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From: jacopo mondi <jacopo@jmondi.org>
To: Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
Cc: linux-media@vger.kernel.org, linux-i2c@vger.kernel.org,
	devicetree@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>,
	Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>,
	Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>,
	Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>,
	Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>,
	Kieran Bingham <kieran.bingham@ideasonboard.com>,
	Vladimir Zapolskiy <vz@mleia.com>, Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
Subject: Re: [RFC,v2 2/6] i2c: add I2C Address Translator (ATR) support
Date: Sun, 1 Sep 2019 16:31:01 +0200
Message-ID: <20190901143101.humomdehy5ee73sk@vino> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190723203723.11730-3-luca@lucaceresoli.net>

Hi Luca,
   thanks for keep pushing this series! I hope we can use part of this
for the (long time) on-going GMSL work...

I hope you will be patient enough to provide (another :) overview
of this work during the BoF Wolfram has organized at LPC for the next
week.

In the meantime I would have some comments after having a read at the
series and trying to apply its concept to GMSL

On Tue, Jul 23, 2019 at 10:37:19PM +0200, Luca Ceresoli wrote:
> An ATR is a device that looks similar to an i2c-mux: it has an I2C
> slave "upstream" port and N master "downstream" ports, and forwards
> transactions from upstream to the appropriate downstream port. But is
> is different in that the forwarded transaction has a different slave
> address. The address used on the upstream bus is called the "alias"
> and is (potentially) different from the physical slave address of the
> downstream chip.
>
> Add a helper file (just like i2c-mux.c for a mux or switch) to allow
> implementing ATR features in a device driver. The helper takes care or
> adapter creation/destruction and translates addresses at each transaction.
>
> Signed-off-by: Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
>
> ---
>
> Changes RFCv1 -> RFCv2:
>
>  RFCv1 was implemented inside i2c-mux.c and added yet more complexity
>  there. RFCv2 creates a new file on its own, i2c-atr.c. Since many ATR
>  features are not in a MUX and vice versa, the overlapping is low. This was
>  almost a complete rewrite, but for the records here are the main
>  differences from the old implementation:

I'm not an i2c expert, but this looks very similar to me to an
augmented i2c-mux with the following additional features:
- automatic selection of the i2c address to use for the children
  behind the mux
- automatic translation of the addresses the logical aliases to
  the actual physical addresses of the slaves (with the help of the
  deserializer address translation feature in this case).

In the GMSL perspective we have similar needs but limited to the
selection of the i2c addresses to assign to the children behind our
mux. The maxims's chips work by reprogramming the remote devices and
do not support address translations on the deserializer side, unlike
what the TI chips do.

So I wonder if we could somehow split the here proposed solution in
two, one part to perform the address selection, the other one to
support address reprogramming.

One thing I have noticed is that it's up to the driver using the ATR
(the DS90UB954 deserializer in this case) picking into the alias pool
and assign aliases. I would have expected this to be a feature of the
ATR itself, if you aim to have the i2c-alias-pool as a standard
construct.

I understand the pool of free aliases 'belongs' to the base board
device, but the ATR could be provided with a pointer to it and the
routines to select and assign addresses generalized. Is there a reason
why you decided otherwise that I'm not seeing?

