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From: Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@huawei.com>
To: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: <dalias@libc.org>, <linux-sh@vger.kernel.org>,
	<catalin.marinas@arm.com>, <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
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	<linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org>, <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>,
	<akpm@linux-foundation.org>, <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	<davem@davemloft.net>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/9] x86: numa: check the node id consistently for x86
Date: Mon, 2 Sep 2019 13:46:51 +0800
Message-ID: <ae64285f-5134-4147-7b02-34bb5d519e8c@huawei.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190831161247.GM2369@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net>

On 2019/9/1 0:12, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Sat, Aug 31, 2019 at 06:09:39PM +0800, Yunsheng Lin wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 2019/8/31 16:55, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>>> On Sat, Aug 31, 2019 at 01:58:16PM +0800, Yunsheng Lin wrote:
>>>> According to Section 6.2.14 from ACPI spec 6.3 [1], the setting
>>>> of proximity domain is optional, as below:
>>>>
>>>> This optional object is used to describe proximity domain
>>>> associations within a machine. _PXM evaluates to an integer
>>>> that identifies a device as belonging to a Proximity Domain
>>>> defined in the System Resource Affinity Table (SRAT).
>>>
>>> That's just words.. what does it actually mean?
>>
>> It means the dev_to_node(dev) may return -1 if the bios does not
>> implement the proximity domain feature, user may use that value
>> to call cpumask_of_node and cpumask_of_node does not protect itself
>> from node id being -1, which causes out of bound access.
> 
>>>> @@ -69,6 +69,12 @@ extern const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node);
>>>>  /* Returns a pointer to the cpumask of CPUs on Node 'node'. */
>>>>  static inline const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node)
>>>>  {
>>>> +	if (node >= nr_node_ids)
>>>> +		return cpu_none_mask;
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (node < 0 || !node_to_cpumask_map[node])
>>>> +		return cpu_online_mask;
>>>> +
>>>>  	return node_to_cpumask_map[node];
>>>>  }
>>>>  #endif
>>>
>>> I _reallly_ hate this. Users are expected to use valid numa ids. Now
>>> we're adding all this checking to all users. Why do we want to do that?
>>
>> As above, the dev_to_node(dev) may return -1.
>>
>>>
>>> Using '(unsigned)node >= nr_nods_ids' is an error.
>>
>> 'node >= nr_node_ids' can be dropped if all user is expected to not call
>> cpumask_of_node with node id greater or equal to nr_nods_ids.
> 
> you copied my typo :-)

I did note the typo, corrected the first one, but missed the second one :)

> 
>> From what I can see, the problem can be fixed in three place:
>> 1. Make user dev_to_node return a valid node id even when proximity
>>    domain is not set by bios(or node id set by buggy bios is not valid),
>>    which may need info from the numa system to make sure it will return
>>    a valid node.
>>
>> 2. User that call cpumask_of_node should ensure the node id is valid
>>    before calling cpumask_of_node, and user also need some info to
>>    make ensure node id is valid.
>>
>> 3. Make sure cpumask_of_node deal with invalid node id as this patchset.
>>
>> Which one do you prefer to make sure node id is valid, or do you
>> have any better idea?
>>
>> Any detail advice and suggestion will be very helpful, thanks.
> 
> 1) because even it is not set, the device really does belong to a node.
> It is impossible a device will have magic uniform access to memory when
> CPUs cannot.

So it means dev_to_node() will return either NUMA_NO_NODE or a
valid node id?

> 
> 2) is already true today, cpumask_of_node() requires a valid node_id.

Ok, most of the user does check node_id before calling
cpumask_of_node(), but does a little different type of checking:

1) some does " < 0" check;
2) some does "== NUMA_NO_NODE" check;
3) some does ">= MAX_NUMNODES" check;
4) some does "< 0 || >= MAX_NUMNODES || !node_online(node)" check.


> 
> 3) is just wrong and increases overhead for everyone.

Ok, cpumask_of_node() is also used in some critical path such
as scheduling, which may not need those checking, the overhead
is unnecessary.

But for non-critical path such as setup or configuration path,
it better to have consistent checking, and also simplify the
user code that calls cpumask_of_node().

Do you think it is worth the trouble to add a new function
such as cpumask_of_node_check(maybe some other name) to do
consistent checking?

Or caller just simply check if dev_to_node()'s return value is
NUMA_NO_NODE before calling cpumask_of_node()?


> 
> _______________________________________________
> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel
> 
> .
> 


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-31  5:58 [PATCH v2 0/9] check the node id consistently across different arches Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/9] arm64: numa: check the node id consistently for arm64 Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 2/9] x86: numa: check the node id consistently for x86 Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  8:55   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-08-31 10:09     ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31 16:12       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-01  4:45         ` Something about loongson_llsc_mb 陈华才
     [not found]           ` <2019090410032559707512@loongson.cn>
2019-09-04  9:21             ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-04 10:04               ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-04 12:57               ` Huang Pei
2019-09-02  5:46         ` Yunsheng Lin [this message]
2019-09-02  7:25           ` [PATCH v2 2/9] x86: numa: check the node id consistently for x86 Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-02 12:25             ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-09-02 12:56               ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-02 18:22                 ` Ingo Molnar
2019-09-02 19:14                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-03  6:19                 ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-09-03  7:11                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-09-03  8:31                     ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-09-02 18:17             ` Ingo Molnar
2019-09-03  7:53               ` [PATCH] x86/mm: Fix cpumask_of_node() error condition Peter Zijlstra
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 3/9] alpha: numa: check the node id consistently for alpha Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 4/9] powerpc: numa: check the node id consistently for powerpc Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 5/9] s390: numa: check the node id consistently for s390 Yunsheng Lin
2019-09-02  4:05   ` kbuild test robot
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 6/9] sh: numa: check the node id consistently for sh Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 7/9] sparc64: numa: check the node id consistently for sparc64 Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  6:53   ` David Miller
2019-08-31  8:57     ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31 20:02       ` David Miller
2019-09-02  6:08         ` Yunsheng Lin
2019-09-02 15:17           ` David Miller
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 8/9] mips: numa: check the node id consistently for mips ip27 Yunsheng Lin
2019-08-31  5:58 ` [PATCH v2 9/9] mips: numa: check the node id consistently for mips loongson64 Yunsheng Lin

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