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From: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org, alex@ghiti.fr, aou@eecs.berkeley.edu,
	ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org, arnd@arndb.de,
	benh@kernel.crashing.org, borntraeger@de.ibm.com, bp@alien8.de,
	catalin.marinas@arm.com, dave.hansen@linux.intel.com,
	davem@davemloft.net, gor@linux.ibm.com,
	heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com, hpa@zytor.com, james.morse@arm.com,
	jglisse@redhat.com, jhogan@kernel.org, kan.liang@linux.intel.com,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux@armlinux.org.uk, luto@kernel.org,
	mark.rutland@arm.com, mingo@redhat.com,
	mm-commits@vger.kernel.org, mpe@ellerman.id.au,
	paul.burton@mips.com, paul.walmsley@sifive.com, paulus@samba.org,
	peterz@infradead.org, ralf@linux-mips.org, sfr@canb.auug.org.au,
	steven.price@arm.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org, vgupta@synopsys.com,
	will@kernel.org, zong.li@sifive.com
Subject: [patch 47/67] x86: mm: avoid allocating struct mm_struct on the stack
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2020 17:36:42 -0800
Message-ID: <20200204013642.91mpRPzlx%akpm@linux-foundation.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200203173311.6269a8be06a05e5a4aa08a93@linux-foundation.org>

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Subject: x86: mm: avoid allocating struct mm_struct on the stack

struct mm_struct is quite large (~1664 bytes) and so allocating on the
stack may cause problems as the kernel stack size is small.

Since ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core() was only allocating the structure so
that it could modify the pgd argument we can instead introduce a pgd
override in struct mm_walk and pass this down the call stack to where it
is needed.

Since the correct mm_struct is now being passed down, it is now also
unnecessary to take the mmap_sem semaphore because ptdump_walk_pgd() will
now take the semaphore on the real mm.

[steven.price@arm.com: restore missed arm64 changes]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200108145710.34314-1-steven.price@arm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200108145710.34314-1-steven.price@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Alexandre Ghiti <alex@ghiti.fr>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>
Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: "Liang, Kan" <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 arch/arm64/mm/dump.c           |    4 ++--
 arch/x86/mm/debug_pagetables.c |   10 ++--------
 arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c  |   18 +++++++-----------
 include/linux/pagewalk.h       |    3 +++
 include/linux/ptdump.h         |    2 +-
 mm/pagewalk.c                  |    7 ++++++-
 mm/ptdump.c                    |    4 ++--
 7 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
@@ -323,7 +323,7 @@ void ptdump_walk(struct seq_file *s, str
 		}
 	};
 
-	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, info->mm);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, info->mm, NULL);
 }
 
 static void ptdump_initialize(void)
@@ -361,7 +361,7 @@ void ptdump_check_wx(void)
 		}
 	};
 
-	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, &init_mm);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, &init_mm, NULL);
 
 	if (st.wx_pages || st.uxn_pages)
 		pr_warn("Checked W+X mappings: FAILED, %lu W+X pages found, %lu non-UXN pages found\n",
--- a/arch/x86/mm/debug_pagetables.c~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/debug_pagetables.c
@@ -15,11 +15,8 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(ptdump);
 
 static int ptdump_curknl_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 {
-	if (current->mm->pgd) {
-		down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+	if (current->mm->pgd)
 		ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(m, current->mm, false);
-		up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
-	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -28,11 +25,8 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(ptdump_curknl);
 #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION
 static int ptdump_curusr_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 {
-	if (current->mm->pgd) {
-		down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+	if (current->mm->pgd)
 		ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(m, current->mm, true);
-		up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
-	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
--- a/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c
@@ -357,7 +357,8 @@ static void note_page(struct ptdump_stat
 	}
 }
 
-static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(struct seq_file *m, pgd_t *pgd,
+static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(struct seq_file *m,
+				       struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
 				       bool checkwx, bool dmesg)
 {
 	const struct ptdump_range ptdump_ranges[] = {
@@ -386,12 +387,7 @@ static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(s
 		.seq		= m
 	};
 
-	struct mm_struct fake_mm = {
-		.pgd = pgd
-	};
-	init_rwsem(&fake_mm.mmap_sem);
-
-	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, &fake_mm);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd(&st.ptdump, mm, pgd);
 
 	if (!checkwx)
 		return;
@@ -404,7 +400,7 @@ static void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(s
 
 void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm)
 {
-	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(m, mm->pgd, false, true);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(m, mm, mm->pgd, false, true);
 }
 
 void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm,
@@ -415,7 +411,7 @@ void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struc
 	if (user && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI))
 		pgd = kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd);
 #endif
-	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(m, pgd, false, false);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(m, mm, pgd, false, false);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs);
 
