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From: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
To: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>, Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>,
	Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>,
	Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>,
	Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>,
	kernel-team@fb.com, cgroups@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [v6 2/4] mm, oom: cgroup-aware OOM killer
Date: Wed, 23 Aug 2017 17:51:59 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20170823165201.24086-3-guro@fb.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170823165201.24086-1-guro@fb.com>

Traditionally, the OOM killer is operating on a process level.
Under oom conditions, it finds a process with the highest oom score
and kills it.

This behavior doesn't suit well the system with many running
containers:

1) There is no fairness between containers. A small container with
few large processes will be chosen over a large one with huge
number of small processes.

2) Containers often do not expect that some random process inside
will be killed. In many cases much safer behavior is to kill
all tasks in the container. Traditionally, this was implemented
in userspace, but doing it in the kernel has some advantages,
especially in a case of a system-wide OOM.

3) Per-process oom_score_adj affects global OOM, so it's a breache
in the isolation.

To address these issues, cgroup-aware OOM killer is introduced.

Under OOM conditions, it tries to find the biggest memory consumer,
and free memory by killing corresponding task(s). The difference
the "traditional" OOM killer is that it can treat memory cgroups
as memory consumers as well as single processes.

By default, it will look for the biggest leaf cgroup, and kill
the largest task inside.

But a user can change this behavior by enabling the per-cgroup
oom_kill_all_tasks option. If set, it causes the OOM killer treat
the whole cgroup as an indivisible memory consumer. In case if it's
selected as on OOM victim, all belonging tasks will be killed.

Tasks in the root cgroup are treated as independent memory consumers,
and are compared with other memory consumers (e.g. leaf cgroups).
The root cgroup doesn't support the oom_kill_all_tasks feature.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: kernel-team@fb.com
Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
 include/linux/memcontrol.h |  33 +++++++
 include/linux/oom.h        |  12 ++-
 mm/memcontrol.c            | 242 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/oom_kill.c              |  92 ++++++++++++++---
 4 files changed, 364 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
index 8556f1b86d40..c57ee47c35bb 100644
--- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
+++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ struct mem_cgroup;
 struct page;
 struct mm_struct;
 struct kmem_cache;
+struct oom_control;
 
 /* Cgroup-specific page state, on top of universal node page state */
 enum memcg_stat_item {
@@ -199,6 +200,12 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
 	/* OOM-Killer disable */
 	int		oom_kill_disable;
 
+	/* kill all tasks in the subtree in case of OOM */
+	bool oom_kill_all;
+
+	/* cached OOM score */
+	long oom_score;
+
 	/* handle for "memory.events" */
 	struct cgroup_file events_file;
 
@@ -342,6 +349,11 @@ struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css){
 	return css ? container_of(css, struct mem_cgroup, css) : NULL;
 }
 
+static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	css_put(&memcg->css);
+}
+
 #define mem_cgroup_from_counter(counter, member)	\
 	container_of(counter, struct mem_cgroup, member)
 
@@ -480,6 +492,13 @@ static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p)
 
 bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait);
 
+bool mem_cgroup_select_oom_victim(struct oom_control *oc);
+
+static inline bool mem_cgroup_oom_kill_all(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	return memcg->oom_kill_all;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP
 extern int do_swap_account;
 #endif
@@ -743,6 +762,10 @@ static inline bool task_in_mem_cgroup(struct task_struct *task,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
 static inline struct mem_cgroup *
 mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *root,
 		struct mem_cgroup *prev,
@@ -930,6 +953,16 @@ static inline
 void count_memcg_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx)
 {
 }
+
+static inline bool mem_cgroup_select_oom_victim(struct oom_control *oc)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool mem_cgroup_oom_kill_all(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	return false;
+}
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */
 
 /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */
diff --git a/include/linux/oom.h b/include/linux/oom.h
index 8a266e2be5a6..344ccb85eb74 100644
--- a/include/linux/oom.h
+++ b/include/linux/oom.h
@@ -7,6 +7,13 @@
 #include <linux/nodemask.h>
 #include <uapi/linux/oom.h>
 
+
+/*
+ * Special value returned by victim selection functions to indicate
+ * that are inflight OOM victims.
+ */
+#define INFLIGHT_VICTIM ((void *)-1UL)
+
 struct zonelist;
 struct notifier_block;
 struct mem_cgroup;
@@ -37,7 +44,8 @@ struct oom_control {
 
 	/* Used by oom implementation, do not set */
 	unsigned long totalpages;
-	struct task_struct *chosen;
+	struct task_struct *chosen_task;
+	struct mem_cgroup *chosen_memcg;
 	unsigned long chosen_points;
 };
 
