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From: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org, andreyknvl@google.com,
	aryabinin@virtuozzo.com, bp@alien8.de, catalin.marinas@arm.com,
	cl@linux.com, corbet@lwn.net, dave.hansen@linux.intel.com,
	dvyukov@google.com, edumazet@google.com, elver@google.com,
	glider@google.com, gregkh@linuxfoundation.org, hdanton@sina.com,
	hpa@zytor.com, iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com, jannh@google.com,
	joern@purestorage.com, keescook@chromium.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	luto@kernel.org, mark.rutland@arm.com, mingo@redhat.com,
	mm-commits@vger.kernel.org, paulmck@kernel.org,
	penberg@kernel.org, peterz@infradead.org, rientjes@google.com,
	sjpark@amazon.de, tglx@linutronix.de,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org, vbabka@suse.cz, will@kernel.org
Subject: [patch 063/118] kfence, Documentation: add KFENCE documentation
Date: Thu, 25 Feb 2021 17:19:26 -0800
Message-ID: <20210226011926.Bo8zOb6qU%akpm@linux-foundation.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210225171452.713967e96554bb6a53e44a19@linux-foundation.org>

From: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Subject: kfence, Documentation: add KFENCE documentation

Add KFENCE documentation in dev-tools/kfence.rst, and add to index.

[elver@google.com: add missing copyright header to documentation]
  Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210118092159.145934-4-elver@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201103175841.3495947-8-elver@google.com
Signed-off-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joern Engel <joern@purestorage.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst  |    1 
 Documentation/dev-tools/kfence.rst |  298 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 lib/Kconfig.kfence                 |    2 
 3 files changed, 301 insertions(+)

--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst~kfence-documentation-add-kfence-documentation
+++ a/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ whole; patches welcome!
    ubsan
    kmemleak
    kcsan
+   kfence
    gdb-kernel-debugging
    kgdb
    kselftest
--- /dev/null
+++ a/Documentation/dev-tools/kfence.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+.. Copyright (C) 2020, Google LLC.
+
+Kernel Electric-Fence (KFENCE)
+==============================
+
+Kernel Electric-Fence (KFENCE) is a low-overhead sampling-based memory safety
+error detector. KFENCE detects heap out-of-bounds access, use-after-free, and
+invalid-free errors.
+
+KFENCE is designed to be enabled in production kernels, and has near zero
+performance overhead. Compared to KASAN, KFENCE trades performance for
+precision. The main motivation behind KFENCE's design, is that with enough
+total uptime KFENCE will detect bugs in code paths not typically exercised by
+non-production test workloads. One way to quickly achieve a large enough total
+uptime is when the tool is deployed across a large fleet of machines.
+
+Usage
+-----
+
+To enable KFENCE, configure the kernel with::
+
+    CONFIG_KFENCE=y
+
+To build a kernel with KFENCE support, but disabled by default (to enable, set
+``kfence.sample_interval`` to non-zero value), configure the kernel with::
+
+    CONFIG_KFENCE=y
+    CONFIG_KFENCE_SAMPLE_INTERVAL=0
+
+KFENCE provides several other configuration options to customize behaviour (see
+the respective help text in ``lib/Kconfig.kfence`` for more info).
+
+Tuning performance
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The most important parameter is KFENCE's sample interval, which can be set via
+the kernel boot parameter ``kfence.sample_interval`` in milliseconds. The
+sample interval determines the frequency with which heap allocations will be
+guarded by KFENCE. The default is configurable via the Kconfig option
+``CONFIG_KFENCE_SAMPLE_INTERVAL``. Setting ``kfence.sample_interval=0``
+disables KFENCE.
+
+The KFENCE memory pool is of fixed size, and if the pool is exhausted, no
+further KFENCE allocations occur. With ``CONFIG_KFENCE_NUM_OBJECTS`` (default
+255), the number of available guarded objects can be controlled. Each object
+requires 2 pages, one for the object itself and the other one used as a guard
+page; object pages are interleaved with guard pages, and every object page is
+therefore surrounded by two guard pages.
+
+The total memory dedicated to the KFENCE memory pool can be computed as::
+
+    ( #objects + 1 ) * 2 * PAGE_SIZE
+
+Using the default config, and assuming a page size of 4 KiB, results in
+dedicating 2 MiB to the KFENCE memory pool.
+
+Note: On architectures that support huge pages, KFENCE will ensure that the
+pool is using pages of size ``PAGE_SIZE``. This will result in additional page
+tables being allocated.
