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From: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
To: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>, Yu Xu <xuyu@linux.alibaba.com>,
	 Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>,
	 Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>,
	 Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>,  Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	 "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org,  kernel-team@fb.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] mm,thp,shmem: limit shmem THP alloc gfp_mask
Date: Thu, 22 Oct 2020 19:54:34 -0700 (PDT)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <alpine.LSU.2.11.2010221909060.1001@eggly.anvils> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201022124511.72448a5f@imladris.surriel.com>

On Thu, 22 Oct 2020, Rik van Riel wrote:

> The allocation flags of anonymous transparent huge pages can be controlled
> through the files in /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag, which can
> help the system from getting bogged down in the page reclaim and compaction
> code when many THPs are getting allocated simultaneously.
> 
> However, the gfp_mask for shmem THP allocations were not limited by those
> configuration settings, and some workloads ended up with all CPUs stuck
> on the LRU lock in the page reclaim code, trying to allocate dozens of
> THPs simultaneously.
> 
> This patch applies the same configurated limitation of THPs to shmem
> hugepage allocations, to prevent that from happening.
> 
> This way a THP defrag setting of "never" or "defer+madvise" will result
> in quick allocation failures without direct reclaim when no 2MB free
> pages are available.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>

NAK in its present untested form: see below.

I'm open to change here, particularly to Yu Xu's point (in other mail)
about direct reclaim - we avoid that here in Google too: though it's
not so much to avoid the direct reclaim, as to avoid the latencies of
direct compaction, which __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM allows as a side-effect.

> --- 
> v2: move gfp calculation to shmem_getpage_gfp as suggested by Yu Xu
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
> index c603237e006c..0a5b164a26d9 100644
> --- a/include/linux/gfp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
> @@ -614,6 +614,8 @@ bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask);
>  extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void);
>  extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void);
>  
> +extern gfp_t alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
>  extern bool pm_suspended_storage(void);
>  #else
> diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> index 9474dbc150ed..9b08ce5cc387 100644
> --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> @@ -649,7 +649,7 @@ static vm_fault_t __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf,
>   *	    available
>   * never: never stall for any thp allocation
>   */
> -static inline gfp_t alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +gfp_t alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>  {
>  	const bool vma_madvised = !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE);
>  
> diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
> index 537c137698f8..9710b9df91e9 100644
> --- a/mm/shmem.c
> +++ b/mm/shmem.c
> @@ -1545,8 +1545,8 @@ static struct page *shmem_alloc_hugepage(gfp_t gfp,
>  		return NULL;
>  
>  	shmem_pseudo_vma_init(&pvma, info, hindex);
> -	page = alloc_pages_vma(gfp | __GFP_COMP | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN,
> -			HPAGE_PMD_ORDER, &pvma, 0, numa_node_id(), true);
> +	page = alloc_pages_vma(gfp, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER, &pvma, 0, numa_node_id(),
> +			       true);

Commendably neat so far.

>  	shmem_pseudo_vma_destroy(&pvma);
>  	if (page)
>  		prep_transhuge_page(page);
> @@ -1802,6 +1802,7 @@ static int shmem_getpage_gfp(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
>  	struct page *page;
>  	enum sgp_type sgp_huge = sgp;
>  	pgoff_t hindex = index;
> +	gfp_t huge_gfp;
>  	int error;
>  	int once = 0;
>  	int alloced = 0;
> @@ -1887,7 +1888,8 @@ static int shmem_getpage_gfp(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
>  	}
>  
>  alloc_huge:
> -	page = shmem_alloc_and_acct_page(gfp, inode, index, true);
> +	huge_gfp = alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(vma);

Still looks nice: but what about the crash when vma is NULL?

It may work for shmem_fault() (though I'll probably disagree on the
details): but tmpfs is a filesystem, so most if not all of the system
calls which arrive here have no vma to offer.

Michal is right to remember pushback before, because tmpfs is a
filesystem, and "huge=" is a mount option: in using a huge=always
filesystem, the user has already declared a preference for huge pages.
Whereas the original anon THP had to deduce that preference from sys
tunables and vma madvice.

I certainly found it a lot easier to ignore all the shifting sandmaze
of the anon THP tunables, and I think Kirill followed me on that.

But it's likely that they have accumulated some defrag wisdom, which
tmpfs can take on board - but please accept that in using a huge mount,
the preference for huge has already been expressed, so I don't expect
anon THP alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask() choices will map one to one.

> +	page = shmem_alloc_and_acct_page(huge_gfp, inode, index, true);
>  	if (IS_ERR(page)) {
>  alloc_nohuge:
>  		page = shmem_alloc_and_acct_page(gfp, inode,
> 

Hugh


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-10-23  2:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-22 16:45 [PATCH v2] mm,thp,shmem: limit shmem THP alloc gfp_mask Rik van Riel
2020-10-22 16:52 ` Vlastimil Babka
2020-10-23  2:54 ` Hugh Dickins [this message]
2020-10-23  3:40   ` Rik van Riel
2020-10-23  8:49     ` Michal Hocko
2020-10-23 12:55     ` Matthew Wilcox

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