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From: Pavel Tatashin <>
Subject: [PATCH v2] mm/memory_hotplug: drain per-cpu pages again during memory offline
Date: Thu,  3 Sep 2020 10:00:32 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

There is a race during page offline that can lead to infinite loop:
a page never ends up on a buddy list and __offline_pages() keeps
retrying infinitely or until a termination signal is received.

Thread#1 - a new process:

          set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
             // Set page->index migration type below  MIGRATE_PCPTYPES

Thread#2 - hot-removes memory
      set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_ISOLATE);
        Set migration type to MIGRATE_ISOLATE-> set
             // drain per-cpu page lists to buddy allocator.

Thread#1 - continue
           migratetype = get_pcppage_migratetype(page);
              // get old migration type
           list_add(&page->lru, &pcp->lists[migratetype]);
              // add new page to already drained pcp list

Never drains pcp again, and therefore gets stuck in the loop.

The fix is to try to drain per-cpu lists again after
check_pages_isolated_cb() fails.

Fixes: c52e75935f8d ("mm: remove extra drain pages on pcp list")

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <>
 mm/memory_hotplug.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
 mm/page_isolation.c |  8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index e9d5ab5d3ca0..b11a269e2356 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1575,6 +1575,20 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
 		/* check again */
 		ret = walk_system_ram_range(start_pfn, end_pfn - start_pfn,
 					    NULL, check_pages_isolated_cb);
+		/*
+		 * per-cpu pages are drained in start_isolate_page_range, but if
+		 * there are still pages that are not free, make sure that we
+		 * drain again, because when we isolated range we might
+		 * have raced with another thread that was adding pages to pcp
+		 * list.
+		 *
+		 * Forward progress should be still guaranteed because
+		 * pages on the pcp list can only belong to MOVABLE_ZONE
+		 * because has_unmovable_pages explicitly checks for
+		 * PageBuddy on freed pages on other zones.
+		 */
+		if (ret)
+			drain_all_pages(zone);
 	} while (ret);
 	/* Ok, all of our target is isolated.
diff --git a/mm/page_isolation.c b/mm/page_isolation.c
index 242c03121d73..63a3db10a8c0 100644
--- a/mm/page_isolation.c
+++ b/mm/page_isolation.c
@@ -170,6 +170,14 @@ __first_valid_page(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
  * pageblocks we may have modified and return -EBUSY to caller. This
  * prevents two threads from simultaneously working on overlapping ranges.
+ * Please note that there is no strong synchronization with the page allocator
+ * either. Pages might be freed while their page blocks are marked ISOLATED.
+ * In some cases pages might still end up on pcp lists and that would allow
+ * for their allocation even when they are in fact isolated already. Depending
+ * on how strong of a guarantee the caller needs drain_all_pages might be needed
+ * (e.g. __offline_pages will need to call it after check for isolated range for
+ * a next retry).
+ *
  * Return: the number of isolated pageblocks on success and -EBUSY if any part
  * of range cannot be isolated.

             reply	other threads:[~2020-09-03 14:01 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-09-03 14:00 Pavel Tatashin [this message]
2020-09-03 17:36 ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-03 18:07   ` Pavel Tatashin
2020-09-03 19:31   ` Andrew Morton
2020-09-03 19:35     ` David Hildenbrand
2020-09-04 12:42     ` Michal Hocko

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