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From: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>, linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	PUVICHAKRAVARTHY RAMACHANDRAN <puvichakravarthy@in.ibm.com>,
	Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.ibm.com>,
	Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	stable@vger.kernel.org, Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>,
	Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com>,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>,
	Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>,
	Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] mm, slub: prevent kmalloc_node crashes and memory leaks
Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2020 12:55:32 +0100
Message-ID: <20200320115533.9604-1-vbabka@suse.cz> (raw)

Sachin reports [1] a crash in SLUB __slab_alloc():

BUG: Kernel NULL pointer dereference on read at 0x000073b0
Faulting instruction address: 0xc0000000003d55f4
Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1]
LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
Modules linked in:
CPU: 19 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Not tainted 5.6.0-rc2-next-20200218-autotest #1
NIP:  c0000000003d55f4 LR: c0000000003d5b94 CTR: 0000000000000000
REGS: c0000008b37836d0 TRAP: 0300   Not tainted  (5.6.0-rc2-next-20200218-autotest)
MSR:  8000000000009033 <SF,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE>  CR: 24004844  XER: 00000000
CFAR: c00000000000dec4 DAR: 00000000000073b0 DSISR: 40000000 IRQMASK: 1
GPR00: c0000000003d5b94 c0000008b3783960 c00000000155d400 c0000008b301f500
GPR04: 0000000000000dc0 0000000000000002 c0000000003443d8 c0000008bb398620
GPR08: 00000008ba2f0000 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
GPR12: 0000000024004844 c00000001ec52a00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
GPR16: c0000008a1b20048 c000000001595898 c000000001750c18 0000000000000002
GPR20: c000000001750c28 c000000001624470 0000000fffffffe0 5deadbeef0000122
GPR24: 0000000000000001 0000000000000dc0 0000000000000002 c0000000003443d8
GPR28: c0000008b301f500 c0000008bb398620 0000000000000000 c00c000002287180
NIP [c0000000003d55f4] ___slab_alloc+0x1f4/0x760
LR [c0000000003d5b94] __slab_alloc+0x34/0x60
Call Trace:
[c0000008b3783960] [c0000000003d5734] ___slab_alloc+0x334/0x760 (unreliable)
[c0000008b3783a40] [c0000000003d5b94] __slab_alloc+0x34/0x60
[c0000008b3783a70] [c0000000003d6fa0] __kmalloc_node+0x110/0x490
[c0000008b3783af0] [c0000000003443d8] kvmalloc_node+0x58/0x110
[c0000008b3783b30] [c0000000003fee38] mem_cgroup_css_online+0x108/0x270
[c0000008b3783b90] [c000000000235aa8] online_css+0x48/0xd0
[c0000008b3783bc0] [c00000000023eaec] cgroup_apply_control_enable+0x2ec/0x4d0
[c0000008b3783ca0] [c000000000242318] cgroup_mkdir+0x228/0x5f0
[c0000008b3783d10] [c00000000051e170] kernfs_iop_mkdir+0x90/0xf0
[c0000008b3783d50] [c00000000043dc00] vfs_mkdir+0x110/0x230
[c0000008b3783da0] [c000000000441c90] do_mkdirat+0xb0/0x1a0
[c0000008b3783e20] [c00000000000b278] system_call+0x5c/0x68

This is a PowerPC platform with following NUMA topology:

available: 2 nodes (0-1)
node 0 cpus:
node 0 size: 0 MB
node 0 free: 0 MB
node 1 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
node 1 size: 35247 MB
node 1 free: 30907 MB
node distances:
node   0   1
  0:  10  40
  1:  40  10

possible numa nodes: 0-31

This only happens with a mmotm patch "mm/memcontrol.c: allocate shrinker_map on
appropriate NUMA node" [2] which effectively calls kmalloc_node for each
possible node. SLUB however only allocates kmem_cache_node on online
N_NORMAL_MEMORY nodes, and relies on node_to_mem_node to return such valid node
for other nodes since commit a561ce00b09e ("slub: fall back to
node_to_mem_node() node if allocating on memoryless node"). This is however not
true in this configuration where the _node_numa_mem_ array is not initialized
for nodes 0 and 2-31, thus it contains zeroes and get_partial() ends up
accessing non-allocated kmem_cache_node.

