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* [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst
       [not found] <20201008142420.2083861-1-robh@kernel.org>
@ 2020-10-08 14:24 ` Rob Herring
  2020-10-08 15:03   ` Borislav Petkov
                     ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Rob Herring @ 2020-10-08 14:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: devicetree
  Cc: linux-kernel, Frank Rowand, Mauro Carvalho Chehab,
	Geert Uytterhoeven, Michael Ellerman, Thomas Bogendoerfer,
	Jonathan Corbet, Paul Mackerras, Yoshinori Sato, Rich Felker,
	Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, H. Peter Anvin,
	x86, linuxppc-dev, linux-mips, linux-doc, linux-sh,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt

booting-without-of.rstt is an ancient document that first outlined
Flattened DeviceTree on PowerPC initially. The DT world has evolved a
lot in the 15 years since and booting-without-of.rst is pretty stale.
The name of the document itself is confusing if you don't understand the
evolution from real 'OpenFirmware'. Most of what booting-without-of.rst
contains is now in the DT specification (which evolved out of the
ePAPR). The few things that weren't documented in the DT specification
are now.

All that remains is the boot entry details, so let's move these to arch
specific documents. The exception is arm which already has the same
details documented.

Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
---
 .../devicetree/booting-without-of.rst         | 1585 -----------------
 Documentation/devicetree/index.rst            |    1 -
 Documentation/mips/booting.rst                |   28 +
 Documentation/mips/index.rst                  |    1 +
 Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst             |  110 ++
 Documentation/powerpc/index.rst               |    1 +
 Documentation/sh/booting.rst                  |   12 +
 Documentation/sh/index.rst                    |    1 +
 Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst              |   21 +
 Documentation/x86/index.rst                   |    1 +
 10 files changed, 175 insertions(+), 1586 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/mips/booting.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/sh/booting.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst b/Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst
deleted file mode 100644
index e9433350a20f..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1585 +0,0 @@
-.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
-
-==================================================
-Booting the Linux/ppc kernel without Open Firmware
-==================================================
-
-Copyright (c) 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh at kernel.crashing.org>,
-IBM Corp.
-
-Copyright (c) 2005 Becky Bruce <becky.bruce at freescale.com>,
-Freescale Semiconductor, FSL SOC and 32-bit additions
-
-Copyright (c) 2006 MontaVista Software, Inc.
-Flash chip node definition
-
-.. Table of Contents
-
-  I - Introduction
-    1) Entry point for arch/arm
-    2) Entry point for arch/powerpc
-    3) Entry point for arch/x86
-    4) Entry point for arch/mips/bmips
-    5) Entry point for arch/sh
-
-  II - The DT block format
-    1) Header
-    2) Device tree generalities
-    3) Device tree "structure" block
-    4) Device tree "strings" block
-
-  III - Required content of the device tree
-    1) Note about cells and address representation
-    2) Note about "compatible" properties
-    3) Note about "name" properties
-    4) Note about node and property names and character set
-    5) Required nodes and properties
-      a) The root node
-      b) The /cpus node
-      c) The /cpus/* nodes
-      d) the /memory node(s)
-      e) The /chosen node
-      f) the /soc<SOCname> node
-
-  IV - "dtc", the device tree compiler
-
-  V - Recommendations for a bootloader
-
-  VI - System-on-a-chip devices and nodes
-    1) Defining child nodes of an SOC
-    2) Representing devices without a current OF specification
-
-  VII - Specifying interrupt information for devices
-    1) interrupts property
-    2) interrupt-parent property
-    3) OpenPIC Interrupt Controllers
-    4) ISA Interrupt Controllers
-
-  VIII - Specifying device power management information (sleep property)
-
-  IX - Specifying dma bus information
-
-  Appendix A - Sample SOC node for MPC8540
-
-
-Revision Information
-====================
-
-   May 18, 2005: Rev 0.1
-			 - Initial draft, no chapter III yet.
-
-   May 19, 2005: Rev 0.2
-			 - Add chapter III and bits & pieces here or
-                           clarifies the fact that a lot of things are
-                           optional, the kernel only requires a very
-                           small device tree, though it is encouraged
-                           to provide an as complete one as possible.
-
-   May 24, 2005: Rev 0.3
-			 - Precise that DT block has to be in RAM
-			 - Misc fixes
-			 - Define version 3 and new format version 16
-			   for the DT block (version 16 needs kernel
-			   patches, will be fwd separately).
-			   String block now has a size, and full path
-			   is replaced by unit name for more
-			   compactness.
-			   linux,phandle is made optional, only nodes
-			   that are referenced by other nodes need it.
-			   "name" property is now automatically
-			   deduced from the unit name
-
-   June 1, 2005: Rev 0.4
-			 - Correct confusion between OF_DT_END and
-                           OF_DT_END_NODE in structure definition.
-                         - Change version 16 format to always align
-                           property data to 4 bytes. Since tokens are
-                           already aligned, that means no specific
-                           required alignment between property size
-                           and property data. The old style variable
-                           alignment would make it impossible to do
-                           "simple" insertion of properties using
-                           memmove (thanks Milton for
-                           noticing). Updated kernel patch as well
-			 - Correct a few more alignment constraints
-			 - Add a chapter about the device-tree
-                           compiler and the textural representation of
-                           the tree that can be "compiled" by dtc.
-
-   November 21, 2005: Rev 0.5
-			 - Additions/generalizations for 32-bit
-			 - Changed to reflect the new arch/powerpc
-			   structure
-			 - Added chapter VI
-
-
- ToDo:
-	- Add some definitions of interrupt tree (simple/complex)
-	- Add some definitions for PCI host bridges
-	- Add some common address format examples
-	- Add definitions for standard properties and "compatible"
-	  names for cells that are not already defined by the existing
-	  OF spec.
-	- Compare FSL SOC use of PCI to standard and make sure no new
-	  node definition required.
-	- Add more information about node definitions for SOC devices
-	  that currently have no standard, like the FSL CPM.
-
-
-I - Introduction
-================
-
-During the development of the Linux/ppc64 kernel, and more
-specifically, the addition of new platform types outside of the old
-IBM pSeries/iSeries pair, it was decided to enforce some strict rules
-regarding the kernel entry and bootloader <-> kernel interfaces, in
-order to avoid the degeneration that had become the ppc32 kernel entry
-point and the way a new platform should be added to the kernel. The
-legacy iSeries platform breaks those rules as it predates this scheme,
-but no new board support will be accepted in the main tree that
-doesn't follow them properly.  In addition, since the advent of the
-arch/powerpc merged architecture for ppc32 and ppc64, new 32-bit
-platforms and 32-bit platforms which move into arch/powerpc will be
-required to use these rules as well.
-
-The main requirement that will be defined in more detail below is
-the presence of a device-tree whose format is defined after Open
-Firmware specification. However, in order to make life easier
-to embedded board vendors, the kernel doesn't require the device-tree
-to represent every device in the system and only requires some nodes
-and properties to be present. This will be described in detail in
-section III, but, for example, the kernel does not require you to
-create a node for every PCI device in the system. It is a requirement
-to have a node for PCI host bridges in order to provide interrupt
-routing information and memory/IO ranges, among others. It is also
-recommended to define nodes for on chip devices and other buses that
-don't specifically fit in an existing OF specification. This creates a
-great flexibility in the way the kernel can then probe those and match
-drivers to device, without having to hard code all sorts of tables. It
-also makes it more flexible for board vendors to do minor hardware
-upgrades without significantly impacting the kernel code or cluttering
-it with special cases.
-
-
-1) Entry point for arch/arm
----------------------------
-
-   There is one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
-   of the kernel image. That entry point supports two calling
-   conventions.  A summary of the interface is described here.  A full
-   description of the boot requirements is documented in
-   Documentation/arm/booting.rst
-
-        a) ATAGS interface.  Minimal information is passed from firmware
-        to the kernel with a tagged list of predefined parameters.
-
-                r0 : 0
-
-                r1 : Machine type number
-
-                r2 : Physical address of tagged list in system RAM
-
-        b) Entry with a flattened device-tree block.  Firmware loads the
-        physical address of the flattened device tree block (dtb) into r2,
-        r1 is not used, but it is considered good practice to use a valid
-        machine number as described in Documentation/arm/booting.rst.
-
-                r0 : 0
-
-                r1 : Valid machine type number.  When using a device tree,
-                a single machine type number will often be assigned to
-                represent a class or family of SoCs.
-
-                r2 : physical pointer to the device-tree block
-                (defined in chapter II) in RAM.  Device tree can be located
-                anywhere in system RAM, but it should be aligned on a 64 bit
-                boundary.
-
-   The kernel will differentiate between ATAGS and device tree booting by
-   reading the memory pointed to by r2 and looking for either the flattened
-   device tree block magic value (0xd00dfeed) or the ATAG_CORE value at
-   offset 0x4 from r2 (0x54410001).
-
-2) Entry point for arch/powerpc
--------------------------------
-
-   There is one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
-   of the kernel image. That entry point supports two calling
-   conventions:
-
-        a) Boot from Open Firmware. If your firmware is compatible
-        with Open Firmware (IEEE 1275) or provides an OF compatible
-        client interface API (support for "interpret" callback of
-        forth words isn't required), you can enter the kernel with:
-
-              r5 : OF callback pointer as defined by IEEE 1275
-              bindings to powerpc. Only the 32-bit client interface
-              is currently supported
-
-              r3, r4 : address & length of an initrd if any or 0
-
-              The MMU is either on or off; the kernel will run the
-              trampoline located in arch/powerpc/kernel/prom_init.c to
-              extract the device-tree and other information from open
-              firmware and build a flattened device-tree as described
-              in b). prom_init() will then re-enter the kernel using
-              the second method. This trampoline code runs in the
-              context of the firmware, which is supposed to handle all
-              exceptions during that time.
-
-        b) Direct entry with a flattened device-tree block. This entry
-        point is called by a) after the OF trampoline and can also be
-        called directly by a bootloader that does not support the Open
-        Firmware client interface. It is also used by "kexec" to
-        implement "hot" booting of a new kernel from a previous
-        running one. This method is what I will describe in more
-        details in this document, as method a) is simply standard Open
-        Firmware, and thus should be implemented according to the
-        various standard documents defining it and its binding to the
-        PowerPC platform. The entry point definition then becomes:
-
-                r3 : physical pointer to the device-tree block
-                (defined in chapter II) in RAM
-
-                r4 : physical pointer to the kernel itself. This is
-                used by the assembly code to properly disable the MMU
-                in case you are entering the kernel with MMU enabled
-                and a non-1:1 mapping.
-
-                r5 : NULL (as to differentiate with method a)
-
-        Note about SMP entry: Either your firmware puts your other
-        CPUs in some sleep loop or spin loop in ROM where you can get
-        them out via a soft reset or some other means, in which case
-        you don't need to care, or you'll have to enter the kernel
-        with all CPUs. The way to do that with method b) will be
-        described in a later revision of this document.
-
-   Board supports (platforms) are not exclusive config options. An
-   arbitrary set of board supports can be built in a single kernel
-   image. The kernel will "know" what set of functions to use for a
-   given platform based on the content of the device-tree. Thus, you
-   should:
-
-        a) add your platform support as a _boolean_ option in
-        arch/powerpc/Kconfig, following the example of PPC_PSERIES,
