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From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
To: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com>,
	Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>,
	Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>,
	James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>,
	Matt Redfearn <matt.redfearn@mips.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Thomas Bogendoerfer <tbogendoerfer@suse.de>,
	Huacai Chen <chenhc@lemote.com>, Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>,
	Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>,
	Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com>,
	Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>,
	linux-mips@vger.kernel.org,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Atsushi Nemoto <anemo@mba.ocn.ne.jp>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 04/12] mips: Reserve memory for the kernel image resources
Date: Tue, 21 May 2019 18:53:10 +0300
Message-ID: <20190521155309.GB24470@rapoport-lnx> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAMuHMdWPmL5Z86cgJ4N-U-3XKr4ys8Y7U85okDcXYEu7z4ybaw@mail.gmail.com>

Hi Geert,

On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 04:56:39PM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> Hi Serge,
> 
> On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 12:50 AM Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com> wrote:
> > The reserved_end variable had been used by the bootmem_init() code
> > to find a lowest limit of memory available for memmap blob. The original
> > code just tried to find a free memory space higher than kernel was placed.
> > This limitation seems justified for the memmap ragion search process, but
> > I can't see any obvious reason to reserve the unused space below kernel
> > seeing some platforms place it much higher than standard 1MB. Moreover
> > the RELOCATION config enables it to be loaded at any memory address.
> > So lets reserve the memory occupied by the kernel only, leaving the region
> > below being free for allocations. After doing this we can now discard the
> > code freeing a space between kernel _text and VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS symbols
> > since it's going to be free anyway (unless marked as reserved by
> > platforms).
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com>
> 
> This is now commit b93ddc4f9156205e ("mips: Reserve memory for the kernel
> image resources") in v5.2-rc1, which causes rbtx4927 to crash during boot:
> 
>     VFS: Mounted root (nfs filesystem) on device 0:13.
>     devtmpfs: mounted
>     BUG: Bad page state in process swapper  pfn:00001
>     page:804b7820 refcount:0 mapcount:-128 mapping:00000000 index:0x1
>     flags: 0x0()
>     raw: 00000000 00000100 00000200 00000000 00000001 00000000 ffffff7f 00000000
>     page dumped because: nonzero mapcount
>     Modules linked in:
>     CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper Not tainted
> 5.2.0-rc1-rbtx4927-00468-g3c05ea3d4077b756-dirty #137
>     Stack : 00000000 10008400 8040dd2c 87c1b974 8044af63 8040dd2c
> 00000001 804a3490
>             00000001 81000000 0030f231 80148558 00000003 10008400
> 87c1dd80 7599ee13
>             00000000 00000000 804b0000 00000000 00000007 00000000
> 00000085 00000000
>             62722d31 00000084 804b0000 39347874 00000000 804b7820
> 8040cef8 81000010
>             00000001 00000007 00000001 81000000 00000008 8021de24
> 00000000 804a0000
>             ...
>     Call Trace:
>     [<8010adec>] show_stack+0x74/0x104
>     [<801a5e44>] bad_page+0x130/0x138
>     [<801a654c>] free_pcppages_bulk+0x17c/0x3b0
>     [<801a789c>] free_unref_page+0x40/0x68
>     [<801120f4>] free_init_pages+0xec/0x104
>     [<803bdde8>] free_initmem+0x10/0x58
>     [<803bdb8c>] kernel_init+0x20/0x100
>     [<801057c8>] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x14/0x1c
>     Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
>     BUG: Bad page state in process swapper  pfn:00002
>     [...]
> 
> CONFIG_RELOCATABLE is not set, so the only relevant part is the
> change quoted below.
> 
> > --- a/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > @@ -371,7 +371,6 @@ static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> >
> >  static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> >  {
> > -       unsigned long reserved_end;
> >         phys_addr_t ramstart = PHYS_ADDR_MAX;
> >         int i;
> >
> > @@ -382,10 +381,10 @@ static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> >          * will reserve the area used for the initrd.
> >          */
> >         init_initrd();
> > -       reserved_end = (unsigned long) PFN_UP(__pa_symbol(&_end));
> >
> > -       memblock_reserve(PHYS_OFFSET,
> > -                        (reserved_end << PAGE_SHIFT) - PHYS_OFFSET);
> > +       /* Reserve memory occupied by kernel. */
> > +       memblock_reserve(__pa_symbol(&_text),
> > +                       __pa_symbol(&_end) - __pa_symbol(&_text));
> >
> >         /*
> >          * max_low_pfn is not a number of pages. The number of pages
> 
> With some debug code added:
> 
>     Determined physical RAM map:
>      memory: 08000000 @ 00000000 (usable)
>     bootmem_init:390: PHYS_OFFSET = 0x0
>     bootmem_init:391: __pa_symbol(&_text) = 0x100000
>     bootmem_init:392: __pa_symbol(&_end) = 0x4b77c8
>     bootmem_init:393: PFN_UP(__pa_symbol(&_end)) = 0x4b8

