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From: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
To: n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com
Cc: mhocko@kernel.org, mike.kravetz@oracle.com, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Subject: [RFC PATCH v2 11/16] mm,hwpoison: Rework soft offline for in-use pages
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2019 16:21:18 +0200
Message-ID: <20191017142123.24245-12-osalvador@suse.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191017142123.24245-1-osalvador@suse.de>

This patch changes the way we set and handle in-use poisoned pages.
Until now, poisoned pages were released to the buddy allocator, trusting
that the checks that take place prior to hand the page would act as a
safe net and would skip that page.

This has proved to be wrong, as we got some pfn walkers out there, like
compaction, that all they care is the page to be PageBuddy and be in a
freelist.
Although this might not be the only user, having poisoned pages
in the buddy allocator seems a bad idea as we should only have
free pages that are ready and meant to be used as such.

Before explainaing the taken approach, let us break down the kind
of pages we can soft offline.

- Anonymous THP (after the split, they end up being 4K pages)
- Hugetlb
- Order-0 pages (that can be either migrated or invalited)

* Normal pages (order-0 and anon-THP)

  - If they are clean and unmapped page cache pages, we invalidate
    then by means of invalidate_inode_page().
  - If they are mapped/dirty, we do the isolate-and-migrate dance.

  Either way, do not call put_page directly from those paths.
  Instead, we keep the page and send it to page_set_poison to perform the
  right handling.

  page_set_poison sets the HWPoison flag and does the last put_page.
  This call to put_page is mainly to be able to call __page_cache_release,
  since this function is not exported.

  Down the chain, we placed a check for HWPoison page in free_pages_prepare,
  that just skips any poisoned page, so those pages do not end up in any
  pcplist/freelist.

  After that, we set the refcount on the page to 1 and we increment
  the poisoned pages counter.

  We could do as we do for free pages:
  1) wait until the page hits buddy's freelists
  2) take it off
  3) flag it

  The problem is that we could race with an allocation, so by the time we
  want to take the page off the buddy, the page is already allocated, so we
  cannot soft-offline it.
  This is not fatal of course, but if it is better if we can close the race
  as does not require a lot of code.

* Hugetlb pages

  - We isolate-and-migrate them

  After the migration has been succesful, we call dissolve_free_huge_page,
  and we set HWPoison on the page if we succeed.
  Hugetlb has a slightly different handling though.

  While for non-hugetlb pages we cared about closing the race with an allocation,
  doing so for hugetlb pages requires quite some additional code (we would need to
  hook in free_huge_page and some other places).
  So I decided to not make the code overly complicated and just fail normally
  if the page we allocated in the meantime.

Because of the way we handle now in-use pages, we no longer need the
put-as-isolation-migratetype dance, that was guarding for poisoned pages
to end up in pcplists.

Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
---
 include/linux/page-flags.h |  5 -----
 mm/memory-failure.c        | 43 ++++++++++++++-----------------------------
 mm/migrate.c               | 11 +++--------
 mm/page_alloc.c            | 31 +++----------------------------
 4 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 70 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index f91cb8898ff0..21df81c9ea57 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -414,13 +414,8 @@ PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached)
 PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY)
 TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY)
 #define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison)
-extern bool set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(struct page *page);
 #else
 PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison)
-static inline bool set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(struct page *page)
-{
-	return 0;
-}
 #define __PG_HWPOISON 0
 #endif
 
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index 1d986580522d..9b40cf1cb4fc 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -80,9 +80,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hwpoison_filter_flags_value);
 
 extern bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page);
 
