first 3-wire SPI slave,
using standard spi-gpio driver.

This required to extend the spi-gpio driver with Little Endian support.

TM1628 and related chipsets have an internal Display RAM, from which they
control a two-dimensional array of LED components, often used for
seven-segment displays, i.e. clock display, but also for indicators.
Individual LEDs can be turned on/off, but brightness is applied globally.
Some chipsets also support polling a two-dimensional key pad.

This initial RFC implements a SPI slave driver within Linux leds subsystem
and lets DT expose individual LED components as two-state LEDs, allowing
to assign standard Linux LED triggers and to control them via sysfs.

It goes on to add a "text" attribute to the driver that enables DT-configured
seven-segment displays; I was expecting to find precedence in auxdisplay
subsystem but came up empty. So my driver currently integrates its own
generic (but incomplete) character-to-8-segments mapping, as well as in a
second step a combined-characters-to-8-segments mapping, which then gets
mapped to the chipset's available output lines. Doing this as sysfs device
attribute had the advantage of being able to test it quickly; it also leaves
timezone management to userspace and lets it choose between wall clock and
playback time as needed. LED triggers appeared to be per-LED; otherwise an
RTC-implemented interrupt based LED trigger would've been nice for RTD1195+,
since my pending irqchip driver exposes interrupts down to half-second that
would seem ideal for accurately driving such a display, with blinking colon.

Finally, it sketches how keypad handling could be integrated into the leds
driver, but I am lacking a test case for that functionality.
Distinguishing LEDs and key inputs in DT may get difficult...

For brightness control I am still investigating the backlight API and
defaulting to the chipset's default (lowest) brightness.

Prepended is a new DT for Xnano X5 OTT TV Box, featuring an FD628 display.

Displays connected to these controllers didn't have any model or vendor
usually, and for the lengthy numbers from my X9S, Google found no hits.
Therefore I've been unable to come up with compatible strings for those
displays and need to configure it per .dts, even though some may be using
the same, e.g., "88:88" type display model.
Whereas the same display might be connected to different LED controllers,
thus is orthogonal to the controller's compatible string.

Another aspect here is that the leds binding expects to have child nodes
per LED directly on the LED controller node. So I've gone to lengths to
shoehorn my display child node into that scheme via wildcard reg property.

The alternative would be to define some special child node, as done for the
SPI controller's "slave" node, to use as display. But in theory there might
be multiple displays connected to one controller (which is neglected here).
And in theory the same display might be wired up differently, so at most
the display model could tell us about layout and availability of LEDs, but
we'd still need a mapping from the LED controller's to the display's pins.
So far neither of the two displays tested actually use the segment lines
for the segments, but rather switch segment and grid lines.

So in theory we might consider the display as LED controller and implement
binding/driver on that level (moving it to DT root node like gpio-leds),
if we can hook it up to the actual LED controller in this case on SPI bus?
Assuming we can actually identify the display with some compatible string,
that is.
However, update efficiency has been a concern, with clock display in mind.
Thus, forcing two SPI commands (three SPI transfers) per LED segment, as the
the current LED API would entail, should better be avoided. This led to the
current design of having everything in tm1628 driver, so that we can easily
determine the scope of an update operation there (one per LED; all for text,
to be optimized through bit field of dirtied bytes).

Locking is completely missing still. We'll need at least a mutex to avoid,
e.g., a heartbeat LED trigger and a text update conflicting on SPI bus or
"hazards" becoming visible on the display during conflicting byte updates.

Module remove support is missing, too.

We may also need to revisit my error checking and either inline functions
or drop checks on the LED bit level, if it becomes a performance bottleneck.

On the cosmetic side, some lines are still beyond 80 characters.

Some more notes:
* Public TM1628 V1.1 datasheet is in Chinese only and differs from the
  unversioned English version found elsewhere on datasheet sites by
  documenting more display modes, included here (guessed from Arabic numbers).
* Public FD628 datasheet is Chinese only (guesses based on Arabic numbers).
  FD623 appears to have more output lines, which would fit current data types.
* AiP1618 links were all broken (404); try Google "site:szfdwdz.com" search
  to actually find the documents available on their site.
* Princeton PT6964 is another related LED controller with public datasheet
  that I did not encounter in my TV boxes yet, thus not included here.
  Datasheets are linked only for PT6959 and PT6967, but PT6964 V1.3 and V1.4
  are available elsewhere. PT6967 has more output lines, which my current
  data types could barely hold. Maybe bump them all to u32 type right away?
* TM1628 is also found on MeLE V9 TV box, to be tested.
* FD628 is also found on Amlogic S905X2 based Vontar X96 Max TV box,
  to be tested (once UART is soldered).
* AiP1618 was found on Ava and Lake I TV boxes, to be tested.
* It remained unclear to me which of these many similar chipsets was first.
  My driver name is therefore based on the chip I encountered first.

This series is based on my not-yet-posted RTD1295 pinctrl and GPIO drivers.

Latest experimental patches at:
https://github.com/afaerber/linux/commits/rtd1295-next

Have a lot of fun!