-        PPC_PMAC and PPC_MAPLE. The later is probably a good
-        example of a board support to start from.
-
-        b) create your main platform file as
-        "arch/powerpc/platforms/myplatform/myboard_setup.c" and add it
-        to the Makefile under the condition of your ``CONFIG_``
-        option. This file will define a structure of type "ppc_md"
-        containing the various callbacks that the generic code will
-        use to get to your platform specific code
-
-  A kernel image may support multiple platforms, but only if the
-  platforms feature the same core architecture.  A single kernel build
-  cannot support both configurations with Book E and configurations
-  with classic Powerpc architectures.
-
-3) Entry point for arch/x86
----------------------------
-
-  There is one single 32bit entry point to the kernel at code32_start,
-  the decompressor (the real mode entry point goes to the same  32bit
-  entry point once it switched into protected mode). That entry point
-  supports one calling convention which is documented in
-  Documentation/x86/boot.rst
-  The physical pointer to the device-tree block (defined in chapter II)
-  is passed via setup_data which requires at least boot protocol 2.09.
-  The type filed is defined as::
-
-    #define SETUP_DTB                      2
-
-  This device-tree is used as an extension to the "boot page". As such it
-  does not parse / consider data which is already covered by the boot
-  page. This includes memory size, reserved ranges, command line arguments
-  or initrd address. It simply holds information which can not be retrieved
-  otherwise like interrupt routing or a list of devices behind an I2C bus.
-
-4) Entry point for arch/mips/bmips
-----------------------------------
-
-  Some bootloaders only support a single entry point, at the start of the
-  kernel image.  Other bootloaders will jump to the ELF start address.
-  Both schemes are supported; CONFIG_BOOT_RAW=y and CONFIG_NO_EXCEPT_FILL=y,
-  so the first instruction immediately jumps to kernel_entry().
-
-  Similar to the arch/arm case (b), a DT-aware bootloader is expected to
-  set up the following registers:
-
-         a0 : 0
-
-         a1 : 0xffffffff
-
-         a2 : Physical pointer to the device tree block (defined in chapter
-         II) in RAM.  The device tree can be located anywhere in the first
-         512MB of the physical address space (0x00000000 - 0x1fffffff),
-         aligned on a 64 bit boundary.
-
-  Legacy bootloaders do not use this convention, and they do not pass in a
-  DT block.  In this case, Linux will look for a builtin DTB, selected via
-  CONFIG_DT_*.
-
-  This convention is defined for 32-bit systems only, as there are not
-  currently any 64-bit BMIPS implementations.
-
-5) Entry point for arch/sh
---------------------------
-
-  Device-tree-compatible SH bootloaders are expected to provide the physical
-  address of the device tree blob in r4. Since legacy bootloaders did not
-  guarantee any particular initial register state, kernels built to
-  inter-operate with old bootloaders must either use a builtin DTB or
-  select a legacy board option (something other than CONFIG_SH_DEVICE_TREE)
-  that does not use device tree. Support for the latter is being phased out
-  in favor of device tree.
-
-
-II - The DT block format
-========================
-
-
-This chapter defines the actual format of the flattened device-tree
-passed to the kernel. The actual content of it and kernel requirements
-are described later. You can find example of code manipulating that
-format in various places, including arch/powerpc/kernel/prom_init.c
-which will generate a flattened device-tree from the Open Firmware
-representation, or the fs2dt utility which is part of the kexec tools
-which will generate one from a filesystem representation. It is
-expected that a bootloader like uboot provides a bit more support,
-that will be discussed later as well.
-
-Note: The block has to be in main memory. It has to be accessible in
-both real mode and virtual mode with no mapping other than main
-memory. If you are writing a simple flash bootloader, it should copy
-the block to RAM before passing it to the kernel.
-
-
-1) Header
----------
-
-   The kernel is passed the physical address pointing to an area of memory
-   that is roughly described in include/linux/of_fdt.h by the structure
-   boot_param_header:::
-
-      struct boot_param_header {
-        u32     magic;                  /* magic word OF_DT_HEADER */
-        u32     totalsize;              /* total size of DT block */
-        u32     off_dt_struct;          /* offset to structure */
-        u32     off_dt_strings;         /* offset to strings */
-        u32     off_mem_rsvmap;         /* offset to memory reserve map
-                                           */
-        u32     version;                /* format version */
-        u32     last_comp_version;      /* last compatible version */
-
-        /* version 2 fields below */
-        u32     boot_cpuid_phys;        /* Which physical CPU id we're
-                                           booting on */
-        /* version 3 fields below */
-        u32     size_dt_strings;        /* size of the strings block */
-
-        /* version 17 fields below */
-        u32	size_dt_struct;		/* size of the DT structure block */
-      };
-
-   Along with the constants::
-
-    /* Definitions used by the flattened device tree */
-    #define OF_DT_HEADER            0xd00dfeed      /* 4: version,
-						    4: total size */
-    #define OF_DT_BEGIN_NODE        0x1             /* Start node: full name
-						    */
-    #define OF_DT_END_NODE          0x2             /* End node */
-    #define OF_DT_PROP              0x3             /* Property: name off,
-						    size, content */
-    #define OF_DT_END               0x9
-
-   All values in this header are in big endian format, the various
-   fields in this header are defined more precisely below. All
-   "offset" values are in bytes from the start of the header; that is
-   from the physical base address of the device tree block.
-
-   - magic
-
-     This is a magic value that "marks" the beginning of the
-     device-tree block header. It contains the value 0xd00dfeed and is
-     defined by the constant OF_DT_HEADER
-
-   - totalsize
-
-     This is the total size of the DT block including the header. The
-     "DT" block should enclose all data structures defined in this
-     chapter (who are pointed to by offsets in this header). That is,
-     the device-tree structure, strings, and the memory reserve map.
-
-   - off_dt_struct
-
-     This is an offset from the beginning of the header to the start
-     of the "structure" part the device tree. (see 2) device tree)
-
-   - off_dt_strings
-
-     This is an offset from the beginning of the header to the start
-     of the "strings" part of the device-tree
-
-   - off_mem_rsvmap
-
-     This is an offset from the beginning of the header to the start
-     of the reserved memory map. This map is a list of pairs of 64-
-     bit integers. Each pair is a physical address and a size. The
-     list is terminated by an entry of size 0. This map provides the
-     kernel with a list of physical memory areas that are "reserved"
-     and thus not to be used for memory allocations, especially during
-     early initialization. The kernel needs to allocate memory during
-     boot for things like un-flattening the device-tree, allocating an
-     MMU hash table, etc... Those allocations must be done in such a
-     way to avoid overriding critical things like, on Open Firmware
-     capable machines, the RTAS instance, or on some pSeries, the TCE
-     tables used for the iommu. Typically, the reserve map should
-     contain **at least** this DT block itself (header,total_size). If
-     you are passing an initrd to the kernel, you should reserve it as
-     well. You do not need to reserve the kernel image itself. The map
-     should be 64-bit aligned.
-
-   - version
-
-     This is the version of this structure. Version 1 stops
-     here. Version 2 adds an additional field boot_cpuid_phys.
-     Version 3 adds the size of the strings block, allowing the kernel
-     to reallocate it easily at boot and free up the unused flattened
-     structure after expansion. Version 16 introduces a new more
-     "compact" format for the tree itself that is however not backward
-     compatible. Version 17 adds an additional field, size_dt_struct,
-     allowing it to be reallocated or moved more easily (this is
-     particularly useful for bootloaders which need to make
-     adjustments to a device tree based on probed information). You
-     should always generate a structure of the highest version defined
-     at the time of your implementation. Currently that is version 17,
-     unless you explicitly aim at being backward compatible.
-
-   - last_comp_version
-
-     Last compatible version. This indicates down to what version of
-     the DT block you are backward compatible. For example, version 2
-     is backward compatible with version 1 (that is, a kernel build
-     for version 1 will be able to boot with a version 2 format). You
-     should put a 1 in this field if you generate a device tree of
-     version 1 to 3, or 16 if you generate a tree of version 16 or 17
-     using the new unit name format.
-
-   - boot_cpuid_phys
-
-     This field only exist on version 2 headers. It indicate which
-     physical CPU ID is calling the kernel entry point. This is used,
-     among others, by kexec. If you are on an SMP system, this value
-     should match the content of the "reg" property of the CPU node in
-     the device-tree corresponding to the CPU calling the kernel entry
-     point (see further chapters for more information on the required
-     device-tree contents)
-
-   - size_dt_strings
-
-     This field only exists on version 3 and later headers.  It
-     gives the size of the "strings" section of the device tree (which
-     starts at the offset given by off_dt_strings).
-
-   - size_dt_struct
-
-     This field only exists on version 17 and later headers.  It gives
-     the size of the "structure" section of the device tree (which
-     starts at the offset given by off_dt_struct).
-
-   So the typical layout of a DT block (though the various parts don't
-   need to be in that order) looks like this (addresses go from top to
-   bottom)::
-
-
-             ------------------------------
-     base -> |  struct boot_param_header  |
-             ------------------------------
-             |      (alignment gap) (*)   |
-             ------------------------------
-             |      memory reserve map    |
-             ------------------------------
-             |      (alignment gap)       |
-             ------------------------------
-             |                            |
-             |    device-tree structure   |
-             |                            |
-             ------------------------------
-             |      (alignment gap)       |
-             ------------------------------
-             |                            |
-             |     device-tree strings    |
-             |                            |
-      -----> ------------------------------
-      |
-      |
-      --- (base + totalsize)
-
-     (*) The alignment gaps are not necessarily present; their presence
-         and size are dependent on the various alignment requirements of
-         the individual data blocks.
-
-
-2) Device tree generalities
----------------------------
-
-This device-tree itself is separated in two different blocks, a
-structure block and a strings block. Both need to be aligned to a 4
-byte boundary.
-
-First, let's quickly describe the device-tree concept before detailing
-the storage format. This chapter does _not_ describe the detail of the
-required types of nodes & properties for the kernel, this is done
-later in chapter III.
-
-The device-tree layout is strongly inherited from the definition of
-the Open Firmware IEEE 1275 device-tree. It's basically a tree of
-nodes, each node having two or more named properties. A property can
-have a value or not.
-
-It is a tree, so each node has one and only one parent except for the
-root node who has no parent.
-
-A node has 2 names. The actual node name is generally contained in a
-property of type "name" in the node property list whose value is a
-zero terminated string and is mandatory for version 1 to 3 of the
-format definition (as it is in Open Firmware). Version 16 makes it
-optional as it can generate it from the unit name defined below.
-
-There is also a "unit name" that is used to differentiate nodes with
-the same name at the same level, it is usually made of the node
-names, the "@" sign, and a "unit address", which definition is
-specific to the bus type the node sits on.
-
-The unit name doesn't exist as a property per-se but is included in
-the device-tree structure. It is typically used to represent "path" in
-the device-tree. More details about the actual format of these will be
-below.
-
-The kernel generic code does not make any formal use of the
-unit address (though some board support code may do) so the only real
-requirement here for the unit address is to ensure uniqueness of
-the node unit name at a given level of the tree. Nodes with no notion
-of address and no possible sibling of the same name (like /memory or
-/cpus) may omit the unit address in the context of this specification,
-or use the "@0" default unit address. The unit name is used to define
-a node "full path", which is the concatenation of all parent node
-unit names separated with "/".
-
-The root node doesn't have a defined name, and isn't required to have
-a name property either if you are using version 3 or earlier of the