>
>  - change bus description
>  - remove I2C_ATR_ARBITRATOR and I2C_ATR_GATE support
>  - select() optional
>  - rename i2c_atr_alloc -> i2c_atr_new, add i2c_atr_delete, move to bottom
>  - lock the ATR, not the adapter or the muxes on the adapter
>  - remove parent-locked code
>  - remove I2C_MUX_LOCKED flag, now unused
>  - remove I2C_ATR_ATR flag (always true)
>  - translation in i2c_atr_smbus_xfer too
>  - i2c_atr_map_msgs: don't ignore mapping errors
>  - always require the "i2c-atr" DT node, no magic
>  - remove ACPI support
>  - one algo in the atrc, not one per adapter
>  - remove unneeded i2c_atr_root_adapter
>  - ditch force_nr
>  - don't allocate private user memory, just provide a plain userdata pointer
>  - consolidate all ops in a single struct, simplify naming
>  - remove adapters individually, allocate in atrc->adapter[chan_id]
> ---
>  drivers/i2c/Kconfig     |   9 +
>  drivers/i2c/Makefile    |   1 +
>  drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c   | 557 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/i2c-atr.h |  82 ++++++
>  4 files changed, 649 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/i2c-atr.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/Kconfig b/drivers/i2c/Kconfig
> index abedd55a1264..5df088b1d9de 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/Kconfig
> @@ -71,6 +71,15 @@ config I2C_MUX
>
>  source "drivers/i2c/muxes/Kconfig"
>
> +config I2C_ATR
> +	tristate "I2C Address Translator (ATR) support"
> +	help
> +	  Enable support for I2C Address Translator (ATR) chips.
> +
> +	  An ATR allows accessing multiple I2C busses from a single
> +	  physical bus via address translation instead of bus selection as
> +	  i2c-muxes do.
> +
>  config I2C_HELPER_AUTO
>  	bool "Autoselect pertinent helper modules"
>  	default y
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/Makefile b/drivers/i2c/Makefile
> index bed6ba63c983..81849ea393c7 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/Makefile
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ i2c-core-$(CONFIG_OF) 		+= i2c-core-of.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_SMBUS)		+= i2c-smbus.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_CHARDEV)	+= i2c-dev.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_MUX)		+= i2c-mux.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_ATR)		+= i2c-atr.o
>  obj-y				+= algos/ busses/ muxes/
>  obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_STUB)		+= i2c-stub.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE_EEPROM)	+= i2c-slave-eeprom.o
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..2b61c10a8ff6
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,557 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/**
> + * drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.c -- I2C Address Translator
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2019 Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
> + *
> + * An I2C Address Translator (ATR) is a device with an I2C slave parent
> + * ("upstream") port and N I2C master child ("downstream") ports, and
> + * forwards transactions from upstream to the appropriate downstream port
> + * with a modified slave address. The address used on the parent bus is
> + * called the "alias" and is (potentially) different from the physical
> + * slave address of the child bus. Address translation is done by the
> + * hardware.
> + *
> + * An ATR looks similar to an i2c-mux except:
> + * - the address on the parent and child busses can be different
> + * - there is normally no need to select the child port; the alias used on
> + *   the parent bus implies it
> + *
> + * The ATR functionality can be provided by a chip with many other
> + * features. This file provides a helper to implement an ATR within your
> + * driver.
> + *
> + * The ATR creates a new I2C "child" adapter on each child bus. Adding
> + * devices on the child bus ends up in invoking the driver code to select
> + * an available alias. Maintaining an appropriate pool of available aliases
> + * and picking one for each new device is up to the driver implementer. The
> + * ATR maintains an table of currently assigned alias and uses it
> to modify
> + * all I2C transactions directed to devices on the child buses.
> + *
> + * A typical example follows.
> + *
> + * Topology:
> + *
> + *                       Slave X @ 0x10
> + *               .-----.   |
> + *   .-----.     |     |---+---- B
> + *   | CPU |--A--| ATR |
> + *   `-----'     |     |---+---- C
> + *               `-----'   |
> + *                       Slave Y @ 0x10
> + *
> + * Alias table:
> + *
> + *   Client  Alias
> + *   -------------
> + *      X    0x20
> + *      Y    0x30
> + *
> + * Transaction:
> + *
> + *  - Slave X driver sends a transaction (on adapter B), slave address 0x10
> + *  - ATR driver rewrites messages with address 0x20, forwards to adapter A
> + *  - Physical I2C transaction on bus A, slave address 0x20
> + *  - ATR chip propagates transaction on bus B with address translated to 0x10
> + *  - Slave X chip replies on bus B
> + *  - ATR chip forwards reply on bus A
> + *  - ATR driver rewrites messages with address 0x10
> + *  - Slave X driver gets back the msgs[], with reply and address 0x10
> + *

If I got you right this implements a three level translation, partly
performed by the ATR and partly performed by the deserializer chip.
The i2c alias helps the DESR to select the RX port (channel) where to
emit a transaction with the alias translated (with the deserializer's
own translation mechanism) to the physical address of the slave.