-static void page_handle_poison(struct page *page)
+static void page_handle_poison(struct page *page, bool release)
 {
 	SetPageHWPoison(page);
+	if (release)
+		put_page(page);
 	page_ref_inc(page);
 	num_poisoned_pages_inc();
 }
@@ -1713,19 +1715,13 @@ static int soft_offline_huge_page(struct page *page)
 			ret = -EIO;
 	} else {
 		/*
-		 * We set PG_hwpoison only when the migration source hugepage
-		 * was successfully dissolved, because otherwise hwpoisoned
-		 * hugepage remains on free hugepage list, then userspace will
-		 * find it as SIGBUS by allocation failure. That's not expected
-		 * in soft-offlining.
+		 * We set PG_hwpoison only when we were able to take the page
+		 * off the buddy.
 		 */
-		ret = dissolve_free_huge_page(page);
-		if (!ret) {
-			if (set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(page))
-				num_poisoned_pages_inc();
-			else
-				ret = -EBUSY;
-		}
+		if (!dissolve_free_huge_page(page) && take_page_off_buddy(page))
+			page_handle_poison(page, false);
+		else
+			ret = -EBUSY;
 	}
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -1760,10 +1756,8 @@ static int __soft_offline_page(struct page *page)
 	 * would need to fix isolation locking first.
 	 */
 	if (ret == 1) {
-		put_page(page);
 		pr_info("soft_offline: %#lx: invalidated\n", pfn);
-		SetPageHWPoison(page);
-		num_poisoned_pages_inc();
+		page_handle_poison(page, true);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -1794,7 +1788,9 @@ static int __soft_offline_page(struct page *page)
 		list_add(&page->lru, &pagelist);
 		ret = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL,
 					MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMORY_FAILURE);
-		if (ret) {
+		if (!ret) {
+			page_handle_poison(page, true);
+		} else {
 			if (!list_empty(&pagelist))
 				putback_movable_pages(&pagelist);
 
@@ -1813,27 +1809,16 @@ static int __soft_offline_page(struct page *page)
 static int soft_offline_in_use_page(struct page *page)
 {
 	int ret;
-	int mt;
 	struct page *hpage = compound_head(page);
 
 	if (!PageHuge(page) && PageTransHuge(hpage))
 		if (try_to_split_thp_page(page, "soft offline") < 0)
 			return -EBUSY;
 
-	/*
-	 * Setting MIGRATE_ISOLATE here ensures that the page will be linked
-	 * to free list immediately (not via pcplist) when released after
-	 * successful page migration. Otherwise we can't guarantee that the
-	 * page is really free after put_page() returns, so
-	 * set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() highly likely fails.
-	 */
-	mt = get_pageblock_migratetype(page);
-	set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_ISOLATE);
 	if (PageHuge(page))
 		ret = soft_offline_huge_page(page);
 	else
 		ret = __soft_offline_page(page);
-	set_pageblock_migratetype(page, mt);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1842,7 +1827,7 @@ static int soft_offline_free_page(struct page *page)
 	int rc = -EBUSY;
 
 	if (!dissolve_free_huge_page(page) && take_page_off_buddy(page)) {
-		page_handle_poison(page);
+		page_handle_poison(page, false);
 		rc = 0;
 	}
 
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 4fe45d1428c8..71acece248d7 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -1224,16 +1224,11 @@ static ICE_noinline int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page,
 	 * we want to retry.
 	 */
 	if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
-		put_page(page);
-		if (reason == MR_MEMORY_FAILURE) {
+		if (reason != MR_MEMORY_FAILURE)
 			/*
-			 * Set PG_HWPoison on just freed page
-			 * intentionally. Although it's rather weird,
-			 * it's how HWPoison flag works at the moment.
+			 * We release the page in page_handle_poison.
 			 */
-			if (set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(page))
-				num_poisoned_pages_inc();
-		}
+			put_page(page);
 	} else {
 		if (rc != -EAGAIN) {
 			if (likely(!__PageMovable(page))) {
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 255df0c76a40..cb35a4c8b1f2 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1132,6 +1132,9 @@ static __always_inline bool free_pages_prepare(struct page *page,
 
