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From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
To: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Cc: linux-man@vger.kernel.org, mtk.manpages@gmail.com,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, jannh@google.com,
	keescook@chromium.org, jeffv@google.com, minchan@kernel.org,
	shakeelb@google.com, rientjes@google.com,
	edgararriaga@google.com, timmurray@google.com,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, selinux@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org, linux-api@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, kernel-team@android.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] process_madvise.2: Add process_madvise man page
Date: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 10:13:39 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YBPRw5KuegGfnWuh@dhcp22.suse.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210129070340.566340-1-surenb@google.com>

On Thu 28-01-21 23:03:40, Suren Baghdasaryan wrote:
> Initial version of process_madvise(2) manual page. Initial text was
> extracted from [1], amended after fix [2] and more details added using
> man pages of madvise(2) and process_vm_read(2) as examples. It also
> includes the changes to required permission proposed in [3].
> 
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1297933/
> [2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/12/8/1282
> [3] https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/selinux/patch/20210111170622.2613577-1-surenb@google.com/#23888311
> 
> Signed-off-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>

Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Thanks!

> ---
> changes in v2:
> - Changed description of MADV_COLD per Michal Hocko's suggestion
> - Appled fixes suggested by Michael Kerrisk
> 
> NAME
>     process_madvise - give advice about use of memory to a process
> 
> SYNOPSIS
>     #include <sys/uio.h>
> 
>     ssize_t process_madvise(int pidfd,
>                            const struct iovec *iovec,
>                            unsigned long vlen,
>                            int advice,
>                            unsigned int flags);
> 
> DESCRIPTION
>     The process_madvise() system call is used to give advice or directions
>     to the kernel about the address ranges of other process as well as of
>     the calling process. It provides the advice to address ranges of process
>     described by iovec and vlen. The goal of such advice is to improve system
>     or application performance.
> 
>     The pidfd argument is a PID file descriptor (see pidofd_open(2)) that
>     specifies the process to which the advice is to be applied.
> 
>     The pointer iovec points to an array of iovec structures, defined in
>     <sys/uio.h> as:
> 
>     struct iovec {
>         void  *iov_base;    /* Starting address */
>         size_t iov_len;     /* Number of bytes to transfer */
>     };
> 
>     The iovec structure describes address ranges beginning at iov_base address
>     and with the size of iov_len bytes.
> 
>     The vlen represents the number of elements in the iovec structure.
> 
>     The advice argument is one of the values listed below.
> 
>   Linux-specific advice values
>     The following Linux-specific advice values have no counterparts in the
>     POSIX-specified posix_madvise(3), and may or may not have counterparts
>     in the madvise(2) interface available on other implementations.
> 
>     MADV_COLD (since Linux 5.4.1)
>         Deactive a given range of pages which will make them a more probable
>         reclaim target should there be a memory pressure. This is a non-
>         destructive operation. The advice might be ignored for some pages in
>         the range when it is not applicable.
> 
>     MADV_PAGEOUT (since Linux 5.4.1)
>         Reclaim a given range of pages. This is done to free up memory occupied
>         by these pages. If a page is anonymous it will be swapped out. If a
>         page is file-backed and dirty it will be written back to the backing
>         storage. The advice might be ignored for some pages in the range when
>         it is not applicable.
> 
>     The flags argument is reserved for future use; currently, this argument
>     must be specified as 0.
> 
>     The value specified in the vlen argument must be less than or equal to
>     IOV_MAX (defined in <limits.h> or accessible via the call
>     sysconf(_SC_IOV_MAX)).
> 
>     The vlen and iovec arguments are checked before applying any hints. If
>     the vlen is too big, or iovec is invalid, an error will be returned
>     immediately.
> 
>     The hint might be applied to a part of iovec if one of its elements points