+
+Error reports
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+A typical out-of-bounds access looks like this::
+
+    ==================================================================
+    BUG: KFENCE: out-of-bounds in test_out_of_bounds_read+0xa3/0x22b
+
+    Out-of-bounds access at 0xffffffffb672efff (1B left of kfence-#17):
+     test_out_of_bounds_read+0xa3/0x22b
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    kfence-#17 [0xffffffffb672f000-0xffffffffb672f01f, size=32, cache=kmalloc-32] allocated by task 507:
+     test_alloc+0xf3/0x25b
+     test_out_of_bounds_read+0x98/0x22b
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    CPU: 4 PID: 107 Comm: kunit_try_catch Not tainted 5.8.0-rc6+ #7
+    Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
+    ==================================================================
+
+The header of the report provides a short summary of the function involved in
+the access. It is followed by more detailed information about the access and
+its origin. Note that, real kernel addresses are only shown for
+``CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y`` builds.
+
+Use-after-free accesses are reported as::
+
+    ==================================================================
+    BUG: KFENCE: use-after-free in test_use_after_free_read+0xb3/0x143
+
+    Use-after-free access at 0xffffffffb673dfe0 (in kfence-#24):
+     test_use_after_free_read+0xb3/0x143
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    kfence-#24 [0xffffffffb673dfe0-0xffffffffb673dfff, size=32, cache=kmalloc-32] allocated by task 507:
+     test_alloc+0xf3/0x25b
+     test_use_after_free_read+0x76/0x143
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    freed by task 507:
+     test_use_after_free_read+0xa8/0x143
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    CPU: 4 PID: 109 Comm: kunit_try_catch Tainted: G        W         5.8.0-rc6+ #7
+    Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
+    ==================================================================
+
+KFENCE also reports on invalid frees, such as double-frees::
+
+    ==================================================================
+    BUG: KFENCE: invalid free in test_double_free+0xdc/0x171
+
+    Invalid free of 0xffffffffb6741000:
+     test_double_free+0xdc/0x171
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    kfence-#26 [0xffffffffb6741000-0xffffffffb674101f, size=32, cache=kmalloc-32] allocated by task 507:
+     test_alloc+0xf3/0x25b
+     test_double_free+0x76/0x171
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    freed by task 507:
+     test_double_free+0xa8/0x171
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    CPU: 4 PID: 111 Comm: kunit_try_catch Tainted: G        W         5.8.0-rc6+ #7
+    Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
+    ==================================================================
+
+KFENCE also uses pattern-based redzones on the other side of an object's guard
+page, to detect out-of-bounds writes on the unprotected side of the object.
+These are reported on frees::
+
+    ==================================================================
+    BUG: KFENCE: memory corruption in test_kmalloc_aligned_oob_write+0xef/0x184
+
+    Corrupted memory at 0xffffffffb6797ff9 [ 0xac . . . . . . ] (in kfence-#69):
+     test_kmalloc_aligned_oob_write+0xef/0x184
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    kfence-#69 [0xffffffffb6797fb0-0xffffffffb6797ff8, size=73, cache=kmalloc-96] allocated by task 507:
+     test_alloc+0xf3/0x25b
+     test_kmalloc_aligned_oob_write+0x57/0x184
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    CPU: 4 PID: 120 Comm: kunit_try_catch Tainted: G        W         5.8.0-rc6+ #7
+    Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
+    ==================================================================
+
+For such errors, the address where the corruption occurred as well as the
+invalidly written bytes (offset from the address) are shown; in this
+representation, '.' denote untouched bytes. In the example above ``0xac`` is
+the value written to the invalid address at offset 0, and the remaining '.'
+denote that no following bytes have been touched. Note that, real values are
+only shown for ``CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y`` builds; to avoid information
+disclosure for non-debug builds, '!' is used instead to denote invalidly
+written bytes.
+
+And finally, KFENCE may also report on invalid accesses to any protected page
+where it was not possible to determine an associated object, e.g. if adjacent
+object pages had not yet been allocated::
+
+    ==================================================================
+    BUG: KFENCE: invalid access in test_invalid_access+0x26/0xe0
+
+    Invalid access at 0xffffffffb670b00a:
+     test_invalid_access+0x26/0xe0
+     kunit_try_run_case+0x51/0x85
+     kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter+0x16/0x30
+     kthread+0x137/0x160
+     ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
+
+    CPU: 4 PID: 124 Comm: kunit_try_catch Tainted: G        W         5.8.0-rc6+ #7
+    Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
+    ==================================================================
+
+DebugFS interface
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Some debugging information is exposed via debugfs:
+
+* The file ``/sys/kernel/debug/kfence/stats`` provides runtime statistics.
