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* [PATCH 4.9 41/63] MIPS: math-emu: Write-protect delay slot emulation pages
       [not found] <20190111131046.387528003@linuxfoundation.org>
@ 2019-01-11 14:14 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 1+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-01-11 14:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman, stable, Andy Lutomirski, Paul Burton,
	linux-mips, Rich Felker, David Daney

4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>

commit adcc81f148d733b7e8e641300c5590a2cdc13bf3 upstream.

Mapping the delay slot emulation page as both writeable & executable
presents a security risk, in that if an exploit can write to & jump into
the page then it can be used as an easy way to execute arbitrary code.

Prevent this by mapping the page read-only for userland, and using
access_process_vm() with the FOLL_FORCE flag to write to it from
mips_dsemul().

This will likely be less efficient due to copy_to_user_page() performing
cache maintenance on a whole page, rather than a single line as in the
previous use of flush_cache_sigtramp(). However this delay slot
emulation code ought not to be running in any performance critical paths
anyway so this isn't really a problem, and we can probably do better in
copy_to_user_page() anyway in future.

A major advantage of this approach is that the fix is small & simple to
backport to stable kernels.

Reported-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
Fixes: 432c6bacbd0c ("MIPS: Use per-mm page to execute branch delay slot instructions")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.8+
Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
 arch/mips/kernel/vdso.c     |    4 ++--
 arch/mips/math-emu/dsemul.c |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/mips/kernel/vdso.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/vdso.c
@@ -111,8 +111,8 @@ int arch_setup_additional_pages(struct l
 
 	/* Map delay slot emulation page */
 	base = mmap_region(NULL, STACK_TOP, PAGE_SIZE,
-			   VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|
-			   VM_MAYREAD|VM_MAYWRITE|VM_MAYEXEC,
+			   VM_READ | VM_EXEC |
+			   VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC,
 			   0);
 	if (IS_ERR_VALUE(base)) {
 		ret = base;
--- a/arch/mips/math-emu/dsemul.c
+++ b/arch/mips/math-emu/dsemul.c
@@ -211,8 +211,9 @@ int mips_dsemul(struct pt_regs *regs, mi
 {
 	int isa16 = get_isa16_mode(regs->cp0_epc);
 	mips_instruction break_math;
-	struct emuframe __user *fr;
-	int err, fr_idx;
+	unsigned long fr_uaddr;
+	struct emuframe fr;
+	int fr_idx, ret;
 
 	/* NOP is easy */
 	if (ir == 0)
@@ -247,27 +248,31 @@ int mips_dsemul(struct pt_regs *regs, mi
 		fr_idx = alloc_emuframe();
 	if (fr_idx == BD_EMUFRAME_NONE)
 		return SIGBUS;
-	fr = &dsemul_page()[fr_idx];
 
 	/* Retrieve the appropriately encoded break instruction */
 	break_math = BREAK_MATH(isa16);
 
 	/* Write the instructions to the frame */
 	if (isa16) {
-		err = __put_user(ir >> 16,
-				 (u16 __user *)(&fr->emul));
-		err |= __put_user(ir & 0xffff,
-				  (u16 __user *)((long)(&fr->emul) + 2));
-		err |= __put_user(break_math >> 16,
-				  (u16 __user *)(&fr->badinst));
-		err |= __put_user(break_math & 0xffff,
-				  (u16 __user *)((long)(&fr->badinst) + 2));
+		union mips_instruction _emul = {
+			.halfword = { ir >> 16, ir }
+		};
+		union mips_instruction _badinst = {
+			.halfword = { break_math >> 16, break_math }
+		};
+
+		fr.emul = _emul.word;
+		fr.badinst = _badinst.word;
 	} else {
-		err = __put_user(ir, &fr->emul);
-		err |= __put_user(break_math, &fr->badinst);
+		fr.emul = ir;
+		fr.badinst = break_math;
 	}
 
-	if (unlikely(err)) {
+	/* Write the frame to user memory */
+	fr_uaddr = (unsigned long)&dsemul_page()[fr_idx];
+	ret = access_process_vm(current, fr_uaddr, &fr, sizeof(fr),
+				FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_WRITE);
+	if (unlikely(ret != sizeof(fr))) {
 		MIPS_FPU_EMU_INC_STATS(errors);
 		free_emuframe(fr_idx, current->mm);
 		return SIGBUS;
@@ -279,10 +284,7 @@ int mips_dsemul(struct pt_regs *regs, mi
 	atomic_set(&current->thread.bd_emu_frame, fr_idx);
 
 	/* Change user register context to execute the frame */
-	regs->cp0_epc = (unsigned long)&fr->emul | isa16;
-
-	/* Ensure the icache observes our newly written frame */
-	flush_cache_sigtramp((unsigned long)&fr->emul);
+	regs->cp0_epc = fr_uaddr | isa16;
 
 	return 0;
 }



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2019-01-11 14:14 ` [PATCH 4.9 41/63] MIPS: math-emu: Write-protect delay slot emulation pages Greg Kroah-Hartman

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