Have you tried adding memblock=debug to the command line?
Not sure it'll help, but still :)
 
> Hence the old code reserved 1 MiB extra at the beginning.
> 
> Note that the new code also dropped the rounding up of the memory block
> size to a multiple of PAGE_SIZE. I'm not sure the latter actually
> matters or not.

I'd say that bad page state for pfn 1 is caused by "freeing" the first 1M.

> Do you have a clue? Thanks!
> 
> Gr{oetje,eeting}s,
> 
>                         Geert
> 
> -- 
> Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@linux-m68k.org
> 
> In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
> when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
>                                 -- Linus Torvalds
> 

-- 
Sincerely yours,
Mike.


  reply index

Thread overview: 43+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-04-23 22:47 [PATCH 00/12] mips: Post-bootmem-memblock transition fixes Serge Semin
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 01/12] mips: Make sure kernel .bss exists in boot mem pool Serge Semin
2019-04-24 22:30   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 02/12] mips: Discard rudiments from bootmem_init Serge Semin
2019-04-24 22:30   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 03/12] mips: Combine memblock init and memory reservation loops Serge Semin
2019-04-24 22:30   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 04/12] mips: Reserve memory for the kernel image resources Serge Semin
2019-04-24 22:43   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-26  0:00     ` Serge Semin
2019-04-30 22:58       ` Paul Burton
2019-05-02 14:24         ` Serge Semin
2019-05-02 18:45           ` Paul Burton
2019-05-03 17:21             ` Serge Semin
2019-05-02 18:35   ` Paul Burton
2019-05-21 14:56   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-05-21 15:53     ` Mike Rapoport [this message]
2019-05-21 16:39       ` Serge Semin
2019-05-22  7:50         ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-05-22  7:47       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-05-22  8:08         ` Mike Rapoport
2019-05-22  8:14           ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-05-22 13:34             ` Serge Semin
2019-05-22 13:44               ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-05-22 13:54                 ` Serge Semin
2020-10-14  9:49                   ` Maciej W. Rozycki
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 05/12] mips: Discard post-CMA-init foreach loop Serge Semin
2019-05-02 18:35   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 06/12] mips: Use memblock to reserve the __nosave memory range Serge Semin
2019-05-02 18:35   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 07/12] mips: Add reserve-nomap memory type support Serge Semin
2019-05-02 18:35   ` Paul Burton
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 08/12] mips: Dump memblock regions for debugging Serge Semin
2019-04-24 13:45   ` Mike Rapoport
2019-04-24 14:20     ` Serge Semin
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 09/12] mips: Perform early low memory test Serge Semin
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 10/12] mips: Print the kernel virtual mem layout on debugging Serge Semin
2019-04-24 13:47   ` Mike Rapoport
2019-04-24 14:35     ` Serge Semin
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 11/12] mips: Make sure dt memory regions are valid Serge Semin
2019-04-23 22:47 ` [PATCH 12/12] mips: Enable OF_RESERVED_MEM config Serge Semin
2019-04-24  6:17   ` Christoph Hellwig
2019-04-24  8:34     ` Serge Semin

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