@@ -430,13 +426,13 @@ void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(
 
 	pr_info("x86/mm: Checking user space page tables\n");
 	pgd = kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd);
-	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(NULL, pgd, true, false);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(NULL, &init_mm, pgd, true, false);
 #endif
 }
 
 void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void)
 {
-	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(NULL, INIT_PGD, true, false);
+	ptdump_walk_pgd_level_core(NULL, &init_mm, INIT_PGD, true, false);
 }
 
 static int __init pt_dump_init(void)
--- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@ enum page_walk_action {
  * mm_walk - walk_page_range data
  * @ops:	operation to call during the walk
  * @mm:		mm_struct representing the target process of page table walk
+ * @pgd:	pointer to PGD; only valid with no_vma (otherwise set to NULL)
  * @vma:	vma currently walked (NULL if walking outside vmas)
  * @action:	next action to perform (see enum page_walk_action)
  * @no_vma:	walk ignoring vmas (vma will always be NULL)
@@ -84,6 +85,7 @@ enum page_walk_action {
 struct mm_walk {
 	const struct mm_walk_ops *ops;
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	pgd_t *pgd;
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	enum page_walk_action action;
 	bool no_vma;
@@ -95,6 +97,7 @@ int walk_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm
 		void *private);
 int walk_page_range_novma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end, const struct mm_walk_ops *ops,
+			  pgd_t *pgd,
 			  void *private);
 int walk_page_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct mm_walk_ops *ops,
 		void *private);
--- a/include/linux/ptdump.h~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/include/linux/ptdump.h
@@ -17,6 +17,6 @@ struct ptdump_state {
 	const struct ptdump_range *range;
 };
 
-void ptdump_walk_pgd(struct ptdump_state *st, struct mm_struct *mm);
+void ptdump_walk_pgd(struct ptdump_state *st, struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd);
 
 #endif /* _LINUX_PTDUMP_H */
--- a/mm/pagewalk.c~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/mm/pagewalk.c
@@ -206,7 +206,10 @@ static int walk_pgd_range(unsigned long
 	const struct mm_walk_ops *ops = walk->ops;
 	int err = 0;
 
-	pgd = pgd_offset(walk->mm, addr);
+	if (walk->pgd)
+		pgd = walk->pgd + pgd_index(addr);
+	else
+		pgd = pgd_offset(walk->mm, addr);
 	do {
 		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
 		if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) {
@@ -436,11 +439,13 @@ int walk_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm
  */
 int walk_page_range_novma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end, const struct mm_walk_ops *ops,
+			  pgd_t *pgd,
 			  void *private)
 {
 	struct mm_walk walk = {
 		.ops		= ops,
 		.mm		= mm,
+		.pgd		= pgd,
 		.private	= private,
 		.no_vma		= true
 	};
--- a/mm/ptdump.c~x86-mm-avoid-allocating-struct-mm_struct-on-the-stack
+++ a/mm/ptdump.c
@@ -122,14 +122,14 @@ static const struct mm_walk_ops ptdump_o
 	.pte_hole	= ptdump_hole,
 };
 
-void ptdump_walk_pgd(struct ptdump_state *st, struct mm_struct *mm)
+void ptdump_walk_pgd(struct ptdump_state *st, struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd)
 {
 	const struct ptdump_range *range = st->range;
 
 	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 	while (range->start != range->end) {
 		walk_page_range_novma(mm, range->start, range->end,
-				      &ptdump_ops, st);
+				      &ptdump_ops, pgd, st);
 		range++;
 	}
 	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
_