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page);
 
+	if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(page)) && !order)
+		return false;
+
 	trace_mm_page_free(page, order);
 
 	/*
@@ -8698,32 +8701,4 @@ bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page)
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
 	return ret;
  }
-
-/*
- * Set PG_hwpoison flag if a given page is confirmed to be a free page.  This
- * test is performed under the zone lock to prevent a race against page
- * allocation.
- */
-bool set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(struct page *page)
-{
-	struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
-	unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
-	unsigned long flags;
-	unsigned int order;
-	bool hwpoisoned = false;
-
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
-	for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
-		struct page *page_head = page - (pfn & ((1 << order) - 1));
-
-		if (PageBuddy(page_head) && page_order(page_head) >= order) {
-			if (!TestSetPageHWPoison(page))
-				hwpoisoned = true;
-			break;
-		}
-	}
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
-
-	return hwpoisoned;
-}
 #endif
-- 
2.12.3



  parent reply index

Thread overview: 57+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-17 14:21 [RFC PATCH v2 00/16] Hwpoison rework {hard,soft}-offline Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 01/16] mm,hwpoison: cleanup unused PageHuge() check Oscar Salvador
2019-10-18 11:48   ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-21  7:00     ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-21 12:16       ` Michal Hocko
2019-11-12 12:22       ` Aneesh Kumar K.V
2019-11-13  6:02         ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 02/16] mm,madvise: call soft_offline_page() without MF_COUNT_INCREASED Oscar Salvador
2019-10-18 11:52   ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-21  7:02     ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-21 12:20       ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 03/16] mm,madvise: Refactor madvise_inject_error Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  7:03   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 04/16] mm,hwpoison-inject: don't pin for hwpoison_filter Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 05/16] mm,hwpoison: Un-export get_hwpoison_page and make it static Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  7:03   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 06/16] mm,hwpoison: Kill put_hwpoison_page Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  7:04   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 07/16] mm,hwpoison: remove MF_COUNT_INCREASED Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 08/16] mm,hwpoison: remove flag argument from soft offline functions Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 09/16] mm,hwpoison: Unify THP handling for hard and soft offline Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  7:04   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-21  9:51     ` [PATCH 17/16] mm,hwpoison: introduce MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-22  8:00       ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 10/16] mm,hwpoison: Rework soft offline for free pages Oscar Salvador
2019-10-18 12:06   ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-21 12:58     ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21 15:41       ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22  7:46         ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-22  8:26           ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22  8:35             ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-22  9:22               ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22  9:58                 ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-22 10:24                   ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22 10:33                     ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-23  2:15                       ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-23  2:01                   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-21  7:45   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-22  8:00     ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` Oscar Salvador [this message]
2019-10-18 12:39   ` [RFC PATCH v2 11/16] mm,hwpoison: Rework soft offline for in-use pages Michal Hocko
2019-10-21 13:48     ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21 14:06       ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22  7:56         ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-22  8:30           ` Michal Hocko
2019-10-22  9:40             ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 12/16] mm,hwpoison: Refactor soft_offline_huge_page and __soft_offline_page Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 13/16] mm,hwpoison: Take pages off the buddy when hard-offlining Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 14/16] mm,hwpoison: Return 0 if the page is already poisoned in soft-offline Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  9:20   ` Naoya Horiguchi
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 15/16] mm/hwpoison-inject: Rip off duplicated checks Oscar Salvador
2019-10-21  9:40   ` David Hildenbrand
2019-10-22  7:57     ` Oscar Salvador
2019-10-17 14:21 ` [RFC PATCH v2 16/16] mm, soft-offline: convert parameter to pfn Oscar Salvador
2019-10-18  8:15   ` David Hildenbrand
2020-06-11 16:43 ` [RFC PATCH v2 00/16] Hwpoison rework {hard,soft}-offline Dmitry Yakunin
2020-06-15  6:19   ` HORIGUCHI NAOYA(堀口 直也)

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