-format. It also has no unit address (no @ symbol followed by a unit
-address). The root node unit name is thus an empty string. The full
-path to the root node is "/".
-
-Every node which actually represents an actual device (that is, a node
-which isn't only a virtual "container" for more nodes, like "/cpus"
-is) is also required to have a "compatible" property indicating the
-specific hardware and an optional list of devices it is fully
-backwards compatible with.
-
-Finally, every node that can be referenced from a property in another
-node is required to have either a "phandle" or a "linux,phandle"
-property. Real Open Firmware implementations provide a unique
-"phandle" value for every node that the "prom_init()" trampoline code
-turns into "linux,phandle" properties. However, this is made optional
-if the flattened device tree is used directly. An example of a node
-referencing another node via "phandle" is when laying out the
-interrupt tree which will be described in a further version of this
-document.
-
-The "phandle" property is a 32-bit value that uniquely
-identifies a node. You are free to use whatever values or system of
-values, internal pointers, or whatever to generate these, the only
-requirement is that every node for which you provide that property has
-a unique value for it.
-
-Here is an example of a simple device-tree. In this example, an "o"
-designates a node followed by the node unit name. Properties are
-presented with their name followed by their content. "content"
-represents an ASCII string (zero terminated) value, while <content>
-represents a 32-bit value, specified in decimal or hexadecimal (the
-latter prefixed 0x). The various nodes in this example will be
-discussed in a later chapter. At this point, it is only meant to give
-you a idea of what a device-tree looks like. I have purposefully kept
-the "name" and "linux,phandle" properties which aren't necessary in
-order to give you a better idea of what the tree looks like in
-practice::
-
-  / o device-tree
-      |- name = "device-tree"
-      |- model = "MyBoardName"
-      |- compatible = "MyBoardFamilyName"
-      |- #address-cells = <2>
-      |- #size-cells = <2>
-      |- linux,phandle = <0>
-      |
-      o cpus
-      | | - name = "cpus"
-      | | - linux,phandle = <1>
-      | | - #address-cells = <1>
-      | | - #size-cells = <0>
-      | |
-      | o PowerPC,970@0
-      |   |- name = "PowerPC,970"
-      |   |- device_type = "cpu"
-      |   |- reg = <0>
-      |   |- clock-frequency = <0x5f5e1000>
-      |   |- 64-bit
-      |   |- linux,phandle = <2>
-      |
-      o memory@0
-      | |- name = "memory"
-      | |- device_type = "memory"
-      | |- reg = <0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x20000000>
-      | |- linux,phandle = <3>
-      |
-      o chosen
-        |- name = "chosen"
-        |- bootargs = "root=/dev/sda2"
-        |- linux,phandle = <4>
-
-This tree is almost a minimal tree. It pretty much contains the
-minimal set of required nodes and properties to boot a linux kernel;
-that is, some basic model information at the root, the CPUs, and the
-physical memory layout.  It also includes misc information passed
-through /chosen, like in this example, the platform type (mandatory)
-and the kernel command line arguments (optional).
-
-The /cpus/PowerPC,970@0/64-bit property is an example of a
-property without a value. All other properties have a value. The
-significance of the #address-cells and #size-cells properties will be
-explained in chapter IV which defines precisely the required nodes and
-properties and their content.
-
-
-3) Device tree "structure" block
---------------------------------
-
-The structure of the device tree is a linearized tree structure. The
-"OF_DT_BEGIN_NODE" token starts a new node, and the "OF_DT_END_NODE"
-ends that node definition. Child nodes are simply defined before
-"OF_DT_END_NODE" (that is nodes within the node). A 'token' is a 32
-bit value. The tree has to be "finished" with a OF_DT_END token
-
-Here's the basic structure of a single node:
-
-     * token OF_DT_BEGIN_NODE (that is 0x00000001)
-     * for version 1 to 3, this is the node full path as a zero
-       terminated string, starting with "/". For version 16 and later,
-       this is the node unit name only (or an empty string for the
-       root node)
-     * [align gap to next 4 bytes boundary]
-     * for each property:
-
-        * token OF_DT_PROP (that is 0x00000003)
-        * 32-bit value of property value size in bytes (or 0 if no
-          value)
-        * 32-bit value of offset in string block of property name
-        * property value data if any
-        * [align gap to next 4 bytes boundary]
-
-     * [child nodes if any]
-     * token OF_DT_END_NODE (that is 0x00000002)
-
-So the node content can be summarized as a start token, a full path,
-a list of properties, a list of child nodes, and an end token. Every
-child node is a full node structure itself as defined above.
-
-NOTE: The above definition requires that all property definitions for
-a particular node MUST precede any subnode definitions for that node.
-Although the structure would not be ambiguous if properties and
-subnodes were intermingled, the kernel parser requires that the
-properties come first (up until at least 2.6.22).  Any tools
-manipulating a flattened tree must take care to preserve this
-constraint.
-
-4) Device tree "strings" block
-------------------------------
-
-In order to save space, property names, which are generally redundant,
-are stored separately in the "strings" block. This block is simply the
-whole bunch of zero terminated strings for all property names
-concatenated together. The device-tree property definitions in the
-structure block will contain offset values from the beginning of the
-strings block.
-
-
-III - Required content of the device tree
-=========================================
-
-.. Warning::
-
-   All ``linux,*`` properties defined in this document apply only
-   to a flattened device-tree. If your platform uses a real
-   implementation of Open Firmware or an implementation compatible with
-   the Open Firmware client interface, those properties will be created
-   by the trampoline code in the kernel's prom_init() file. For example,
-   that's where you'll have to add code to detect your board model and
-   set the platform number. However, when using the flattened device-tree
-   entry point, there is no prom_init() pass, and thus you have to
-   provide those properties yourself.
-
-
-1) Note about cells and address representation
-----------------------------------------------
-
-The general rule is documented in the various Open Firmware
-documentations. If you choose to describe a bus with the device-tree
-and there exist an OF bus binding, then you should follow the
-specification. However, the kernel does not require every single
-device or bus to be described by the device tree.
-
-In general, the format of an address for a device is defined by the
-parent bus type, based on the #address-cells and #size-cells
-properties.  Note that the parent's parent definitions of #address-cells
-and #size-cells are not inherited so every node with children must specify
-them.  The kernel requires the root node to have those properties defining
-addresses format for devices directly mapped on the processor bus.
-
-Those 2 properties define 'cells' for representing an address and a
-size. A "cell" is a 32-bit number. For example, if both contain 2
-like the example tree given above, then an address and a size are both
-composed of 2 cells, and each is a 64-bit number (cells are
-concatenated and expected to be in big endian format). Another example
-is the way Apple firmware defines them, with 2 cells for an address
-and one cell for a size.  Most 32-bit implementations should define
-#address-cells and #size-cells to 1, which represents a 32-bit value.
-Some 32-bit processors allow for physical addresses greater than 32
-bits; these processors should define #address-cells as 2.
-
-"reg" properties are always a tuple of the type "address size" where
-the number of cells of address and size is specified by the bus
-#address-cells and #size-cells. When a bus supports various address
-spaces and other flags relative to a given address allocation (like
-prefetchable, etc...) those flags are usually added to the top level
-bits of the physical address. For example, a PCI physical address is
-made of 3 cells, the bottom two containing the actual address itself
-while the top cell contains address space indication, flags, and pci
-bus & device numbers.
-
-For buses that support dynamic allocation, it's the accepted practice
-to then not provide the address in "reg" (keep it 0) though while
-providing a flag indicating the address is dynamically allocated, and
-then, to provide a separate "assigned-addresses" property that
-contains the fully allocated addresses. See the PCI OF bindings for
-details.
-
-In general, a simple bus with no address space bits and no dynamic
-allocation is preferred if it reflects your hardware, as the existing
-kernel address parsing functions will work out of the box. If you
-define a bus type with a more complex address format, including things
-like address space bits, you'll have to add a bus translator to the
-prom_parse.c file of the recent kernels for your bus type.
-
-The "reg" property only defines addresses and sizes (if #size-cells is
-non-0) within a given bus. In order to translate addresses upward
-(that is into parent bus addresses, and possibly into CPU physical
-addresses), all buses must contain a "ranges" property. If the
-"ranges" property is missing at a given level, it's assumed that
-translation isn't possible, i.e., the registers are not visible on the
-parent bus.  The format of the "ranges" property for a bus is a list
-of::
-
-	bus address, parent bus address, size
-
-"bus address" is in the format of the bus this bus node is defining,
-that is, for a PCI bridge, it would be a PCI address. Thus, (bus
-address, size) defines a range of addresses for child devices. "parent
-bus address" is in the format of the parent bus of this bus. For
-example, for a PCI host controller, that would be a CPU address. For a
-PCI<->ISA bridge, that would be a PCI address. It defines the base
-address in the parent bus where the beginning of that range is mapped.
-
-For new 64-bit board support, I recommend either the 2/2 format or
-Apple's 2/1 format which is slightly more compact since sizes usually
-fit in a single 32-bit word.   New 32-bit board support should use a
-1/1 format, unless the processor supports physical addresses greater
-than 32-bits, in which case a 2/1 format is recommended.
-
-Alternatively, the "ranges" property may be empty, indicating that the
-registers are visible on the parent bus using an identity mapping
-translation.  In other words, the parent bus address space is the same
-as the child bus address space.
-
-2) Note about "compatible" properties
--------------------------------------
-
-These properties are optional, but recommended in devices and the root
-node. The format of a "compatible" property is a list of concatenated
-zero terminated strings. They allow a device to express its
-compatibility with a family of similar devices, in some cases,
-allowing a single driver to match against several devices regardless
-of their actual names.
-
-3) Note about "name" properties
--------------------------------
-
-While earlier users of Open Firmware like OldWorld macintoshes tended
-to use the actual device name for the "name" property, it's nowadays
-considered a good practice to use a name that is closer to the device
-class (often equal to device_type). For example, nowadays, Ethernet
-controllers are named "ethernet", an additional "model" property
-defining precisely the chip type/model, and "compatible" property
-defining the family in case a single driver can driver more than one
-of these chips. However, the kernel doesn't generally put any
-restriction on the "name" property; it is simply considered good
-practice to follow the standard and its evolutions as closely as
-possible.
-
-Note also that the new format version 16 makes the "name" property
-optional. If it's absent for a node, then the node's unit name is then
-used to reconstruct the name. That is, the part of the unit name
-before the "@" sign is used (or the entire unit name if no "@" sign
-is present).
-
-4) Note about node and property names and character set
--------------------------------------------------------
-
-While Open Firmware provides more flexible usage of 8859-1, this
-specification enforces more strict rules. Nodes and properties should
-be comprised only of ASCII characters 'a' to 'z', '0' to
-'9', ',', '.', '_', '+', '#', '?', and '-'. Node names additionally
-allow uppercase characters 'A' to 'Z' (property names should be
-lowercase. The fact that vendors like Apple don't respect this rule is
-irrelevant here). Additionally, node and property names should always
-begin with a character in the range 'a' to 'z' (or 'A' to 'Z' for node
-names).
-
-The maximum number of characters for both nodes and property names
-is 31. In the case of node names, this is only the leftmost part of
-a unit name (the pure "name" property), it doesn't include the unit
-address which can extend beyond that limit.
-
-
-5) Required nodes and properties
---------------------------------
-  These are all that are currently required. However, it is strongly
-  recommended that you expose PCI host bridges as documented in the
-  PCI binding to Open Firmware, and your interrupt tree as documented
-  in OF interrupt tree specification.
-
-  a) The root node
-
-  The root node requires some properties to be present:
-
-    - model : this is your board name/model