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 95+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-04  1:33 incoming Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:33 ` [patch 01/67] ocfs2: fix oops when writing cloned file Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:33 ` [patch 02/67] mm/page_alloc.c: fix uninitialized memmaps on a partially populated last section Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:33 ` [patch 03/67] fs/proc/page.c: allow inspection of last section and fix end detection Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:33 ` [patch 04/67] mm/page_alloc.c: initialize memmap of unavailable memory directly Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:33 ` [patch 05/67] mm/page_alloc: fix and rework pfn handling in memmap_init_zone() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  2:45   ` Linus Torvalds
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 06/67] mm: factor out next_present_section_nr() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  3:04   ` Linus Torvalds
2020-02-04  4:29     ` Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  8:22     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 07/67] mm/memmap_init: update variable name in memmap_init_zone Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 08/67] mm/memory_hotplug: poison memmap in remove_pfn_range_from_zone() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 09/67] mm/memory_hotplug: we always have a zone in find_(smallest|biggest)_section_pfn Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 10/67] mm/memory_hotplug: don't check for "all holes" in shrink_zone_span() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 11/67] mm/memory_hotplug: drop local variables " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 12/67] mm/memory_hotplug: cleanup __remove_pages() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 13/67] mm/memory_hotplug: drop valid_start/valid_end from test_pages_in_a_zone() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 14/67] smp_mb__{before,after}_atomic(): update Documentation Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 15/67] ipc/mqueue.c: remove duplicated code Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 16/67] ipc/mqueue.c: update/document memory barriers Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 17/67] ipc/msg.c: update and document " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 18/67] ipc/sem.c: document and update " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 19/67] ipc/msg.c: consolidate all xxxctl_down() functions Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 20/67] drivers/block/null_blk_main.c: fix layout Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 21/67] drivers/block/null_blk_main.c: fix uninitialized var warnings Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 22/67] pinctrl: fix pxa2xx.c build warnings Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:34 ` [patch 23/67] mm: remove __krealloc Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 24/67] mm: add generic p?d_leaf() macros Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 25/67] arc: mm: add p?d_leaf() definitions Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 26/67] arm: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 27/67] arm64: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 28/67] mips: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 29/67] powerpc: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 30/67] riscv: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 31/67] s390: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 32/67] sparc: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 33/67] x86: " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 34/67] mm: pagewalk: add p4d_entry() and pgd_entry() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 35/67] mm: pagewalk: allow walking without vma Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 36/67] mm: pagewalk: don't lock PTEs for walk_page_range_novma() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:35 ` [patch 37/67] mm: pagewalk: fix termination condition in walk_pte_range() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 38/67] mm: pagewalk: add 'depth' parameter to pte_hole Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 39/67] x86: mm: point to struct seq_file from struct pg_state Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 40/67] x86: mm+efi: convert ptdump_walk_pgd_level() to take a mm_struct Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 41/67] x86: mm: convert ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs() to take an mm_struct Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 42/67] mm: add generic ptdump Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 43/67] x86: mm: convert dump_pagetables to use walk_page_range Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 44/67] arm64: mm: convert mm/dump.c to use walk_page_range() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 45/67] arm64: mm: display non-present entries in ptdump Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 46/67] mm: ptdump: reduce level numbers by 1 in note_page() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` Andrew Morton [this message]
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 48/67] powerpc/mmu_gather: enable RCU_TABLE_FREE even for !SMP case Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 49/67] mm/mmu_gather: invalidate TLB correctly on batch allocation failure and flush Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 50/67] asm-generic/tlb: avoid potential double flush Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 51/67] asm-gemeric/tlb: remove stray function declarations Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:36 ` [patch 52/67] asm-generic/tlb: add missing CONFIG symbol Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 53/67] asm-generic/tlb: rename HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 54/67] asm-generic/tlb: rename HAVE_MMU_GATHER_PAGE_SIZE Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 55/67] asm-generic/tlb: rename HAVE_MMU_GATHER_NO_GATHER Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 56/67] asm-generic/tlb: provide MMU_GATHER_TABLE_FREE Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 57/67] proc: decouple proc from VFS with "struct proc_ops" Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 58/67] proc: convert everything to " Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 59/67] lib/string: add strnchrnul() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 60/67] bitops: more BITS_TO_* macros Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 61/67] lib: add test for bitmap_parse() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 62/67] lib: make bitmap_parse_user a wrapper on bitmap_parse Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 63/67] lib: rework bitmap_parse() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 64/67] lib: new testcases for bitmap_parse{_user} Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 65/67] include/linux/cpumask.h: don't calculate length of the input string Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 66/67] treewide: remove redundant IS_ERR() before error code check Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  1:37 ` [patch 67/67] ARM: dma-api: fix max_pfn off-by-one error in __dma_supported() Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  2:27 ` incoming Linus Torvalds
2020-02-04  2:46   ` incoming Andrew Morton
2020-02-04  3:11     ` incoming Linus Torvalds
2020-02-14  6:26 ` mmotm 2020-02-13-22-26 uploaded Andrew Morton
2020-02-14 16:29   ` mmotm 2020-02-13-22-26 uploaded (mm/hugetlb.c) Randy Dunlap
2020-02-14 17:18     ` Mike Kravetz
2020-02-14 20:51       ` Mina Almasry
     [not found]       ` <20200214204544.231482-1-almasrymina@google.com>
2020-02-14 21:00         ` [PATCH] hugetlb: fix CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB ifdefs Mina Almasry
2020-02-15  1:17           ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-15  1:56             ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-16 20:40               ` Mina Almasry
2020-02-16 21:03                 ` Mina Almasry
2020-02-17  2:48                   ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-17  2:57                     ` [PATCH] hugetlb: fix <linux/hugetlb_cgroup.h> structs Randy Dunlap
2020-02-17  3:53               ` [PATCH] hugetlb: fix CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB ifdefs Stephen Rothwell
2020-02-14 16:49   ` mmotm 2020-02-13-22-26 uploaded (mm/migrate.c, hugetlb_cgroup.h) Randy Dunlap
2020-02-25  3:53 ` mmotm 2020-02-24-19-53 uploaded Andrew Morton
2020-02-25  6:16   ` mmotm 2020-02-24-19-53 uploaded (init/main.c: initrd*) Randy Dunlap
2020-02-25  6:18     ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-25  6:21       ` Randy Dunlap
2020-02-25 16:41   ` mmotm 2020-02-24-19-53 uploaded (drivers/platform/x86/intel_pmc_core.c) Randy Dunlap
2020-02-25 17:01   ` mmotm 2020-02-24-19-53 uploaded (objtool warning) Randy Dunlap
2020-02-27 21:52     ` Josh Poimboeuf

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    --cc=zong.li@sifive.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

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Linux-mm Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/0 linux-mm/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-mm linux-mm/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm \
		linux-mm@kvack.org
	public-inbox-index linux-mm

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kvack.linux-mm


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git