Quoting your here above example:

CPU --> 0x20 --> DESR Port0 --> 0x10 --> SLAVE
CPU --> 0x30 --> DESR Port1 --> 0x10 --> SLAVE

Did I get you right?

I'm following the DT bindings discussion with Rob and I'm glad your
last reply looks very similar to what we have in our proposed GMSL
bindings, so I hope the two could somehow converge.

Thanks
   j

> + * Usage:
> + *
> + *  1. In your driver (typically in the probe function) add an ATR by
> + *     calling i2c_atr_new() passing your attach/detach callbacks
> + *  2. When the attach callback is called pick an appropriate alias,
> + *     configure it in your chip and return the chosen alias in the
> + *     alias_id parameter
> + *  3. When the detach callback is called, deconfigure the alias from
> + *     your chip and put it back in the pool for later usage
> + *
> + * Originally based on i2c-mux.c
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c-atr.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair - Hold the alias assigned to a client.
> + * @node:   List node
> + * @client: Pointer to the client on the child bus
> + * @alias:  I2C alias address assigned by the driver.
> + *          This is the address that will be used to issue I2C transactions
> + *          on the parent (physical) bus.
> + */
> +struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair {
> +	struct list_head node;
> +	const struct i2c_client *client;
> +	u16 alias;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Data for each channel (child bus)
> + */
> +struct i2c_atr_chan {
> +	struct i2c_adapter adap;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr;
> +	u32 chan_id;
> +
> +	struct list_head alias_list;
> +
> +	u16 *orig_addrs;
> +	unsigned int orig_addrs_size;
> +	struct mutex orig_addrs_lock; /* Lock orig_addrs during xfer */
> +};
> +
> +static struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *
> +i2c_atr_find_mapping_by_client(struct list_head *list,
> +			       struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(c2a, list, node) {
> +		if (c2a->client == client)
> +			return c2a;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *
> +i2c_atr_find_mapping_by_addr(struct list_head *list,
> +			     u16 phys_addr)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(c2a, list, node) {
> +		if (c2a->client->addr == phys_addr)
> +			return c2a;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Replace all message addresses with their aliases, saving the original
> + * addresses.
> + *
> + * This function is internal for use in i2c_atr_master_xfer(). It must be
> + * followed by i2c_atr_unmap_msgs() to restore the original addresses.
> + */
> +static int i2c_atr_map_msgs(struct i2c_atr_chan *chan,
> +			    struct i2c_msg msgs[], int num)
> +
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +	static struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	/* Ensure we have enough room to save the original addresses */
> +	if (unlikely(chan->orig_addrs_size < num)) {
> +		void *new_buf = kmalloc(num * sizeof(chan->orig_addrs[0]),
> +					GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (new_buf == NULL)
> +			return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +		kfree(chan->orig_addrs);
> +		chan->orig_addrs = new_buf;
> +		chan->orig_addrs_size = num;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
> +		chan->orig_addrs[i] = msgs[i].addr;
> +
> +		c2a = i2c_atr_find_mapping_by_addr(&chan->alias_list,
> +						   msgs[i].addr);
> +		if (c2a) {
> +			msgs[i].addr = c2a->alias;
> +		} else {
> +			dev_err(atr->dev, "client 0x%02x not mapped!\n",
> +				msgs[i].addr);
> +			return -ENXIO;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Restore all message address aliases with the original addresses.
> + *
> + * This function is internal for use in i2c_atr_master_xfer().
> + *
> + * @see i2c_atr_map_msgs()
> + */
> +static void i2c_atr_unmap_msgs(struct i2c_atr_chan *chan,
> +			       struct i2c_msg msgs[], int num)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
> +		msgs[i].addr = chan->orig_addrs[i];
> +}
> +
> +static int i2c_atr_master_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> +			       struct i2c_msg msgs[], int num)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adap->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +	struct i2c_adapter *parent = atr->parent;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	/* Switch to the right atr port */
> +	if (atr->ops->select) {
> +		ret = atr->ops->select(atr, chan->chan_id);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Translate addresses */