@@ -79,6 +87,8 @@ extern void oom_killer_enable(void);
 
 extern struct task_struct *find_lock_task_mm(struct task_struct *p);
 
+extern int oom_evaluate_task(struct task_struct *task, void *arg);
+
 /* sysctls */
 extern int sysctl_oom_dump_tasks;
 extern int sysctl_oom_kill_allocating_task;
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index df6f63ee95d6..a620aaae6201 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -2639,6 +2639,215 @@ static inline bool memcg_has_children(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static long memcg_oom_badness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+			      const nodemask_t *nodemask)
+{
+	long points = 0;
+	int nid;
+	pg_data_t *pgdat;
+
+	for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) {
+		if (nodemask && !node_isset(nid, *nodemask))
+			continue;
+
+		points += mem_cgroup_node_nr_lru_pages(memcg, nid,
+				LRU_ALL_ANON | BIT(LRU_UNEVICTABLE));
+
+		pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
+		points += lruvec_page_state(mem_cgroup_lruvec(pgdat, memcg),
+					    NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE);
+	}
+
+	points += memcg_page_state(memcg, MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB) /
+		(PAGE_SIZE / 1024);
+	points += memcg_page_state(memcg, MEMCG_SOCK);
+	points += memcg_page_state(memcg, MEMCG_SWAP);
+
+	return points;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Checks if the given memcg is a valid OOM victim and returns a number,
+ * which means the folowing:
+ *   -1: there are inflight OOM victim tasks, belonging to the memcg
+ *    0: memcg is not eligible, e.g. all belonging tasks are protected
+ *       by oom_score_adj set to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN
+ *   >0: memcg is eligible, and the returned value is an estimation
+ *       of the memory footprint
+ */
+static long oom_evaluate_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+			       const nodemask_t *nodemask)
+{
+	struct css_task_iter it;
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	int eligible = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Memcg is OOM eligible if there are OOM killable tasks inside.
+	 *
+	 * If oom_kill_all is not set, we treat tasks with oom_score_adj
+	 * equal to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN as unkillable. Otherwise, we do ignore
+	 * per-process oom_score_adj.
+	 *
+	 * If there are inflight OOM victim tasks inside the memcg,
+	 * we return -1.
+	 */
+	css_task_iter_start(&memcg->css, 0, &it);
+	while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) {
+		if (!eligible &&
+		    (memcg->oom_kill_all ||
+		     task->signal->oom_score_adj != OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN))
+			eligible = 1;
+
+		if (tsk_is_oom_victim(task) &&
+		    !test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &task->signal->oom_mm->flags)) {
+			eligible = -1;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	css_task_iter_end(&it);
+
+	if (eligible <= 0)
+		return eligible;
+
+	return memcg_oom_badness(memcg, nodemask);
+}
+
+static void select_victim_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct oom_control *oc)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *iter, *parent;
+
+	for_each_mem_cgroup_tree(iter, root) {
+		if (memcg_has_children(iter)) {
+			iter->oom_score = 0;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		iter->oom_score = oom_evaluate_memcg(iter, oc->nodemask);
+
+		/*
+		 * Ignore empty and non-eligible memory cgroups.
+		 */
+		if (iter->oom_score == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * If there are inflight OOM victims, we don't need to look
+		 * further for new victims.
+		 */
+		if (iter->oom_score == -1) {
+			oc->chosen_memcg = INFLIGHT_VICTIM;
+			mem_cgroup_iter_break(root, iter);
+			return;
+		}
+
+		for (parent = parent_mem_cgroup(iter); parent && parent != root;
+		     parent = parent_mem_cgroup(parent))
+			parent->oom_score += iter->oom_score;
+	}
+
+	for (;;) {
+		struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
+		struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL;
+		long score = LONG_MIN;
+
+		css_for_each_child(css, &root->css) {
+			struct mem_cgroup *iter = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
+
+			/*
+			 * Ignore empty and non-eligible memory cgroups.
+			 */
+			if (iter->oom_score == 0)
+				continue;
+
+			if (iter->oom_score > score) {
+				memcg = iter;
+				score = iter->oom_score;
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (!memcg) {
+			if (oc->memcg && root == oc->memcg) {
+				oc->chosen_memcg = oc->memcg;
+				css_get(&oc->chosen_memcg->css);
+				oc->chosen_points = oc->memcg->oom_score;
+			}
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (memcg->oom_kill_all || !memcg_has_children(memcg)) {
+			oc->chosen_memcg = memcg;
+			css_get(&oc->chosen_memcg->css);
+			oc->chosen_points = score;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		root = memcg;
+	}
+}
+
+static void select_victim_root_cgroup_task(struct oom_control *oc)
+{
+	struct css_task_iter it;
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	css_task_iter_start(&root_mem_cgroup->css, 0, &it);
+	while (!ret && (task = css_task_iter_next(&it)))
+		ret = oom_evaluate_task(task, oc);
+	css_task_iter_end(&it);
+}
+
+bool mem_cgroup_select_oom_victim(struct oom_control *oc)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *root = root_mem_cgroup;
+
+	oc->chosen_task = NULL;
+	oc->chosen_memcg = NULL;
+
+	if (mem_cgroup_disabled())
+		return false;
+
+	if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys))
+		return false;
+
+	if (oc->memcg)
+		root = oc->memcg;
+
+	rcu_read_lock();
+
+	select_victim_memcg(root, oc);
+
+	/*
+	 * If existing OOM victims are found, no need to look further.
+	 */
+	if (oc->chosen_memcg == INFLIGHT_VICTIM) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * For system-wide OOMs we should consider tasks in the root cgroup
+	 * with oom_score larger than oc->chosen_points.
+	 */
+	if (!oc->memcg) {
+		select_victim_root_cgroup_task(oc);
+
+		if (oc->chosen_task && oc->chosen_memcg) {
+			/*
+			 * If we've decided to kill a task in the root memcg,
+			 * release chosen_memcg.
+			 */
+			css_put(&oc->chosen_memcg->css);
+			oc->chosen_memcg = NULL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	return oc->chosen_task || oc->chosen_memcg;
+}
+
 /*
  * Reclaims as many pages from the given memcg as possible.
  *
@@ -5190,6 +5399,33 @@ static ssize_t memory_max_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
 	return nbytes;
 }
 
