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From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
To: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, Mark Salyzyn <salyzyn@android.com>,
	Huw Davies <huw@codeweavers.com>,
	Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>,
	Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>,
	linux-mips@vger.kernel.org, Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org,
	Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>,
	Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Dmitry Safonov <0x7f454c46@gmail.com>,
	Shijith Thotton <sthotton@marvell.com>,
	Peter Collingbourne <pcc@google.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 04/25] arm64: Substitute gettimeofday with C implementation
Date: Thu, 27 Jun 2019 11:01:51 +0100
Message-ID: <20190627100150.GC2790@e103592.cambridge.arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <19ebd45a-b666-d7de-fd9e-2b72e18892d9@arm.com>

On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 08:01:58PM +0100, Vincenzo Frascino wrote:

[...]

> On 6/26/19 5:14 PM, Dave Martin wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 02:27:59PM +0100, Vincenzo Frascino wrote:
> >> Hi Dave,
> >>
> >> On 25/06/2019 16:33, Dave Martin wrote:
> >>> On Fri, Jun 21, 2019 at 10:52:31AM +0100, Vincenzo Frascino wrote:
> >>>> To take advantage of the commonly defined vdso interface for
> >>>> gettimeofday the architectural code requires an adaptation.
> >>>>
> >>>> Re-implement the gettimeofday vdso in C in order to use lib/vdso.
> >>>>
> >>>> With the new implementation arm64 gains support for CLOCK_BOOTTIME
> >>>> and CLOCK_TAI.
> >>>>
> >>>> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> >>>> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> >>>> Tested-by: Shijith Thotton <sthotton@marvell.com>
> >>>> Tested-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
> >>>
> >>> [...]
> >>>
> >>>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h
> >>>> new file mode 100644
> >>>> index 000000000000..bc3cb6738051
> >>>> --- /dev/null
> >>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h
> >>>> @@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
> >>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> >>>> +/*
> >>>> + * Copyright (C) 2018 ARM Limited
> >>>> + */
> >>>> +#ifndef __ASM_VDSO_GETTIMEOFDAY_H
> >>>> +#define __ASM_VDSO_GETTIMEOFDAY_H
> >>>> +
> >>>> +#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> >>>> +
> >>>> +#include <asm/unistd.h>
> >>>> +#include <uapi/linux/time.h>
> >>>> +
> >>>> +#define VDSO_HAS_CLOCK_GETRES		1
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static __always_inline int gettimeofday_fallback(
> >>>> +					struct __kernel_old_timeval *_tv,
> >>>> +					struct timezone *_tz)
> >>>
> >>> Out of interest, does this need to be __always_inline?
> >>>
> >>
> >> It is a design choice. Philosophically, I prefer to control and reduce the scope
> >> of the decisions the compiler has to make in order to not have surprises.
> >>
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	register struct timezone *tz asm("x1") = _tz;
> >>>> +	register struct __kernel_old_timeval *tv asm("x0") = _tv;
> >>>> +	register long ret asm ("x0");
> >>>> +	register long nr asm("x8") = __NR_gettimeofday;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	asm volatile(
> >>>> +	"       svc #0\n"
> >>>
> >>> Can inlining of this function result in non-trivial expressions being
> >>> substituted for _tz or _tv?
> >>>
> >>> A function call can clobber register asm vars that are assigned to the
> >>> caller-save registers or that the PCS uses for function arguments, and
> >>> the situations where this can happen are poorly defined AFAICT.  There's
> >>> also no reliable way to detect at build time whether the compiler has
> >>> done this, and no robust way to stop if happening.
> >>>
> >>> (IMHO the compiler is wrong to do this, but it's been that way for ever,
> >>> and I think I saw GCC 9 show this behaviour recently when I was
> >>> investigating something related.)
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> To be safe, it's better to put this out of line, or remove the reg asm()
> >>> specifiers, mark x0-x18 and lr as clobbered here (so that the compiler
> >>> doesn't map arguments to them), and put movs in the asm to move things
> >>> into the right registers.  The syscall number can be passed with an "i"
> >>> constraint.  (And yes, this sucks.)
> >>>
> >>> If the code this is inlined in is simple enough though, we can be fairly
> >>> confident of getting away with it.
> >>>
> >>
> >> I took very seriously what you are mentioning here because I think
> >> that robustness of the code comes before than everything especially
> >> in the kernel and I carried on some experiments to try to verify if
> >> in this case is safe to assume that the compiler is doing the right
> >> thing.
> >>
> >> Based on my investigation and on previous observations of the
> >> generation of the vDSO library, I can conclude that the approach
> >> seems safe due to the fact that the usage of this code is very
