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From: "Zach O'Keefe" <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>,
	Yang Shi <>,
	 "Zach O'Keefe" <>
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] mm/madvise: MADV_COLLAPSE return EAGAIN when page cannot be isolated
Date: Thu, 22 Sep 2022 11:46:50 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

MADV_COLLAPSE is a best-effort request that attempts to set an
actionable errno value if the request cannot be fulfilled at the
time.  EAGAIN should be used to communicate that a resource was
temporarily unavailable, but that the user may try again immediately.

SCAN_DEL_PAGE_LRU is an internal result code used when a page
cannot be isolated from it's LRU list.  Since this, like SCAN_PAGE_LRU,
is likely a transitory state, make MADV_COLLAPSE return EAGAIN so that
users know they may reattempt the operation.

Another important scenario to consider is race with khugepaged.
khugepaged might isolate a page while MADV_COLLAPSE is interested in it.
Even though racing with khugepaged might mean that the memory has
already been collapsed, signalling an errno that is non-intrinsic to
that memory or arguments provided to madvise(2) lets the user know that
future attempts might (and in this case likely would) succeed, and
avoids false-negative assumptions by the user.

Fixes: 7d8faaf15545 ("mm/madvise: introduce MADV_COLLAPSE sync hugepage collapse")
Signed-off-by: Zach O'Keefe <>
 mm/khugepaged.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index beaba3952dd1..5dcb2c34651e 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -2374,6 +2374,7 @@ static int madvise_collapse_errno(enum scan_result r)
 	/* Resource temporary unavailable - trying again might succeed */
 		return -EAGAIN;
 	 * Other: Trying again likely not to succeed / error intrinsic to
@@ -2456,6 +2457,7 @@ int madvise_collapse(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **prev,
 		case SCAN_PAGE_LRU:
 			last_fail = result;

             reply	other threads:[~2022-09-22 18:48 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-09-22 18:46 Zach O'Keefe [this message]
2022-09-22 18:46 ` [PATCH 2/2] selftests/vm: retry on EAGAIN for MADV_COLLAPSE selftest Zach O'Keefe

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