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From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
To: Mikhail Zaslonko <zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com,
	schwidefsky@de.ibm.com, heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com,
	gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/1] mm, memory_hotplug: Initialize struct pages for the full memory section
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2018 14:24:51 +0100
Message-ID: <20181210132451.GO1286@dhcp22.suse.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181210130712.30148-2-zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>

On Mon 10-12-18 14:07:12, Mikhail Zaslonko wrote:
> If memory end is not aligned with the sparse memory section boundary, the
> mapping of such a section is only partly initialized.

It would be great to mention how you can end up in the situation like
this(a user provided memmap or a strange HW). 

> This may lead to
> VM_BUG_ON due to uninitialized struct page access from
> is_mem_section_removable() or test_pages_in_a_zone() function triggered by
> memory_hotplug sysfs handlers:
> 
>  page:000003d082008000 is uninitialized and poisoned
>  page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p))
>  Call Trace:
>  ([<0000000000385b26>] test_pages_in_a_zone+0xde/0x160)
>   [<00000000008f15c4>] show_valid_zones+0x5c/0x190
>   [<00000000008cf9c4>] dev_attr_show+0x34/0x70
>   [<0000000000463ad0>] sysfs_kf_seq_show+0xc8/0x148
>   [<00000000003e4194>] seq_read+0x204/0x480
>   [<00000000003b53ea>] __vfs_read+0x32/0x178
>   [<00000000003b55b2>] vfs_read+0x82/0x138
>   [<00000000003b5be2>] ksys_read+0x5a/0xb0
>   [<0000000000b86ba0>] system_call+0xdc/0x2d8
>  Last Breaking-Event-Address:
>   [<0000000000385b26>] test_pages_in_a_zone+0xde/0x160
>  Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception: panic_on_oops
> 
> Fix the problem by initializing the last memory section of the highest zone
> in memmap_init_zone() till the very end, even if it goes beyond the zone
> end.

Why do we need to restrict this to the highest zone? In other words, why
cannot we do what I was suggesting earlier [1]. What does prevent other
zones to have an incomplete section boundary?

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181105183533.GQ4361@dhcp22.suse.cz

> Signed-off-by: Mikhail Zaslonko <zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>
> Reviewed-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 15 +++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 15 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 2ec9cc407216..41ef5508e5f1 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5542,6 +5542,21 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
>  			cond_resched();
>  		}
>  	}
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
> +	/*
> +	 * If there is no zone spanning the rest of the section
> +	 * then we should at least initialize those pages. Otherwise we
> +	 * could blow up on a poisoned page in some paths which depend
> +	 * on full sections being initialized (e.g. memory hotplug).
> +	 */
> +	if (end_pfn == max_pfn) {
> +		while (end_pfn % PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
> +			__init_single_page(pfn_to_page(end_pfn), end_pfn, zone,
> +					   nid);
> +			end_pfn++;
> +		}
> +	}
> +#endif
>  }
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
> -- 
> 2.16.4

-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

  reply index

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-12-10 13:07 [PATCH 0/1] Initialize struct pages for the full section Mikhail Zaslonko
2018-12-10 13:07 ` [PATCH 1/1] mm, memory_hotplug: Initialize struct pages for the full memory section Mikhail Zaslonko
2018-12-10 13:24   ` Michal Hocko [this message]
2018-12-10 15:45     ` Zaslonko Mikhail
2018-12-10 18:19       ` Michal Hocko
2018-12-11 15:18         ` Zaslonko Mikhail
2018-12-11  9:49     ` Wei Yang
2018-12-11 15:17       ` Zaslonko Mikhail
2018-12-11 22:24         ` Wei Yang
2018-12-10 15:10   ` Wei Yang
2018-12-10 16:14     ` Zaslonko Mikhail
2018-12-11  1:50       ` Wei Yang
2018-12-11 15:23         ` Zaslonko Mikhail
2018-12-11 22:14           ` Wei Yang
2018-12-10 21:09   ` Sasha Levin
2019-06-14 21:56   ` Sasha Levin

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