> >> limited, the code itself is simple enough and that gcc would inline
> >> this code anyway based on the current compilation options.
> > 
> > I'd caution about "seems safe".  A lot of subtly wrong code not only
> > seems safe, but _is_ safe in its original context, in practice.  Add
> > some code to the vdso over time though, or tweak the compilation options
> > at some point in the future, or use a different compiler, and things
> > could still go wrong.
> > 
> > (Further comments below.)
> > 
> 
> Allow me to provide a clarification on "seems safe" vs "is safe": my approach
> "seems safe" because I am providing empirical evidence to support my thesis, but
> I guess we both know that there is no simple way to prove in one way or another
> that the problem has a complete solution.
> The proposed problem involves suppositions on potential future code additions
> and changes of behavior of the compiler that I can't either control or prevent.
> In other words, I can comment and propose solutions only based on the current
> status of the things, and it is what my analysis targets, not on what will
> happen in future.
> 
> I will reply point by point below.
> 
> >> The experiment that I did was to define some self-contained code that
> >> tries to mimic what you are describing and compile it with 3
> >> different versions of gcc (6.4, 8.1 and 8.3) and in all the tree
> >> cases the behavior seems correct.
> >>
> >> Code:
> >> =====
> >>
> >> typedef int ssize_t;
> >> typedef int size_t;
> >>
> >> static int my_strlen(const char *s)
> >> {
> >> 	int i = 0;
> >>
> >> 	while (s[i] == '\0')
> >> 		i++;
> >>
> >> 	return i;
> >> }
> >>
> >> static inline ssize_t my_syscall(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
> >> {
> >> 	register ssize_t arg1 asm ("x0") = fd;
> >> 	register const void *arg2 asm ("x1") = buf;
> >> 	register size_t arg3 asm ("x2") = count;
> >>
> >> 	__asm__ volatile (
> >> 		"mov x8, #64\n"
> >> 		"svc #0\n"
> >> 		: "=&r" (arg1)
> >> 		: "r" (arg2), "r" (arg3)
> >> 		: "x8"
> >>         );
> >>
> >>         return arg1;
> >> }
> >>
> >> void sys_caller(const char *s)
> >> {
> >> 	my_syscall(1, s, my_strlen(s));
> >> }
> >>
> >>
> >> GCC 8.3.0:
> >> ==========
> >>
> >> main.8.3.0.o:     file format elf64-littleaarch64
> >>
> >>
> >> Disassembly of section .text:
> >>
> >> 0000000000000000 <sys_caller>:
> >>    0:	39400001 	ldrb	w1, [x0]
> >>    4:	35000161 	cbnz	w1, 30 <sys_caller+0x30>
> >>    8:	d2800023 	mov	x3, #0x1                   	// #1
> >>    c:	d1000404 	sub	x4, x0, #0x1
> >>   10:	2a0303e2 	mov	w2, w3
> >>   14:	91000463 	add	x3, x3, #0x1
> >>   18:	38636881 	ldrb	w1, [x4, x3]
> >>   1c:	34ffffa1 	cbz	w1, 10 <sys_caller+0x10>
> >>   20:	aa0003e1 	mov	x1, x0
> >>   24:	d2800808 	mov	x8, #0x40                  	// #64
> >>   28:	d4000001 	svc	#0x0
> >>   2c:	d65f03c0 	ret
> >>   30:	52800002 	mov	w2, #0x0                   	// #0
> >>   34:	17fffffb 	b	20 <sys_caller+0x20>
> >>
> >>
> >> GCC 8.1.0:
> >> ==========
> >>
> >> main.8.1.0.o:     file format elf64-littleaarch64
> >>
> >>
> >> Disassembly of section .text:
> >>
> >> 0000000000000000 <sys_caller>:
> >>    0:	39400001 	ldrb	w1, [x0]
> >>    4:	35000161 	cbnz	w1, 30 <sys_caller+0x30>
> >>    8:	d2800023 	mov	x3, #0x1                   	// #1
> >>    c:	d1000404 	sub	x4, x0, #0x1
> >>   10:	2a0303e2 	mov	w2, w3
> >>   14:	91000463 	add	x3, x3, #0x1
> >>   18:	38636881 	ldrb	w1, [x4, x3]
> >>   1c:	34ffffa1 	cbz	w1, 10 <sys_caller+0x10>
> >>   20:	aa0003e1 	mov	x1, x0
> >>   24:	d2800808 	mov	x8, #0x40                  	// #64
> >>   28:	d4000001 	svc	#0x0
> >>   2c:	d65f03c0 	ret
> >>   30:	52800002 	mov	w2, #0x0                   	// #0
> >>   34:	17fffffb 	b	20 <sys_caller+0x20>
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >> GCC 6.4.0:
> >> ==========
> >>
> >> main.6.4.0.o:     file format elf64-littleaarch64
> >>
> >>
> >> Disassembly of section .text:
> >>
> >> 0000000000000000 <sys_caller>:
> >>    0:	39400001 	ldrb	w1, [x0]
> >>    4:	35000161 	cbnz	w1, 30 <sys_caller+0x30>
> >>    8:	d2800023 	mov	x3, #0x1                   	// #1
> >>    c:	d1000404 	sub	x4, x0, #0x1
> >>   10:	2a0303e2 	mov	w2, w3
> >>   14:	91000463 	add	x3, x3, #0x1
> >>   18:	38636881 	ldrb	w1, [x4, x3]
> >>   1c:	34ffffa1 	cbz	w1, 10 <sys_caller+0x10>
> >>   20:	aa0003e1 	mov	x1, x0
> >>   24:	d2800808 	mov	x8, #0x40                  	// #64
> >>   28:	d4000001 	svc	#0x0
> >>   2c:	d65f03c0 	ret
> >>   30:	52800002 	mov	w2, #0x0                   	// #0
> >>   34:	17fffffb 	b	20 <sys_caller+0x20>
> > 
> > Thanks for having a go at this.  If the compiler can show the
> > problematic behaviour, it looks like your could could probably trigger
> > it, and as you observe, it doesn't trigger.
> > 
> > I am sure I have seen it in the past, but today I am struggling
> > to tickle the compiler in the right way.  My original reproducer may
> > have involved LTO, but either way I don't still have it :(
> >
> 
> vDSO library is a shared object not compiled with LTO as far as I can
> see, hence if this involved LTO should not applicable in this case.

