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From: Xianting Tian <tian.xianting@h3c.com>
To: <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: <linux-mm@kvack.org>, <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Xianting Tian <tian.xianting@h3c.com>
Subject: [PATCH] mm/filemap.c: clear page error before actual read
Date: Tue, 3 Mar 2020 16:25:41 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200303082541.33354-1-tian.xianting@h3c.com> (raw)

Mount failure issue happens under the scenario:
Application totally forked dozens of threads to mount the same
number of cramfs images separately in docker, but several mounts
failed with high probability.
Mount failed due to the checking result of the page
(read from the superblock of loop dev) is not uptodate after
wait_on_page_locked(page) returned in function cramfs_read:
   wait_on_page_locked(page);
   if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
      ...
   }

The reason of the checking result of the page not uptodate:
systemd-udevd read the loopX dev before mount, because the status
of loopX is Lo_unbound at this time, so loop_make_request directly
trigger the calling of io_end handler end_buffer_async_read, which
called SetPageError(page). So It caused the page can't be set to
uptodate in function end_buffer_async_read:
   if(page_uptodate && !PageError(page)) {
      SetPageUptodate(page);
   }
Then mount operation is performed, it used the same page which is
just accessed by systemd-udevd above, Because this page is not
uptodate, it will launch a actual read via submit_bh, then wait on
this page by calling wait_on_page_locked(page). When the I/O of the
page done, io_end handler end_buffer_async_read is called, because
no one cleared the page error(during the whole read path of mount),
which is caused by systemd-udevd, so this page is still in "PageError"
status, which is can't be set to uptodate in function
end_buffer_async_read, then caused mount failure.

But sometimes mount succeed even through systemd-udeved read loop
dev just before, The reason is systemd-udevd launched other loopX
read just between step 3.1 and 3.2, the steps as below:
1, loopX dev default status is Lo_unbound;
2, systemd-udved read loopX dev (page is set to PageError);
3, mount operation
   1) set loopX status to Lo_bound;
    ==>systemd-udevd read loopX dev<==
   2) read loopX dev(page has no error)
   3) mount succeed
As the loopX dev status is set to Lo_bound after step 3.1, so the
other loopX dev read by systemd-udevd will go through the whole I/O
stack, part of the call trace as below:
   SYS_read
      vfs_read
          do_sync_read
              blkdev_aio_read
                 generic_file_aio_read
                     do_generic_file_read:
                         ClearPageError(page);
                         mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);
here, mapping->a_ops->readpage() is blkdev_readpage.
In latest kernel, some function name changed, the call trace as
below:
   blkdev_read_iter
      generic_file_read_iter
         generic_file_buffered_read:
            /*
             * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary
             * failures, eg. multipath errors.
             * PG_error will be set again if readpage fails.
             */
            ClearPageError(page);
            /* Start the actual read.The read will unlock the page*/
            error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);

We can see ClearPageError(page) is called before the actual read,
then the read in step 3.2 succeed, page has no error.

The patch is to add the calling of ClearPageError just before the
actual read of mount read path. Without the patch, the call trace
as below when performing mount:
  Do_mount
     ramfs_read
       cramfs_blkdev_read
          read_mapping_page
             read_cache_page
                 do_read_cache_page:
                    filler(data, page);
                    or mapping->a_ops->readpage(data, page);
With the patch, the call trace as below when performing mount:
  Do_mount
     cramfs_read
        cramfs_blkdev_read
           read_mapping_page
              read_cache_page
                 do_read_cache_page:
                    ClearPageError(page); <==new add
                    filler(data, page);
                    or mapping->a_ops->readpage(data, page);

With the patch, mount operation trigger the calling of
ClearPageError(page) before the actual read, the page has no
error if no additional page error happen when I/O done.

Signed-off-by: Xianting Tian <tian.xianting@h3c.com>
---
 mm/filemap.c | 7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 178447827..d65428f26 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -2755,6 +2755,13 @@ static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
                }

 filler:
+               /*
+                * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary
+                * failures.
+                * Clear page error before actual read, PG_error will be
+                * set again if read page fails.
+                */
+               ClearPageError(page);
                if (filler)
                        err = filler(data, page);
                else
--
2.17.1

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             reply	other threads:[~2020-03-03  8:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-03  8:25 Xianting Tian [this message]
2020-04-21  3:42 ` [PATCH] mm/filemap.c: clear page error before actual read Andrew Morton
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2020-03-04 10:47 Xianting Tian
2020-03-04 12:15 ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-03-03 15:09 Xianting Tian
2020-03-03 16:43 ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-03-03  7:18 Xianting Tian

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