> +	mutex_lock(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +	ret = i2c_atr_map_msgs(chan, msgs, num);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Perform the transfer */
> +	ret = i2c_transfer(parent, msgs, num);
> +
> +	/* Restore addresses */
> +	i2c_atr_unmap_msgs(chan, msgs, num);
> +	mutex_unlock(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +
> +out:
> +	if (atr->ops->deselect)
> +		atr->ops->deselect(atr, chan->chan_id);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int i2c_atr_smbus_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> +			      u16 addr, unsigned short flags,
> +			      char read_write, u8 command,
> +			      int size, union i2c_smbus_data *data)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adap->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +	struct i2c_adapter *parent = atr->parent;
> +	struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +	int err = 0;
> +
> +	c2a = i2c_atr_find_mapping_by_addr(&chan->alias_list, addr);
> +	if (!c2a) {
> +		dev_err(atr->dev, "client 0x%02x not mapped!\n", addr);
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (atr->ops->select)
> +		err = atr->ops->select(atr, chan->chan_id);
> +	if (!err)
> +		err = i2c_smbus_xfer(parent, c2a->alias, flags,
> +				     read_write, command, size, data);
> +	if (atr->ops->deselect)
> +		atr->ops->deselect(atr, chan->chan_id);
> +
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +static u32 i2c_atr_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adap->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_adapter *parent = chan->atr->parent;
> +
> +	return parent->algo->functionality(parent);
> +}
> +
> +static void i2c_atr_lock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adapter->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&atr->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int i2c_atr_trylock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adapter->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +
> +	return mutex_trylock(&atr->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void i2c_atr_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adapter->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&atr->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_lock_operations i2c_atr_lock_ops = {
> +	.lock_bus =    i2c_atr_lock_bus,
> +	.trylock_bus = i2c_atr_trylock_bus,
> +	.unlock_bus =  i2c_atr_unlock_bus,
> +};
> +
> +static int i2c_atr_attach_client(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
> +				 const struct i2c_board_info *info,
> +				 const struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adapter->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +	struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +	u16 alias_id = 0;
> +	int err = 0;
> +
> +	c2a = kzalloc(sizeof(struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!c2a) {
> +		err = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto err_alloc;
> +	}
> +
> +	err = atr->ops->attach_client(atr, chan->chan_id, info, client,
> +				      &alias_id);
> +	if (err)
> +		goto err_attach;
> +	if (alias_id == 0) {
> +		err = -EINVAL;
> +		goto err_attach;
> +	}
> +
> +	c2a->client = client;
> +	c2a->alias = alias_id;
> +	list_add(&c2a->node, &chan->alias_list);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_attach:
> +	kfree(c2a);
> +err_alloc:
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +static void i2c_atr_detach_client(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
> +				  const struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adapter->algo_data;
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr = chan->atr;
> +	struct i2c_atr_cli2alias_pair *c2a;
> +
> +	atr->ops->detach_client(atr, chan->chan_id, client);
> +
> +	c2a = i2c_atr_find_mapping_by_client(&chan->alias_list, client);
> +	if (c2a != NULL) {
> +		list_del(&c2a->node);
> +		kfree(c2a);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_attach_operations i2c_atr_attach_ops = {
> +	.attach_client = i2c_atr_attach_client,
> +	.detach_client = i2c_atr_detach_client,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * i2c_atr_add_adapter - Create a child ("downstream") I2C bus.
> + * @atr:     The I2C ATR
> + * @chan_id: Index of the new adapter (0 .. max_adapters-1).  This value is
> + *           passed to the callbacks in `struct i2c_atr_ops`.
> + *
> + * After calling this function a new i2c bus will appear. Adding and
> + * removing devices on the downstream bus will result in calls to the
> + * `attach_client` and `detach_client` callbacks for the driver to assign
> + * an alias to the device.
> + *
