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From: Andrew Morton <>
Subject: [patch 03/13] pid: take a reference when initializing `cad_pid`
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 2021 20:01:14 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

From: Mark Rutland <>
Subject: pid: take a reference when initializing `cad_pid`

During boot, kernel_init_freeable() initializes `cad_pid` to the init
task's struct pid.  Later on, we may change `cad_pid` via a sysctl, and
when this happens proc_do_cad_pid() will increment the refcount on the new
pid via get_pid(), and will decrement the refcount on the old pid via
put_pid().  As we never called get_pid() when we initialized `cad_pid`, we
decrement a reference we never incremented, can therefore free the init
task's struct pid early.  As there can be dangling references to the
struct pid, we can later encounter a use-after-free (e.g.  when delivering

This was spotted when fuzzing v5.13-rc3 with Syzkaller, but seems to have
been around since the conversion of `cad_pid` to struct pid in commit:

  9ec52099e4b8678a ("[PATCH] replace cad_pid by a struct pid")

... from the pre-KASAN stone age of v2.6.19.

Fix this by getting a reference to the init task's struct pid when we
assign it to `cad_pid`.

Full KASAN splat below.

BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in ns_of_pid include/linux/pid.h:153 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in task_active_pid_ns+0xc0/0xc8 kernel/pid.c:509
Read of size 4 at addr ffff23794dda0004 by task syz-executor.0/273

CPU: 1 PID: 273 Comm: syz-executor.0 Not tainted 5.12.0-00001-g9aef892b2d15 #1
Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
Call trace:
 dump_backtrace+0x0/0x4a8 arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c:105
 show_stack+0x34/0x48 arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c:191
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:79 [inline]
 dump_stack+0x1d4/0x2a0 lib/dump_stack.c:120
 print_address_description.constprop.11+0x60/0x3a8 mm/kasan/report.c:232
 __kasan_report mm/kasan/report.c:399 [inline]
 kasan_report+0x1e8/0x200 mm/kasan/report.c:416
 __asan_report_load4_noabort+0x30/0x48 mm/kasan/report_generic.c:308
 ns_of_pid include/linux/pid.h:153 [inline]
 task_active_pid_ns+0xc0/0xc8 kernel/pid.c:509
 do_notify_parent+0x308/0xe60 kernel/signal.c:1950
 exit_notify kernel/exit.c:682 [inline]
 do_exit+0x2334/0x2bd0 kernel/exit.c:845
 do_group_exit+0x108/0x2c8 kernel/exit.c:922
 get_signal+0x4e4/0x2a88 kernel/signal.c:2781
 do_signal arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c:882 [inline]
 do_notify_resume+0x300/0x970 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c:936

Allocated by task 0:
 kasan_save_stack+0x28/0x58 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_set_track mm/kasan/common.c:46 [inline]
 set_alloc_info mm/kasan/common.c:427 [inline]
 __kasan_slab_alloc+0x88/0xa8 mm/kasan/common.c:460
 kasan_slab_alloc include/linux/kasan.h:223 [inline]
 slab_post_alloc_hook+0x50/0x5c0 mm/slab.h:516
 slab_alloc_node mm/slub.c:2907 [inline]
 slab_alloc mm/slub.c:2915 [inline]
 kmem_cache_alloc+0x1f4/0x4c0 mm/slub.c:2920
 alloc_pid+0xdc/0xc00 kernel/pid.c:180
 copy_process+0x2794/0x5e18 kernel/fork.c:2129
 kernel_clone+0x194/0x13c8 kernel/fork.c:2500
 kernel_thread+0xd4/0x110 kernel/fork.c:2552
 rest_init+0x44/0x4a0 init/main.c:687
 start_kernel+0x520/0x554 init/main.c:1064

