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From: "Ondřej Jirman" <megous@megous.com>
To: Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@csie.org>
Cc: Yong <yong.deng@magewell.com>,
	linux-sunxi <linux-sunxi@googlegroups.com>,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>,
	Maxime Ripard <mripard@kernel.org>,
	"open list:CSI DRIVERS FOR ALLWINNER V3s" 
	<linux-media@vger.kernel.org>,
	"moderated list:ARM/Allwinner sunXi SoC support" 
	<linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	open list <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [linux-sunxi] [PATCH] media: sun6i-csi: Fix incorrect HSYNC/VSYNC/PCLK polarity configuration
Date: Thu, 28 Nov 2019 04:50:56 +0100
Message-ID: <20191128035056.77554jav3eo6h7su@core.my.home> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAGb2v65+4LhHU5UCOhnowKqK+GUiAKzi+wcPxkmuwtJ=itv-iw@mail.gmail.com>

On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 11:26:24AM +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 11:06 AM Ondřej Jirman <megous@megous.com> wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 10:26:08AM +0800, Yong wrote:
> > > Hi Ondrej,
> > >
> > > This has been discussed.
> > > And Maxime sent a patch for this:
> > > https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg127149.html
> >
> > Thanks for pointing to the previous patch. But that patch doesn't make any
> > sense, and breaks things for me, and doesn't even match BSP code, which
> > has no such reversal, and works fine with about 30 cam drivers.
> >
> > Also how do you explain my findings?
> >
> > My camera is sending correct signals, verified by looking at them actually (see
> > below), and CSI is not receiving the image. I have to flip HSYNC/VSYNC to be
> > oposite of that what CSI driver expects and I get a noisy image and if I fix
> > PCLK polarity too, the noise goes away, which means now I'm also sampling when
> > the data are stable and not when they're changing.
> >
> > Here: (output from my cam, that I configured to have VSYNC ACTIVE LOW, HSYNC
> > ACTIVE LOW) And the signal is clearly that, as you can see yourself:
> >
> >   https://megous.com/dl/tmp/98df81b7ed0126ec.png
> 
> From the looks of things you have active-high VSYNC with active-low HREF.
> HREF is not the same as HSYNC, in fact quite the opposite. V/H SYNC are
> pulses, active only when there should be no data and the line/frame switch
> happens, while V/H REF are held active when there is data. I personally
> find these terms very confusing. :(
> 
> Now the timing diagrams in the Allwinner manuals would suggest that when
> they are talking about H/V SYNC, they are actually referring to H/V REF.
> The HSYNC line is high/active when there is valid data, and the VSYNC line
> is high/active for the duration of the frame.
> 
> I think both sides need to be checked that they are using the correct
> polarity, and maybe also have the media maintainers clarify how the
> polarity should be interpreted when the hardware uses H/V ref instead
> of H/V sync.

Oh my, so it's just a terminology issue? :)

This probably should be docummented somewhere. I just thought xSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH
meant the respective signals are supposed to be HIGH during active phase of data
transmission: that is VSYNC HIGH during entire frame, and HSYNC high during row.

DT bindings documentation doesn't help much either.

And obviously manufacturers are confused too.

  https://megous.com/dl/tmp/fae07dfb4897bbb3.png

HSYNC/VSYNC "low valid" produces what you see on the previous signal capture
I posted. ;)

regards,
	o.

> 
> ChenYu
> 
> > The above signals are received with CSI driver configured with
> > V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH. So CSI driver is
> > clearly wrong.
> >
> > I think this is pretty clear the driver is buggy. At least for A83T SoC.
> >
> > I'm not sure what Maxime found out, but he should probably re-check his
> > findings. Maxime, can you comment on this?
> >
> > regards,
> >         o.
> >
> > > On Thu, 28 Nov 2019 03:02:59 +0100
> > > Ondrej Jirman <megous@megous.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > This was discovered by writing a new camera driver and wondering, why
> > > > hsync/vsync polarity setting behaves in reverse to what would be
> > > > expected. Verified by looking at the actual signals and the SoC
> > > > user manual.
> > > >
> > > > Fixes: 5cc7522d8965 ("media: sun6i: Add support for Allwinner CSI V3s")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Ondrej Jirman <megous@megous.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c | 6 +++---
> > > >  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c b/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > index f17e5550602d..98bbcca59a90 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > @@ -417,12 +417,12 @@ static void sun6i_csi_setup_bus(struct sun6i_csi_dev *sdev)
> > > >             if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_FIELD_EVEN_LOW)
> > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_FIELD_POSITIVE;
> > > >
> > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_LOW)
> > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH)
> > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_VREF_POL_POSITIVE;
> > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_LOW)
> > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH)
> > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_HREF_POL_POSITIVE;
> > > >
> > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_PCLK_SAMPLE_RISING)
> > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_PCLK_SAMPLE_FALLING)
> > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_CLK_POL_FALLING_EDGE;
> > > >             break;
> > > >     case V4L2_MBUS_BT656:
> > > > --
> > > > 2.24.0
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "linux-sunxi" group.
> > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to linux-sunxi+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > > > To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/linux-sunxi/20191128020259.1338188-1-megous%40megous.com.
> > >
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Yong
> >
> > --
> > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "linux-sunxi" group.
> > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to linux-sunxi+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/linux-sunxi/20191128030653.5fhcolvib6tzf4zc%40core.my.home.

  reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-28  2:02 Ondrej Jirman
2019-11-28  2:26 ` [linux-sunxi] " Yong
2019-11-28  3:06   ` Ondřej Jirman
2019-11-28  3:26     ` Chen-Yu Tsai
2019-11-28  3:50       ` Ondřej Jirman [this message]
2019-11-28  4:14         ` Chen-Yu Tsai

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