That turned to be a spurious hypothesis on my part -- LTO isn't the
smoking gun.  (See below.)

> > The classic example of this (triggered directly and not due to inlining)
> > would be something like:
> > 
> > int bar(int, int);
> > 
> > void foo(int x, int y)
> > {
> > 	register int x_ asm("r0") = x;
> > 	register int y_ asm("r1") = bar(x, y);
> > 
> > 	asm volatile (
> > 		"svc	#0"
> > 		:: "r" (x_), "r" (y_)
> > 		: "memory"
> > 	);
> > }
> > 
> > ->
> > 
> > 0000000000000000 <foo>:
> >    0:   a9bf7bfd        stp     x29, x30, [sp, #-16]!
> >    4:   910003fd        mov     x29, sp
> >    8:   94000000        bl      0 <bar>
> >    c:   2a0003e1        mov     w1, w0
> >   10:   d4000001        svc     #0x0
> >   14:   a8c17bfd        ldp     x29, x30, [sp], #16
> >   18:   d65f03c0        ret
> >
> 
> Contextualized to what my vdso fallback functions do, this should not be a
> concern because in no case a function result is directly set to a variable
> declared as register.
> 
> Since the vdso fallback functions serve a very specific and limited purpose, I
> do not expect that that code is going to change much in future.
> 
> The only thing that can happen is something similar to what I wrote in my
> example, which as I empirically proved does not trigger the problematic behavior.
> 
> > 
> > The gcc documentation is vague and ambiguous about precisely whan this
> > can happen and about how to avoid it.
> > 
> 
> On this I agree, it is not very clear, but this seems more something to raise
> with the gcc folks in order to have a more "explicit" description that leaves no
> room to the interpretation.
> 
> ...
> 
> > 
> > However, the workaround is cheap, and to avoid the chance of subtle
> > intermittent code gen bugs it may be worth it:
> > 
> > void foo(int x, int y)
> > {
> > 	asm volatile (
> > 		"mov	x0, %0\n\t"
> > 		"mov	x1, %1\n\t"
> > 		"svc	#0"
> > 		:: "r" (x), "r" (bar(x, y))
> > 		: "r0", "r1", "memory"
> > 	);
> > }
> > 
> > ->
> > 
> > 0000000000000000 <foo>:
> >    0:   a9be7bfd        stp     x29, x30, [sp, #-32]!
> >    4:   910003fd        mov     x29, sp
> >    8:   f9000bf3        str     x19, [sp, #16]
> >    c:   2a0003f3        mov     w19, w0
> >   10:   94000000        bl      0 <bar>
> >   14:   2a0003e2        mov     w2, w0
> >   18:   aa1303e0        mov     x0, x19
> >   1c:   aa0203e1        mov     x1, x2
> >   20:   d4000001        svc     #0x0
> >   24:   f9400bf3        ldr     x19, [sp, #16]
> >   28:   a8c27bfd        ldp     x29, x30, [sp], #32
> >   2c:   d65f03c0        ret
> > 
> > 
> > What do you think?
> >
> 
> The solution seems ok, thanks for providing it, but IMHO I think we
> should find a workaround for something that is broken, which, unless
> I am missing something major, this seems not the case.