-    - #address-cells : address representation for "root" devices
-    - #size-cells: the size representation for "root" devices
-    - compatible : the board "family" generally finds its way here,
-      for example, if you have 2 board models with a similar layout,
-      that typically get driven by the same platform code in the
-      kernel, you would specify the exact board model in the
-      compatible property followed by an entry that represents the SoC
-      model.
-
-  The root node is also generally where you add additional properties
-  specific to your board like the serial number if any, that sort of
-  thing. It is recommended that if you add any "custom" property whose
-  name may clash with standard defined ones, you prefix them with your
-  vendor name and a comma.
-
-  Additional properties for the root node:
-
-    - serial-number : a string representing the device's serial number
-
-  b) The /cpus node
-
-  This node is the parent of all individual CPU nodes. It doesn't
-  have any specific requirements, though it's generally good practice
-  to have at least::
-
-               #address-cells = <00000001>
-               #size-cells    = <00000000>
-
-  This defines that the "address" for a CPU is a single cell, and has
-  no meaningful size. This is not necessary but the kernel will assume
-  that format when reading the "reg" properties of a CPU node, see
-  below
-
-  c) The ``/cpus/*`` nodes
-
-  So under /cpus, you are supposed to create a node for every CPU on
-  the machine. There is no specific restriction on the name of the
-  CPU, though it's common to call it <architecture>,<core>. For
-  example, Apple uses PowerPC,G5 while IBM uses PowerPC,970FX.
-  However, the Generic Names convention suggests that it would be
-  better to simply use 'cpu' for each cpu node and use the compatible
-  property to identify the specific cpu core.
-
-  Required properties:
-
-    - device_type : has to be "cpu"
-    - reg : This is the physical CPU number, it's a single 32-bit cell
-      and is also used as-is as the unit number for constructing the
-      unit name in the full path. For example, with 2 CPUs, you would
-      have the full path::
-
-        /cpus/PowerPC,970FX@0
-        /cpus/PowerPC,970FX@1
-
-      (unit addresses do not require leading zeroes)
-    - d-cache-block-size : one cell, L1 data cache block size in bytes [#]_
-    - i-cache-block-size : one cell, L1 instruction cache block size in
-      bytes
-    - d-cache-size : one cell, size of L1 data cache in bytes
-    - i-cache-size : one cell, size of L1 instruction cache in bytes
-
-    .. [#] The cache "block" size is the size on which the cache management
-	   instructions operate. Historically, this document used the cache
-	   "line" size here which is incorrect. The kernel will prefer the cache
-	   block size and will fallback to cache line size for backward
-	   compatibility.
-
-  Recommended properties:
-
-    - timebase-frequency : a cell indicating the frequency of the
-      timebase in Hz. This is not directly used by the generic code,
-      but you are welcome to copy/paste the pSeries code for setting
-      the kernel timebase/decrementer calibration based on this
-      value.
-    - clock-frequency : a cell indicating the CPU core clock frequency
-      in Hz. A new property will be defined for 64-bit values, but if
-      your frequency is < 4Ghz, one cell is enough. Here as well as
-      for the above, the common code doesn't use that property, but
-      you are welcome to re-use the pSeries or Maple one. A future
-      kernel version might provide a common function for this.
-    - d-cache-line-size : one cell, L1 data cache line size in bytes
-      if different from the block size
-    - i-cache-line-size : one cell, L1 instruction cache line size in
-      bytes if different from the block size
-
-  You are welcome to add any property you find relevant to your board,
-  like some information about the mechanism used to soft-reset the
-  CPUs. For example, Apple puts the GPIO number for CPU soft reset
-  lines in there as a "soft-reset" property since they start secondary
-  CPUs by soft-resetting them.
-
-
-  d) the /memory node(s)
-
-  To define the physical memory layout of your board, you should
-  create one or more memory node(s). You can either create a single
-  node with all memory ranges in its reg property, or you can create
-  several nodes, as you wish. The unit address (@ part) used for the
-  full path is the address of the first range of memory defined by a
-  given node. If you use a single memory node, this will typically be
-  @0.
-
-  Required properties:
-
-    - device_type : has to be "memory"
-    - reg : This property contains all the physical memory ranges of
-      your board. It's a list of addresses/sizes concatenated
-      together, with the number of cells of each defined by the
-      #address-cells and #size-cells of the root node. For example,
-      with both of these properties being 2 like in the example given
-      earlier, a 970 based machine with 6Gb of RAM could typically
-      have a "reg" property here that looks like::
-
-        00000000 00000000 00000000 80000000
-        00000001 00000000 00000001 00000000
-
-      That is a range starting at 0 of 0x80000000 bytes and a range
-      starting at 0x100000000 and of 0x100000000 bytes. You can see
-      that there is no memory covering the IO hole between 2Gb and
-      4Gb. Some vendors prefer splitting those ranges into smaller
-      segments, but the kernel doesn't care.
-
-  Additional properties:
-
-    - hotpluggable : The presence of this property provides an explicit
-      hint to the operating system that this memory may potentially be
-      removed later. The kernel can take this into consideration when
-      doing nonmovable allocations and when laying out memory zones.
-
-  e) The /chosen node
-
-  This node is a bit "special". Normally, that's where Open Firmware
-  puts some variable environment information, like the arguments, or
-  the default input/output devices.
-
-  This specification makes a few of these mandatory, but also defines
-  some linux-specific properties that would be normally constructed by
-  the prom_init() trampoline when booting with an OF client interface,
-  but that you have to provide yourself when using the flattened format.
-
-  Recommended properties:
-
-    - bootargs : This zero-terminated string is passed as the kernel
-      command line
-    - linux,stdout-path : This is the full path to your standard
-      console device if any. Typically, if you have serial devices on
-      your board, you may want to put the full path to the one set as
-      the default console in the firmware here, for the kernel to pick
-      it up as its own default console.
-
-  Note that u-boot creates and fills in the chosen node for platforms
-  that use it.
-
-  (Note: a practice that is now obsolete was to include a property
-  under /chosen called interrupt-controller which had a phandle value
-  that pointed to the main interrupt controller)
-
-  f) the /soc<SOCname> node
-
-  This node is used to represent a system-on-a-chip (SoC) and must be
-  present if the processor is a SoC. The top-level soc node contains
-  information that is global to all devices on the SoC. The node name
-  should contain a unit address for the SoC, which is the base address
-  of the memory-mapped register set for the SoC. The name of an SoC
-  node should start with "soc", and the remainder of the name should
-  represent the part number for the soc.  For example, the MPC8540's
-  soc node would be called "soc8540".
-
-  Required properties:
-
-    - ranges : Should be defined as specified in 1) to describe the
-      translation of SoC addresses for memory mapped SoC registers.
-    - bus-frequency: Contains the bus frequency for the SoC node.
-      Typically, the value of this field is filled in by the boot
-      loader.
-    - compatible : Exact model of the SoC
-
-
-  Recommended properties:
-
-    - reg : This property defines the address and size of the
-      memory-mapped registers that are used for the SOC node itself.
-      It does not include the child device registers - these will be
-      defined inside each child node.  The address specified in the
-      "reg" property should match the unit address of the SOC node.
-    - #address-cells : Address representation for "soc" devices.  The
-      format of this field may vary depending on whether or not the
-      device registers are memory mapped.  For memory mapped
-      registers, this field represents the number of cells needed to
-      represent the address of the registers.  For SOCs that do not
-      use MMIO, a special address format should be defined that
-      contains enough cells to represent the required information.
-      See 1) above for more details on defining #address-cells.
-    - #size-cells : Size representation for "soc" devices
-    - #interrupt-cells : Defines the width of cells used to represent
-      interrupts.  Typically this value is <2>, which includes a
-      32-bit number that represents the interrupt number, and a
-      32-bit number that represents the interrupt sense and level.
-      This field is only needed if the SOC contains an interrupt
-      controller.
-
-  The SOC node may contain child nodes for each SOC device that the
-  platform uses.  Nodes should not be created for devices which exist
-  on the SOC but are not used by a particular platform. See chapter VI
-  for more information on how to specify devices that are part of a SOC.
-
-  Example SOC node for the MPC8540::
-
-	soc8540@e0000000 {
-		#address-cells = <1>;
-		#size-cells = <1>;
-		#interrupt-cells = <2>;
-		device_type = "soc";
-		ranges = <0x00000000 0xe0000000 0x00100000>
-		reg = <0xe0000000 0x00003000>;
-		bus-frequency = <0>;
-	}
-
-
-
-IV - "dtc", the device tree compiler
-====================================
-
-
-dtc source code can be found at
-<http://git.jdl.com/gitweb/?p=dtc.git>
-
-.. Warning::
-
-   This version is still in early development stage; the
-   resulting device-tree "blobs" have not yet been validated with the
-   kernel. The current generated block lacks a useful reserve map (it will
-   be fixed to generate an empty one, it's up to the bootloader to fill
-   it up) among others. The error handling needs work, bugs are lurking,
-   etc...
-
-dtc basically takes a device-tree in a given format and outputs a
-device-tree in another format. The currently supported formats are:
-
-Input formats
--------------
-
-     - "dtb": "blob" format, that is a flattened device-tree block
-       with
-       header all in a binary blob.
-     - "dts": "source" format. This is a text file containing a
-       "source" for a device-tree. The format is defined later in this
-       chapter.
-     - "fs" format. This is a representation equivalent to the
-       output of /proc/device-tree, that is nodes are directories and
-       properties are files
-
-Output formats
---------------
-
-     - "dtb": "blob" format
-     - "dts": "source" format
-     - "asm": assembly language file. This is a file that can be
-       sourced by gas to generate a device-tree "blob". That file can
-       then simply be added to your Makefile. Additionally, the
-       assembly file exports some symbols that can be used.
-
-
-The syntax of the dtc tool is::
-
-    dtc [-I <input-format>] [-O <output-format>]
-        [-o output-filename] [-V output_version] input_filename
-
-
-The "output_version" defines what version of the "blob" format will be
-generated. Supported versions are 1,2,3 and 16. The default is
-currently version 3 but that may change in the future to version 16.
-
-Additionally, dtc performs various sanity checks on the tree, like the
-uniqueness of linux, phandle properties, validity of strings, etc...
-
-The format of the .dts "source" file is "C" like, supports C and C++
-style comments::
-
-    / {
-    }
-
-The above is the "device-tree" definition. It's the only statement
-supported currently at the toplevel.
-
-::
-
-  / {
-    property1 = "string_value";	   /* define a property containing a 0
-				    * terminated string
-				    */
-
-    property2 = <0x1234abcd>;	   /* define a property containing a
-				    * numerical 32-bit value (hexadecimal)
-				    */
-
-    property3 = <0x12345678 0x12345678 0xdeadbeef>;
-				   /* define a property containing 3
-				    * numerical 32-bit values (cells) in
-				    * hexadecimal
-				    */
-    property4 = [0x0a 0x0b 0x0c 0x0d 0xde 0xea 0xad 0xbe 0xef];
-				   /* define a property whose content is
-				    * an arbitrary array of bytes
-				    */
-
-    childnode@address {		   /* define a child node named "childnode"
-				    * whose unit name is "childnode at
-				    * address"
-				    */
-
-	childprop = "hello\n";	       /* define a property "childprop" of
-					* childnode (in this case, a string)
-					*/
-	};
-    };
-
-Nodes can contain other nodes etc... thus defining the hierarchical
-structure of the tree.
-
-Strings support common escape sequences from C: "\n", "\t", "\r",
-"\(octal value)", "\x(hex value)".
-
-It is also suggested that you pipe your source file through cpp (gcc
-preprocessor) so you can use #include's, #define for constants, etc...
-
-Finally, various options are planned but not yet implemented, like
-automatic generation of phandles, labels (exported to the asm file so
-you can point to a property content and change it easily from whatever
-you link the device-tree with), label or path instead of numeric value
-in some cells to "point" to a node (replaced by a phandle at compile
-time), export of reserve map address to the asm file, ability to
-specify reserve map content at compile time, etc...
-
-We may provide a .h include file with common definitions of that