Freed by task 270:
 kasan_save_stack+0x28/0x58 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_set_track+0x28/0x40 mm/kasan/common.c:46
 kasan_set_free_info+0x28/0x50 mm/kasan/generic.c:357
 ____kasan_slab_free mm/kasan/common.c:360 [inline]
 ____kasan_slab_free mm/kasan/common.c:325 [inline]
 __kasan_slab_free+0xf4/0x148 mm/kasan/common.c:367
 kasan_slab_free include/linux/kasan.h:199 [inline]
 slab_free_hook mm/slub.c:1562 [inline]
 slab_free_freelist_hook+0x98/0x260 mm/slub.c:1600
 slab_free mm/slub.c:3161 [inline]
 kmem_cache_free+0x224/0x8e0 mm/slub.c:3177
 put_pid.part.4+0xe0/0x1a8 kernel/pid.c:114
 put_pid+0x30/0x48 kernel/pid.c:109
 proc_do_cad_pid+0x190/0x1b0 kernel/sysctl.c:1401
 proc_sys_call_handler+0x338/0x4b0 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:591
 proc_sys_write+0x34/0x48 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:617
 call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:1977 [inline]
 new_sync_write+0x3ac/0x510 fs/read_write.c:518
 vfs_write fs/read_write.c:605 [inline]
 vfs_write+0x9c4/0x1018 fs/read_write.c:585
 ksys_write+0x124/0x240 fs/read_write.c:658
 __do_sys_write fs/read_write.c:670 [inline]
 __se_sys_write fs/read_write.c:667 [inline]
 __arm64_sys_write+0x78/0xb0 fs/read_write.c:667
 __invoke_syscall arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c:37 [inline]
 invoke_syscall arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c:49 [inline]
 el0_svc_common.constprop.1+0x16c/0x388 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c:129
 do_el0_svc+0xf8/0x150 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c:168
 el0_svc+0x28/0x38 arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c:416
 el0_sync_handler+0x134/0x180 arch/arm64/kernel/entry-common.c:432
 el0_sync+0x154/0x180 arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S:701

The buggy address belongs to the object at ffff23794dda0000
 which belongs to the cache pid of size 224
The buggy address is located 4 bytes inside of
 224-byte region [ffff23794dda0000, ffff23794dda00e0)
The buggy address belongs to the page:
page:(____ptrval____) refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x4dda0
head:(____ptrval____) order:1 compound_mapcount:0
flags: 0x3fffc0000010200(slab|head)
raw: 03fffc0000010200 dead000000000100 dead000000000122 ffff23794d40d080
raw: 0000000000000000 0000000000190019 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected

Memory state around the buggy address:
 ffff23794dd9ff00: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
 ffff23794dd9ff80: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
>ffff23794dda0000: fa fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
 ffff23794dda0080: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fc fc fc fc
 ffff23794dda0100: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

Fixes: 9ec52099e4b8678a ("[PATCH] replace cad_pid by a struct pid")
Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <>
Acked-by: Christian Brauner <>
Cc: Cedric Le Goater <>
Cc: Christian Brauner <>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <>
Cc: Kees Cook <
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <>
Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>

 init/main.c |    2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/init/main.c~pid-take-a-reference-when-initializing-cad_pid
+++ a/init/main.c
@@ -1537,7 +1537,7 @@ static noinline void __init kernel_init_
-	cad_pid = task_pid(current);
+	cad_pid = get_pid(task_pid(current));

  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-06-05  6:07 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-05  3:00 incoming Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 01/13] Revert "MIPS: make userspace mapping young by default" Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 02/13] kfence: use TASK_IDLE when awaiting allocation Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` Andrew Morton [this message]
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 04/13] mm/debug_vm_pgtable: fix alignment for pmd/pud_advanced_tests() Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 05/13] mm/page_alloc: fix counting of free pages after take off from buddy Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 06/13] drivers/base/memory: fix trying offlining memory blocks with memory holes on aarch64 Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 07/13] hugetlb: pass head page to remove_hugetlb_page() Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 08/13] proc: add .gitignore for proc-subset-pid selftest Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 09/13] mm/kasan/init.c: fix doc warning Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 10/13] mm, hugetlb: fix simple resv_huge_pages underflow on UFFDIO_COPY Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 11/13] lib: crc64: fix kernel-doc warning Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 12/13] ocfs2: fix data corruption by fallocate Andrew Morton
2021-06-05  3:01 ` [patch 13/13] mailmap: use private address for Michel Lespinasse Andrew Morton

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