+
+* The file ``/sys/kernel/debug/kfence/objects`` provides a list of objects
+  allocated via KFENCE, including those already freed but protected.
+
+Implementation Details
+----------------------
+
+Guarded allocations are set up based on the sample interval. After expiration
+of the sample interval, the next allocation through the main allocator (SLAB or
+SLUB) returns a guarded allocation from the KFENCE object pool (allocation
+sizes up to PAGE_SIZE are supported). At this point, the timer is reset, and
+the next allocation is set up after the expiration of the interval. To "gate" a
+KFENCE allocation through the main allocator's fast-path without overhead,
+KFENCE relies on static branches via the static keys infrastructure. The static
+branch is toggled to redirect the allocation to KFENCE.
+
+KFENCE objects each reside on a dedicated page, at either the left or right
+page boundaries selected at random. The pages to the left and right of the
+object page are "guard pages", whose attributes are changed to a protected
+state, and cause page faults on any attempted access. Such page faults are then
+intercepted by KFENCE, which handles the fault gracefully by reporting an
+out-of-bounds access, and marking the page as accessible so that the faulting
+code can (wrongly) continue executing (set ``panic_on_warn`` to panic instead).
+
+To detect out-of-bounds writes to memory within the object's page itself,
+KFENCE also uses pattern-based redzones. For each object page, a redzone is set
+up for all non-object memory. For typical alignments, the redzone is only
+required on the unguarded side of an object. Because KFENCE must honor the
+cache's requested alignment, special alignments may result in unprotected gaps
+on either side of an object, all of which are redzoned.
+
+The following figure illustrates the page layout::
+
+    ---+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+---
+       | xxxxxxxxx | O :       | xxxxxxxxx |       : O | xxxxxxxxx |
+       | xxxxxxxxx | B :       | xxxxxxxxx |       : B | xxxxxxxxx |
+       | x GUARD x | J : RED-  | x GUARD x | RED-  : J | x GUARD x |
+       | xxxxxxxxx | E :  ZONE | xxxxxxxxx |  ZONE : E | xxxxxxxxx |
+       | xxxxxxxxx | C :       | xxxxxxxxx |       : C | xxxxxxxxx |
+       | xxxxxxxxx | T :       | xxxxxxxxx |       : T | xxxxxxxxx |
+    ---+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+---
+
+Upon deallocation of a KFENCE object, the object's page is again protected and
+the object is marked as freed. Any further access to the object causes a fault
+and KFENCE reports a use-after-free access. Freed objects are inserted at the
+tail of KFENCE's freelist, so that the least recently freed objects are reused
+first, and the chances of detecting use-after-frees of recently freed objects
+is increased.
+
+Interface
+---------
+
+The following describes the functions which are used by allocators as well as
+page handling code to set up and deal with KFENCE allocations.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/kfence.h
+   :functions: is_kfence_address
+               kfence_shutdown_cache
+               kfence_alloc kfence_free __kfence_free
+               kfence_ksize kfence_object_start
+               kfence_handle_page_fault
+
+Related Tools
+-------------
+
+In userspace, a similar approach is taken by `GWP-ASan
+<http://llvm.org/docs/GwpAsan.html>`_. GWP-ASan also relies on guard pages and
+a sampling strategy to detect memory unsafety bugs at scale. KFENCE's design is
+directly influenced by GWP-ASan, and can be seen as its kernel sibling. Another
+similar but non-sampling approach, that also inspired the name "KFENCE", can be
+found in the userspace `Electric Fence Malloc Debugger
+<https://linux.die.net/man/3/efence>`_.
+
+In the kernel, several tools exist to debug memory access errors, and in
+particular KASAN can detect all bug classes that KFENCE can detect. While KASAN
+is more precise, relying on compiler instrumentation, this comes at a
+performance cost.
+
+It is worth highlighting that KASAN and KFENCE are complementary, with
+different target environments. For instance, KASAN is the better debugging-aid,
+where test cases or reproducers exists: due to the lower chance to detect the
+error, it would require more effort using KFENCE to debug. Deployments at scale
+that cannot afford to enable KASAN, however, would benefit from using KFENCE to
+discover bugs due to code paths not exercised by test cases or fuzzers.