-proves useful for some properties (like building PCI properties or
-interrupt maps) though it may be better to add a notion of struct
-definitions to the compiler...
-
-
-V - Recommendations for a bootloader
-====================================
-
-
-Here are some various ideas/recommendations that have been proposed
-while all this has been defined and implemented.
-
-  - The bootloader may want to be able to use the device-tree itself
-    and may want to manipulate it (to add/edit some properties,
-    like physical memory size or kernel arguments). At this point, 2
-    choices can be made. Either the bootloader works directly on the
-    flattened format, or the bootloader has its own internal tree
-    representation with pointers (similar to the kernel one) and
-    re-flattens the tree when booting the kernel. The former is a bit
-    more difficult to edit/modify, the later requires probably a bit
-    more code to handle the tree structure. Note that the structure
-    format has been designed so it's relatively easy to "insert"
-    properties or nodes or delete them by just memmoving things
-    around. It contains no internal offsets or pointers for this
-    purpose.
-
-  - An example of code for iterating nodes & retrieving properties
-    directly from the flattened tree format can be found in the kernel
-    file drivers/of/fdt.c.  Look at the of_scan_flat_dt() function,
-    its usage in early_init_devtree(), and the corresponding various
-    early_init_dt_scan_*() callbacks. That code can be re-used in a
-    GPL bootloader, and as the author of that code, I would be happy
-    to discuss possible free licensing to any vendor who wishes to
-    integrate all or part of this code into a non-GPL bootloader.
-    (reference needed; who is 'I' here? ---gcl Jan 31, 2011)
-
-
-
-VI - System-on-a-chip devices and nodes
-=======================================
-
-Many companies are now starting to develop system-on-a-chip
-processors, where the processor core (CPU) and many peripheral devices
-exist on a single piece of silicon.  For these SOCs, an SOC node
-should be used that defines child nodes for the devices that make
-up the SOC. While platforms are not required to use this model in
-order to boot the kernel, it is highly encouraged that all SOC
-implementations define as complete a flat-device-tree as possible to
-describe the devices on the SOC.  This will allow for the
-genericization of much of the kernel code.
-
-
-1) Defining child nodes of an SOC
----------------------------------
-
-Each device that is part of an SOC may have its own node entry inside
-the SOC node.  For each device that is included in the SOC, the unit
-address property represents the address offset for this device's
-memory-mapped registers in the parent's address space.  The parent's
-address space is defined by the "ranges" property in the top-level soc
-node. The "reg" property for each node that exists directly under the
-SOC node should contain the address mapping from the child address space
-to the parent SOC address space and the size of the device's
-memory-mapped register file.
-
-For many devices that may exist inside an SOC, there are predefined
-specifications for the format of the device tree node.  All SOC child
-nodes should follow these specifications, except where noted in this
-document.
-
-See appendix A for an example partial SOC node definition for the
-MPC8540.
-
-
-2) Representing devices without a current OF specification
-----------------------------------------------------------
-
-Currently, there are many devices on SoCs that do not have a standard
-representation defined as part of the Open Firmware specifications,
-mainly because the boards that contain these SoCs are not currently
-booted using Open Firmware.  Binding documentation for new devices
-should be added to the Documentation/devicetree/bindings directory.
-That directory will expand as device tree support is added to more and
-more SoCs.
-
-
-VII - Specifying interrupt information for devices
-===================================================
-
-The device tree represents the buses and devices of a hardware
-system in a form similar to the physical bus topology of the
-hardware.
-
-In addition, a logical 'interrupt tree' exists which represents the
-hierarchy and routing of interrupts in the hardware.
-
-The interrupt tree model is fully described in the
-document "Open Firmware Recommended Practice: Interrupt
-Mapping Version 0.9".  The document is available at:
-<http://www.devicetree.org/open-firmware/practice/>
-
-1) interrupts property
-----------------------
-
-Devices that generate interrupts to a single interrupt controller
-should use the conventional OF representation described in the
-OF interrupt mapping documentation.
-
-Each device which generates interrupts must have an 'interrupt'
-property.  The interrupt property value is an arbitrary number of
-of 'interrupt specifier' values which describe the interrupt or
-interrupts for the device.
-
-The encoding of an interrupt specifier is determined by the
-interrupt domain in which the device is located in the
-interrupt tree.  The root of an interrupt domain specifies in
-its #interrupt-cells property the number of 32-bit cells
-required to encode an interrupt specifier.  See the OF interrupt
-mapping documentation for a detailed description of domains.
-
-For example, the binding for the OpenPIC interrupt controller
-specifies  an #interrupt-cells value of 2 to encode the interrupt
-number and level/sense information. All interrupt children in an
-OpenPIC interrupt domain use 2 cells per interrupt in their interrupts
-property.
-
-The PCI bus binding specifies a #interrupt-cells value of 1 to encode
-which interrupt pin (INTA,INTB,INTC,INTD) is used.
-
-2) interrupt-parent property
-----------------------------
-
-The interrupt-parent property is specified to define an explicit
-link between a device node and its interrupt parent in
-the interrupt tree.  The value of interrupt-parent is the
-phandle of the parent node.
-
-If the interrupt-parent property is not defined for a node, its
-interrupt parent is assumed to be an ancestor in the node's
-*device tree* hierarchy.
-
-3) OpenPIC Interrupt Controllers
---------------------------------
-
-OpenPIC interrupt controllers require 2 cells to encode
-interrupt information.  The first cell defines the interrupt
-number.  The second cell defines the sense and level
-information.
-
-Sense and level information should be encoded as follows:
-
-	==  ========================================
-	0   low to high edge sensitive type enabled
-	1   active low level sensitive type enabled
-	2   active high level sensitive type enabled
-	3   high to low edge sensitive type enabled
-	==  ========================================
-
-4) ISA Interrupt Controllers
-----------------------------
-
-ISA PIC interrupt controllers require 2 cells to encode
-interrupt information.  The first cell defines the interrupt
-number.  The second cell defines the sense and level
-information.
-
-ISA PIC interrupt controllers should adhere to the ISA PIC
-encodings listed below:
-
-	==  ========================================
-	0   active low level sensitive type enabled
-	1   active high level sensitive type enabled
-	2   high to low edge sensitive type enabled
-	3   low to high edge sensitive type enabled
-	==  ========================================
-
-VIII - Specifying Device Power Management Information (sleep property)
-======================================================================
-
-Devices on SOCs often have mechanisms for placing devices into low-power
-states that are decoupled from the devices' own register blocks.  Sometimes,
-this information is more complicated than a cell-index property can
-reasonably describe.  Thus, each device controlled in such a manner
-may contain a "sleep" property which describes these connections.
-
-The sleep property consists of one or more sleep resources, each of
-which consists of a phandle to a sleep controller, followed by a
-controller-specific sleep specifier of zero or more cells.
-
-The semantics of what type of low power modes are possible are defined
-by the sleep controller.  Some examples of the types of low power modes
-that may be supported are:
-
- - Dynamic: The device may be disabled or enabled at any time.
- - System Suspend: The device may request to be disabled or remain
-   awake during system suspend, but will not be disabled until then.
- - Permanent: The device is disabled permanently (until the next hard
-   reset).
-
-Some devices may share a clock domain with each other, such that they should
-only be suspended when none of the devices are in use.  Where reasonable,
-such nodes should be placed on a virtual bus, where the bus has the sleep
-property.  If the clock domain is shared among devices that cannot be
-reasonably grouped in this manner, then create a virtual sleep controller
-(similar to an interrupt nexus, except that defining a standardized
-sleep-map should wait until its necessity is demonstrated).
-
-IX - Specifying dma bus information
-===================================
-
-Some devices may have DMA memory range shifted relatively to the beginning of
-RAM, or even placed outside of kernel RAM. For example, the Keystone 2 SoC
-worked in LPAE mode with 4G memory has:
-- RAM range: [0x8 0000 0000, 0x8 FFFF FFFF]
-- DMA range: [  0x8000 0000,   0xFFFF FFFF]
-and DMA range is aliased into first 2G of RAM in HW.
-
-In such cases, DMA addresses translation should be performed between CPU phys
-and DMA addresses. The "dma-ranges" property is intended to be used
-for describing the configuration of such system in DT.
-
-In addition, each DMA master device on the DMA bus may or may not support
-coherent DMA operations. The "dma-coherent" property is intended to be used
-for identifying devices supported coherent DMA operations in DT.
-
-* DMA Bus master
-
-Optional property:
-
-- dma-ranges: <prop-encoded-array> encoded as arbitrary number of triplets of
-  (child-bus-address, parent-bus-address, length). Each triplet specified
-  describes a contiguous DMA address range.
-  The dma-ranges property is used to describe the direct memory access (DMA)
-  structure of a memory-mapped bus whose device tree parent can be accessed
-  from DMA operations originating from the bus. It provides a means of
-  defining a mapping or translation between the physical address space of
-  the bus and the physical address space of the parent of the bus.
-  (for more information see the Devicetree Specification)
-
-* DMA Bus child
-
-Optional property:
-
-- dma-ranges: <empty> value. if present - It means that DMA addresses
-  translation has to be enabled for this device.
-- dma-coherent: Present if dma operations are coherent
-
-Example::
-
-	soc {
-		compatible = "ti,keystone","simple-bus";
-		ranges = <0x0 0x0 0x0 0xc0000000>;
-		dma-ranges = <0x80000000 0x8 0x00000000 0x80000000>;
-
-		[...]
-
-		usb: usb@2680000 {
-			compatible = "ti,keystone-dwc3";
-
-			[...]
-			dma-coherent;
-		};
-	};
-
-Appendix A - Sample SOC node for MPC8540
-========================================
-
-::
-
-	soc@e0000000 {
-		#address-cells = <1>;
-		#size-cells = <1>;
-		compatible = "fsl,mpc8540-ccsr", "simple-bus";
-		device_type = "soc";
-		ranges = <0x00000000 0xe0000000 0x00100000>
-		bus-frequency = <0>;
-		interrupt-parent = <&pic>;
-
-		ethernet@24000 {
-			#address-cells = <1>;
-			#size-cells = <1>;
-			device_type = "network";
-			model = "TSEC";
-			compatible = "gianfar", "simple-bus";
-			reg = <0x24000 0x1000>;
-			local-mac-address = [ 0x00 0xE0 0x0C 0x00 0x73 0x00 ];
-			interrupts = <0x29 2 0x30 2 0x34 2>;
-			phy-handle = <&phy0>;
-			sleep = <&pmc 0x00000080>;
-			ranges;
-
-			mdio@24520 {
-				reg = <0x24520 0x20>;
-				compatible = "fsl,gianfar-mdio";
-
-				phy0: ethernet-phy@0 {
-					interrupts = <5 1>;
-					reg = <0>;
-				};
-
-				phy1: ethernet-phy@1 {
-					interrupts = <5 1>;
-					reg = <1>;
-				};
-
-				phy3: ethernet-phy@3 {
-					interrupts = <7 1>;
-					reg = <3>;
-				};
-			};
-		};
-
-		ethernet@25000 {
-			device_type = "network";
-			model = "TSEC";
-			compatible = "gianfar";
-			reg = <0x25000 0x1000>;
-			local-mac-address = [ 0x00 0xE0 0x0C 0x00 0x73 0x01 ];
-			interrupts = <0x13 2 0x14 2 0x18 2>;
-			phy-handle = <&phy1>;
-			sleep = <&pmc 0x00000040>;
-		};
-
-		ethernet@26000 {
-			device_type = "network";
-			model = "FEC";
-			compatible = "gianfar";
-			reg = <0x26000 0x1000>;
-			local-mac-address = [ 0x00 0xE0 0x0C 0x00 0x73 0x02 ];
-			interrupts = <0x41 2>;
-			phy-handle = <&phy3>;
-			sleep = <&pmc 0x00000020>;
-		};
-
-		serial@4500 {
-			#address-cells = <1>;
-			#size-cells = <1>;
-			compatible = "fsl,mpc8540-duart", "simple-bus";
-			sleep = <&pmc 0x00000002>;
-			ranges;
-
-			serial@4500 {
-				device_type = "serial";
-				compatible = "ns16550";
-				reg = <0x4500 0x100>;
-				clock-frequency = <0>;
-				interrupts = <0x42 2>;
-			};
-
-			serial@4600 {
-				device_type = "serial";
-				compatible = "ns16550";
-				reg = <0x4600 0x100>;
-				clock-frequency = <0>;
-				interrupts = <0x42 2>;
-			};
-		};
-
-		pic: pic@40000 {
-			interrupt-controller;
-			#address-cells = <0>;
-			#interrupt-cells = <2>;
-			reg = <0x40000 0x40000>;
-			compatible = "chrp,open-pic";
-			device_type = "open-pic";
-		};
-
-		i2c@3000 {
-			interrupts = <0x43 2>;
-			reg = <0x3000 0x100>;
-			compatible  = "fsl-i2c";
-			dfsrr;
-			sleep = <&pmc 0x00000004>;
-		};
-
-		pmc: power@e0070 {
-			compatible = "fsl,mpc8540-pmc", "fsl,mpc8548-pmc";
-			reg = <0xe0070 0x20>;
-		};
-	};
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/index.rst b/Documentation/devicetree/index.rst
index d2a96e1af23e..54026763916d 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/index.rst
@@ -15,4 +15,3 @@ Open Firmware and Device Tree
    overlay-notes
 