>     to an invalid memory region in the remote process. No further elements will
>     be processed beyond that point.
> 
>     Permission to provide a hint to another process is governed by a ptrace
>     access mode PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS check (see ptrace(2)); in addition,
>     the caller must have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability due to performance
>     implications of applying the hint.
> 
> RETURN VALUE
>     On success, process_madvise() returns the number of bytes advised. This
>     return value may be less than the total number of requested bytes, if an
>     error occurred after some iovec elements were already processed. The caller
>     should check the return value to determine whether a partial advice
>     occurred.
> 
>     On error, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
> 
> ERRORS
>     EFAULT The memory described by iovec is outside the accessible address
>            space of the process referred to by pidfd.
>     EINVAL flags is not 0.
>     EINVAL The sum of the iov_len values of iovec overflows a ssize_t value.
>     EINVAL vlen is too large.
>     ENOMEM Could not allocate memory for internal copies of the iovec
>            structures.
>     EPERM The caller does not have permission to access the address space of
>           the process pidfd.
>     ESRCH The target process does not exist (i.e., it has terminated and been
>           waited on).
>     EBADF pidfd is not a valid PID file descriptor.
> 
> VERSIONS
>     This system call first appeared in Linux 5.10, Support for this system
>     call is optional, depending on the setting of the CONFIG_ADVISE_SYSCALLS
>     configuration option.
> 
> SEE ALSO
>     madvise(2), pidofd_open(2), process_vm_readv(2), process_vm_write(2)
> 
>  man2/process_madvise.2 | 222 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 222 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 man2/process_madvise.2
> 
> diff --git a/man2/process_madvise.2 b/man2/process_madvise.2
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000..07553289f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/man2/process_madvise.2
> @@ -0,0 +1,222 @@
> +.\" Copyright (C) 2021 Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
> +.\" and Copyright (C) 2021 Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> +.\"
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
> +.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
> +.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
> +.\" preserved on all copies.
> +.\"
> +.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
> +.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
> +.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
> +.\" permission notice identical to this one.
> +.\"
> +.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
> +.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
> +.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
> +.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
> +.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
> +.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
> +.\" professionally.
> +.\"
> +.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
> +.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> +.\"
> +.\" Commit ecb8ac8b1f146915aa6b96449b66dd48984caacc
> +.\"
> +.TH PROCESS_MADVISE 2 2021-01-12 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> +.SH NAME
> +process_madvise \- give advice about use of memory to a process
> +.SH SYNOPSIS
> +.nf
> +.B #include <sys/uio.h>
> +.PP
> +.BI "ssize_t process_madvise(int " pidfd ,
> +.BI "                       const struct iovec *" iovec ,
> +.BI "                       unsigned long " vlen ,
> +.BI "                       int " advice ,
> +.BI "                       unsigned int " flags ");"
> +.fi
> +.SH DESCRIPTION
> +The
> +.BR process_madvise()
> +system call is used to give advice or directions to the kernel about the
> +address ranges of other process as well as of the calling process.
> +It provides the advice to address ranges of process described by
> +.I iovec
> +and
> +.IR vlen .
> +The goal of such advice is to improve system or application performance.
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I pidfd
> +argument is a PID file descriptor (see
> +.BR pidofd_open (2))
> +that specifies the process to which the advice is to be applied.
> +.PP
> +The pointer
> +.I iovec
> +points to an array of
> +.I iovec
> +structures, defined in
> +.IR <sys/uio.h>
> +as:
> +.PP
> +.in +4n
> +.EX
> +struct iovec {
> +    void  *iov_base;    /* Starting address */
> +    size_t iov_len;     /* Number of bytes to transfer */