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kfence~kfence-documentation-add-kfence-documentation
+++ a/lib/Kconfig.kfence
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ menuconfig KFENCE
 	  to have negligible cost to permit enabling it in production
 	  environments.
 
+	  See <file:Documentation/dev-tools/kfence.rst> for more details.
+
 	  Note that, KFENCE is not a substitute for explicit testing with tools
 	  such as KASAN. KFENCE can detect a subset of bugs that KASAN can
 	  detect, albeit at very different performance profiles. If you can
_


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 123+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-02-26  1:14 incoming Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 001/118] mm: make pagecache tagged lookups return only head pages Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 002/118] mm/shmem: use pagevec_lookup in shmem_unlock_mapping Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 003/118] mm/swap: optimise get_shadow_from_swap_cache Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 004/118] mm: add FGP_ENTRY Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 005/118] mm/filemap: rename find_get_entry to mapping_get_entry Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 006/118] mm/filemap: add helper for finding pages Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 007/118] mm/filemap: add mapping_seek_hole_data Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 008/118] iomap: use mapping_seek_hole_data Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:15 ` [patch 009/118] mm: add and use find_lock_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 010/118] mm: add an 'end' parameter to find_get_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 011/118] mm: add an 'end' parameter to pagevec_lookup_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 012/118] mm: remove nr_entries parameter from pagevec_lookup_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 013/118] mm: pass pvec directly to find_get_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 014/118] mm: remove pagevec_lookup_entries Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 015/118] mm,thp,shmem: limit shmem THP alloc gfp_mask Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 016/118] mm,thp,shm: limit gfp mask to no more than specified Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 017/118] mm,thp,shmem: make khugepaged obey tmpfs mount flags Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 018/118] mm,shmem,thp: limit shmem THP allocations to requested zones Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 019/118] mm: cma: allocate cma areas bottom-up Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 020/118] mm/cma: expose all pages to the buddy if activation of an area fails Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 021/118] mm/page_alloc: count CMA pages per zone and print them in /proc/zoneinfo Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 022/118] mm: cma: print region name on failure Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 023/118] mm: vmstat: fix NOHZ wakeups for node stat changes Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 024/118] mm: vmstat: add some comments on internal storage of byte items Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 025/118] mm/vmstat.c: erase latency in vmstat_shepherd Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:16 ` [patch 026/118] mm: move pfn_to_online_page() out of line Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 027/118] mm: teach pfn_to_online_page() to consider subsection validity Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 028/118] mm: teach pfn_to_online_page() about ZONE_DEVICE section collisions Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 029/118] mm: fix memory_failure() handling of dax-namespace metadata Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 030/118] mm/memory_hotplug: rename all existing 'memhp' into 'mhp' Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 031/118] mm/memory_hotplug: MEMHP_MERGE_RESOURCE -> MHP_MERGE_RESOURCE Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 032/118] mm/memory_hotplug: use helper function zone_end_pfn() to get end_pfn Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 033/118] drivers/base/memory: don't store phys_device in memory blocks Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 034/118] Documentation: sysfs/memory: clarify some memory block device properties Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 035/118] mm/memory_hotplug: prevalidate the address range being added with platform Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 036/118] arm64/mm: define arch_get_mappable_range() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 037/118] s390/mm: " Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 038/118] virtio-mem: check against mhp_get_pluggable_range() which memory we can hotplug Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 039/118] mm/mlock: stop counting mlocked pages when none vma is found Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 040/118] mm/rmap: correct some obsolete comments of anon_vma Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 041/118] mm/rmap: remove unneeded semicolon in page_not_mapped() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:17 ` [patch 042/118] mm/rmap: fix obsolete comment in __page_check_anon_rmap() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 043/118] mm/rmap: use page_not_mapped in try_to_unmap() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 044/118] mm/rmap: correct obsolete comment of page_get_anon_vma() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 045/118] mm/rmap: fix potential pte_unmap on an not mapped pte Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 046/118] mm: zswap: clean up confusing comment Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 047/118] mm/zswap: add the flag can_sleep_mapped Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 048/118] mm: set the sleep_mapped to true for zbud and z3fold Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 049/118] mm/zsmalloc.c: convert to use kmem_cache_zalloc in cache_alloc_zspage() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 050/118] zsmalloc: account the number of compacted pages correctly Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 051/118] mm/zsmalloc.c: use page_private() to access page->private Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 052/118] mm: page-flags.h: Typo fix (It -> If) Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 053/118] mm/dmapool: use might_alloc() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 054/118] mm/backing-dev.c: " Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 055/118] mm/early_ioremap.c: use __func__ instead of function name Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 056/118] mm: add Kernel Electric-Fence infrastructure Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:18 ` [patch 057/118] x86, kfence: enable KFENCE for x86 Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 058/118] arm64, kfence: enable KFENCE for ARM64 Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 059/118] kfence: use pt_regs to generate stack trace on faults Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 060/118] mm, kfence: insert KFENCE hooks for SLAB Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 061/118] mm, kfence: insert KFENCE hooks for SLUB Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 062/118] kfence, kasan: make KFENCE compatible with KASAN Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` Andrew Morton [this message]