So, after a bit of further experimentation, I found that I could trigger
it with implicit function calls on an older compiler.  I couldn't show
it with explicit function calls (as in your example).

With the following code, inlining if an expression that causes an
implicit call to a libgcc helper can trigger this issue, but I had to
try an older compiler:

int foo(int x, int y)
{
	register int res asm("r0");
	register const int x_ asm("r0") = x;
	register const int y_ asm("r1") = y;

	asm volatile (
		"svc	#0"
		: "=r" (res)
		: "r" (x_), "r" (y_)
		: "memory"
	);

	return res;
}

int bar(int x, int y)
{
	return foo(x, x / y);
}

-> (arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc 9.1 -O2)

00000000 <foo>:
   0:   df00            svc     0
   2:   4770            bx      lr

00000004 <bar>:
   4:   b510            push    {r4, lr}
   6:   4604            mov     r4, r0
   8:   f7ff fffe       bl      0 <__aeabi_idiv>
   c:   4601            mov     r1, r0
   e:   4620            mov     r0, r4
  10:   df00            svc     0
  12:   bd10            pop     {r4, pc}

-> (arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc 5.1 -O2)

00000000 <foo>:
   0:   df00            svc     0
   2:   4770            bx      lr

00000004 <bar>:
   4:   b508            push    {r3, lr}
   6:   f7ff fffe       bl      0 <__aeabi_idiv>
   a:   4601            mov     r1, r0
   c:   df00            svc     0
   e:   bd08            pop     {r3, pc}

I was struggling to find a way to emit an implicit function call for
AArch64, except for 128-bit divide, which would complicate things since
uint128_t doesn't fit in a single register anyway.

Maybe this was considered a bug and fixed sometime after GCC 5, but I
think the GCC documentation is still quite unclear on the semantics of
register asm vars that alias call-clobbered registers in the PCS.

If we can get a promise out of the GCC folks that this will not happen
with any future compiler, then maybe we could just require a new enough
compiler to be used.

Then of course there is clang.

