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From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>, Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	Andrea Argangeli <andrea@kernel.org>,
	Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>,
	Stefan Priebe - Profihost AG <s.priebe@profihost.ag>,
	"Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>,
	Stable tree <stable@vger.kernel.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] mm: thp:  relax __GFP_THISNODE for MADV_HUGEPAGE mappings
Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2018 14:03:25 +0200
Message-ID: <20180925120326.24392-2-mhocko@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180925120326.24392-1-mhocko@kernel.org>

From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>

THP allocation might be really disruptive when allocated on NUMA system
with the local node full or hard to reclaim. Stefan has posted an
allocation stall report on 4.12 based SLES kernel which suggests the
same issue:

[245513.362669] kvm: page allocation stalls for 194572ms, order:9, mode:0x4740ca(__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE|__GFP_MOVABLE|__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM), nodemask=(null)
[245513.363983] kvm cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0-1
[245513.364604] CPU: 10 PID: 84752 Comm: kvm Tainted: G        W 4.12.0+98-ph <a href="/view.php?id=1" title="[geschlossen] Integration Ramdisk" class="resolved">0000001</a> SLE15 (unreleased)
[245513.365258] Hardware name: Supermicro SYS-1029P-WTRT/X11DDW-NT, BIOS 2.0 12/05/2017
[245513.365905] Call Trace:
[245513.366535]  dump_stack+0x5c/0x84
[245513.367148]  warn_alloc+0xe0/0x180
[245513.367769]  __alloc_pages_slowpath+0x820/0xc90
[245513.368406]  ? __slab_free+0xa9/0x2f0
[245513.369048]  ? __slab_free+0xa9/0x2f0
[245513.369671]  __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x1cc/0x210
[245513.370300]  alloc_pages_vma+0x1e5/0x280
[245513.370921]  do_huge_pmd_wp_page+0x83f/0xf00
[245513.371554]  ? set_huge_zero_page.isra.52.part.53+0x9b/0xb0
[245513.372184]  ? do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page+0x631/0x6d0
[245513.372812]  __handle_mm_fault+0x93d/0x1060
[245513.373439]  handle_mm_fault+0xc6/0x1b0
[245513.374042]  __do_page_fault+0x230/0x430
[245513.374679]  ? get_vtime_delta+0x13/0xb0
[245513.375411]  do_page_fault+0x2a/0x70
[245513.376145]  ? page_fault+0x65/0x80
[245513.376882]  page_fault+0x7b/0x80
[...]
[245513.382056] Mem-Info:
[245513.382634] active_anon:126315487 inactive_anon:1612476 isolated_anon:5
                 active_file:60183 inactive_file:245285 isolated_file:0
                 unevictable:15657 dirty:286 writeback:1 unstable:0
                 slab_reclaimable:75543 slab_unreclaimable:2509111
                 mapped:81814 shmem:31764 pagetables:370616 bounce:0
                 free:32294031 free_pcp:6233 free_cma:0
[245513.386615] Node 0 active_anon:254680388kB inactive_anon:1112760kB active_file:240648kB inactive_file:981168kB unevictable:13368kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB mapped:280240kB dirty:1144kB writeback:0kB shmem:95832kB shmem_thp: 0kB shmem_pmdmapped: 0kB anon_thp: 81225728kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB all_unreclaimable? no
[245513.388650] Node 1 active_anon:250583072kB inactive_anon:5337144kB active_file:84kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:49260kB isolated(anon):20kB isolated(file):0kB mapped:47016kB dirty:0kB writeback:4kB shmem:31224kB shmem_thp: 0kB shmem_pmdmapped: 0kB anon_thp: 31897600kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB all_unreclaimable? no

The defrag mode is "madvise" and from the above report it is clear that
the THP has been allocated for MADV_HUGEPAGA vma.

Andrea has identified that the main source of the problem is
__GFP_THISNODE usage:

: The problem is that direct compaction combined with the NUMA
: __GFP_THISNODE logic in mempolicy.c is telling reclaim to swap very
: hard the local node, instead of failing the allocation if there's no
: THP available in the local node.
:
: Such logic was ok until __GFP_THISNODE was added to the THP allocation
: path even with MPOL_DEFAULT.
:
: The idea behind the __GFP_THISNODE addition, is that it is better to
: provide local memory in PAGE_SIZE units than to use remote NUMA THP
: backed memory. That largely depends on the remote latency though, on
: threadrippers for example the overhead is relatively low in my
: experience.
:
: The combination of __GFP_THISNODE and __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM results in
: extremely slow qemu startup with vfio, if the VM is larger than the
: size of one host NUMA node. This is because it will try very hard to
: unsuccessfully swapout get_user_pages pinned pages as result of the
: __GFP_THISNODE being set, instead of falling back to PAGE_SIZE
: allocations and instead of trying to allocate THP on other nodes (it
: would be even worse without vfio type1 GUP pins of course, except it'd
: be swapping heavily instead).

Fix this by removing __GFP_THISNODE for THP requests which are
requesting the direct reclaim. This effectivelly reverts 5265047ac301 on
the grounds that the zone/node reclaim was known to be disruptive due
to premature reclaim when there was memory free. While it made sense at
the time for HPC workloads without NUMA awareness on rare machines, it
was ultimately harmful in the majority of cases. The existing behaviour
is similiar, if not as widespare as it applies to a corner case but
crucially, it cannot be tuned around like zone_reclaim_mode can. The
default behaviour should always be to cause the least harm for the
common case.