    bindings/index
-   booting-without-of
diff --git a/Documentation/mips/booting.rst b/Documentation/mips/booting.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7c18a4eab48b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/mips/booting.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+BMIPS DeviceTree Booting
+------------------------
+
+  Some bootloaders only support a single entry point, at the start of the
+  kernel image.  Other bootloaders will jump to the ELF start address.
+  Both schemes are supported; CONFIG_BOOT_RAW=y and CONFIG_NO_EXCEPT_FILL=y,
+  so the first instruction immediately jumps to kernel_entry().
+
+  Similar to the arch/arm case (b), a DT-aware bootloader is expected to
+  set up the following registers:
+
+         a0 : 0
+
+         a1 : 0xffffffff
+
+         a2 : Physical pointer to the device tree block (defined in chapter
+         II) in RAM.  The device tree can be located anywhere in the first
+         512MB of the physical address space (0x00000000 - 0x1fffffff),
+         aligned on a 64 bit boundary.
+
+  Legacy bootloaders do not use this convention, and they do not pass in a
+  DT block.  In this case, Linux will look for a builtin DTB, selected via
+  CONFIG_DT_*.
+
+  This convention is defined for 32-bit systems only, as there are not
+  currently any 64-bit BMIPS implementations.
diff --git a/Documentation/mips/index.rst b/Documentation/mips/index.rst
index d5ad8c00f0bd..35cceea4e8bc 100644
--- a/Documentation/mips/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/mips/index.rst
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ MIPS-specific Documentation
    :maxdepth: 2
    :numbered:
 