Cheers
---Dave

  reply index

Thread overview: 108+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-21  9:52 [PATCH v7 00/25] Unify vDSOs across more architectures Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 01/25] kernel: Standardize vdso_datapage Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 13:56   ` Catalin Marinas
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 02/25] kernel: Define gettimeofday vdso common code Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 03/25] kernel: Unify update_vsyscall implementation Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21 10:49   ` Huw Davies
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 04/25] arm64: Substitute gettimeofday with C implementation Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 13:36   ` Will Deacon
2019-06-24 13:59     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 16:18     ` [PATCH 1/3] lib/vdso: Delay mask application in do_hres() Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 16:18       ` [PATCH 2/3] arm64: Fix __arch_get_hw_counter() implementation Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 16:18       ` [PATCH 3/3] arm64: compat: " Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 17:02       ` [PATCH 1/3] lib/vdso: Delay mask application in do_hres() Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-25 18:27         ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-25 20:15           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-25 22:24             ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-26  6:38         ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-26  9:25           ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-26 10:02             ` lib/vdso: Make delta calculation work correctly Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-26 11:08               ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 13:58   ` [PATCH v7 04/25] arm64: Substitute gettimeofday with C implementation Catalin Marinas
2019-06-25 15:33   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-26 13:27     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-26 16:14       ` Dave Martin
2019-06-26 19:01         ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-27 10:01           ` Dave Martin [this message]
2019-06-27 10:57             ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-27 11:27               ` Dave Martin
2019-06-27 11:59                 ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-27 14:38                   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-27 15:34                     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 17:43   ` [PATCH] arm64: vdso: Fix compilation with clang < 8 Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-26 11:36   ` [PATCH v2] arm64: vdso: Fix compilation with clang older then 8 Vincenzo Frascino
     [not found]   ` <CGME20190628130921eucas1p239935b0771032c331911eacc1a69dd2e@eucas1p2.samsung.com>
2019-06-28 13:09     ` [PATCH v7 04/25] arm64: Substitute gettimeofday with C implementation Marek Szyprowski
2019-06-28 14:32       ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-28 16:50         ` Sylwester Nawrocki
2019-06-29  6:58           ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-08 12:57             ` Sylwester Nawrocki
2019-07-08 13:09               ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 05/25] arm64: Build vDSO with -ffixed-x18 Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 06/25] arm64: compat: Add missing syscall numbers Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 07/25] arm64: compat: Expose signal related structures Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 08/25] arm64: compat: Generate asm offsets for signals Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 09/25] lib: vdso: Add compat support Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 10/25] arm64: compat: Add vDSO Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 14:00   ` Catalin Marinas
2019-07-10  4:02   ` John Stultz
2019-07-10  6:12     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-07-10  9:48       ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10  8:27     ` Will Deacon
2019-07-10  8:58       ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-07-10  9:12         ` Will Deacon
2019-07-10  9:47     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10 13:41       ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10 13:04   ` [PATCH] arm64: vdso: Fix ABI regression in compat vdso Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10 13:25     ` Will Deacon
2019-07-10 13:42       ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10 14:01   ` [PATCH v2] " Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-10 15:44     ` John Stultz
2019-07-10 15:53       ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-11  9:45     ` Will Deacon
2019-07-11 10:34       ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-07-11 11:32         ` Will Deacon
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 11/25] arm64: Refactor vDSO code Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 12/25] arm64: compat: vDSO setup for compat layer Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 13/25] arm64: elf: vDSO code page discovery Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 14/25] arm64: compat: Get sigreturn trampolines from vDSO Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 15/25] arm64: Add vDSO compat support Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 16/25] arm: Add support for generic vDSO Vincenzo Frascino
2019-12-04 13:51   ` [PATCH v7 16/25] arm: Add support for generic vDSO (causing crash) Guenter Roeck
2019-12-04 13:58     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-12-04 16:16       ` Guenter Roeck
2019-12-04 17:15         ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-12-04 19:39           ` Guenter Roeck
2019-12-05  9:42           ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-05 10:00             ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-12-05 11:02               ` Arnd Bergmann
2019-12-05 14:56                 ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 17/25] arm: Add clock_getres entry point Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 18/25] arm: Add clock_gettime64 " Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 19/25] mips: Add support for generic vDSO Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-26  5:15   ` Paul Burton
2019-07-26 16:29     ` [PATCH 0/2] mips: vdso: Fix Makefile Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-26 16:29       ` [PATCH 1/2] mips: vdso: Fix source path Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-26 16:29       ` [PATCH 2/2] mips: vdso: Fix flip/flop vdso building bug Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-28 22:20       ` [PATCH 0/2] mips: vdso: Fix Makefile Paul Burton
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 20/25] mips: Add clock_getres entry point Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-26  5:15   ` Paul Burton
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 21/25] mips: Add clock_gettime64 " Vincenzo Frascino
2019-07-26  5:15   ` Paul Burton
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 22/25] x86: Add support for generic vDSO Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 23/25] x86: Add clock_getres entry point Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 24/25] x86: Add clock_gettime64 " Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-21  9:52 ` [PATCH v7 25/25] kselftest: Extend vDSO selftest Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24  0:34 ` [PATCH v7 00/25] Unify vDSOs across more architectures Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-24  1:15   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-24  7:42     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-24 13:21   ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 14:18   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-06-24 14:23     ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2019-06-24 14:49       ` Catalin Marinas
2019-06-24 16:20         ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-10-25 11:42         ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2019-06-24 18:41   ` Paul Burton
2019-06-24 23:16     ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-25 17:11       ` Paul Burton
2019-06-25 17:17         ` Vincenzo Frascino
2019-06-24 12:50 ` Andre Przywara

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