If there are specialised use cases out there that want zone_reclaim_mode
in specific cases, then it can be built on top. Longterm we should
consider a memory policy which allows for the node reclaim like behavior
for the specific memory ranges which would allow a

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180820032204.9591-1-aarcange@redhat.com

[mhocko@suse.com: rewrote the changelog based on the one from Andrea]
Fixes: 5265047ac301 ("mm, thp: really limit transparent hugepage allocation to local node")
Cc: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Cc: stable # 4.1+
Reported-by: Stefan Priebe <s.priebe@profihost.ag>
Debugged-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
---
 mm/mempolicy.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/mempolicy.c b/mm/mempolicy.c
index da858f794eb6..149b6f4cf023 100644
--- a/mm/mempolicy.c
+++ b/mm/mempolicy.c
@@ -2046,8 +2046,36 @@ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 		nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol);
 		if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) {
 			mpol_cond_put(pol);
-			page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node,
-						gfp | __GFP_THISNODE, order);
+			/*
+			 * We cannot invoke reclaim if __GFP_THISNODE
+			 * is set. Invoking reclaim with
+			 * __GFP_THISNODE set, would cause THP
+			 * allocations to trigger heavy swapping
+			 * despite there may be tons of free memory
+			 * (including potentially plenty of THP
+			 * already available in the buddy) on all the
+			 * other NUMA nodes.
+			 *
+			 * At most we could invoke compaction when
+			 * __GFP_THISNODE is set (but we would need to
+			 * refrain from invoking reclaim even if
+			 * compaction returned COMPACT_SKIPPED because
+			 * there wasn't not enough memory to succeed
+			 * compaction). For now just avoid
+			 * __GFP_THISNODE instead of limiting the
+			 * allocation path to a strict and single
+			 * compaction invocation.
+			 *
+			 * Supposedly if direct reclaim was enabled by
+			 * the caller, the app prefers THP regardless
+			 * of the node it comes from so this would be
+			 * more desiderable behavior than only
+			 * providing THP originated from the local
+			 * node in such case.
+			 */
+			if (!(gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM))
+				gfp |= __GFP_THISNODE;
+			page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp, order);
 			goto out;
 		}
 	}
-- 
2.18.0

  reply index

Thread overview: 74+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-09-25 12:03 [PATCH 0/2] thp nodereclaim fixes Michal Hocko
2018-09-25 12:03 ` Michal Hocko [this message]
2018-09-25 12:20   ` [PATCH 1/2] mm: thp: relax __GFP_THISNODE for MADV_HUGEPAGE mappings Mel Gorman
2018-09-25 12:30     ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-04 20:16   ` David Rientjes
2018-10-04 21:10     ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-04 23:05       ` David Rientjes
2018-10-06  3:19         ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-05  7:38     ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-05 20:35       ` David Rientjes
2018-10-05 23:21         ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-08 20:41           ` David Rientjes
2018-10-09  9:48             ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-09 12:27               ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-09 13:00                 ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-09 14:25                   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-09 15:16                     ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-09 23:03                     ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-10 21:19                       ` David Rientjes
2018-10-15 22:30                         ` David Rientjes
2018-10-15 22:44                           ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-15 23:19                             ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-22 20:54                               ` David Rientjes
2018-10-16  7:46                             ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-16 22:37                               ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-16 23:11                                 ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-16 23:16                                   ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-17  7:08                                     ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-17  9:00                                 ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-22 21:04                               ` David Rientjes
2018-10-23  1:27                                 ` Zi Yan
2018-10-28 21:45                                   ` David Rientjes
2018-10-23  7:57                                 ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-23  8:38                                   ` Mel Gorman
2018-10-15 22:57                           ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-22 20:45                             ` David Rientjes
2018-10-09 22:17               ` David Rientjes
2018-10-09 22:51                 ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-10  7:54                   ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-10 21:00                   ` David Rientjes
2018-10-09 13:08             ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-09 22:21             ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-10-29  5:17   ` Balbir Singh
2018-10-29  9:00     ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-29  9:42       ` Balbir Singh
2018-10-29 10:08         ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-29 10:56           ` Andrea Arcangeli
2018-09-25 12:03 ` [PATCH 2/2] mm, thp: consolidate THP gfp handling into alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask Michal Hocko
2018-09-26 13:30   ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-09-26 14:17     ` Michal Hocko
2018-09-26 14:22       ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-19  2:11         ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-19  8:06           ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-22 13:27             ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-24 23:17               ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-25  4:56                 ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-25 16:14                   ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-25 16:18                     ` Andrew Morton
2018-10-25 16:45                       ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-22 13:15         ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-22 13:30           ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-22 13:35             ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-22 13:46               ` Michal Hocko
2018-10-22 13:53                 ` Vlastimil Babka
2018-10-04 20:17     ` David Rientjes
2018-10-04 21:49       ` Zi Yan
2018-10-09 12:36       ` Michal Hocko
2018-09-26 13:08 ` linux-mm@ archive on lore.kernel.org (Was: [PATCH 0/2] thp nodereclaim fixes) Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-09-26 13:14   ` Michal Hocko
2018-09-26 22:22     ` Andrew Morton
2018-09-26 23:08       ` Mel Gorman
2018-09-27  0:47         ` Konstantin Ryabitsev
2018-09-26 15:25   ` Konstantin Ryabitsev
2018-09-27 11:30     ` Kirill A. Shutemov

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