Linux-Media Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@csie.org>
To: "Ondřej Jirman" <megous@megous.com>,
	"Chen-Yu Tsai" <wens@csie.org>, Yong <yong.deng@magewell.com>,
	linux-sunxi <linux-sunxi@googlegroups.com>,
	"Mauro Carvalho Chehab" <mchehab@kernel.org>,
	"Maxime Ripard" <mripard@kernel.org>,
	"open list:CSI DRIVERS FOR ALLWINNER V3s"
	<linux-media@vger.kernel.org>,
	"moderated list:ARM/Allwinner sunXi SoC support"
	<linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	"open list" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [linux-sunxi] [PATCH] media: sun6i-csi: Fix incorrect HSYNC/VSYNC/PCLK polarity configuration
Date: Thu, 28 Nov 2019 12:14:35 +0800
Message-ID: <CAGb2v67Bfrn+_tSjF6Jeu0G3v9_BhrB__Sgag-yd5WwiSmztkA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191128035056.77554jav3eo6h7su@core.my.home>

On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 11:51 AM Ondřej Jirman <megous@megous.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 11:26:24AM +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> > On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 11:06 AM Ondřej Jirman <megous@megous.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Hi,
> > >
> > > On Thu, Nov 28, 2019 at 10:26:08AM +0800, Yong wrote:
> > > > Hi Ondrej,
> > > >
> > > > This has been discussed.
> > > > And Maxime sent a patch for this:
> > > > https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg127149.html
> > >
> > > Thanks for pointing to the previous patch. But that patch doesn't make any
> > > sense, and breaks things for me, and doesn't even match BSP code, which
> > > has no such reversal, and works fine with about 30 cam drivers.
> > >
> > > Also how do you explain my findings?
> > >
> > > My camera is sending correct signals, verified by looking at them actually (see
> > > below), and CSI is not receiving the image. I have to flip HSYNC/VSYNC to be
> > > oposite of that what CSI driver expects and I get a noisy image and if I fix
> > > PCLK polarity too, the noise goes away, which means now I'm also sampling when
> > > the data are stable and not when they're changing.
> > >
> > > Here: (output from my cam, that I configured to have VSYNC ACTIVE LOW, HSYNC
> > > ACTIVE LOW) And the signal is clearly that, as you can see yourself:
> > >
> > >   https://megous.com/dl/tmp/98df81b7ed0126ec.png
> >
> > From the looks of things you have active-high VSYNC with active-low HREF.
> > HREF is not the same as HSYNC, in fact quite the opposite. V/H SYNC are
> > pulses, active only when there should be no data and the line/frame switch
> > happens, while V/H REF are held active when there is data. I personally
> > find these terms very confusing. :(
> >
> > Now the timing diagrams in the Allwinner manuals would suggest that when
> > they are talking about H/V SYNC, they are actually referring to H/V REF.
> > The HSYNC line is high/active when there is valid data, and the VSYNC line
> > is high/active for the duration of the frame.
> >
> > I think both sides need to be checked that they are using the correct
> > polarity, and maybe also have the media maintainers clarify how the
> > polarity should be interpreted when the hardware uses H/V ref instead
> > of H/V sync.
>
> Oh my, so it's just a terminology issue? :)
>
> This probably should be docummented somewhere. I just thought xSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH
> meant the respective signals are supposed to be HIGH during active phase of data
> transmission: that is VSYNC HIGH during entire frame, and HSYNC high during row.

Unfortunately I'm having a hard time finding a definitive source for this. My
rationale is that since the sync signal is a pulse, the active part would refer
to the pulsing part, not the at rest part.

> DT bindings documentation doesn't help much either.

Yeah. I think this should be sorted out for the whole subsystem, as this not
only affects platform drivers, but the sensor drivers as well.

> And obviously manufacturers are confused too.
>
>   https://megous.com/dl/tmp/fae07dfb4897bbb3.png

It seems at least OmniVision uses VSYNC + HREF. GalaxyCore seems to use VSYNC +
HREF as well, but they call it HSYNC, and VSYNC polarity is inverted. :(

The OV7670 sensor I was testing had an option to switch from HREF to HSYNC,
and another one to invert HREF. Talk about confusing. And HSYNC != inverted
HREF. They will be some PCLK cycles apart.