> + * If there is a device tree node under "i2c-atr" whose "reg" property
> + * equals chan_id, the new adapter will receive that node and perhaps start
> + * adding devices under it. The callbacks for those additions will be made
> + * before i2c_atr_add_adapter() returns.
> + *
> + * Call i2c_atr_del_adapter() to remove the adapter.
> + *
> + * Return: 0 on success, a negative error code otherwise.
> + */
> +int i2c_atr_add_adapter(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_adapter *parent = atr->parent;
> +	struct device *dev = atr->dev;
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan;
> +	char symlink_name[20];
> +	int err;
> +
> +	if (chan_id >= atr->max_adapters)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	if (atr->adapter[chan_id]) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Adapter %d already present\n", chan_id);
> +		return -EEXIST;
> +	}
> +
> +	chan = kzalloc(sizeof(*chan), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!chan)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	chan->atr = atr;
> +	chan->chan_id = chan_id;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chan->alias_list);
> +	mutex_init(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +
> +	snprintf(chan->adap.name, sizeof(chan->adap.name),
> +		 "i2c-%d-atr-%d", i2c_adapter_id(parent), chan_id);
> +	chan->adap.owner = THIS_MODULE;
> +	chan->adap.algo = &atr->algo;
> +	chan->adap.algo_data = chan;
> +	chan->adap.dev.parent = dev;
> +	chan->adap.retries = parent->retries;
> +	chan->adap.timeout = parent->timeout;
> +	chan->adap.quirks = parent->quirks;
> +	chan->adap.lock_ops = &i2c_atr_lock_ops;
> +	chan->adap.attach_ops = &i2c_atr_attach_ops;
> +
> +	if (dev->of_node) {
> +		struct device_node *atr_node;
> +		struct device_node *child;
> +		u32 reg;
> +
> +		atr_node = of_get_child_by_name(dev->of_node, "i2c-atr");
> +
> +		for_each_child_of_node(atr_node, child) {
> +			err = of_property_read_u32(child, "reg", &reg);
> +			if (err)
> +				continue;
> +			if (chan_id == reg)
> +				break;
> +		}
> +
> +		chan->adap.dev.of_node = child;
> +		of_node_put(atr_node);
> +	}
> +
> +	err = i2c_add_adapter(&chan->adap);
> +	if (err) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "failed to add atr-adapter %u (error=%d)\n",
> +			chan_id, err);
> +		goto err_add_adapter;
> +	}
> +
> +	WARN(sysfs_create_link(&chan->adap.dev.kobj, &dev->kobj, "atr_device"),
> +	     "can't create symlink to atr device\n");
> +	snprintf(symlink_name, sizeof(symlink_name), "channel-%u", chan_id);
> +	WARN(sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &chan->adap.dev.kobj, symlink_name),
> +	     "can't create symlink for channel %u\n", chan_id);
> +
> +	dev_info(dev, "Added ATR child bus %d\n", i2c_adapter_id(&chan->adap));
> +
> +	atr->adapter[chan_id] = &chan->adap;
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_add_adapter:
> +	mutex_destroy(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +	kfree(chan);
> +	return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2c_atr_add_adapter);
> +
> +/**
> + * i2c_atr_del_adapter - Remove a child ("downstream") I2C bus added by
> + * i2c_atr_del_adapter().
> + * @atr:     The I2C ATR
> + * @chan_id: Index of the `adapter to be removed (0 .. max_adapters-1)
> + */
> +void i2c_atr_del_adapter(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id)
> +{
> +	char symlink_name[20];
> +
> +	struct i2c_adapter *adap = atr->adapter[chan_id];
> +	struct i2c_atr_chan *chan = adap->algo_data;
> +	struct device_node *np = adap->dev.of_node;
> +	struct device *dev = atr->dev;
> +
> +	if (atr->adapter[chan_id] == NULL) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Adapter %d does not exist\n", chan_id);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	dev_info(dev, "Removing ATR child bus %d\n", i2c_adapter_id(adap));
> +
> +	atr->adapter[chan_id] = NULL;
> +
> +	snprintf(symlink_name, sizeof(symlink_name),
> +		 "channel-%u", chan->chan_id);
> +	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, symlink_name);
> +	sysfs_remove_link(&chan->adap.dev.kobj, "atr_device");
> +
> +	i2c_del_adapter(adap);
> +	of_node_put(np);
> +	mutex_destroy(&chan->orig_addrs_lock);
> +	kfree(chan);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2c_atr_del_adapter);
> +
> +/**
> + * i2c_atr_new() - Allocate and initialize an I2C ATR helper.
> + * @parent:       The parent (upstream) adapter
> + * @dev:          The device acting as an ATR
> + * @ops:          Driver-specific callbacks
> + * @max_adapters: Maximum number of child adapters
> + *
> + * The new ATR helper is connected to the parent adapter but has no child
> + * adapters. Call i2c_atr_add_adapter() to add some.
