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From: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org, aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com,
	bhe@redhat.com, dan.j.williams@intel.com, david@redhat.com,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, mhocko@suse.com, mm-commits@vger.kernel.org,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, osalvador@suse.de,
	pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com, richard.weiyang@gmail.com,
	rppt@linux.ibm.com, sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com,
	stable@vger.kernel.org, torvalds@linux-foundation.org
Subject: [patch 5/5] mm/sparse: fix kernel crash with pfn_section_valid check
Date: Sat, 28 Mar 2020 19:17:29 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200329021729.BYOHDz5tg%akpm@linux-foundation.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200328191456.4fc0b9ca86780f26c122399e@linux-foundation.org>

From: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Subject: mm/sparse: fix kernel crash with pfn_section_valid check

Fix the below crash

BUG: Kernel NULL pointer dereference on read at 0x00000000
Faulting instruction address: 0xc000000000c3447c
Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1]
LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
CPU: 11 PID: 7519 Comm: lt-ndctl Not tainted 5.6.0-rc7-autotest #1
...
NIP [c000000000c3447c] vmemmap_populated+0x98/0xc0
LR [c000000000088354] vmemmap_free+0x144/0x320
Call Trace:
 section_deactivate+0x220/0x240
 __remove_pages+0x118/0x170
 arch_remove_memory+0x3c/0x150
 memunmap_pages+0x1cc/0x2f0
 devm_action_release+0x30/0x50
 release_nodes+0x2f8/0x3e0
 device_release_driver_internal+0x168/0x270
 unbind_store+0x130/0x170
 drv_attr_store+0x44/0x60
 sysfs_kf_write+0x68/0x80
 kernfs_fop_write+0x100/0x290
 __vfs_write+0x3c/0x70
 vfs_write+0xcc/0x240
 ksys_write+0x7c/0x140
 system_call+0x5c/0x68

The crash is due to NULL dereference at

test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map); due to ms->usage = NULL; in
pfn_section_valid()

With commit d41e2f3bd546 ("mm/hotplug: fix hot remove failure in
SPARSEMEM|!VMEMMAP case") section_mem_map is set to NULL after
depopulate_section_mem().  This was done so that pfn_page() can work
correctly with kernel config that disables SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP.  With that
config pfn_to_page does

	__section_mem_map_addr(__sec) + __pfn;

where

static inline struct page *__section_mem_map_addr(struct mem_section *section)
{
	unsigned long map = section->section_mem_map;
	map &= SECTION_MAP_MASK;
	return (struct page *)map;
}

Now with SPASEMEM_VMEMAP enabled, mem_section->usage->subsection_map is
used to check the pfn validity (pfn_valid()).  Since section_deactivate
release mem_section->usage if a section is fully deactivated, pfn_valid()
check after a subsection_deactivate cause a kernel crash.

static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
{
...
	return early_section(ms) || pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
}

where

static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
{
	int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);

	return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map);
}

Avoid this by clearing SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP when mem_section->usage is
freed.  For architectures like ppc64 where large pages are used for
vmmemap mapping (16MB), a specific vmemmap mapping can cover multiple
sections.  Hence before a vmemmap mapping page can be freed, the kernel
needs to make sure there are no valid sections within that mapping. 
Clearing the section valid bit before depopulate_section_memap enables
this.

[aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com: add comment]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200326133235.343616-1-aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.comLink: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200325031914.107660-1-aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com
Fixes: d41e2f3bd546 ("mm/hotplug: fix hot remove failure in SPARSEMEM|!VMEMMAP case")
Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Reported-by: Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 mm/sparse.c |    6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

--- a/mm/sparse.c~mm-sparse-fix-kernel-crash-with-pfn_section_valid-check
+++ a/mm/sparse.c
@@ -781,6 +781,12 @@ static void section_deactivate(unsigned
 			ms->usage = NULL;
 		}
 		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
+		/*
+		 * Mark the section invalid so that valid_section()
+		 * return false. This prevents code from dereferencing
+		 * ms->usage array.
+		 */
+		ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
 	}
 
 	if (section_is_early && memmap)
_


      parent reply	other threads:[~2020-03-29  2:17 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-29  2:14 incoming Andrew Morton
2020-03-29  2:17 ` [patch 1/5] mm/swapfile.c: move inode_lock out of claim_swapfile Andrew Morton
2020-03-29  2:17 ` [patch 2/5] drivers/base/memory.c: indicate all memory blocks as removable Andrew Morton
2020-03-29 16:46   ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-29 18:03     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-03-29 18:28       ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-29 19:11         ` David Hildenbrand
2020-03-29 19:15           ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-29 19:43       ` Konstantin Ryabitsev
2020-03-29 19:55         ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-29 19:56           ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-30 14:46           ` Konstantin Ryabitsev
2020-03-30 14:54         ` David Hildenbrand
2020-04-01 13:35           ` David Hildenbrand
2020-04-01 15:33             ` Konstantin Ryabitsev
2020-04-01 15:40               ` David Hildenbrand
2020-03-29  2:17 ` [patch 3/5] hugetlb_cgroup: fix illegal access to memory Andrew Morton
2020-03-29  2:17 ` [patch 4/5] mm: fork: fix kernel_stack memcg stats for various stack implementations Andrew Morton
2020-03-29 16:41   ` Linus Torvalds
2020-03-29  2:17 ` Andrew Morton [this message]

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