+static int memory_oom_kill_all_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(seq_css(m));
+	bool oom_kill_all = memcg->oom_kill_all;
+
+	seq_printf(m, "%d\n", oom_kill_all);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t memory_oom_kill_all_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
+					       char *buf, size_t nbytes,
+					       loff_t off)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(of_css(of));
+	int oom_kill_all;
+	int err;
+
+	err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buf), 0, &oom_kill_all);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	memcg->oom_kill_all = oom_kill_all;
+
+	return nbytes;
+}
+
 static int memory_events_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 {
 	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(seq_css(m));
@@ -5310,6 +5546,12 @@ static struct cftype memory_files[] = {
 		.write = memory_max_write,
 	},
 	{
+		.name = "oom_kill_all",
+		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
+		.seq_show = memory_oom_kill_all_show,
+		.write = memory_oom_kill_all_write,
+	},
+	{
 		.name = "events",
 		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
 		.file_offset = offsetof(struct mem_cgroup, events_file),
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 5c29a3dd591b..3261020ab781 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ static enum oom_constraint constrained_alloc(struct oom_control *oc)
 	return CONSTRAINT_NONE;
 }
 
-static int oom_evaluate_task(struct task_struct *task, void *arg)
+int oom_evaluate_task(struct task_struct *task, void *arg)
 {
 	struct oom_control *oc = arg;
 	unsigned long points;
@@ -322,26 +322,26 @@ static int oom_evaluate_task(struct task_struct *task, void *arg)
 		goto next;
 
 	/* Prefer thread group leaders for display purposes */
-	if (points == oc->chosen_points && thread_group_leader(oc->chosen))
+	if (points == oc->chosen_points && thread_group_leader(oc->chosen_task))
 		goto next;
 select:
-	if (oc->chosen)
-		put_task_struct(oc->chosen);
+	if (oc->chosen_task)
+		put_task_struct(oc->chosen_task);
 	get_task_struct(task);
-	oc->chosen = task;
+	oc->chosen_task = task;
 	oc->chosen_points = points;
 next:
 	return 0;
 abort:
-	if (oc->chosen)
-		put_task_struct(oc->chosen);
-	oc->chosen = (void *)-1UL;
+	if (oc->chosen_task)
+		put_task_struct(oc->chosen_task);
+	oc->chosen_task = INFLIGHT_VICTIM;
 	return 1;
 }
 
 /*
  * Simple selection loop. We choose the process with the highest number of
- * 'points'. In case scan was aborted, oc->chosen is set to -1.
+ * 'points'. In case scan was aborted, oc->chosen_task is set to -1.
  */
 static void select_bad_process(struct oom_control *oc)
 {
@@ -823,6 +823,9 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
 	bool can_oom_reap = true;
 
+	if (is_global_init(victim) || (victim->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
+		return;
+
 	p = find_lock_task_mm(victim);
 	if (!p) {
 		put_task_struct(victim);
@@ -897,7 +900,7 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
 
 static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
 {
-	struct task_struct *p = oc->chosen;
+	struct task_struct *p = oc->chosen_task;
 	unsigned int points = oc->chosen_points;
 	struct task_struct *victim = p;
 	struct task_struct *child;
@@ -958,6 +961,64 @@ static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
 	put_task_struct(victim);
 }
 