> +};
> +.EE
> +.in
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I iovec
> +structure describes address ranges beginning at
> +.I iov_base
> +address and with the size of
> +.I iov_len
> +bytes.
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I vlen
> +represents the number of elements in the
> +.I iovec
> +structure.
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I advice
> +argument is one of the values listed below.
> +.\"
> +.\" ======================================================================
> +.\"
> +.SS Linux-specific advice values
> +The following Linux-specific
> +.I advice
> +values have no counterparts in the POSIX-specified
> +.BR posix_madvise (3),
> +and may or may not have counterparts in the
> +.BR madvise (2)
> +interface available on other implementations.
> +.TP
> +.BR MADV_COLD " (since Linux 5.4.1)"
> +.\" commit 9c276cc65a58faf98be8e56962745ec99ab87636
> +Deactive a given range of pages which will make them a more probable
> +reclaim target should there be a memory pressure.
> +This is a non-destructive operation.
> +The advice might be ignored for some pages in the range when it is not
> +applicable.
> +.TP
> +.BR MADV_PAGEOUT " (since Linux 5.4.1)"
> +.\" commit 1a4e58cce84ee88129d5d49c064bd2852b481357
> +Reclaim a given range of pages.
> +This is done to free up memory occupied by these pages.
> +If a page is anonymous it will be swapped out.
> +If a page is file-backed and dirty it will be written back to the backing
> +storage.
> +The advice might be ignored for some pages in the range when it is not
> +applicable.
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I flags
> +argument is reserved for future use; currently, this argument must be
> +specified as 0.
> +.PP
> +The value specified in the
> +.I vlen
> +argument must be less than or equal to
> +.BR IOV_MAX
> +(defined in
> +.I <limits.h>
> +or accessible via the call
> +.IR sysconf(_SC_IOV_MAX) ).
> +.PP
> +The
> +.I vlen
> +and
> +.I iovec
> +arguments are checked before applying any hints.
> +If the
> +.I vlen
> +is too big, or
> +.I iovec
> +is invalid, an error will be returned immediately.
> +.PP
> +The hint might be applied to a part of
> +.I iovec
> +if one of its elements points to an invalid memory region in the
> +remote process.
> +No further elements will be processed beyond that point.
> +.PP
> +Permission to provide a hint to another process is governed by a
> +ptrace access mode
> +.B PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS
> +check (see
> +.BR ptrace (2));
> +in addition, the caller must have the
> +.B CAP_SYS_ADMIN
> +capability due to performance implications of applying the hint.
> +.SH RETURN VALUE
> +On success, process_madvise() returns the number of bytes advised.
> +This return value may be less than the total number of requested bytes,
> +if an error occurred after some iovec elements were already processed.
> +The caller should check the return value to determine whether a partial
> +advice occurred.
> +.PP
> +On error, \-1 is returned and
> +.I errno
> +is set to indicate the error.
> +.SH ERRORS
> +.TP
> +.B EFAULT
> +The memory described by
> +.I iovec
> +is outside the accessible address space of the process referred to by
> +.IR pidfd .
> +.TP
> +.B EINVAL
> +.I flags
> +is not 0.
> +.TP
> +.B EINVAL
> +The sum of the
> +.I iov_len
> +values of
> +.I iovec
> +overflows a
> +.I ssize_t
> +value.
> +.TP
> +.B EINVAL
> +.I vlen
> +is too large.
> +.TP
> +.B ENOMEM
> +Could not allocate memory for internal copies of the
> +.I iovec
> +structures.
> +.TP
> +.B EPERM
> +The caller does not have permission to access the address space of the process
> +.IR pidfd .
> +.TP
> +.B ESRCH
> +The target process does not exist (i.e., it has terminated and been waited on).
> +.TP
> +.B EBADF
> +.I pidfd
> +is not a valid PID file descriptor.
> +.SH VERSIONS
> +This system call first appeared in Linux 5.10,
> +.\" commit ecb8ac8b1f146915aa6b96449b66dd48984caacc
> +Support for this system call is optional,
> +depending on the setting of the
> +.B CONFIG_ADVISE_SYSCALLS
> +configuration option.
> +.SH SEE ALSO
> +.BR madvise (2),
> +.BR pidofd_open(2),
> +.BR process_vm_readv (2),
> +.BR process_vm_write (2)
> -- 
> 2.30.0.365.g02bc693789-goog
> 

-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs


  reply	other threads:[~2021-01-29  9:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-29  7:03 Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-01-29  9:13 ` Michal Hocko [this message]
2021-01-29 19:17   ` Suren Baghdasaryan
2021-01-30 21:34 ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-02-02  3:00   ` Suren Baghdasaryan

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