+   booting
    ingenic-tcu
 
 .. only::  subproject and html
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst b/Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2d0ec2ff2b57
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+DeviceTree Booting
+------------------
+
+During the development of the Linux/ppc64 kernel, and more specifically, the
+addition of new platform types outside of the old IBM pSeries/iSeries pair, it
+was decided to enforce some strict rules regarding the kernel entry and
+bootloader <-> kernel interfaces, in order to avoid the degeneration that had
+become the ppc32 kernel entry point and the way a new platform should be added
+to the kernel. The legacy iSeries platform breaks those rules as it predates
+this scheme, but no new board support will be accepted in the main tree that
+doesn't follow them properly.  In addition, since the advent of the arch/powerpc
+merged architecture for ppc32 and ppc64, new 32-bit platforms and 32-bit
+platforms which move into arch/powerpc will be required to use these rules as
+well.
+
+The main requirement that will be defined in more detail below is the presence
+of a device-tree whose format is defined after Open Firmware specification.
+However, in order to make life easier to embedded board vendors, the kernel
+doesn't require the device-tree to represent every device in the system and only
+requires some nodes and properties to be present. For example, the kernel does
+not require you to create a node for every PCI device in the system. It is a
+requirement to have a node for PCI host bridges in order to provide interrupt
+routing information and memory/IO ranges, among others. It is also recommended
+to define nodes for on chip devices and other buses that don't specifically fit
+in an existing OF specification. This creates a great flexibility in the way the
+kernel can then probe those and match drivers to device, without having to hard
+code all sorts of tables. It also makes it more flexible for board vendors to do
+minor hardware upgrades without significantly impacting the kernel code or
+cluttering it with special cases.
+
+
+Entry point
+~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+There is one single entry point to the kernel, at the start
+of the kernel image. That entry point supports two calling
+conventions:
+
+        a) Boot from Open Firmware. If your firmware is compatible
+        with Open Firmware (IEEE 1275) or provides an OF compatible
+        client interface API (support for "interpret" callback of
+        forth words isn't required), you can enter the kernel with:
+
+              r5 : OF callback pointer as defined by IEEE 1275
+              bindings to powerpc. Only the 32-bit client interface
+              is currently supported
+
+              r3, r4 : address & length of an initrd if any or 0
+
+              The MMU is either on or off; the kernel will run the
+              trampoline located in arch/powerpc/kernel/prom_init.c to
+              extract the device-tree and other information from open
+              firmware and build a flattened device-tree as described
+              in b). prom_init() will then re-enter the kernel using
+              the second method. This trampoline code runs in the
+              context of the firmware, which is supposed to handle all
+              exceptions during that time.
+
+        b) Direct entry with a flattened device-tree block. This entry
+        point is called by a) after the OF trampoline and can also be
+        called directly by a bootloader that does not support the Open
+        Firmware client interface. It is also used by "kexec" to
+        implement "hot" booting of a new kernel from a previous
+        running one. This method is what I will describe in more
+        details in this document, as method a) is simply standard Open
+        Firmware, and thus should be implemented according to the
+        various standard documents defining it and its binding to the
+        PowerPC platform. The entry point definition then becomes:
+
+                r3 : physical pointer to the device-tree block
+                (defined in chapter II) in RAM
+
+                r4 : physical pointer to the kernel itself. This is
+                used by the assembly code to properly disable the MMU
+                in case you are entering the kernel with MMU enabled
+                and a non-1:1 mapping.
+
+                r5 : NULL (as to differentiate with method a)
+
+Note about SMP entry: Either your firmware puts your other
+CPUs in some sleep loop or spin loop in ROM where you can get
+them out via a soft reset or some other means, in which case
+you don't need to care, or you'll have to enter the kernel
+with all CPUs. The way to do that with method b) will be
+described in a later revision of this document.
+
+Board supports (platforms) are not exclusive config options. An
+arbitrary set of board supports can be built in a single kernel
+image. The kernel will "know" what set of functions to use for a
+given platform based on the content of the device-tree. Thus, you
+should:
+
+        a) add your platform support as a _boolean_ option in
+        arch/powerpc/Kconfig, following the example of PPC_PSERIES,
+        PPC_PMAC and PPC_MAPLE. The later is probably a good
+        example of a board support to start from.
+
+        b) create your main platform file as
+        "arch/powerpc/platforms/myplatform/myboard_setup.c" and add it
+        to the Makefile under the condition of your ``CONFIG_``
+        option. This file will define a structure of type "ppc_md"
+        containing the various callbacks that the generic code will
+        use to get to your platform specific code
+
+A kernel image may support multiple platforms, but only if the
+platforms feature the same core architecture.  A single kernel build
+cannot support both configurations with Book E and configurations
+with classic Powerpc architectures.
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/index.rst b/Documentation/powerpc/index.rst
index 748bf483b1c2..6ec64b0d5257 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/powerpc/index.rst
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ powerpc
 .. toctree::
     :maxdepth: 1
 
