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From: "Shi, Yang" <yang.shi@linaro.org>
To: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linaro-kernel@lists.linaro.org,
	Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>,
	Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>,
	Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm: check the return value of lookup_page_ext for all call sites
Date: Wed, 1 Jun 2016 13:40:48 -0700
Message-ID: <b8858801-af06-9b80-1b29-f9ece515d1bf@linaro.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20160530061117.GB28624@bbox>

On 5/29/2016 11:11 PM, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Fri, May 27, 2016 at 11:16:41AM -0700, Shi, Yang wrote:
>
> <snip>
>
>>>
>>> If we goes this way, how to guarantee this race?
>>
>> Thanks for pointing out this. It sounds reasonable. However, this
>> should be only possible to happen on 32 bit since just 32 bit
>> version page_is_idle() calls lookup_page_ext(), it doesn't do it on
>> 64 bit.
>>
>> And, such race condition should exist regardless of whether DEBUG_VM
>> is enabled or not, right?
>>
>> rcu might be good enough to protect it.
>>
>> A quick fix may look like:
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/page_idle.h b/include/linux/page_idle.h
>> index 8f5d4ad..bf0cd6a 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/page_idle.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/page_idle.h
>> @@ -77,8 +77,12 @@ static inline bool
>> test_and_clear_page_young(struct page *page)
>>  static inline bool page_is_idle(struct page *page)
>>  {
>>         struct page_ext *page_ext;
>> +
>> +       rcu_read_lock();
>>         page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
>> +       rcu_read_unlock();
>> +
>> 	if (unlikely(!page_ext))
>>                 return false;
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/page_ext.c b/mm/page_ext.c
>> index 56b160f..94927c9 100644
>> --- a/mm/page_ext.c
>> +++ b/mm/page_ext.c
>> @@ -183,7 +183,6 @@ struct page_ext *lookup_page_ext(struct page *page)
>>  {
>>         unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
>>         struct mem_section *section = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
>> -#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM) || defined(CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING)
>>         /*
>>          * The sanity checks the page allocator does upon freeing a
>>          * page can reach here before the page_ext arrays are
>> @@ -195,7 +194,7 @@ struct page_ext *lookup_page_ext(struct page *page)
>>          */
>>         if (!section->page_ext)
>>                 return NULL;
>> -#endif
>> +
>>         return section->page_ext + pfn;
>>  }
>>
>> @@ -279,7 +278,8 @@ static void __free_page_ext(unsigned long pfn)
>>                 return;
>>         base = ms->page_ext + pfn;
>>         free_page_ext(base);
>> -       ms->page_ext = NULL;
>> +       rcu_assign_pointer(ms->page_ext, NULL);
>> +       synchronize_rcu();
>
> How does it fix the problem?
> I cannot understand your point.

Assigning NULL pointer to page_Ext will be blocked until rcu_read_lock 
critical section is done, so the lookup and writing operations will be 
serialized. And, rcu_read_lock disables preempt too.

Yang

>
>>  }
>>
>>  static int __meminit online_page_ext(unsigned long start_pfn,
>>
>> Thanks,
>> Yang
>>
>>>
>>>                                kpageflags_read
>>>                                stable_page_flags
>>>                                page_is_idle
>>>                                  lookup_page_ext
>>>                                  section = __pfn_to_section(pfn)
>>> offline_pages
>>> memory_notify(MEM_OFFLINE)
>>>  offline_page_ext
>>>  ms->page_ext = NULL
>>>                                  section->page_ext + pfn
>>>
>>>>
>>>> Thanks.
>>>>
>>

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  reply index

Thread overview: 22+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-05-23 17:16 Yang Shi
2016-05-24  2:58 ` Minchan Kim
2016-05-26  0:37   ` Minchan Kim
2016-05-26 23:15     ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-27  5:14       ` Minchan Kim
2016-05-27  6:08         ` Joonsoo Kim
2016-05-27  8:11           ` Minchan Kim
2016-05-27 18:16             ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-30  6:11               ` Minchan Kim
2016-06-01 20:40                 ` Shi, Yang [this message]
2016-06-02  5:00                   ` Minchan Kim
2016-06-02 23:15                     ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-30  5:39             ` Joonsoo Kim
2016-05-30  6:08               ` Minchan Kim
2016-06-01 20:52                 ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-27 20:02       ` Andrew Morton
2016-05-27 20:17         ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-27 20:30           ` Andrew Morton
2016-05-24 10:08 ` [PATCH] mm: fix build problems from lookup_page_ext Arnd Bergmann
2016-05-24 16:33   ` Shi, Yang
2016-05-25  7:12 ` [PATCH] mm: check the return value of lookup_page_ext for all call sites shakil
2016-05-30  6:17 ` Minchan Kim

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