> + *
> + * Call i2c_atr_delete() to remove.
> + *
> + * Return: pointer to the new ATR helper object, or ERR_PTR
> + */
> +struct i2c_atr *i2c_atr_new(struct i2c_adapter *parent, struct device *dev,
> +			    const struct i2c_atr_ops *ops, int max_adapters)
> +{
> +	struct i2c_atr *atr;
> +
> +	if (!ops || !ops->attach_client || !ops->detach_client)
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> +	atr = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*atr)
> +			    + max_adapters * sizeof(atr->adapter[0]),
> +			    GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!atr)
> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> +	mutex_init(&atr->lock);
> +
> +	atr->parent = parent;
> +	atr->dev = dev;
> +	atr->ops = ops;
> +	atr->max_adapters = max_adapters;
> +
> +	if (parent->algo->master_xfer)
> +		atr->algo.master_xfer = i2c_atr_master_xfer;
> +	if (parent->algo->smbus_xfer)
> +		atr->algo.smbus_xfer = i2c_atr_smbus_xfer;
> +	atr->algo.functionality = i2c_atr_functionality;
> +
> +	return atr;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2c_atr_new);
> +
> +/**
> + * i2c_atr_delete - Delete an I2C ATR helper.
> + * @atr: I2C ATR helper to be deleted.
> + *
> + * Precondition: all the adapters added with i2c_atr_add_adapter() mumst be
> + * removed by calling i2c_atr_del_adapter().
> + */
> +void i2c_atr_delete(struct i2c_atr *atr)
> +{
> +	mutex_destroy(&atr->lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2c_atr_delete);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("I2C Address Translator");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/include/linux/i2c-atr.h b/include/linux/i2c-atr.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..019816e5a50c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/i2c-atr.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,82 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/**
> + * drivers/i2c/i2c-atr.h -- I2C Address Translator
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2019 Luca Ceresoli <luca@lucaceresoli.net>
> + *
> + * Based on i2c-mux.h
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _LINUX_I2C_ATR_H
> +#define _LINUX_I2C_ATR_H
> +
> +#ifdef __KERNEL__
> +
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +
> +struct i2c_atr;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct i2c_atr_ops - Callbacks from ATR to the device driver.
> + * @select:        Ask the driver to select a child bus (optional)
> + * @deselect:      Ask the driver to deselect a child bus (optional)
> + * @attach_client: Notify the driver of a new device connected on a child
> + *                 bus. The driver must choose an I2C alias, configure the
> + *                 hardware to use it and return it in `alias_id`.
> + * @detach_client: Notify the driver of a device getting disconnected. The
> + *                 driver must configure the hardware to stop using the
> + *                 alias.
> + *
> + * All these functions return 0 on success, a negative error code otherwise.
> + */
> +struct i2c_atr_ops {
> +	int  (*select)(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id);
> +	int  (*deselect)(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id);
> +	int  (*attach_client)(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id,
> +			      const struct i2c_board_info *info,
> +			      const struct i2c_client *client,
> +			      u16 *alias_id);
> +	void (*detach_client)(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id,
> +			      const struct i2c_client *client);
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * Helper to add I2C ATR features to a device driver.
> + */
> +struct i2c_atr {
> +	/* private: internal use only */
> +
> +	struct i2c_adapter *parent;
> +	struct device *dev;
> +	const struct i2c_atr_ops *ops;
> +
> +	void *priv;
> +
> +	struct i2c_algorithm algo;
> +	struct mutex lock;
> +	int max_adapters;
> +
> +	struct i2c_adapter *adapter[0];
> +};
> +
> +struct i2c_atr *i2c_atr_new(struct i2c_adapter *parent, struct device *dev,
> +			    const struct i2c_atr_ops *ops, int max_adapters);
> +void i2c_atr_delete(struct i2c_atr *atr);
> +
> +static inline void i2c_atr_set_clientdata(struct i2c_atr *atr, void *data)
> +{
> +	atr->priv = data;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void *i2c_atr_get_clientdata(struct i2c_atr *atr)
> +{
> +	return atr->priv;
> +}
> +
> +int i2c_atr_add_adapter(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id);
> +void i2c_atr_del_adapter(struct i2c_atr *atr, u32 chan_id);
> +
> +#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_I2C_ATR_H */
> --
> 2.17.1
>

