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From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
To: linux-man@vger.kernel.org
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	Alejandro Colomar <alx.manpages@gmail.com>,
	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>,
	Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org
Subject: [PATCH v1] madvise.2: Document MADV_POPULATE_READ and MADV_POPULATE_WRITE
Date: Mon, 12 Jul 2021 10:39:17 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210712083917.16361-1-david@redhat.com> (raw)

MADV_POPULATE_READ and MADV_POPULATE_WRITE have been merged into
upstream Linux via commit 4ca9b3859dac ("mm/madvise: introduce
MADV_POPULATE_(READ|WRITE) to prefault page tables"), part of v5.14-rc1.

Let's document the behavior and error conditions of these new madvise()
options.

Cc: Alejandro Colomar <alx.manpages@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
 man2/madvise.2 | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 80 insertions(+)

diff --git a/man2/madvise.2 b/man2/madvise.2
index f1f384c0c..3ec8c53a7 100644
--- a/man2/madvise.2
+++ b/man2/madvise.2
@@ -469,6 +469,59 @@ If a page is file-backed and dirty, it will be written back to the backing
 storage.
 The advice might be ignored for some pages in the range when it is not
 applicable.
+.TP
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_READ " (since Linux 5.14)
+Populate (prefault) page tables readable for the whole range without actually
+reading. Depending on the underlying mapping, map the shared zeropage,
+preallocate memory or read the underlying file; files with holes might or
+might not preallocate blocks.
+Do not generate
+.B SIGBUS
+when populating fails, return an error instead.
+.IP
+If
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+succeeds, all page tables have been populated (prefaulted) readable once.
+If
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+fails, some page tables might have been populated.
+.IP
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+cannot be applied to mappings without read permissions
+and special mappings marked with the kernel-internal
+.B VM_PFNMAP
+and
+.BR VM_IO .
+.IP
+Note that with
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_READ ,
+the process can be killed at any moment when the system runs out of memory.
+.TP
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_WRITE " (since Linux 5.14)
+Populate (prefault) page tables writable for the whole range without actually
+writing. Depending on the underlying mapping, preallocate memory or read the
+underlying file; files with holes will preallocate blocks.
+Do not generate
+.B SIGBUS
+when populating fails, return an error instead.
+.IP
+If
+.B MADV_POPULATE_WRITE
+succeeds, all page tables have been populated (prefaulted) writable once.
+If
+.B MADV_POPULATE_WRITE
+fails, some page tables might have been populated.
+.IP
+.B MADV_POPULATE_WRITE
+cannot be applied to mappings without write permissions
+and special mappings marked with the kernel-internal
+.B VM_PFNMAP
+and
+.BR VM_IO .
+.IP
+Note that
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_WRITE ,
+the process can be killed at any moment when the system runs out of memory.
 .SH RETURN VALUE
 On success,
 .BR madvise ()
@@ -533,6 +586,17 @@ or
 .BR VM_PFNMAP
 ranges.
 .TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I advice
+is
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+or
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_WRITE ,
+but the specified address range includes ranges with insufficient permissions,
+.B VM_IO
+or
+.BR VM_PFNMAP.
+.TP
 .B EIO
 (for
 .BR MADV_WILLNEED )
@@ -548,6 +612,14 @@ Not enough memory: paging in failed.
 Addresses in the specified range are not currently
 mapped, or are outside the address space of the process.
 .TP
+.B ENOMEM
+.I advice
+is
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+or
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_WRITE ,
+but populating (prefaulting) page tables failed.
+.TP
 .B EPERM
 .I advice
 is
@@ -555,6 +627,14 @@ is
 but the caller does not have the
 .B CAP_SYS_ADMIN
 capability.
+.TP
+.B EHWPOISON
+.I advice
+is
+.B MADV_POPULATE_READ
+or
+.BR MADV_POPULATE_WRITE ,
+and a HW poisoned page is encountered.
 .SH VERSIONS
 Since Linux 3.18,
 .\" commit d3ac21cacc24790eb45d735769f35753f5b56ceb
-- 
2.31.1



             reply	other threads:[~2021-07-12  8:39 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-12  8:39 David Hildenbrand [this message]
2021-07-12  9:58 ` Pankaj Gupta
2021-07-12 10:03   ` David Hildenbrand
2021-07-12 10:17     ` Pankaj Gupta
2021-07-25 20:15   ` Alejandro Colomar (man-pages)
2021-07-26  7:11     ` David Hildenbrand
2021-07-12 11:05 ` Pankaj Gupta

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