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 064/118] kfence: add test suite Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 065/118] MAINTAINERS: add entry for KFENCE Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 066/118] kfence: report sensitive information based on no_hash_pointers Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 067/118] tracing: add error_report_end trace point Andrew Morton
2021-02-26 14:03   ` Steven Rostedt
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 068/118] kfence: use error_report_end tracepoint Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 069/118] kasan: " Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 070/118] kasan, mm: don't save alloc stacks twice Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:19 ` [patch 071/118] kasan, mm: optimize kmalloc poisoning Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 072/118] kasan: optimize large " Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 073/118] kasan: clean up setting free info in kasan_slab_free Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 074/118] kasan: unify large kfree checks Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 075/118] kasan: rework krealloc tests Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 076/118] kasan, mm: fail krealloc on freed objects Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 077/118] kasan, mm: optimize krealloc poisoning Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 078/118] kasan: ensure poisoning size alignment Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 079/118] arm64: kasan: simplify and inline MTE functions Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 080/118] kasan: inline HW_TAGS helper functions Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 081/118] kasan: clarify that only first bug is reported in HW_TAGS Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 082/118] alpha: remove CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL from defconfigs Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 083/118] proc/wchan: use printk format instead of lookup_symbol_name() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 084/118] proc: use kvzalloc for our kernel buffer Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 085/118] sysctl.c: fix underflow value setting risk in vm_table Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:20 ` [patch 086/118] include/linux: remove repeated words Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 087/118] treewide: Miguel has moved Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 088/118] groups: use flexible-array member in struct group_info Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 089/118] groups: simplify struct group_info allocation Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 090/118] kernel: delete repeated words in comments Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 091/118] MAINTAINERS: add uapi directories to API/ABI section Andrew Morton
2021-02-27 19:18   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 092/118] lib/genalloc.c: change return type to unsigned long for bitmap_set_ll Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 093/118] string.h: move fortified functions definitions in a dedicated header Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 094/118] lib: stackdepot: add support to configure STACK_HASH_SIZE Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 095/118] lib: stackdepot: add support to disable stack depot Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 096/118] lib: stackdepot: fix ignoring return value warning Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 097/118] lib/cmdline: remove an unneeded local variable in next_arg() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 098/118] include/linux/bitops.h: spelling s/synomyn/synonym/ Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 099/118] checkpatch: improve blank line after declaration test Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 100/118] checkpatch: ignore warning designated initializers using NR_CPUS Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 101/118] checkpatch: trivial style fixes Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 102/118] checkpatch: prefer ftrace over function entry/exit printks Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 103/118] checkpatch: improve TYPECAST_INT_CONSTANT test message Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:21 ` [patch 104/118] checkpatch: add warning for avoiding .L prefix symbols in assembly files Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 105/118] checkpatch: add kmalloc_array_node to unnecessary OOM message check Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 106/118] checkpatch: don't warn about colon termination in linker scripts Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 107/118] checkpatch: do not apply "initialise globals to 0" check to BPF progs Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 108/118] init/version.c: remove Version_<LINUX_VERSION_CODE> symbol Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 109/118] init: clean up early_param_on_off() macro Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 110/118] init/Kconfig: fix a typo in CC_VERSION_TEXT help text Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 111/118] fs/coredump: use kmap_local_page() Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 112/118] seq_file: document how per-entry resources are managed Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 113/118] x86: fix seq_file iteration for pat/memtype.c Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 114/118] scripts/gdb: fix list_for_each Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 115/118] kgdb: fix to kill breakpoints on initmem after boot Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 116/118] ubsan: remove overflow checks Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 117/118] initramfs: panic with memory information Andrew Morton
2021-02-26  1:22 ` [patch 118/118] MIPS: make userspace mapping young by default Andrew Morton
2021-02-26 17:55 ` incoming Linus Torvalds
2021-02-26 19:16   ` incoming Andrew Morton

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