A related issue was reported by Bharata (originally by Ramachandran) [3] where
a similar PowerPC configuration, but with mainline kernel without patch [2]
ends up allocating large amounts of pages by kmalloc-1k kmalloc-512. This seems
to have the same underlying issue with node_to_mem_node() not behaving as
expected, and might probably also lead to an infinite loop with
CONFIG_SLUB_CPU_PARTIAL [4].

This patch should fix both issues by not relying on node_to_mem_node() anymore
and instead simply falling back to NUMA_NO_NODE, when kmalloc_node(node) is
attempted for a node that's not online, or has no usable memory. The "usable
memory" condition is also changed from node_present_pages() to N_NORMAL_MEMORY
node state, as that is exactly the condition that SLUB uses to allocate
kmem_cache_node structures. The check in get_partial() is removed completely,
as the checks in ___slab_alloc() are now sufficient to prevent get_partial()
being reached with an invalid node.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-next/3381CD91-AB3D-4773-BA04-E7A072A63968@linux.vnet.ibm.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/fff0e636-4c36-ed10-281c-8cdb0687c839@virtuozzo.com/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200317092624.GB22538@in.ibm.com/
[4] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/088b5996-faae-8a56-ef9c-5b567125ae54@suse.cz/

Reported-and-tested-by: Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reported-by: PUVICHAKRAVARTHY RAMACHANDRAN <puvichakravarthy@in.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.ibm.com>
Debugged-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Fixes: a561ce00b09e ("slub: fall back to node_to_mem_node() node if allocating on memoryless node")
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
---
Hi, after the RFC got positive test results from reporters, I'm resending
as a proper patch.
Thanks,
Vlastimil

 mm/slub.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 17dc00e33115..7113b1f9cd77 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -1973,8 +1973,6 @@ static void *get_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node,
 
 	if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
 		searchnode = numa_mem_id();
-	else if (!node_present_pages(node))
-		searchnode = node_to_mem_node(node);
 
 	object = get_partial_node(s, get_node(s, searchnode), c, flags);
 	if (object || node != NUMA_NO_NODE)
@@ -2563,17 +2561,27 @@ static void *___slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node,
 	struct page *page;
 
 	page = c->page;
-	if (!page)
+	if (!page) {
+		/*
+		 * if the node is not online or has no normal memory, just
+		 * ignore the node constraint
+		 */
+		if (unlikely(node != NUMA_NO_NODE &&
+			     !node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY)))
+			node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
 		goto new_slab;
+	}
 redo:
 
 	if (unlikely(!node_match(page, node))) {
-		int searchnode = node;
-
-		if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE && !node_present_pages(node))
-			searchnode = node_to_mem_node(node);
-
-		if (unlikely(!node_match(page, searchnode))) {
+		/*
+		 * same as above but node_match() being false already
+		 * implies node != NUMA_NO_NODE
+		 */
+		if (!node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY)) {
+			node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
+			goto redo;
+		} else {
 			stat(s, ALLOC_NODE_MISMATCH);
 			deactivate_slab(s, page, c->freelist, c);
 			goto new_slab;
-- 
2.25.1



             reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-20 11:55 Vlastimil Babka [this message]
2020-03-20 11:55 ` [PATCH 2/2] Revert "topology: add support for node_to_mem_node() to determine the fallback node" Vlastimil Babka
2020-03-20 13:12   ` Srikar Dronamraju
2020-03-24 13:00   ` Vlastimil Babka
2020-03-26  0:54     ` Andrew Morton
2020-03-20 13:10 ` [PATCH 1/2] mm, slub: prevent kmalloc_node crashes and memory leaks Srikar Dronamraju

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