  reply index

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-07-23 20:37 [RFC,v2 0/6] TI camera serdes and I2C address translation Luca Ceresoli
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 1/6] i2c: core: let adapters be notified of client attach/detach Luca Ceresoli
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 2/6] i2c: add I2C Address Translator (ATR) support Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-01 14:31   ` jacopo mondi [this message]
2019-09-03  7:31     ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-03  7:37       ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-04  8:09       ` Peter Rosin
2019-09-08 19:40         ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-10 18:46           ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-08 20:45     ` Vladimir Zapolskiy
2019-09-09  4:56       ` Vladimir Zapolskiy
2019-09-10 17:40         ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-09  7:22       ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-09 15:10         ` Vladimir Zapolskiy
2019-09-09 17:48           ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-10 17:16             ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-02 20:42   ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-03  8:48     ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-03  9:06       ` Wolfram Sang
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 3/6] media: dt-bindings: add DS90UB954-Q1 video deserializer Luca Ceresoli
2019-08-13 15:44   ` Rob Herring
2019-08-19 22:41     ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-08-20 15:44       ` Rob Herring
2019-08-21 21:50         ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-02 20:48   ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-03  9:09     ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-03  9:34       ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-03 11:03         ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-09-03 14:16           ` Wolfram Sang
2019-09-10  9:43   ` Sakari Ailus
2019-09-10 15:02     ` Luca Ceresoli
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 4/6] media: dt-bindings: add DS90UB953-Q1 video serializer Luca Ceresoli
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 5/6] media: ds90ub954: new driver for TI DS90UB954-Q1 video deserializer Luca Ceresoli
2019-07-23 20:37 ` [RFC,v2 6/6] media: ds90ub953: new driver for TI DS90UB953-Q1 video serializer Luca Ceresoli

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