+    booting
     bootwrapper
     cpu_families
     cpu_features
diff --git a/Documentation/sh/booting.rst b/Documentation/sh/booting.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d851c49a01bf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/sh/booting.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+DeviceTree Booting
+------------------
+
+  Device-tree compatible SH bootloaders are expected to provide the physical
+  address of the device tree blob in r4. Since legacy bootloaders did not
+  guarantee any particular initial register state, kernels built to
+  inter-operate with old bootloaders must either use a builtin DTB or
+  select a legacy board option (something other than CONFIG_SH_DEVICE_TREE)
+  that does not use device tree. Support for the latter is being phased out
+  in favor of device tree.
diff --git a/Documentation/sh/index.rst b/Documentation/sh/index.rst
index b5933fd399f3..7b9a79a28167 100644
--- a/Documentation/sh/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/sh/index.rst
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ SuperH Interfaces Guide
 .. toctree::
     :maxdepth: 1
 
+    booting
     new-machine
     register-banks
 
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst b/Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..965a374071ab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+DeviceTree Booting
+------------------
+
+  There is one single 32bit entry point to the kernel at code32_start,
+  the decompressor (the real mode entry point goes to the same  32bit
+  entry point once it switched into protected mode). That entry point
+  supports one calling convention which is documented in
+  Documentation/x86/boot.rst
+  The physical pointer to the device-tree block is passed via setup_data
+  which requires at least boot protocol 2.09.
+  The type filed is defined as
+
+  #define SETUP_DTB                      2
+
+  This device-tree is used as an extension to the "boot page". As such it
+  does not parse / consider data which is already covered by the boot
+  page. This includes memory size, reserved ranges, command line arguments
+  or initrd address. It simply holds information which can not be retrieved
+  otherwise like interrupt routing or a list of devices behind an I2C bus.
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/index.rst b/Documentation/x86/index.rst
index 265d9e9a093b..1faf44f551bd 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/x86/index.rst
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ x86-specific Documentation
    :numbered:
 
    boot
+   booting-dt
    topology
    exception-tables
    kernel-stacks
-- 
2.25.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst
  2020-10-08 14:24 ` [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst Rob Herring
@ 2020-10-08 15:03   ` Borislav Petkov
  2020-10-09  3:51   ` Michael Ellerman
  2020-10-21  6:45   ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Borislav Petkov @ 2020-10-08 15:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rob Herring
  Cc: devicetree, linux-kernel, Frank Rowand, Mauro Carvalho Chehab,
	Geert Uytterhoeven, Michael Ellerman, Thomas Bogendoerfer,
	Jonathan Corbet, Paul Mackerras, Yoshinori Sato, Rich Felker,
	Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, x86, linuxppc-dev,
	linux-mips, linux-doc, linux-sh, Benjamin Herrenschmidt

On Thu, Oct 08, 2020 at 09:24:20AM -0500, Rob Herring wrote:
> booting-without-of.rstt is an ancient document that first outlined
> Flattened DeviceTree on PowerPC initially. The DT world has evolved a
> lot in the 15 years since and booting-without-of.rst is pretty stale.
> The name of the document itself is confusing if you don't understand the
> evolution from real 'OpenFirmware'. Most of what booting-without-of.rst
> contains is now in the DT specification (which evolved out of the
> ePAPR). The few things that weren't documented in the DT specification
> are now.
> 
> All that remains is the boot entry details, so let's move these to arch
> specific documents. The exception is arm which already has the same
> details documented.
> 
> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
> Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Cc: x86@kernel.org
> Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
> Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> ---
>  .../devicetree/booting-without-of.rst         | 1585 -----------------
>  Documentation/devicetree/index.rst            |    1 -
>  Documentation/mips/booting.rst                |   28 +
>  Documentation/mips/index.rst                  |    1 +
>  Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst             |  110 ++
>  Documentation/powerpc/index.rst               |    1 +
>  Documentation/sh/booting.rst                  |   12 +
>  Documentation/sh/index.rst                    |    1 +
>  Documentation/x86/booting-dt.rst              |   21 +
>  Documentation/x86/index.rst                   |    1 +

For x86:

Acked-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

Thx.

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

https://people.kernel.org/tglx/notes-about-netiquette

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst
  2020-10-08 14:24 ` [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst Rob Herring
  2020-10-08 15:03   ` Borislav Petkov
@ 2020-10-09  3:51   ` Michael Ellerman
  2020-10-21  6:45   ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Michael Ellerman @ 2020-10-09  3:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rob Herring, devicetree
  Cc: linux-kernel, Frank Rowand, Mauro Carvalho Chehab,
	Geert Uytterhoeven, Thomas Bogendoerfer, Jonathan Corbet,
	Paul Mackerras, Yoshinori Sato, Rich Felker, Thomas Gleixner,
	Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, H. Peter Anvin, x86, linuxppc-dev,
	linux-mips, linux-doc, linux-sh, Benjamin Herrenschmidt

Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> writes:
> booting-without-of.rstt is an ancient document that first outlined
                        ^
                        nit

> Flattened DeviceTree on PowerPC initially. The DT world has evolved a
> lot in the 15 years since and booting-without-of.rst is pretty stale.
> The name of the document itself is confusing if you don't understand the
> evolution from real 'OpenFirmware'. Most of what booting-without-of.rst
> contains is now in the DT specification (which evolved out of the
> ePAPR). The few things that weren't documented in the DT specification
> are now.
>
> All that remains is the boot entry details, so let's move these to arch
> specific documents. The exception is arm which already has the same
> details documented.
>
> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>
> Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Cc: x86@kernel.org
> Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
> Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> ---
>  .../devicetree/booting-without-of.rst         | 1585 -----------------
>  Documentation/devicetree/index.rst            |    1 -
>  Documentation/mips/booting.rst                |   28 +
>  Documentation/mips/index.rst                  |    1 +
>  Documentation/powerpc/booting.rst             |  110 ++

LGTM.

Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc)

cheers

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst
  2020-10-08 14:24 ` [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst Rob Herring
  2020-10-08 15:03   ` Borislav Petkov
  2020-10-09  3:51   ` Michael Ellerman
@ 2020-10-21  6:45   ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Mauro Carvalho Chehab @ 2020-10-21  6:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rob Herring
  Cc: devicetree, linux-kernel, Frank Rowand, Geert Uytterhoeven,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Bogendoerfer, Jonathan Corbet,
	Paul Mackerras, Yoshinori Sato, Rich Felker, Thomas Gleixner,
	Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, H. Peter Anvin, x86, linuxppc-dev,
	linux-mips, linux-doc, linux-sh, Benjamin Herrenschmidt

Hi Rob,

Em Thu,  8 Oct 2020 09:24:20 -0500
Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> escreveu:

> booting-without-of.rstt is an ancient document that first outlined
> Flattened DeviceTree on PowerPC initially. The DT world has evolved a
> lot in the 15 years since and booting-without-of.rst is pretty stale.
> The name of the document itself is confusing if you don't understand the
> evolution from real 'OpenFirmware'. Most of what booting-without-of.rst
> contains is now in the DT specification (which evolved out of the
> ePAPR). The few things that weren't documented in the DT specification
> are now.
> 
> All that remains is the boot entry details, so let's move these to arch
> specific documents. The exception is arm which already has the same
> details documented.

Removing this document caused a warning at Documentation/arm/booting.rst:

	$ ./scripts/documentation-file-ref-check 
	Documentation/arm/booting.rst: Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst

as it mentions that the DTB format is described on booting-without-of.rst:

	4b. Setup the device tree
	-------------------------

	The boot loader must load a device tree image (dtb) into system ram
	at a 64bit aligned address and initialize it with the boot data.  The
	dtb format is documented in Documentation/devicetree/booting-without-of.rst.
	The kernel will look for the dtb magic value of 0xd00dfeed at the dtb
	physical address to determine if a dtb has been passed instead of a
	tagged list.

So, I guess that such part of the document needs to be moved to booting.rst.

Thanks,
Mauro

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 4+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
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2020-10-08 14:24 ` [PATCH 2/2] dt: Remove booting-without-of.rst Rob Herring
2020-10-08 15:03   ` Borislav Petkov
2020-10-09  3:51   ` Michael Ellerman
2020-10-21  6:45   ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab

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