+static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *unused)
+{
+	if (!tsk_is_oom_victim(task))
+		__oom_kill_process(task);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool oom_kill_memcg_victim(struct oom_control *oc)
+{
+	static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(oom_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
+				      DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
+
+	if (oc->chosen_task) {
+		if (oc->chosen_task == INFLIGHT_VICTIM)
+			return true;
+
+		if (__ratelimit(&oom_rs))
+			dump_header(oc, oc->chosen_task);
+
+		__oom_kill_process(oc->chosen_task);
+		put_task_struct(oc->chosen_task);
+
+		schedule_timeout_killable(1);
+		return true;
+
+	} else if (oc->chosen_memcg) {
+		if (oc->chosen_memcg == INFLIGHT_VICTIM)
+			return true;
+
+		/* Always begin with the biggest task */
+		oc->chosen_points = 0;
+		oc->chosen_task = NULL;
+		mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oc->chosen_memcg, oom_evaluate_task, oc);
+
+		if (oc->chosen_task && oc->chosen_task != INFLIGHT_VICTIM) {
+			if (__ratelimit(&oom_rs))
+				dump_header(oc, oc->chosen_task);
+
+			__oom_kill_process(oc->chosen_task);
+			put_task_struct(oc->chosen_task);
+
+			if (mem_cgroup_oom_kill_all(oc->chosen_memcg))
+				mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oc->chosen_memcg,
+						      oom_kill_memcg_member,
+						      NULL);
+			schedule_timeout_killable(1);
+		}
+
+		mem_cgroup_put(oc->chosen_memcg);
+		oc->chosen_memcg = NULL;
+		return oc->chosen_task;
+
+	} else {
+		oc->chosen_points = 0;
+		return false;
+	}
+}
+
 /*
  * Determines whether the kernel must panic because of the panic_on_oom sysctl.
  */
@@ -1054,18 +1115,21 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)
 	    current->mm && !oom_unkillable_task(current, NULL, oc->nodemask) &&
 	    current->signal->oom_score_adj != OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN) {
 		get_task_struct(current);
-		oc->chosen = current;
+		oc->chosen_task = current;
 		oom_kill_process(oc, "Out of memory (oom_kill_allocating_task)");
 		return true;
 	}
 
+	if (mem_cgroup_select_oom_victim(oc) && oom_kill_memcg_victim(oc))
+		return true;
+
 	select_bad_process(oc);
 	/* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */
-	if (!oc->chosen && !is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc)) {
+	if (!oc->chosen_task && !is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc)) {
 		dump_header(oc, NULL);
 		panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
 	}
-	if (oc->chosen && oc->chosen != (void *)-1UL) {
+	if (oc->chosen_task && oc->chosen_task != INFLIGHT_VICTIM) {
 		oom_kill_process(oc, !is_memcg_oom(oc) ? "Out of memory" :
 				 "Memory cgroup out of memory");
 		/*
@@ -1074,7 +1138,7 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)
 		 */
 		schedule_timeout_killable(1);
 	}
-	return !!oc->chosen;
+	return !!oc->chosen_task;
 }
 
 /*
-- 
2.13.5

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  parent reply	other threads:[~2017-08-23 16:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-08-23 16:51 [v6 1/4] mm, oom: refactor the oom_kill_process() function Roman Gushchin
2017-08-23 16:51 ` [v6 0/4] cgroup-aware OOM killer Roman Gushchin
2017-08-23 16:51 ` Roman Gushchin [this message]
2017-08-23 23:19   ` [v6 2/4] mm, oom: " David Rientjes
2017-08-25 10:57     ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 11:47   ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-24 12:28     ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 12:58       ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-24 13:58         ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 14:13           ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-24 14:58             ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-25  8:14               ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-25 10:39                 ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-25 10:58                   ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-30 11:22                 ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-30 20:56                   ` David Rientjes
2017-08-31 13:34                     ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-31 20:01                       ` David Rientjes
2017-08-23 16:52 ` [v6 3/4] mm, oom: introduce oom_priority for memory cgroups Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 12:10   ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-24 12:51     ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 13:48       ` Michal Hocko
2017-08-24 14:11         ` Roman Gushchin
2017-08-28 20:54           ` David Rientjes
2017-08-23 16:52 ` [v6 4/4] mm, oom, docs: describe the cgroup-aware OOM killer Roman Gushchin
2017-08-24 11:15 ` [v6 1/4] mm, oom: refactor the oom_kill_process() function Michal Hocko

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