> HSYNC/VSYNC "low valid" produces what you see on the previous signal capture
> I posted. ;)

Thanks. I don't have a scope or logic analyzer. I'll wait for the people who
do to figure this out.


Regards
ChenYu

> regards,
>         o.
>
> >
> > ChenYu
> >
> > > The above signals are received with CSI driver configured with
> > > V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH. So CSI driver is
> > > clearly wrong.
> > >
> > > I think this is pretty clear the driver is buggy. At least for A83T SoC.
> > >
> > > I'm not sure what Maxime found out, but he should probably re-check his
> > > findings. Maxime, can you comment on this?
> > >
> > > regards,
> > >         o.
> > >
> > > > On Thu, 28 Nov 2019 03:02:59 +0100
> > > > Ondrej Jirman <megous@megous.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > This was discovered by writing a new camera driver and wondering, why
> > > > > hsync/vsync polarity setting behaves in reverse to what would be
> > > > > expected. Verified by looking at the actual signals and the SoC
> > > > > user manual.
> > > > >
> > > > > Fixes: 5cc7522d8965 ("media: sun6i: Add support for Allwinner CSI V3s")
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Ondrej Jirman <megous@megous.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > >  drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c | 6 +++---
> > > > >  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c b/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > > index f17e5550602d..98bbcca59a90 100644
> > > > > --- a/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/sunxi/sun6i-csi/sun6i_csi.c
> > > > > @@ -417,12 +417,12 @@ static void sun6i_csi_setup_bus(struct sun6i_csi_dev *sdev)
> > > > >             if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_FIELD_EVEN_LOW)
> > > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_FIELD_POSITIVE;
> > > > >
> > > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_LOW)
> > > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_VSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH)
> > > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_VREF_POL_POSITIVE;
> > > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_LOW)
> > > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_HSYNC_ACTIVE_HIGH)
> > > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_HREF_POL_POSITIVE;
> > > > >
> > > > > -           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_PCLK_SAMPLE_RISING)
> > > > > +           if (flags & V4L2_MBUS_PCLK_SAMPLE_FALLING)
> > > > >                     cfg |= CSI_IF_CFG_CLK_POL_FALLING_EDGE;
> > > > >             break;
> > > > >     case V4L2_MBUS_BT656:
> > > > > --
> > > > > 2.24.0
> > > > >
> > > > > --
> > > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "linux-sunxi" group.
> > > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to linux-sunxi+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > > > > To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/linux-sunxi/20191128020259.1338188-1-megous%40megous.com.
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > Thanks,
> > > > Yong
> > >
> > > --
> > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "linux-sunxi" group.
> > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to linux-sunxi+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> > > To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/linux-sunxi/20191128030653.5fhcolvib6tzf4zc%40core.my.home.
>
> --
> You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "linux-sunxi" group.
> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to linux-sunxi+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com.
> To view this discussion on the web, visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/linux-sunxi/20191128035056.77554jav3eo6h7su%40core.my.home.

      reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-28  2:02 Ondrej Jirman
2019-11-28  2:26 ` [linux-sunxi] " Yong
2019-11-28  3:06   ` Ondřej Jirman
2019-11-28  3:26     ` Chen-Yu Tsai
2019-11-28  3:50       ` Ondřej Jirman
2019-11-28  4:14         ` Chen-Yu Tsai [this message]

Reply instructions:

You may reply publically to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=CAGb2v67Bfrn+_tSjF6Jeu0G3v9_BhrB__Sgag-yd5WwiSmztkA@mail.gmail.com \
    --to=wens@csie.org \
    --cc=linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-media@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-sunxi@googlegroups.com \
    --cc=mchehab@kernel.org \
    --cc=megous@megous.com \
    --cc=mripard@kernel.org \
    --cc=yong.deng@magewell.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Linux-Media Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-media/0 linux-media/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-media linux-media/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-media \
		linux-media@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-media

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-media


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git