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From: Johannes Weiner <>
To: Balbir Singh <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>,
	Alex Shi <>,
	Joonsoo Kim <>,
	Shakeel Butt <>,
	Hugh Dickins <>, Michal Hocko <>,
	"Kirill A. Shutemov" <>,
	Roman Gushchin <>,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH 00/19 V2] mm: memcontrol: charge swapin pages on instantiation
Date: Wed, 13 May 2020 08:35:45 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Hello Balbir!

On Wed, May 13, 2020 at 11:30:32AM +0000, Balbir Singh wrote:
> On Fri, May 08, 2020 at 02:30:47PM -0400, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > To eliminate the page->mapping dependency, memcg needs to ditch its
> > private page type counters (MEMCG_CACHE, MEMCG_RSS, NR_SHMEM) in favor
> > of the generic vmstat counters and accounting sites, such as
> Could you elaborate on what this means and the implications of this on
> user space programs?

This has no bearing on userspace. It's just simplifying how
memory.stat is implemented. The output is the same.

For the full story:

In the past, memcg has done its own accounting to produce a breakdown
of consumers in memory.stat. When a page was charged, we relied on
knowing whether it's a file, anon or shmem page, and had our own

As the general VM code already does this type of classification to
produce /proc/vmstat, this meant unnecessary duplication: more places
to bump counters, more places that have to make sure the page state is
stable in all the right ways, more dependencies on when it's safe to
call the charge and the uncharge callbacks.

A while ago we added per-cgroup arrays of the vmstat counters and a
cgroup-aware accounting callback (mod_lruvec_state) that can be a
drop-in replacement for the generic VM code (mod_node_state and
friends). We already had some counters converted over to that.

These patches just do more of that conversion from private memcg
accounting to having callbacks into generic VM accounting sites.

Instead of testing PageAnon() and accounting MEMCG_CACHE/MEMCG_RSS in
the charge code, we switch __add_to_page_cache_locked() and
page_add_new_anon_rmap() to the cgroup-aware mod_lruvec_page_state()
to bump our per-cgroup NR_FILE_PAGES and NR_ANON_MAPPED counters along
with the node and global counters.

As a result, the memcg gets a breakdown for memory.stat without having
to have private knowledge of what a page cache page is - how to test
it, when it's safe to test it, whether there can be huge pages in the
page cache, etc. pp. Memcg can focus on counting bytes, and the VM
code that is specialized in dealing with the page cache (or anon
pages, or shmem pages) can fill in those kinds of details for us.

Less dependencies, less duplication, simpler API rules.

The memory.stat output is the same, it's just much simpler code.

  reply	other threads:[~2020-05-13 12:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 36+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-05-08 18:30 Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 01/19] mm: fix NUMA node file count error in replace_page_cache() Johannes Weiner
2020-05-18 11:18   ` Balbir Singh
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 02/19] mm: memcontrol: fix stat-corrupting race in charge moving Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 03/19] mm: memcontrol: drop @compound parameter from memcg charging API Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 04/19] mm: memcontrol: move out cgroup swaprate throttling Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 05/19] mm: memcontrol: convert page cache to a new mem_cgroup_charge() API Johannes Weiner
2020-06-10 16:09   ` Michal Hocko
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 06/19] mm: memcontrol: prepare uncharging for removal of private page type counters Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 07/19] mm: memcontrol: prepare move_account " Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 08/19] mm: memcontrol: prepare cgroup vmstat infrastructure for native anon counters Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 09/19] mm: memcontrol: switch to native NR_FILE_PAGES and NR_SHMEM counters Johannes Weiner
2020-06-10 16:42   ` Michal Hocko
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 10/19] mm: memcontrol: switch to native NR_ANON_MAPPED counter Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 11/19] mm: memcontrol: switch to native NR_ANON_THPS counter Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:30 ` [PATCH 12/19] mm: memcontrol: convert anon and file-thp to new mem_cgroup_charge() API Johannes Weiner
2020-05-12 14:38   ` Qian Cai
2020-05-12 17:11     ` Qian Cai
2020-05-12 21:58     ` Johannes Weiner
2020-05-12 23:58       ` Qian Cai
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 13/19] mm: memcontrol: drop unused try/commit/cancel charge API Johannes Weiner
2020-06-22 17:06   ` Ben Widawsky
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 14/19] mm: memcontrol: prepare swap controller setup for integration Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 15/19] mm: memcontrol: make swap tracking an integral part of memory control Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 16/19] mm: memcontrol: charge swapin pages on instantiation Johannes Weiner
2020-06-11  9:35   ` Michal Hocko
2020-06-17  8:49     ` [PATCH for 5.8] mm: do_swap_page fix up the error code instantiation Michal Hocko
2020-06-17  9:02       ` Michal Hocko
2020-06-17 13:34         ` Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 17/19] mm: memcontrol: document the new swap control behavior Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 18/19] mm: memcontrol: delete unused lrucare handling Johannes Weiner
2020-05-08 18:31 ` [PATCH 19/19] mm: memcontrol: update page->mem_cgroup stability rules Johannes Weiner
2020-06-11  9:40   ` Michal Hocko
2020-05-13 11:30 ` [PATCH 00/19 V2] mm: memcontrol: charge swapin pages on instantiation Balbir Singh
2020-05-13 12:35   ` Johannes Weiner [this message]
2020-05-14 11:04     ` Balbir Singh

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