Cheers,
Andreas

Cc: linux-leds@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Jacek Anaszewski <jacek.anaszewski@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Dan Murphy <dmurphy@ti.com>

Cc: linux-rtc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Alessandro Zummo <a.zummo@towertech.it>
Cc: Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com>

Cc: devicetree@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>

Cc: linux-spi@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>

Cc: linux-amlogic@lists.infradead.org

Cc: Roc He <hepeng@zidoo.tv>
# No email for Xnano

Cc: zypeng@titanmec.com
Cc: sales@fdhisi.com
# No email for szfdwdz.com
Cc: csd@princeton.com.tw

Andreas Färber (25):
  dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Xnano
  dt-bindings: arm: realtek: Add Xnano X5
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295: Add Xnano X5
  spi: gpio: Implement LSB First bitbang support
  dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Titan Micro Electronics
  dt-bindings: leds: Add Titan Micro Electronics TM1628
  leds: Add Titan Micro Electronics TM1628
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd129x-zidoo-x9s: Add TM1628 LED controller
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-zidoo-x9s: Add regular LEDs to TM1628
  dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Fuda Hisi Microelectronics
  dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Add Fuda Hisi Microelectronics FD628
  leds: tm1628: Add Fuda Hisi Microelectronics FD628
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add FD628 LED controller
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add regular LEDs to FD628
  dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Fude Microelectronics
  dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Add Fude Microelectronics AiP1618
  leds: tm1628: Prepare Fude Microelectronics AiP1618
  dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Define display child nodes
  leds: tm1628: Add 7-segment display support
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-zidoo-x9s: Add display to TM1628
  arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add display to FD628
  leds: tm1826: Add combined glyph support
  WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare TM1628 keys
  WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare FD628 keys
  WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare AiP1618 keys

 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/realtek.yaml |   1 +
 .../devicetree/bindings/leds/titanmec,tm1628.yaml  | 134 ++++
 .../devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.yaml       |   8 +
 arch/arm64/boot/dts/realtek/Makefile               |   1 +
 arch/arm64/boot/dts/realtek/rtd1295-xnano-x5.dts   | 108 +++
 arch/arm64/boot/dts/realtek/rtd1295-zidoo-x9s.dts  |  36 +-
 drivers/leds/Kconfig                               |  12 +
 drivers/leds/Makefile                              |   1 +
 drivers/leds/leds-tm1628.c                         | 727 +++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/spi/spi-bitbang-txrx.h                     |  68 +-
 drivers/spi/spi-gpio.c                             |  42 +-
 11 files changed, 1126 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/leds/titanmec,tm1628.yaml
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/boot/dts/realtek/rtd1295-xnano-x5.dts
 create mode 100644 drivers/leds/leds-tm1628.c

-- 
2.16.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 60+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 60+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-12-12  3:39 [RFC 00/25] arm64: realtek: Add Xnano X5 and implement TM1628/FD628/AiP1618 LED controllers Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 01/25] dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Xnano Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 22:26   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 02/25] dt-bindings: arm: realtek: Add Xnano X5 Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 22:27   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 03/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295: " Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 04/25] spi: gpio: Implement LSB First bitbang support Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  8:40   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-12-12 15:14     ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-12 17:19       ` Mark Brown
2019-12-12 21:08         ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-13 11:42           ` Mark Brown
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 05/25] dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Titan Micro Electronics Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 22:31   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 06/25] dt-bindings: leds: Add Titan Micro Electronics TM1628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 23:04   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 07/25] " Andreas Färber
2019-12-14  9:48   ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 08/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd129x-zidoo-x9s: Add TM1628 LED controller Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 09/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-zidoo-x9s: Add regular LEDs to TM1628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 10/25] dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Fuda Hisi Microelectronics Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 23:04   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 11/25] dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Add Fuda Hisi Microelectronics FD628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 23:05   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 12/25] " Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 13/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add FD628 LED controller Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 14/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add regular LEDs to FD628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-21 20:21   ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 15/25] dt-bindings: vendor-prefixes: Add Fude Microelectronics Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 23:05   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 16/25] dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Add Fude Microelectronics AiP1618 Andreas Färber
2019-12-19 23:06   ` Rob Herring
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 17/25] leds: tm1628: Prepare " Andreas Färber
2019-12-21 19:55   ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 18/25] dt-bindings: leds: tm1628: Define display child nodes Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 19/25] leds: tm1628: Add 7-segment display support Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  8:33   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-12-12 14:10     ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-21 20:23   ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 20/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-zidoo-x9s: Add display to TM1628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 21/25] arm64: dts: realtek: rtd1295-xnano-x5: Add display to FD628 Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 22/25] leds: tm1826: Add combined glyph support Andreas Färber
2019-12-21 20:27   ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-21 20:41     ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-21 21:04       ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-21 21:49         ` Andreas Färber
     [not found]           ` <CANiq72nA9OLa0SjY8W055J_2A32tcp7S98SruKSdWH2dm25VKw@mail.gmail.com>
2019-12-22  3:14             ` Andreas Färber
2020-01-15 14:31               ` Miguel Ojeda
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 23/25] WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare TM1628 keys Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 24/25] WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare FD628 keys Andreas Färber
2019-12-12  3:39 ` [RFC 25/25] WIP: leds: tm1628: Prepare AiP1618 keys Andreas Färber
2019-12-12 13:14 ` [RFC 00/25] arm64: realtek: Add Xnano X5 and implement TM1628/FD628/AiP1618 LED controllers Robin Murphy
2019-12-12 20:55   ` Andreas Färber
2019-12-13 14:07     ` Robin Murphy
2019-12-13 14:36       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2020-02-25 21:42       ` Ezra Buehler
2020-02-26 13:03         ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-21 18:20 ` Pavel Machek
2019-12-21 21:07   ` Andreas Färber
2020-01-15 13:34 ` Andreas Färber

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